An Act to regulate smoking in the federal workplace and on certain modes of transportation
Marginal note:Short title
cannabis has the same meaning as in subsection 2(1) of the Cannabis Act; (cannabis)
- designated smoking area
designated smoking area means an area, other than an enclosed room, that is designated for smoking under subsection 3(2); (zone fumeurs)
- designated smoking room
designated smoking room means an enclosed room that is designated for smoking under subsection 3(2); (fumoir)
employee means a person who is employed by an employer; (employé)
employer means a person who employs one or more persons in employment described in subsection 123(1) of the Canada Labour Code, or
(c) the Senate, House of Commons, Library of Parliament, office of the Senate Ethics Officer, office of the Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner, Parliamentary Protective Service or office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer, in relation to their employees or the employees of a committee of the Senate or House of Commons, as the case may be, or
(d) a member of the Senate or House of Commons, in relation to employees on the staff of the member, including persons employed in the office of a Minister, or in relation to employees on the staff of a political party housed in accommodation provided by the Senate or House of Commons who are under the direction and control of the member; (employeur)
inspector means a person who is designated as an inspector under section 9; (inspecteur)
smoke means to smoke, hold or otherwise have control over an ignited tobacco product or ignited cannabis or to vape using a vaping product; (fumer)
- tobacco product
tobacco product means any product manufactured from tobacco and intended for use by smoking; (produit à base de tabac)
- vaping product
vaping product means
(a) a device that is intended to be used to simulate the act of smoking a tobacco product or cannabis and that emits an aerosol that is intended to be inhaled, including an electronic cigarette, an electronic cigar and an electronic pipe; and
(b) a device that is designated to be a vaping product by the regulations; (produit de vapotage)
- work space
work space means any indoor or other enclosed space in which employees perform the duties of their employment, and includes any adjacent corridor, lobby, stairwell, elevator, cafeteria, washroom or other common area frequented by such employees during the course of their employment. (lieu de travail)
Marginal note:Application outside Canada
(2) This Act, except section 10, applies outside Canada in respect of a work space on an aircraft, train or motor vehicle being operated between Canada and another country by a Canadian, as defined in section 55 of the Canada Transportation Act, or a work space on a vessel registered or listed under the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 that is being operated between Canada and another country, to the extent that compliance with this Act within the territory of another jurisdiction does not result in the contravention of the laws of that jurisdiction.
Marginal note:Non-application to foreign carriers
(3) This Act does not apply in respect of a work space on an aircraft, train or motor vehicle being operated between Canada and another country by a person other than a Canadian, as defined in section 55 of the Canada Transportation Act or a work space on a ship registered under the laws of another country that is being operated between Canada and another country.
Marginal note:Non-application to commuter trains
(4) This Act does not apply in respect of a work space on a passenger train operated in commuter service by or for the account of the government of a province or an agency thereof.
- R.S., 1985, c. 15 (4th Supp.), s. 2
- 1989, c. 7, s. 1
- 1996, c. 10, s. 247
- 2000, c. 20, s. 28
- 2001, c. 26, s. 312
- 2003, c. 22, s. 176
- 2004, c. 7, s. 25
- 2006, c. 9, s. 19
- 2013, c. 40, s. 202
- 2015, c. 36, s. 143
- 2017, c. 20, s. 178
- 2018, c. 9, s. 82, c. 16, ss. 162, 189
Marginal note:Duty of employers
Marginal note:Designation of smoking rooms and areas
(2) An employer may, to the extent permitted by the regulations, designate for smoking
(a) enclosed rooms under the control of the employer other than rooms normally occupied by non-smokers; and
(b) areas under the control of the employer on an aircraft, train, motor vehicle or ship or in an airport passenger terminal, railway passenger station, interurban bus station or marine passenger terminal other than areas normally occupied by non-smokers.
(3) Notwithstanding subsection (1), an employer may require employees, by reason of the nature of their duties, to perform those duties in a room or area designated for smoking under subsection (2).
Marginal note:Independent ventilation
(4) Where an employer has designated a room for smoking under subsection (2) in a building or portion of a building the construction of which commenced before January 1, 1990, the employer shall, to the extent reasonably practicable, ensure that the room conforms to any requirements of the regulations respecting independent ventilation of designated smoking rooms.
(5) No employer shall designate a room for smoking under subsection (2) in a building or portion of a building the construction of which commenced after December 31, 1989 if the room fails to conform to any requirements of the regulations respecting independent ventilation of designated smoking rooms.
(6) No employer shall designate a room or area for smoking under subsection (2) in a work place, other than on an aircraft, train, motor vehicle or ship that is carrying passengers, until after the employer has consulted with the work place committee or health and safety representative in respect of that work place or, if there is no such committee or representative, with the employees employed there.
Marginal note:Expressions used in Canada Labour Code
- R.S., 1985, c. 15 (4th Supp.), s. 3
- 1989, c. 7, s. 1
- 2000, c. 20, s. 29
Marginal note:Smoking prohibited
(2) An employer shall, to the extent and in the manner required by the regulations, inform employees and members of the public of the prohibition imposed by subsection (1) and of the location of designated smoking rooms and designated smoking areas under the control of the employer.
- R.S., 1985, c. 15 (4th Supp.), s. 4
- 1989, c. 7, s. 1
Marginal note:Smoking areas on aircraft
(a) on segments of a flight that are longer than two hours or such greater period as the regulations prescribe;
(b) on segments of a flight that includes a segment extending between Canada and a country other than the United States; or
(c) on a flight operated in accordance with a charter contract under which the cost of transportation of all passengers is paid by one person, company or organization and no charge or other financial obligation is imposed on a passenger as a condition of carriage or otherwise in connection with the transportation.
Marginal note:Smoking areas on trains
(2) An employer may not, in respect of a train carrying passengers, designate for smoking under subsection 3(2)
Marginal note:Request to stop smoking
(3) An employee who becomes aware that a passenger is smoking in contravention of section 4 on an aircraft, train, motor vehicle or ship operated by the employer of the employee shall request the passenger to refrain from smoking.
Marginal note:Removal of passenger
(4) Where a passenger fails to comply with a request made under subsection (3), the employer shall require the passenger to disembark at the next scheduled stop following the passenger’s failure to comply.
- R.S., 1985, c. 15 (4th Supp.), s. 5
- 1989, c. 7, s. 1
- Date modified: