Supreme Court Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. S-26)

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Act current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2013-12-12. Previous Versions

Procedure in Appeals (continued)

The Appeal (continued)

Marginal note:Extension of time for appeal

  •  (1) Notwithstanding anything in this Act or any other Act of Parliament, the court proposed to be appealed from or any judge thereof or the Supreme Court or a judge thereof may under special circumstances, either before or after the expiration of a time period prescribed by section 58, extend that time period.

  • Marginal note:Terms

    (2) Where a court or judge grants an extension of time under subsection (1), that court or judge shall impose such terms as to security or otherwise as seem proper under the circumstances.

  • Marginal note:Non-application to election cases

    (3) This section does not apply to appeals under section 532 of the Canada Elections Act.

  • Marginal note:Appeals in forma pauperis

    (4) Notwithstanding anything in this Act, a judge may, on an application for leave to appeal in forma pauperis, allow an appeal by giving the applicant leave to serve notice of appeal although the time prescribed by section 58 has expired.

  • R.S., 1985, c. S-26, s. 59
  • R.S., 1985, c. 34 (3rd Supp.), s. 6
  • 2000, c. 9, s. 572

Marginal note:Procedure on appeal

  •  (1) An appeal shall be brought, within the time prescribed by section 58 or allowed under section 59, by

    • (a) serving a notice of appeal on all parties directly affected; and

    • (b) depositing with the Registrar security to the value of five hundred dollars that the appellant will effectually prosecute the appeal and pay such costs and damages as may be awarded against the appellant by the Court.

  • Marginal note:Approval of security

    (2) Where the security deposited is other than money, it shall be to the satisfaction of the court proposed to be appealed from or a judge thereof or to the satisfaction of the Supreme Court or a judge thereof.

  • Marginal note:Notice of security

    (3) Within seven days from the deposit of the security or, where subsection (2) applies, from the later of the deposit of the security and its approval as required by that subsection, the appellant shall notify all parties directly affected.

  • Marginal note:Service and filing of notice of appeal

    (4) The notice of appeal with evidence of service thereof shall be filed with the Registrar and a copy of the notice shall be filed with the clerk or other proper officer of the court appealed from within twenty-one days from the time prescribed by section 58 or allowed under section 59.

  • R.S., c. S-19, s. 66
  • R.S., c. 44(1st Supp.), s. 6

Marginal note:When error in law alleged

 Whenever error in law is alleged, the proceedings in the Court shall be in the form of an appeal.

  • R.S., c. 44(1st Supp.), s. 6

Marginal note:Appeal to be on a stated case

  •  (1) An appeal shall be on a case to be stated by the parties or, in the event of difference, to be settled by the court appealed from or a judge thereof.

  • Marginal note:Elements of case

    (2) The case shall set out the judgment objected to and so much of the pleadings, evidence, affidavits and documents as is necessary to raise the question for the decision of the Court.

  • Marginal note:Further evidence

    (3) The Court or a judge may, in the discretion of the Court or the judge, on special grounds and by special leave, receive further evidence on any question of fact, such evidence to be taken in the manner authorized by this Act, either by oral examination, by affidavit or by deposition, as the Court or the judge may direct.

  • R.S., 1985, c. S-26, s. 62
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 39

Marginal note:Transmission of record

 The clerk or other proper officer of the court appealed from shall, on payment to that clerk or officer of the proper fees and expenses of transmission, transmit the case, as soon as may be after service on the clerk or officer of the notice of appeal, to the Registrar, and further proceedings shall thereupon be had according to the practice of the Supreme Court.

  • R.S., c. S-19, s. 68

Marginal note:Exceptions

 The provisions of this Act requiring the deposit of security for costs do not apply to appeals by or on behalf of the Crown or in election cases, in cases in the Federal Court of Appeal or the Federal Court, in criminal cases or in proceedings for or on a writ of habeas corpus.

  • R.S., 1985, c. S-26, s. 64
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 176

Stay of Execution

Marginal note:Stay of execution

  •  (1) On filing and serving the notice of appeal and depositing security as required by section 60, execution shall be stayed in the original cause, except that

    • (a) where the judgment appealed from directs an assignment or delivery of documents or personal property, the execution of the judgment shall not be stayed until the things directed to be assigned or delivered have been brought into court, or placed in the custody of such officer or receiver as the court appoints, or until security has been given to the satisfaction of the court appealed from, or of a judge thereof, in such sum as that court or judge directs, that the appellant will obey the judgment of the Supreme Court;

    • (b) where the judgment appealed from directs the execution of a conveyance or any other instrument, the execution of the judgment shall not be stayed until the instrument has been executed and deposited with the proper officer of the court appealed from, to abide the judgment of the Supreme Court;

    • (c) where the judgment appealed from directs the sale or delivery of possession of real property or chattels real, the execution of the judgment shall not be stayed until security has been given to the satisfaction of the court appealed from, or a judge thereof, in such amount as that court or judge directs, that during the possession of the property by the appellant the appellant will not commit, or suffer to be committed, any waste on the property, and that if the judgment is affirmed, the appellant will pay the value of the use and occupation of the property from the time the appeal is brought until delivery of possession thereof, and also, if the judgment is for the sale of property and the payment of a deficiency arising on the sale, that the appellant will pay the deficiency; and

    • (d) where the judgment appealed from directs the payment of money, either as a debt or for damages or costs, the execution of the judgment shall not be stayed until the appellant has given security to the satisfaction of the court appealed from, or of a judge thereof, that, if the judgment or any part thereof is affirmed, the appellant will pay the amount thereby directed to be paid, or the part thereof with respect to which the judgment is affirmed, if it is affirmed only with respect to part, and all damages awarded against the appellant on the appeal.

  • Marginal note:Where court appealed from is a court of appeal

    (2) Where the court appealed from is a court of appeal, and the assignment or conveyance, document, instrument, property or thing referred to in subsection (1) has been deposited in the custody of the proper officer of the court in which the cause originated, the consent of the party desiring to appeal to the Supreme Court, that it shall so remain to abide the judgment of the Court, is binding on that party and shall be deemed a compliance with the requirements in that behalf of this section.

  • Marginal note:As to instrument

    (3) In any case in which execution may be stayed on the giving of security under this section, the security may be given by the same instrument whereby the security prescribed in section 60 is given.

  • Marginal note:Modification of stay of execution

    (4) The Court, the court appealed from or a judge of either of those courts may modify, vary or vacate a stay of execution imposed by subsection (1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. S-26, s. 65
  • 1994, c. 44, s. 100

Marginal note:Stay of execution — application for leave to appeal

  •  (1) The Court, the court appealed from or a judge of either of those courts may, on the request of the party who has served and filed a notice of application for leave to appeal, order that proceedings be stayed with respect to the judgment from which leave to appeal is being sought, on the terms deemed appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Additional power for court appealed from

    (2) The court appealed from or a judge of that court may exercise the power conferred by subsection (1) before the serving and filing of the notice of application for leave to appeal if satisfied that the party seeking the stay intends to apply for leave to appeal and that delay would result in a miscarriage of justice.

  • Marginal note:Modification

    (3) The Court, the court appealed from or a judge of either of those courts may modify, vary or vacate a stay order made under this section.

  • 1990, c. 8, s. 40
  • 1994, c. 44, s. 101

Marginal note:Fiat to sheriff when security deposited

  •  (1) When security has been given as required by sections 60 and 65, any judge of the court appealed from may issue his fiat to the sheriff, to whom any execution on the judgment has issued, to stay the execution, and the execution shall be thereby stayed whether a levy has been made under it or not.

  • Marginal note:Where court appealed from is a court of appeal

    (2) Where the court appealed from is a court of appeal and execution has been already stayed in the case, the stay of execution continues without any new fiat until the decision of the appeal by the Supreme Court.

  • Marginal note:Poundage

    (3) Unless a judge of the court appealed from otherwise orders, no poundage shall be allowed against the appellant, on any judgment appealed from, on which any execution is issued before the judge’s fiat to stay the execution is obtained.

  • R.S., c. S-19, s. 71
  • R.S., c. 44(1st Supp.), s. 7
 
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