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Trademarks Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. T-13)

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Act current to 2024-02-06 and last amended on 2021-06-28. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Infringement

  •  (1) The right of the owner of a registered trademark to its exclusive use is deemed to be infringed by any person who is not entitled to its use under this Act and who

    • (a) sells, distributes or advertises any goods or services in association with a confusing trademark or trade name;

    • (b) manufactures, causes to be manufactured, possesses, imports, exports or attempts to export any goods in association with a confusing trademark or trade name, for the purpose of their sale or distribution;

    • (c) sells, offers for sale or distributes any label or packaging, in any form, bearing a trademark or trade name, if

      • (i) the person knows or ought to know that the label or packaging is intended to be associated with goods or services that are not those of the owner of the registered trademark, and

      • (ii) the sale, distribution or advertisement of the goods or services in association with the label or packaging would be a sale, distribution or advertisement in association with a confusing trademark or trade name; or

    • (d) manufactures, causes to be manufactured, possesses, imports, exports or attempts to export any label or packaging, in any form, bearing a trademark or trade name, for the purpose of its sale or distribution or for the purpose of the sale, distribution or advertisement of goods or services in association with it, if

      • (i) the person knows or ought to know that the label or packaging is intended to be associated with goods or services that are not those of the owner of the registered trademark, and

      • (ii) the sale, distribution or advertisement of the goods or services in association with the label or packaging would be a sale, distribution or advertisement in association with a confusing trademark or trade name.

  • Marginal note:Deemed infringement under paragraph (1)(b)

    (1.01) An infringement under paragraph (1)(b) is presumed, unless the contrary is proven, if a person who is not entitled to use a registered trademark imports goods on a commercial scale that bear a trademark that is identical to, or cannot be distinguished in its essential aspects from, the trademark registered for such goods.

  • Marginal note:Exception — bona fide use

    (1.1) The registration of a trademark does not prevent a person from making, in a manner that is not likely to have the effect of depreciating the value of the goodwill attaching to the trademark,

    • (a) any bona fide use of his or her personal name as a trade name; or

    • (b) any bona fide use, other than as a trademark, of the geographical name of his or her place of business or of any accurate description of the character or quality of his or her goods or services.

  • Marginal note:Exception — utilitarian feature

    (1.2) The registration of a trademark does not prevent a person from using any utilitarian feature embodied in the trademark.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) The registration of a trademark does not prevent a person from making any use of any of the indications mentioned in subsection 11.18(3) in association with a wine, any of the indications mentioned in subsection 11.18(4) in association with a spirit or any of the indications mentioned in subsection 11.18(4.1) in association with an agricultural product or food.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 20
  • 1994, c. 47, s. 196
  • 2014, c. 20, ss. 361(E), 362(E), c. 32, ss. 22, 56(F)
  • 2017, c. 6, s. 69
  • 2020, c. 1, s. 108

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