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Trademarks Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. T-13)

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Act current to 2022-05-16 and last amended on 2021-06-28. Previous Versions

Importation and Exportation (continued)

Measures Relating to Detained Goods

Marginal note:Provision of information by customs officer

 A customs officer who is detaining goods under section 101 of the Customs Act may, in the officer’s discretion, to obtain information about whether the importation or exportation of the goods is prohibited under section 51.03, provide the owner of a relevant protected mark with a sample of the goods and with any information about the goods that the customs officer reasonably believes does not directly or indirectly identify any person.

  • 2014, c. 32, s. 43
  • 2017, c. 6, s. 78

Marginal note:Provision of information to pursue remedy

  •  (1) A customs officer who is detaining goods under section 101 of the Customs Act and who has reasonable grounds to suspect that the importation or exportation of the goods is prohibited under section 51.03 may, in the officer’s discretion, if the Minister has accepted a request for assistance with respect to a relevant protected mark filed by its owner, provide that owner with a sample of the goods and with information about the goods that could assist them in pursuing a remedy under this Act, such as

    • (a) a description of the goods and their characteristics;

    • (b) the name and address of their owner, importer, exporter and consignee and of the person who made them and of any other person involved in their movement;

    • (c) their quantity;

    • (d) the countries in which they were made and through which they passed in transit; and

    • (e) the day on which they were imported, if applicable.

  • Marginal note:Detention

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), the customs officer shall not detain, for the purpose of enforcing section 51.03, the goods for more than 10 working days — or, if the goods are perishable, for more than five days — after the day on which the customs officer first sends or makes available a sample or information to the owner under subsection (1). At the request of the owner made while the goods are detained for the purpose of enforcing section 51.03, the customs officer may, having regard to the circumstances, detain non-perishable goods for one additional period of not more than 10 working days.

  • Marginal note:Notice of proceedings

    (3) If, before the goods are no longer detained for the purpose of enforcing of section 51.03, the owner of a relevant protected mark has provided the Minister, in the manner specified by the Minister, with a copy of a document filed with a court commencing proceedings to obtain a remedy under this Act with respect to the detained goods, the customs officer shall continue to detain them until the Minister is informed in writing that

    • (a) the proceedings are finally disposed of, settled or abandoned;

    • (b) a court directs that the goods are no longer to be detained for the purpose of the proceedings; or

    • (c) the owner of the mark consents to the goods no longer being so detained.

  • Marginal note:Continued detention

    (4) The occurrence of any of the events referred to in paragraphs (3)(a) to (c) does not preclude a customs officer from continuing to detain the goods under the Customs Act for a purpose other than with respect to the proceedings.

Marginal note:Restriction on information use — section 51.05

  •  (1) A person who receives a sample or information that is provided under section 51.05 shall not use the information, or information that is derived from the sample, for any purpose other than to give information to the customs officer about whether the importation or exportation of the goods is prohibited under section 51.03.

  • Marginal note:Restriction on information use — subsection 51.06(1)

    (2) A person who receives a sample or information that is provided under subsection 51.06(1) shall not use the information, or information that is derived from the sample, for any purpose other than to pursue remedies under this Act.

  • Marginal note:For greater certainty

    (3) For greater certainty, subsection (2) does not prevent the confidential communication of information about the goods for the purpose of reaching an out-of-court settlement.

  • 2014, c. 32, s. 43

Marginal note:Inspection

 After a sample or information has been provided under subsection 51.06(1), a customs officer may, in the officer’s discretion, give the owner, importer, exporter and consignee of the detained goods and the owner of the relevant protected mark an opportunity to inspect the goods.

  • 2014, c. 32, s. 43
  • 2017, c. 6, s. 78

Marginal note:Liability for charges

  •  (1) The owner of a relevant protected mark who has received a sample or information under subsection 51.06(1) is liable to Her Majesty in right of Canada for the storage and handling charges for the detained goods — and, if applicable, for the charges for destroying them — for the period beginning on the day after the day on which a customs officer first sends or makes available a sample or information to that owner under that subsection and ending on the first day on which one of the following occurs:

    • (a) the goods are no longer detained for the purpose of enforcing section 51.03 or, if subsection 51.06(3) applies, for the purpose of the proceedings referred to in that subsection;

    • (b) the Minister receives written notification in which the owner of the mark states that the importation or exportation of the goods does not, with respect to the owner’s relevant protected mark, contravene section 51.03;

    • (c) the Minister receives written notification in which the owner of the mark states that they will not, while the goods are detained for the purpose of enforcing section 51.03, commence proceedings to obtain a remedy under this Act with respect to them.

  • Marginal note:Exception — paragraph (1)(a)

    (2) Despite paragraph (1)(a), if the goods are forfeited under subsection 39(1) of the Customs Act and the Minister did not, before the end of the detention of the goods for the purpose of enforcing section 51.03, receive a copy of a document filed with a court commencing proceedings to obtain a remedy under this Act with respect to the detained goods or the written notification referred to in paragraph (1)(b) or (c), the period ends on the day on which the goods are forfeited.

  • Marginal note:Exception — paragraph (1)(c)

    (3) Despite paragraph (1)(c), if the goods are forfeited under subsection 39(1) of the Customs Act after the Minister has received the written notification referred to in that paragraph, the period ends on the day on which the goods are forfeited.

  • Marginal note:Joint and several or solidary liability

    (4) The owner and the importer or exporter of goods that are forfeited in the circumstances set out in subsection (2) or (3) are jointly and severally, or solidarily, liable to the owner of the relevant protected mark for all the charges under subsection (1) paid by the owner of the relevant protected mark with respect to the period

    • (a) in the circumstances referred to in subsection (2), beginning on the day on which the goods are no longer detained for the purpose of enforcing section 51.03 and ending on the day on which the goods are forfeited; and

    • (b) in the circumstances referred to in subsection (3), beginning on the day on which the Minister receives the written notification referred to in paragraph (1)(c) and ending on the day on which the goods are forfeited.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (5) Subsections (1) to (3) do not apply if

    • (a) the detention of the goods for the purpose of enforcing section 51.03 ends before the expiry of 10 working days — or, if the goods are perishable, before the expiry of five days — after the day on which the customs officer first sends or makes available a sample or information to the owner of the mark under subsection 51.06(1); and

    • (b) the Minister has not, by the end of the detention, received a copy of a document filed with a court commencing proceedings to obtain a remedy under this Act with respect to the detained goods or the written notification referred to in paragraph (1)(b) or (c).

  • 2014, c. 32, s. 43
  • 2017, c. 6, ss. 78, 79(E)

No Liability

Marginal note:No liability

 Neither Her Majesty nor a customs officer is liable for any loss or damage suffered in relation to the enforcement or application of sections 51.03 to 51.06 and 51.08 because of

  • (a) the detention of goods, except if the detention contravenes subsection 51.06(2);

  • (b) the failure to detain goods; or

  • (c) the release or cessation of detention of any detained goods, except if the release or cessation contravenes subsection 51.06(3).

  • 2014, c. 32, s. 43

Powers of Court Relating to Detained Goods

Marginal note:Application to court

  •  (1) In the course of proceedings referred to in subsection 51.06(3), the court may, on the application of the Minister or a party to the proceedings,

    • (a) impose conditions on the storage or detention of the goods that are the subject of the proceedings; or

    • (b) direct that the goods are no longer to be detained for the purpose of the proceedings, on any conditions that the court may impose, if their owner, importer, exporter or consignee furnishes security in an amount fixed by the court.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s consent

    (2) If a party applies to have the detained goods stored in a place other than a bonded warehouse or a sufferance warehouse, as those terms are defined in subsection 2(1) of the Customs Act, the Minister must consent to the storage of the goods in that place before a condition to that effect is imposed under subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Customs Act

    (3) The court may impose a condition described in subsection (2) despite section 31 of the Customs Act.

  • Marginal note:Continued detention

    (4) A direction under paragraph (1)(b) that the goods are no longer to be detained for the purpose of the proceedings does not preclude a customs officer from continuing to detain the goods under the Customs Act for another purpose.

  • Marginal note:Security

    (5) In the course of proceedings referred to in subsection 51.06(3), the court may, on the application of the Minister or a party to the proceedings, require the owner of the relevant protected mark to furnish security, in an amount fixed by the court,

    • (a) to cover duties, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Customs Act, storage and handling charges, and any other amount that may become chargeable against the goods; and

    • (b) to answer any damages that may by reason of the detention be sustained by the owner, importer, exporter or consignee of the goods.

  • 2014, c. 32, s. 43
  • 2017, c. 6, s. 78

Marginal note:Damages against trademark owner

 A court may award damages against the owner of a relevant protected mark who commenced proceedings referred to in subsection 51.06(3) to the owner, importer, exporter or consignee of the goods who is a party to the proceedings for losses, costs or prejudice suffered as a result of the detention of goods if the proceedings are dismissed or discontinued.

Trademark Agents

Marginal note:Privileged communication

  •  (1) A communication that meets the following conditions is privileged in the same way as a communication that is subject to solicitor-client privilege or, in civil law, to professional secrecy of advocates and notaries and no person shall be required to disclose, or give testimony on, the communication in a civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding:

    • (a) it is between a trademark agent and their client;

    • (b) it is intended to be confidential; and

    • (c) it is made for the purpose of seeking or giving advice with respect to any matter relating to the protection of a trademark, geographical indication or mark referred to in paragraph 9(1)(e), (i), (i.1), (i.3), (n) or (n.1).

  • Marginal note:Waiver

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply if the client expressly or implicitly waives the privilege.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions

    (3) Exceptions to solicitor-client privilege or, in civil law, to professional secrecy of advocates and notaries apply to a communication that meets the conditions set out in paragraphs (1)(a) to (c).

  • Marginal note:Trademark agents — country other than Canada

    (4) A communication between an individual who is authorized to act as the equivalent of a trademark agent under the law of a country other than Canada and that individual’s client that is privileged under the law of that other country and that would be privileged under subsection (1) had it been made between a trademark agent and their client is deemed to be a communication that meets the conditions set out in paragraphs (1)(a) to (c).

  • Marginal note:Individual acting on behalf of trademark agent or client

    (5) For the purposes of this section, a trademark agent or an individual who is authorized to act as the equivalent of a trademark agent under the law of a country other than Canada includes an individual acting on their behalf and a client includes an individual acting on the client’s behalf.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (6) This section applies to communications that are made before the day on which this section comes into force if they are still confidential on that day and to communications that are made after that day. However, this section does not apply in respect of an action or proceeding commenced before that day.

  • Marginal note:Definition of trademark agent

    (7) In this section, trademark agent has the same meaning as in section 2 of the College of Patent Agents and Trademark Agents Act.

Legal Proceedings

Marginal note:Definitions

 In sections 53 to 53.3,

court

court means the Federal Court or the superior court of a province; (tribunal)

duties

duties has the same meaning as in the Customs Act; (droits)

Minister

Minister means the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness. (ministre)

release

release[Repealed, 2014, c. 32, s. 44]

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 52
  • 1993, c. 44, s. 234
  • 2005, c. 38, ss. 142, 145
  • 2014, c. 32, s. 44

Marginal note:Proceedings for interim custody

  •  (1) Where a court is satisfied, on application of any interested person, that any registered trademark, any trademark that is confusing with a registered trademark or any trade name has been applied to any goods that have been imported into Canada or are about to be distributed in Canada in such a manner that the distribution of the goods would be contrary to this Act, or that any indication of a place of origin has been unlawfully applied to any goods, the court may make an order for the interim custody of the goods, pending a final determination of the legality of their importation or distribution in an action commenced within such time as is prescribed by the order.

  • Marginal note:Security

    (2) Before making an order under subsection (1), the court may require the applicant to furnish security, in an amount fixed by the court, to answer any damages that may by reason of the order be sustained by the owner, importer or consignee of the goods and for any amount that may become chargeable against the goods while they remain in custody under the order.

  • Marginal note:Lien for charges

    (3) Where, by the judgment in any action under this section finally determining the legality of the importation or distribution of the goods, their importation or distribution is forbidden, either absolutely or on condition, any lien for charges against them that arose prior to the date of an order made under this section has effect only so far as may be consistent with the due execution of the judgment.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition of imports

    (4) Where in any action under this section the court finds that the importation is or the distribution would be contrary to this Act, it may make an order prohibiting the future importation of goods to which the trademark, trade name or indication of origin has been applied.

  • Marginal note:How application made

    (5) An application referred to in subsection (1) may be made in an action or otherwise, and either on notice or ex parte.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (6) No proceedings may be taken under subsection (1) for the interim custody of goods by the Minister if proceedings for the detention of the goods by the Minister may be taken under section 53.1.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 53
  • 1993, c. 44, s. 234
  • 2014, c. 20, ss. 361(E), 362(E), c. 32, s. 53
  • 2018, c. 23, s. 17
 
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