Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada


Yukon Act (S.C. 2002, c. 7)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2024-05-28 and last amended on 2023-06-22. Previous Versions

Yukon Act

S.C. 2002, c. 7

Assented to 2002-03-27

An Act to replace the Yukon Act in order to modernize it and to implement certain provisions of the Yukon Northern Affairs Program Devolution Transfer Agreement, and to repeal and make amendments to other Acts


Whereas Yukon is a territory that has a system of responsible government that is similar in principle to that of Canada;

And Whereas the enactment of legislation is required to implement certain provisions of the Yukon Northern Affairs Program Devolution Transfer Agreement, negotiated by representatives of certain first nations, the Government of Canada and the Yukon Government;

NOW, THEREFORE, Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Yukon Act.


Marginal note:Definitions

 The definitions in this section apply in this Act.

adjoining area

adjoining area means the area outside Yukon and landward of the northern limit described in Schedule 2. (zone adjacente)

federal agent corporation

federal agent corporation has the meaning assigned to the expression agent corporation by subsection 83(1) of the Financial Administration Act. (société mandataire fédérale)

federal conservation area

federal conservation area means an area that is

  • (a) a national park;

  • (b) public real property under the administration of the Minister of the Environment that is subject to measures imposed under the Canada Wildlife Act for the conservation of wildlife; or

  • (c) a protection area for migratory birds prescribed under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994. (aire de conservation fédérale)

former Act

former Act means the Yukon Act, chapter Y-2 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985. (ancienne loi)


gas means natural gas and all substances produced in association with natural gas, but does not include oil or coal-bed methane. (gaz)


Minister means the Minister of Northern Affairs. (ministre)

national park

national park means a park and includes a park reserve as those terms are defined in subsection 2(1) of the Canada National Parks Act. (parc national)


oil means crude petroleum, regardless of gravity, produced at a well-head in liquid form and any other hydrocarbons, except gas and coal-bed methane. It includes hydrocarbons that may be extracted or recovered from surface or subsurface deposits of oil sand, bitumen, bituminous sand or oil shale or from other types of deposits, but does not include coal. (pétrole)

public real property

public real property means

  • (a) land in Yukon that belongs to Her Majesty in right of Canada, including mines and minerals, and buildings, structures, improvements and other fixtures on, above or below the surface of the land; and

  • (b) any estate, right, title or interest, including an easement, a servitude and a lease, held by Her Majesty in right of Canada in or to land in Yukon. (biens réels domaniaux)


waters means any inland water, whether in a liquid or frozen state, on or below the surface of land. (eaux)


Yukon means the territory consisting of the area described in Schedule 1. (Yukon)

Marginal note:Aboriginal rights

 For greater certainty, nothing in this Act shall be construed so as to abrogate or derogate from the protection provided for existing aboriginal or treaty rights of the aboriginal peoples of Canada by the recognition and affirmation of those rights in section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.


Executive Power

Marginal note:Commissioner

  •  (1) A Commissioner of Yukon shall be appointed by order of the Governor in Council.

  • Marginal note:Publication of order

    (2) The order in council appointing the Commissioner shall be published in the Canada Gazette.

  • (3) [Repealed, 2002, c. 7, s. 68]

  • 2002, c. 7, ss. 4, 68

Marginal note:Administrator

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may appoint an Administrator to act as Commissioner during the Commissioner’s absence or illness or other inability or when that office is vacant.

  • Marginal note:Absence or inability

    (2) The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Yukon may act as Administrator during the Administrator’s absence or illness or other inability or when that office is vacant.

  • 2002, c. 7, s. 5
  • 2017, c. 33, s. 257

Marginal note:Oaths

 Before assuming office, the Commissioner and the Administrator shall take and subscribe the oath of office and the oath of allegiance prescribed by the Governor in Council.

Marginal note:Salaries

 The salary of the Commissioner and of the Administrator shall be fixed by the Governor in Council and paid out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund of Canada.

Marginal note:Executive Council

 The Executive Council of Yukon established under the former Act is hereby continued. Its members shall be appointed by the Commissioner.

Marginal note:Seat of government

 The seat of the Yukon Government is at Whitehorse but the Legislature may designate another place in Yukon as the seat of government.

Legislative Power

Legislative Assembly

Marginal note:Legislative Assembly of Yukon

 The Council established by the former Act is hereby continued as the Legislative Assembly of Yukon. Each member of the Legislative Assembly is elected to represent an electoral district in Yukon.

Marginal note:Duration of Legislative Assembly

  •  (1) No Legislative Assembly shall continue for longer than five years after the date of the return of the writs for a general election, but the Commissioner may dissolve it before then.

  • Marginal note:Writs

    (2) Writs for the election of members of the Legislative Assembly shall be issued on the instructions of the Commissioner.

Marginal note:Oaths of office

 Before assuming office, each member of the Legislative Assembly shall take and subscribe before the Commissioner the oath of office prescribed by the Legislature of Yukon and the oath of allegiance set out in the Fifth Schedule to the Constitution Act, 1867.

Marginal note:Yearly session

 The Legislative Assembly shall sit at least once every 12 months.

Marginal note:Speaker

  •  (1) The Legislative Assembly shall elect one member to be Speaker, who shall preside over the Legislative Assembly when it is sitting.

  • Marginal note:Vote

    (2) The Speaker may only vote in the Legislative Assembly in the case of a tie.

Marginal note:Quorum

 A majority of the members of the Legislative Assembly, including the Speaker, constitutes a quorum.

Marginal note:Rules of procedure

 The Legislative Assembly may make rules for its operations and procedures, except in relation to the classes of subjects with respect to which the Legislature may make laws under paragraph 18(1)(b).


Marginal note:Legislature of Yukon

 The institution referred to in the former Act as the Commissioner in Council and which consisted of the Commissioner and the Council of the Yukon Territory is hereby continued as the Legislature of Yukon, consisting of the Commissioner and the Legislative Assembly.

Legislative Powers

Marginal note:Legislative powers

  •  (1) The Legislature may make laws in relation to the following classes of subjects in respect of Yukon:

    • (a) the election of members of the Legislative Assembly, including the name and number of electoral districts and the qualifications of electors and of candidates for election;

    • (b) the disqualification of persons from sitting or voting as members of the Legislative Assembly and the privileges, indemnity and expenses of those members;

    • (c) the Executive Council;

    • (d) the establishment and tenure of public offices in Yukon and the appointment, conditions of employment and payment of office-holders;

    • (e) municipal and local institutions;

    • (f) direct taxation and licensing in order to raise revenue for territorial, municipal or local purposes;

    • (g) the levying of a tax on furs or any portions of fur-bearing animals to be shipped or taken from Yukon to any place outside Yukon;

    • (h) the incorporation of companies with territorial objects, other than railway, steamship, air transport, canal, telegraph or telephone companies, but including street railway companies;

    • (i) the solemnization of marriage;

    • (j) property and civil rights;

    • (k) the administration of justice, including the constitution, maintenance and organization of territorial courts, both of civil and of criminal jurisdiction, and including procedure in civil matters in those courts;

    • (l) the establishment, maintenance and management of prisons, jails or lock-ups;

    • (m) the conservation of wildlife and its habitat, other than in a federal conservation area;

    • (n) waters, other than waters in a federal conservation area, including the deposit of waste in those waters, the definition of what constitutes waste and the disposition of any right in respect of those waters under subsection 48(2);

    • (o) education, but any law respecting education must provide that

      • (i) a majority of the ratepayers of any part of Yukon may establish any school in that part that they think fit and make the necessary assessment and collection of rates for it, and

      • (ii) the minority of the ratepayers in that part of Yukon, whether Protestant or Roman Catholic, may establish separate schools in that part and, if they do so, are liable only to assessments of the rates that they impose on themselves in respect of those schools;

    • (p) immigration;

    • (q) public real property — including the timber and wood on that property — under the administration and control of the Commissioner, including the disposition of that property under subsection 45(1);

    • (r) intoxicants, including the definition of what constitutes an intoxicant;

    • (s) hospitals and charities;

    • (t) agriculture;

    • (u) the entering into of intergovernmental agreements by the Commissioner or any other official of the Yukon Government;

    • (v) the expenditure of money for territorial purposes;

    • (w) the adoption and use of an official seal;

    • (x) generally, all matters of a merely local or private nature;

    • (y) the imposition of fines, penalties, imprisonment or other punishments in respect of the contravention of the provisions of a law of the Legislature; and

    • (z) any other matter that may be designated by order of the Governor in Council.

  • Marginal note:Oil and gas in adjoining area

    (2) The Legislature may make laws in relation to the classes of subjects described in subsection (1) in respect of oil and gas in the adjoining area.

  • Marginal note:Importation of intoxicants

    (3) The Legislature may make laws relating to the importation of intoxicants into Yukon from any other place in Canada or elsewhere and defining what constitutes an intoxicant for the purposes of those laws.

Marginal note:Laws relating to natural resources

  •  (1) The Legislature may make laws in relation to

    • (a) the exploration for non-renewable natural resources in Yukon and oil and gas in the adjoining area;

    • (b) the development, conservation and management of non-renewable natural resources in Yukon, oil and gas in the adjoining area and forestry resources in Yukon, including laws in relation to the rate of primary production from those resources;

    • (c) oil and gas pipelines located entirely within Yukon;

    • (d) the development, conservation and management of sites and facilities in Yukon for the generation and production of electrical energy;

    • (e) the export, from Yukon to another part of Canada, of the primary production from non-renewable natural resources and forestry resources in Yukon, and of electrical energy generated or produced from facilities in Yukon; and

    • (f) the export, from the adjoining area to another part of Canada, of the primary production from oil and gas in that area.

  • Marginal note:Export of natural resources

    (2) Laws made under paragraph (1)(e) or (f) may not authorize or provide for discrimination in prices or in supplies exported.

  • Marginal note:Taxation of natural resources

    (3) The Legislature may make laws in relation to the raising of money by any mode of taxation in respect of resources referred to in paragraph (1)(b) and primary production from those resources and in respect of sites and facilities referred to in paragraph (1)(d) and the production of electrical energy from them. The Legislature may make such laws whether or not the production is exported, in whole or in part, from Yukon or, in the case of oil and gas from the adjoining area, from that area.

  • Marginal note:No differentiation based on place of export

    (4) A law made under subsection (3) may not authorize or provide for taxation that differentiates between production that is not exported and that which is exported to another part of Canada.

  • Definition of primary production

    (5) In this section, primary production means

    • (a) production from a non-renewable natural resource if

      • (i) the product is in a form in which the resource exists on its recovery or severance from its natural state, or

      • (ii) the product is a product that results from processing or refining the resource, and is not a manufactured product or a product that results from refining crude oil, upgraded heavy crude oil, gases or liquids derived from coal, or a synthetic equivalent of crude oil; and

    • (b) production from a forestry resource if the product consists of sawlogs, poles, lumber, wood chips, sawdust or any other primary wood product, or wood pulp, and is not a product manufactured from wood.

  • Marginal note:Existing powers or rights

    (6) Nothing in subsections (1) to (5) derogates from any powers or rights that the Legislature has under any other provision of this Act.


Date modified: