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Wildlife Area Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1609)

Regulations are current to 2022-05-16 and last amended on 2022-05-02. Previous Versions

Wildlife Area Regulations

C.R.C., c. 1609

CANADA WILDLIFE ACT

Wildlife Area Regulations

 [Repealed, SOR/2020-256, s. 2]

Interpretation

[
  • SOR/94-594, s. 3(F)
]

 In these Regulations,

Act

Act means the Canada Wildlife Act; (Loi)

adult

adult means a person who is 18 years of age or over; (adulte)

animal

animal means any animal belonging to a species that is wild by nature or that is not easily distinguishable from such a species; (animal)

bismuth shot

bismuth shot[Repealed, SOR/2020-256, s. 3]

child

child[Repealed, SOR/2018-113, s. 1]

designated

designated means designated by the Minister under subsection 3.2(1); (désigné)

domestic animal

domestic animal means a vertebrate that has been domesticated by humans; (animal domestique)

family

family[Repealed, SOR/99-95, s. 1]

firearm

firearm means any barrelled weapon from which any shot, bullet or other missile can be discharged; (arme à feu)

general interpretation services

general interpretation services[Repealed, SOR/99-95, s. 1]

habitat

habitat has the same meaning as in subsection 2(1) of the Species at Risk Act; (habitat)

hunt

hunt means to chase, pursue, worry, molest, follow after or on the trail of, stalk or lie in wait for or shoot for the purpose of taking animals, whether or not the animal is subsequently captured, killed or injured; (chasser)

interpretation services

interpretation services means an activity that involves the interpretation of wildlife and is carried out in the Cap Tourmente National Wildlife Area; (services d’interprétation)

lead jig

lead jig means a weighted hook, used for fishing, that weighs less than 50 g and contains more than 1% lead by weight; (turlutte plombée)

lead sinker

lead sinker means a sinker that weighs less than 50 g and contains more than 1% lead by weight; (lest en plomb)

Minister

Minister[Repealed, SOR/94-594, s. 4]

non-toxic shot

non-toxic shot means any shot composed, by weight, of

  • (a) up to 100% iron, tungsten, tin or bismuth, alone or in any combination of those substances,

  • (b) not more than 45% copper,

  • (c) not more than 40% nickel,

  • (d) not more than 7% Nylon 6, Nylon 11 or ethylene-methacrylic acid copolymer, alone or in any combination of those substances, and

  • (e) not more than1% all other substances combined; (grenaille non toxique)

permit

permit[Repealed, SOR/94-594, s. 4]

plant

plant[Repealed, SOR/2020-256, s. 3]

residence

residence has the same meaning as in subsection 2(1) of the Species at Risk Act; (résidence)

senior

senior means a person who is 65 years of age or over; (aîné)

sinker

sinker means an object used to sink a fishing line; (pesée)

special-activity interpretation services

special-activity interpretation services[Repealed, SOR/99-95, s. 1]

steel shot

steel shot[Repealed, SOR/2020-256, s. 3]

student

student means a person who is 13 years of age or over but under 18 years of age, or a person who holds a valid student identification card from a recognized educational institution; (étudiant)

tin shot

tin shot[Repealed, SOR/2020-256, s. 3]

toxic shot

toxic shot means shot, other than non-toxic shot; (grenaille toxique)

tungsten-bronze-iron shot

tungsten-bronze-iron shot[Repealed, SOR/2020-256, s. 3]

tungsten-iron-nickel-copper shot

tungsten-iron-nickel-copper shot[Repealed, SOR/2020-256, s. 3]

tungsten-iron shot

tungsten-iron shot[Repealed, SOR/2020-256, s. 3]

tungsten-matrix shot

tungsten-matrix shot[Repealed, SOR/2020-256, s. 3]

tungsten-nickel-iron shot

tungsten-nickel-iron shot[Repealed, SOR/2020-256, s. 3]

tungsten-polymer shot

tungsten-polymer shot[Repealed, SOR/2020-256, s. 3]

wildlife

wildlife[Repealed, SOR/94-594, s. 4]

wildlife area

wildlife area means an area of public lands set out in Schedule I. (réserve d’espèces sauvages)

wildlife area officer

wildlife area officer[Repealed, SOR/94-594, s. 4]

  • SOR/78-408, s. 1
  • SOR/78-466, s. 1(F)
  • SOR/85-227, s. 1
  • SOR/94-594, ss. 4, 10
  • SOR/95-78, s. 1
  • SOR/96-442, s. 1
  • SOR/97-439, s. 1
  • SOR/99-95, s. 1
  • SOR/2001-322, s. 1
  • SOR/2003-226, s. 1
  • SOR/2005-124, s. 1
  • SOR/2007-138, s. 1
  • SOR/2018-113, s. 1
  • SOR/2020-256, s. 3
  • SOR/2020-256, s. 52(F)

General Prohibitions

  •  (1) Subject to subsections 3.1(1) to (3) and sections 3.6 and 3.7, no person shall do any of the following in any wildlife area except in accordance with a permit issued under section 4 or section 8.1:

    • (a) introduce any living organism whose presence is likely to result in harm to any wildlife or the degradation of any wildlife residence or wildlife habitat;

    • (b) hunt, fish or trap;

    • (c) have in their possession any equipment that could be used for hunting, fishing or trapping;

    • (d) have in their possession, while fishing, any lead sinkers or lead jigs;

    • (e) have in their possession any wildlife, carcass, nest, egg or a part of any of those things;

    • (f) carry on any agricultural activity, graze livestock or harvest any natural or cultivated crop;

    • (g) bring a domestic animal with hooves into the wildlife area;

    • (h) allow any domestic animal to run at large or keep any domestic animal on a leash that is longer than three metres;

    • (i) carry on any recreational activities, including swimming, camping, hiking, wildlife viewing, snowshoeing, cross-country skiing and skating;

    • (j) participate in a group meal or group event involving 15 or more people;

    • (k) light or maintain a fire;

    • (l) operate a conveyance — including a conveyance without a driver on board — other than an aircraft;

    • (m) conduct a take-off or landing of an aircraft, including a remotely piloted aircraft;

    • (n) operate on land or in the water a remotely controlled self-propelled device or set in motion on land or in the water an autonomous self-propelled device;

    • (o) remove, damage or destroy any poster or sign or any fence, building or other structure;

    • (p) sell, or offer for sale, any goods or services;

    • (q) carry on any industrial activity;

    • (r) disturb or remove any soil, sand, gravel or other material;

    • (s) dump or deposit any waste material, or any substance that would degrade or alter the quality of the environment;

    • (t) remove, damage or destroy any artifact or natural object; or

    • (u) carry out any other activity that is likely to disturb, damage, destroy or remove from the wildlife area any wildlife — whether alive or dead — wildlife residence or wildlife habitat.

  • (2) No person shall, except in accordance with a permit issued under section 4 or section 8.1, hunt or fish from outside the wildlife area for wildlife located in the wildlife area.

  • SOR/78-408, s. 2
  • SOR/78-466, s. 1(F)
  • SOR/94-594, ss. 5, 10, 11(F)
  • SOR/96-442, s. 2
  • SOR/97-439, s. 2
  • SOR/2020-256, s. 4
  •  (1) The activities set out in Schedule I.1 in relation to any wildlife area that is listed in that Schedule may be carried out in that wildlife area, subject to any conditions that are specified in that Schedule for those activities in that wildlife area.

  • (2) The activities must be carried out in a manner that minimizes the adverse effects on any wildlife, wildlife residence or wildlife habitat.

  • (3) The activities may be carried out in that wildlife area only from sunrise to sunset, unless otherwise specified in Schedule I.1.

  • (4) For greater certainty, a permit issued under section 4 or section 8.1 is not required for those activities.

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), if an activity referred to in subsection 3(1) is described in Schedule I.1 as being authorized in a wildlife area at a designated location or during a designated period, the Minister may designate the applicable location or period for that activity.

  • (2) The Minister shall, when designating a location or a period, take the following into consideration:

    • (a) the health and safety of all persons in the wildlife area;

    • (b) the conservation and protection of wildlife and wildlife habitat;

    • (c) any research, conservation and interpretation activities that are in progress in or planned for the wildlife area;

    • (d) the security of physical assets in the wildlife area;

    • (e) the integrity of objects and infrastructure in the wildlife area;

    • (f) any existing agreements with respect to the wildlife area; and

    • (g) the compatibility of the activity in question with other activities that are authorized to be carried out in the wildlife area.

  •  (1) No person shall enter any of the following wildlife areas except in accordance with a permit issued under section 4:

    • (a) Îles de la Paix National Wildlife Area, as set out in item 3 of Part III of Schedule I;

    • (b) Eleanor Island National Wildlife Area, as set out in item 2 of Part IV of Schedule I;

    • (c) Wellers Bay National Wildlife Area, as set out in item 6 of Part IV of Schedule I;

    • (d) Scotch Bonnet Island National Wildlife Area, as set out in item 9 of Part IV of Schedule I;

    • (e) St-Denis National Wildlife Area, as set out in item 4 of Part VI of Schedule I;

    • (f) Meanook National Wildlife Area, as set out in item 2 of Part VII of Schedule I;

    • (g) Canadian Forces Base Suffield National Wildlife Area, as set out in item 4 of Part VII of Schedule I;

    • (g.1) Edéhzhíe National Wildlife Area, as set out in item 1 of Part IX of Schedule I;

    • (h) Akpait National Wildlife Area, as set out in item 1 of Part XI of Schedule I;

    • (i) Ninginganiq National Wildlife Area, as set out in item 2 of Part XI of Schedule I;

    • (j) Qaqulluit National Wildlife Area, as set out in item 3 of Part XI of Schedule I;

    • (k) Nanuit Itillinga National Wildlife Area, as set out in item 4 of Part XI of Schedule I; and

    • (l) Nirjutiqarvik National Wildlife Area, as set out in item 5 of Part XI of Schedule I.

  • (2) No person shall enter Mohawk Island National Wildlife Area during the period beginning on April 1 in any year and ending on August 31 in the same year except in accordance with a permit issued under section 4.

 Sections 3 and 3.3 do not apply in respect of an activity carried out for the purpose of ensuring public safety or national security or in response to an emergency.

  •  (1) Paragraphs 3(1)(b), (c), (e), (g) to (i), (k) to (o), (r), (t) and (u) and section 3.3 do not apply in respect of a federal or provincial enforcement officer when they are performing their duties or functions or a person who is acting under the direction or control of that enforcement officer.

  • (2) Section 3.3 does not apply in respect of an employee of the Department of the Environment who, in the course of performing their duties or functions, is carrying out a wildlife research, conservation or interpretation activity or a person who is acting under the direction or control of that employee.

  • (3) Section 3.3 does not apply in respect of a person who, on behalf of a representative of the government of Canada and in the course of their duties or functions, is carrying out an activity relating to the maintenance of a wildlife area.

  • (4) A person referred to in subsection (2) or (3) may, in the course of their duties or functions in a wildlife area,

    • (a) despite paragraph 3(1)(l), operate a conveyance with a driver on board, other than an aircraft; and

    • (b) despite paragraph 3(1)(o), remove, damage or destroy a poster or sign.

 
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