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Towboat Crew Accommodation Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1498)

Regulations are current to 2020-02-11 and last amended on 2007-07-01. Previous Versions

Towboat Crew Accommodation Regulations

C.R.C., c. 1498

CANADA SHIPPING ACT, 2001

Regulations Respecting Crew Accommodation in Ships Used for Towing

Short Title

 These Regulations may be cited as the Towboat Crew Accommodation Regulations.

Interpretation

 In these Regulations,

Act

Act means the Canada Shipping Act; (Loi)

Board

Board means the Board of Steamship Inspection created pursuant to Part VIII of the Act; (Bureau)

day ship

day ship means a ship on which the crew is not required to sleep on board; (navire de jour)

existing ship

existing ship means a ship that is not a new ship; (navire existant)

flame spread rating

flame spread rating means the rating applied to a surface that has been tested in accordance with the American Society for Testing and Materials Test No. E84-61 Standard Method of Test for Surface Burning Characteristics for Building Materials (Tunnel Test); (coefficient de propagation des flammes)

inspector

inspector means a steamship inspector appointed pursuant to section 366 of the Act or a person designated pursuant to section 48 of these Regulations; (inspecteur)

length

length means

  • (a) in the case of a ship that is registered under the Act or required by the Act to be registered

    • (i) the distance from the fore part of the uppermost end of the stem to the aft side of the head of the stern post except that if a stern post is not fitted to the ship, the measurement shall be taken to the fore side of the head of the rudder stock, or

    • (ii) if the ship has no rudder stock or has a rudder stock situated outside of the hull at the stern, the distance from the fore side of the foremost permanent structure to the aft side of the aftermost permanent structure of the ship, not including guards or rubbing strakes, and

  • (b) in the case of a ship that is not required by the Act to be registered, the horizontal distance measured between perpendiculars erected at the extreme ends of the outside of the hull; (longueur)

new ship

new ship means

  • (a) a ship, the construction of which was commenced on or after August 24, 1972, and

  • (b) a ship that was a non-Canadian ship before August 24, 1972 and that is registered or licensed in Canada on or after that date; (navire neuf)

private toilet space

private toilet space means any toilet space appropriated for the use of not more than four persons that

  • (a) is situated between two sleeping rooms and used solely by the occupants of those rooms, or

  • (b) adjoins a sleeping room and is used solely by the occupants of that room; (salle de bain privée)

toilet space

toilet space means every room containing a bath, shower, water-closet or wash-basin other than a room that is

  • (a) a sleeping room, or

  • (b) used only as a laundry; (salle de bain)

tow

tow means to pull or push any floating object; (remorquer)

weathertight

weathertight means capable of preventing the passage of water from exterior space to interior space in any weather condition. (étanche aux intempéries)

  • 1987, c. 7, s. 84(F)

Application

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), these Regulations apply to every Canadian ship of more than five tons, gross tonnage, that is used for towing, other than

    • (a) a ship that, when used for towing, is so used only for the purpose of salvaging logs; or

    • (b) a fishing vessel.

  • (2) Clauses 17(1)(a)(iii)(A) and (C) and paragraphs 20(1)(b) and 31(1)(d) do not apply to ships of 15.2 m in length or under and subsections 33(9) and 36(5) do not apply to existing ships of 15.2 m in length or under.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 1

Compliance

  •  (1) Notwithstanding anything in these Regulations, where any changes are made to an existing ship, the crew accommodation shall be modified so as to comply, in so far as is reasonable and practicable in the opinion of the Board, with the requirements of these Regulations respecting a new ship.

  • (2) Notwithstanding subsection 3(2) where any furniture, fittings or other items referred to in these Regulations are renewed or replaced on an existing ship, that furniture or those fittings or other items shall comply with the requirements of these Regulations respecting a new ship except where space limitations on the ship make such compliance unreasonable or impracticable.

  • (3) The crew accommodation on every ship shall comply with the requirements of Schedule I.

  • (4) With respect to heating, the crew accommodation on every ship shall comply with the requirements of Schedule II.

 The owner of every ship shall ensure that the crew accommodation on that ship complies with the requirements of these Regulations.

General

  •  (1) Subject to subsections 19(3) and 21(2), every dining area, galley, recreation space and toilet space on a new ship other than a day ship shall be separated by bulkheads from every other room or area on that ship.

  • (2) Every part of the crew accommodation, other than a store room or a galley, shall be kept free of stores and shall not be used for the storage of property not belonging to or provided solely for the use of the persons for whom that part of the crew accommodation is appropriated.

  • (3) No cargo shall be kept in any part of the crew accommodation.

  •  (1) There shall be no means of access, other than an emergency escape opening or an opening from a passageway, between the crew accommodation and a space used as

    • (a) an oil bunker;

    • (b) a cargo or machinery space;

    • (c) a lamp room or paint room; or

    • (d) a store room not forming part of the crew accommodation.

  • (2) Subsection (1) only applies to ships under 22.9 m in length in so far as is reasonable and practicable.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 2

 The means of access to and egress from every part of the crew accommodation shall be so situated that, in the event of fire in any lamp room or paint room in the ship, access to and egress from the crew accommodation will not be impaired.

 In every new ship 22.9 m in length or over

  • (a) sleeping rooms and galleys shall be wholly situated above the deepest water line; and

  • (b) no part of the crew accommodation other than store rooms shall be forward of the collision bulkhead.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 3
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), in every new ship there shall be a clear headroom of at least 1 905 mm at every point in the crew accommodation where a person may normally stand.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to store rooms.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 4

Construction of Bulkheads

  •  (1) In every ship bulkheads, deckhouses and casings that are exposed to weather shall be of at least weathertight construction.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), every bulkhead that separates

    • (a) a sleeping room from a laundry, a drying space, a galley, a dry provision store room, a cold store room or a space containing a water-closet, or

    • (b) a dining area or recreation space from a laundry, a drying room, a cold store room or a space containing a water-closet

    shall be so constructed as to prevent the passage of fumes and shall be watertight to such a height as is necessary to prevent the passage of water.

  • (3) Subject to subsection (4), every bulkhead that separates a space containing a water-closet from any other part of the crew accommodation shall be watertight to a height of at least 150 mm above the floor of the space containing a water-closet.

  • (4) Subsection (3) does not apply to a bulkhead that separates a private toilet space from a sleeping room from which the toilet space may be directly entered.

  • (5) Gastight bulkheads shall be fitted so as to separate every part of the crew accommodation from a space used as

    • (a) a machinery space;

    • (b) a lamp room or paint room; or

    • (c) a store room not forming part of the crew accommodation.

  • (6) Watertight or oiltight bulkheads shall be so fitted as to separate every part of the crew accommodation from a space used as

    • (a) an oil fuel bunker;

    • (b) a chain locker; or

    • (c) a cofferdam.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 5

Insulation

  •  (1) The crew accommodation shall be protected from the effects of condensation by insulation on

    • (a) the parts of the ship’s side, bulkheads and overhead decks that are exposed to the weather; and

    • (b) every other bulkhead, casing and deck in the crew accommodation that may be affected by condensation.

  • (2) Every bulkhead, casing and deck in the crew accommodation shall be so insulated as to protect the crew from undue discomfort due to the effects of heat and cold emanating from outside that accommodation.

  • (3) In every existing ship where old insulation is renewed or new insulation is installed and in every new ship the material used for insulation shall

    • (a) have self-extinguishing characteristics;

    • (b) not contain any substance that may cause corrosion of the surface to which it is applied unless the surface is effectively protected from the corroding substance;

    • (c) be so fitted as to resist as far as possible the absorption of water and condensation and the harbouring of dirt and vermin; and

    • (d) be so applied as to adhere to or be efficiently retained by the surface under all normal conditions of service.

Deck Coverings

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the decks in the crew accommodation shall be covered with a material that

    • (a) provides a good foothold and is easy to clean; and

    • (b) complies with the requirements of Schedule III.

  • (2) The decks of toilet spaces, galleys, laundries and drying spaces shall be covered with terrazzo or other hard material that is impervious to liquids and that complies with the requirements of Schedule III.

  • (3) The joining of the deck coverings with the side walls of toilet spaces, galleys, laundries and drying spaces shall be rounded in a manner that will avoid crevices.

Painting, Panelling and other Finishes

  •  (1) The interior sidewalls and ceilings of every part of the crew accommodation shall be covered with paint, panelling or other suitable material.

  • (2) Interior panelling in the crew accommodation shall be constructed of a material having a surface that is easy to clean and shall not be constructed with tongued and grooved boarding or in a manner, or with a material, likely to harbour vermin.

  • (3) Furniture and fittings in the crew accommodation shall be finished with paint, varnish, polish or other similar finish.

  • (4) All exposed surfaces in the crew accommodation, including furniture surfaces, shall have a flame spread rating not in excess of 25.

Sleeping Rooms

  •  (1) Every ship, other than a day ship, shall be provided with a sufficient number of sleeping rooms, furnished in accordance with section 17, to accommodate at any one time all the persons required to sleep on board the ship.

  • (2) In every new ship of 22.9 m in length or over, no more than two persons shall be accommodated in each sleeping room.

  • (3) In every new ship of less than 22.9 m in length no more than four persons shall be accommodated in each sleeping room.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 6
  •  (1) A sleeping room on a new ship shall have a floor area of not less than

    • (a) 3.7 m2, in the case of a sleeping room for one person;

    • (b) 5.1 m2, in the case of a sleeping room for two persons; and

    • (c) 7 m2, in the case of a sleeping room for three or four persons.

  • (2) The floor area specified in subsection (1) shall not include the floor area of the following spaces:

    • (a) a triangular or recessed space that is too narrow and confined for a person to stand in it; or

    • (b) in the case of a space where the ship’s side tumbles home, the space outboard a vertical line from the floor meeting the side at a height of 1.8 m.

  • (3) Where a bed is located against the flare of the ship’s side, the area specified in subsection (1) may be measured in the horizontal plane at the height of the bottom of the mattress of the lowest bunk, or at a height of 0.9 m, whichever is the lower point.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 7

Furniture and Fittings in Sleeping Rooms

  •  (1) Every sleeping room on a new ship shall be provided with

    • (a) in respect of each person accommodated in the room,

      • (i) a bed,

      • (ii) a drawer,

      • (iii) a clothes closet that

        • (A) is at least 1.8 m high,

        • (B) is not less than 530 mm in one horizontal direction and has a horizontal area of at least 2 130 cm2,

        • (C) has a shelf fitted at a point not less than 230 mm and not more than 380 mm below the top of the closet, and

        • (D) has fittings from which clothes may be hung, and

      • (iv) at least one coat hook in addition to any coat hooks fitted in the clothes closet;

    • (b) a built-in table top of the sliding or drop leaf type or a desk or a table;

    • (c) seating, in addition to the bed surfaces, sufficient to accommodate at one time all the persons accommodated in the room;

    • (d) a mirror, except where a mirror is fitted in the private toilet space for that sleeping room;

    • (e) a cabinet for toilet requisites except where such a cabinet is fitted in the private toilet space for that sleeping room;

    • (f) a curtain fitted to each bed, unless the room accommodates only one person;

    • (g) a curtain fitted to each side scuttle, unless the side scuttle is fitted with blinds or jalousies;

    • (h) a wash-basin of vitreous china or other equally hygenic and durable material, except where such a wash-basin is fitted in a toilet space that is readily accessible from the sleeping room; and

    • (i) a towel bar or hook.

  • (2) Every sleeping room on an existing ship shall be provided with,

    • (a) in respect of each person accommodated in the room, a bed; and

    • (b) the fittings and furniture described in paragraphs (1)(d) to (i).

  • (3) Every sleeping room on every ship shall, in respect of each person accommodated in the room, be provided with at least one drawer that is fitted with a lock or with a hasp and staple for a padlock.

  • (4) All closets, tables, desks, the unupholstered parts of chairs, settees and similar furnishings provided in compliance with this section shall

    • (a) be made of wood, rustproofed metal or other smooth and impervious material that is not likely to crack, warp or become corroded; and

    • (b) be so constructed as to avoid infestation by vermin.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 8
  •  (1) Where practicable, every bed on a new ship shall be positioned with its length in a fore and aft direction.

  • (2) Every bed on a new ship shall have a horizontal surface that contains, inside the lee-rails or lee-boards, if any, a rectangular area measuring at least 1 980 mm long and at least 685 mm wide.

  • (3) Every bed on a new ship shall

    • (a) subject to subsection (11), be so positioned that there is unobstructed access, with a mean width of 610 mm, on at least one side of the bed;

    • (b) be so constructed that the bottom of the mattress is not less than 305 mm from the floor of the room; and

    • (c) be fitted with a spring or foam mattress or with a mattress and a spring bottom.

  • (4) Every bed on an existing ship shall be constructed and fitted in accordance with paragraphs (3)(b) and (c).

  • (5) The mattress on every bed shall be made of material that will resist the absorption of moisture and avoid infestation by vermin.

  • (6) The framework of every bed on every ship and the lee-boards or lee-rails, if fitted, shall

    • (a) be made of rustproofed metal or other material that is hard, smooth and unlikely to become corroded;

    • (b) be constructed so as to avoid infestation by vermin; and

    • (c) if the bed is constructed with a tubular frame, have the frame completely sealed and without perforations.

  • (7) Every bed that is above another bed on every ship shall be fitted with a bottom of wood or other dustproof material.

  • (8) Where beds abut upon each other, they shall be separated by screens made of wood or other rigid material.

  • (9) Beds shall not be placed

    • (a) within 100 mm of an uninsulated ventilation trunk that may be used for circulating hot or cold air; or

    • (b) within 50 mm of a bulkhead or the ship’s side, unless the bed is so supported and the room so constructed as to avoid harbouring dirt and vermin in or near the bed and to enable the bedding to be kept dry.

  • (10) Where two-tier beds are fitted on a new ship, the bottom of the mattress of the upper bed shall be at least

    • (a) 760 mm below the lower side of the deck-head beams or any other overhead fittings; and

    • (b) 840 mm above the bottom of the mattress of the lower bed.

  • (11) Where the adjacent sides of two beds in the same room on a new ship are parallel to each other, or when the lines of the sides of those beds are projected and make an angle of less than 90 degrees with each other, the mean distance between the sides of those beds shall not be less than 760 mm.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 9

Dining Areas

  •  (1) Where any member of the crew is required to eat on board a ship, the ship shall be provided with at least one dining area for the crew.

  • (2) The dining areas on every ship shall be furnished with a sufficient number of tables and seats to accommodate at any one time

    • (a) on a ship over 15.2 m in length but under 22.9 m in length, all of the crew; and

    • (b) on a ship 22.9 m in length or over, at least 60 per cent of the crew.

  • (3) A dining area and a galley may be combined in one room where necessary by reason of the size of the ship.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 10

Furniture and Fittings in Dining Areas

  •  (1) Every table in a dining area on a new ship shall

    • (a) be at least

      • (i) 685 mm wide, if seats are provided at both sides of the table, or

      • (ii) 510 mm wide, if seats are provided at only one side of the table;

    • (b) have a distance of 685 mm along the edge of the table for each person the table is designed to accommodate;

    • (c) be fitted with securing devices for attachment to the deck; and

    • (d) be fitted with fiddles.

  • (2) Every table in a dining area on an existing ship shall be fitted in accordance with paragraphs (1)(c) and (d).

  • (3) Every chair in a dining area shall

    • (a) be fitted with securing devices for attachment to the deck;

    • (b) have a seat at least 380 mm deep; and

    • (c) have the seat and back made of a material impervious to moisture and easy to clean.

  • (4) Benches or settees, complying with the requirements of subsection (3), may be substituted for chairs.

  • (5) Subject to subsection (6), every dining area shall be fitted with

    • (a) a storage locker or rack capable of holding sufficient dining utensils for all the persons who use that dining area; or

    • (b) a storage locker measuring at least 380 mm by 380 mm by 305 mm for each person who uses that dining area.

  • (6) The lockers or racks required by subsection (5) may be fitted in a readily accessible space outside the dining area if space in the dining area is not available for that purpose.

  • (7) Storage lockers required by subsection (5) shall

    • (a) be adequately ventilated and so fitted as to clear the floor by at least 305 mm; and

    • (b) where provided for one person only, be fitted with a lock or with a hasp and staple for a padlock.

  • (8) Every table, locker, dresser and the unupholstered parts of every chair, bench and settee in a dining area shall be made of wood, rustproofed metal or other smooth and impervious material that is not likely to crack, warp or become corroded.

  • (9) All furniture provided in a dining area shall be so constructed as to avoid infestation by vermin.

  • (10) Facilities, adequate in size for the number of persons likely to use the area at any one time, shall be provided in the dining area so that hot beverages can be prepared at any time, unless the ship is fitted with such facilities, accessible at any time, in a galley.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 11

Recreation Spaces

  •  (1) Every new ship 22.9 m in length or over, other than a day ship, shall be fitted with a recreation space furnished with seating sufficient to accommodate at least 40 per cent of the crew.

  • (2) A recreation space and a dining area may be combined in one room, in which case the seating in the recreation space shall be in addition to that required by subsection 19(2).

  • SOR/78-144, s. 12

Toilet Spaces

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every ship shall be provided with at least one toilet space.

  • (2) In the case of a day ship, where the provision of a toilet space is impracticable, there shall be provided a wash-basin or sink that is conveniently located for the use of the crew.

  • (3) Every toilet space shall be completely enclosed by bulkheads.

  • (4) Every toilet space shall be so constructed as to facilitate cleaning and avoid harbouring dirt and vermin.

  • (5) On every new ship, other than a day ship, a toilet space shall be conveniently located close to the sleeping rooms of the persons for whose use that toilet space is appropriated.

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), on a new ship there shall be no direct access into a toilet space from a sleeping room, dining area or galley and, wherever reasonable and practicable, access into a toilet space shall be directly from a passageway.

  • (2) Access into a private toilet space on a new ship may be directly from the sleeping rooms of the persons for whose use the toilet space is appropriated.

  •  (1) In every toilet space containing a water-closet

    • (a) every door that provides access to the toilet space shall be close fitting and without apertures; and

    • (b) a screen that ensures privacy shall, where practicable, be fitted by every door that provides access to the toilet space, other than a door that provides access to a sleeping room.

  • (2) Where it is impracticable to fit a screen by a door as required by subsection (1), that door shall be self-closing.

  •  (1) No water-closet shall be fitted in a room containing more than one bath or one shower.

  • (2) No more than one water-closet shall be fitted in a room containing a bath or a shower.

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), where a toilet space may be used by two or more persons simultaneously, every bath, shower and water-closet in that room shall be provided with screening so that the person using that bath, shower or water-closet can do so in privacy.

  • (2) Screening need not be provided in a water-closet space that

    • (a) contains not more than one water-closet, one wash-basin, one bath and one shower; and

    • (b) has a locking device on the inside of every door to that toilet space.

  • (3) Where a bath or shower is screened in compliance with subsection (1),

    • (a) the screening shall be of a durable and opaque material; and

    • (b) if it is reasonable and practicable in the circumstances, the screening shall enclose a space in which a person may conveniently dress and place his clothes.

  • (4) Where a water-closet is screened in compliance with subsection (1), the screening shall

    • (a) be of steel or other rigid and opaque material; and

    • (b) be open at the top and bottom.

  •  (1) For the purposes of this section,

    • (a) a combined bath and shower installation is deemed to be one bath; and

    • (b) when determining the number of baths, showers, wash-basins or water-closets to be provided, no account shall be taken of

      • (i) any bath, shower, wash-basin or water-closet fitted in a private water-closet space,

      • (ii) any wash-basin fitted in a sleeping room, or

      • (iii) the persons for whose use there is provided a bath, shower, wash-basin or water-closet referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii).

  • (2) There shall be installed on every ship, other than a day ship, at least one bath or shower and, on every ship, at least one water-closet and one wash-basin or sink.

  • (3) Subject to subsection (4), there shall be installed on every ship at least

    • (a) one bath or shower for every eight persons;

    • (b) one wash-basin for every six persons;

    • (c) one water-closet for every eight persons;

    • (d) one mirror for every six persons; and

    • (e) where the number of persons exceeds a multiple of the number of persons referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), one additional bath, shower, wash-basin or water-closet, as the case may be.

  • (4) In the case of a day ship, the requirements of paragraphs (3)(a) and (e) do not apply.

  •  (1) There shall be fitted to every bath, shower, wash-basin and sink, taps for cold fresh water and, where subsection 36(5) requires hot water, taps for hot fresh water.

  • (2) Every tap on a ship shall be clearly marked to indicate whether the water supply is hot or cold.

 Every bath on a new ship shall

  • (a) be at least

    • (i) 1 345 mm in internal length,

    • (ii) 535 mm in internal breadth, and

    • (iii) 380 mm in internal depth;

  • (b) be made of vitreous enamelled iron or other material having a smooth and impervious surface that is not likely to crack, flake or become corroded; and

  • (c) have or be fitted with a means that will provide a non-skid internal bottom surface.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 13

 Every wash-basin on a new ship shall

  • (a) have a capacity of at least 6.8 L below a line measured at least 38 mm below the rim of the basin; and

  • (b) be made of vitreous china, vitreous enamelled iron or other material having a smooth and impervious surface that is not likely to crack, flake or become corroded.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 14
  •  (1) Every shower space shall

    • (a) have a non-skid floor surface or be equipped with a floor grating or mat;

    • (b) be fitted with a handrail;

    • (c) be fitted with kerbs and with curtains or rigid screens, to retain the water in the shower space; and

    • (d) have a floor area that measures at least 685 mm on one side and is at least 0.58 m2.

  • (2) Every shower shall be fitted with

    • (a) controls by which a person using the shower can manually regulate the temperature of the water that flows from the shower head; and

    • (b) where the hot water supply to the shower is heated to a temperature of over 54°C, an automatic control that will protect a person using the shower from injury by scalding.

  • (3) Where light fixtures are fitted inside a shower space, they shall be of waterproof construction with the switches located outside the shower space.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 15
  •  (1) Every water-closet shall have

    • (a) a bowl of vitreous china or other suitable material;

    • (b) a hinged seat; and

    • (c) a trap constructed in such manner as to facilitate cleaning.

  • (2) Every water-closet shall be provided with

    • (a) an adequate flush of water; and

    • (b) a soil pipe of adequate size that is so constructed as to

      • (i) facilitate cleaning,

      • (ii) minimize the risk of obstruction, and

      • (iii) when the soil pipe does not lead to a device for treating or retaining sewage, discharge the sewage overboard.

  • (3) There shall be fitted adjacent to each water-closet a toilet paper holder and a handrail or grip.

Galleys

  •  (1) Where it is necessary to prepare food on board a ship, the ship shall be provided with a galley situated as near as possible to the dining area.

  • (2) In a day ship, where any member of the crew is required to eat on board but no galley is provided, a hot plate or range, a refrigerator or cooler, and dishwashing facilities shall be provided.

  • (3) Every galley shall be provided with exhaust fans and hoods that will draw off fumes from the galley ranges and discharge the fumes into the open air.

  • (4) The cooking appliances in a galley shall be arranged so as to facilitate the cleaning of the galley and so as not to be dangerous to crew members.

  • (5) All cupboards and dressers in a galley shall

    • (a) be finished with a material that is impervious to dirt and moisture and can easily be kept clean; and

    • (b) be constructed so as to avoid infestation by vermin.

  • (6) All cupboards and dressers in a galley shall be fitted so that

    • (a) the bottoms are flush with the deck; or

    • (b) the deck spaces beneath the cupboards and dressers are readily accessible for cleaning.

  • (7) Every galley shall be provided with equipment that will

    • (a) enable food, sufficient in quantity for all the crew, to be prepared at the same time;

    • (b) enable hot food to be served hot in the dining area; and

    • (c) allow the cooking utensils, dishes and cutlery to be properly cleaned.

  • (8) Every galley shall be provided with a refrigerator of adequate capacity with regard to

    • (a) the number of persons the galley is intended to serve;

    • (b) the duration of the voyages that the ship normally makes; and

    • (c) the capacity of cold rooms and refrigerators provided elsewhere for the crew’s provisions.

  • (9) Every galley shall be provided with an adequate supply of hot and cold fresh water through taps.

  • (10) Salt water taps shall not be fitted over a sink in a galley or over a sink in any other place in which food may be prepared.

  •  (1) On every new ship, except in the case of access from a cook’s room, access to a galley shall not be directly from a sleeping room and shall, wherever reasonable and practicable in the circumstances, be from a passageway.

  • (2) On every new ship the top plate of every cooking range shall be at a height of not less than 915 mm and not more than 1 065 mm above the floor of the galley.

  • (3) Every galley on a new ship shall be provided with a double sink.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 16

Supply of Potable Water

  •  (1) Every ship shall have on board a supply of potable water that is sufficient to meet the needs of the crew until that supply is likely to be replenished.

  • (2) If potable water service tanks are fitted they shall be directly connected with the ship’s main potable water storage tanks.

  • (3) Cold drinking water shall at all times be available for the use of the crew.

Supply of Water for Washing Accommodation

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every ship shall have on board a supply of fresh water that is available for all wash-basins, baths and showers, which supply shall be sufficient to provide at least 68 L of fresh water for each member of the crew for each day until that supply is likely to be replenished.

  • (2) In the case of a day ship, the supply of fresh water required by subsection (1) shall be sufficient to provide at least 22.7 L of fresh water for each member of the crew for each day until that supply is likely to be replenished.

  • (3) If service tanks are fitted on a ship for the purpose of supplying the water required by subsection (1) or (2), those tanks shall be directly connected with the ship’s main washing water tanks or potable water storage tanks.

  • (4) Adjustable thermostatically controlled calorifiers or other equally safe and efficient means shall be provided that are capable of heating fresh water to a temperature of not less than 49°C.

  • (5) Subject to subsection (6), on every ship, hot and cold fresh water through taps shall be supplied to all baths, showers, wash-basins and sinks.

  • (6) On a day ship, hot fresh water through taps need not be supplied to wash-basins and sinks.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 17

Dry Provision Storage

  •  (1) For the storage of dry provisions for the crew, every ship shall be provided with storage space that is fitted with sufficient shelves, cupboards and bins for the maximum amount of dry provisions that is likely to be used during the time likely to elapse between successive replenishments of dry provisions.

  • (2) In so far as it is reasonable and practicable in the circumstances, access to a dry provision storage room shall not be from a position on an open deck.

  • (3) Every dry provision storage room shall be so situated, constructed and ventilated as to avoid deterioration of the stores through heat, draught or condensation and infestation by vermin.

  • (4) A room that is used only for the storage of dry provisions shall not be situated over a machinery space and shall not adjoin a galley or a machinery casing unless the adjoining bulkheads and decks are adequately insulated.

  • (5) No part of a dry provision storage space shall be used for the storage of textiles or bedding.

Drying Spaces

  •  (1) Every ship shall be provided with adequately ventilated and heated drying spaces in which the crew may hang oil skins and protective clothing.

  • (2) The drying spaces referred to in subsection (1) shall not be situated inside the sleeping rooms.

Lighting

 Wherever practicable, natural lighting shall be provided in all crew accommodation other than laundries, drying spaces and storage rooms.

 The crew accommodation shall be provided with electric lighting in accordance with the requirements of Schedule IV.

  •  (1) Emergency electric lighting shall be provided by means of permanent or portable lights for the illumination of the crew accommodation.

  • (2) Emergency electric lighting shall, in the event of the failure of the main electric lighting, provide sufficient illumination in order that the crew may safely exit from enclosed spaces and proceed through passageways and stairways to the open deck.

  • (3) Permanent light fixtures shall be supplied from a power source that is located outside the engine room and that is

    • (a) a self-contained generator set; or

    • (b) rechargeable or non-rechargeable batteries.

  • (4) The portable lights referred to in subsection (1) shall be self-contained battery operated hand lamps.

Ventilation

  •  (1) The crew accommodation shall be ventilated so that the air therein will be maintained, relative to the atmospheric conditions, in a state of purity adequate for the health and comfort of the crew.

  • (2) Ventilation of the crew accommodation shall be capable of being so controlled as to ensure adequate air movement under all conditions of weather and climate to which the ship may be subjected during the voyages on which it is engaged, and such ventilation shall be additional to the ventilation that may be provided by any side scuttle, skylight, companionway, doorway or other aperture not intended solely for ventilation.

  • (3) Subject to subsection (4), there shall be natural ventilation, regardless of any mechanical ventilation fitted therein, in every space containing a water-closet.

  • (4) In a space containing only one water-closet, appropriated for the use of not more than four persons, there shall be fitted

    • (a) natural ventilation; or

    • (b) mechanical exhaust ventilation.

  • (5) The effective area of the inlet and exhaust openings in a natural ventilation system serving each space in the crew accommodation shall be capable of being adjusted from fully open to fully closed.

  • (6) Where a mechanical ventilation system is provided in the crew accommodation on a new ship, it shall comply with the requirements of Schedule V.

  • (7) No ventilator on a new ship shall be situated over a doorway, stairway or in any other position in such a manner that exhaust fumes will be recirculated.

  • (8) The sectional area of every part of an inlet and exhaust natural ventilation system on a new ship, other than a part serving only a drying space, shall be

    • (a) at least 39 cm2 for each person for whose use at any one time the space is appropriated; and

    • (b) not less than 123 cm2 at any point in the system.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 18

Drainage

  •  (1) Every galley and drying space and every toilet space, other than a private toilet space, shall be provided with scuppers.

  • (2) There shall be no drainage into a toilet space from any other space.

  • (3) Scuppers from toilet spaces shall not drain into any other crew accommodation space.

  • (4) The scuppers on a new ship shall be at least 38 mm in diameter and shall be situated wherever water is likely to collect on the floor of every galley and drying space and every toilet space other than a private toilet space.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 19

 Every bath, shower, wash-basin and sink shall be fitted with an efficient and hygienic waste pipe that is

  • (a) connected to an overboard discharge or to an enclosed drainage tank; and

  • (b) fitted in a manner that will minimize the risk of obstruction and that will facilitate cleaning.

Maintenance and Inspection of Crew Accommodation

 The owner of a ship shall ensure that all equipment and installations required for the ship by these Regulations are maintained in good condition.

  •  (1) The owner of a ship shall require the master, or any officer appointed by the master for the purpose, to inspect every part of the crew accommodation at intervals not exceeding 30 days.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), the owner of a ship shall ensure that the master causes to be entered in the ship’s official log book a record of

    • (a) the time and date of every inspection made in accordance with subsection (1);

    • (b) the name of the person making the inspection; and

    • (c) particulars of any respect in which the crew accommodation or any part thereof was found not to comply with the requirements of these Regulations and the action taken to remedy such non-compliance.

  • (3) In the case of a ship for which an official log is not required by the Act, the owner of the ship shall ensure that the master signs a statement, each time the ship is inspected in accordance with subsection (1), to the effect that the ship has been inspected and the statement shall

    • (a) include the details required to be entered in a log book by subsection (2); and

    • (b) be retained with the ship’s official papers.

 The crew accommodation shall be inspected by an inspector

  • (a) in the case of a new ship,

    • (i) when the ship is registered or licensed in Canada, or

    • (ii) before the ship is put into service;

  • (b) in the case of an existing ship that is required by Part VIII of the Act to be inspected at the time of the first such inspection, on or after August 24, 1972;

  • (c) in the case of an existing ship that is not required by Part VIII of the Act to be inspected, before August 24, 1976; and

  • (d) when substantial alterations or repairs are made to any part of the crew accommodation.

Enforcement

 The Minister of Transport may designate as an inspector any person in the Public Service of Canada who, in his opinion, is qualified to be so designated.

  •  (1) An inspector may at any reasonable time go on board and inspect any ship where he has reason to believe that any provision of these Regulations has been contravened.

  • (2) Where

    • (a) a member of the crew of a ship complains to an inspector that a contravention of these Regulations has taken place on that ship, or

    • (b) an officer of an organization that represents owners of or persons employed on ships complains to an inspector that a contravention of these Regulations has taken place on any ship,

    an inspector shall investigate the circumstances giving rise to the complaint.

  • (3) Every complaint referred to in subsection (2) shall, where required by an inspector, be in writing and signed by the person making the complaint.

  • (4) Where an investigation is made pursuant to this section, any person in possession of a ship’s log book shall, when requested to do so by an inspector, produce that log book, furnish a true copy of any entry therein and produce any other document in his possession relating to the ship.

  • (5) No person shall obstruct or hinder an inspector in the carrying out of his duties or functions under these Regulations.

  • (6) The owner of any ship boarded pursuant to subsection (1) and every person found on board the ship shall give an inspector all reasonable assistance in his power to enable the inspector to carry out his duties and functions under these Regulations and shall furnish the inspector with such information as he may reasonably require.

Exemptions and Equivalents

  •  (1) Notwithstanding anything in these Regulations, the Board may, due to the special circumstances related to the type of the ship or the nature or area of operations of the ship, exempt the owner of any ship from compliance with any of the provisions of these Regulations other than sections 45 to 49.

  • (2) Notwithstanding anything in these Regulations, where these Regulations require a particular fitting, material, appliance or apparatus to be fitted or carried in a ship or any particular provision to be made in a ship, the Board may allow any other fitting, material, appliance or apparatus to be fitted or carried or any other provision to be made if it is satisfied that that other fitting, material, appliance, apparatus or provision is at least equivalent to that required by these Regulations.

SCHEDULE I(s. 4)Protection

  • 1 Hawse pipes on every new ship of 22.9 m in length or over shall not pass through the sleeping rooms of the ship.

  • 2 Chain pipes and hawse pipes passing through the crew accommodation shall be insulated to reduce noise and prevent condensation.

  • 3 Ventilator trunks to cargo spaces or tanks, hawse pipes and chain pipes shall be made of steel or other suitable material and shall be gastight where they pass through any part of the crew accommodation.

    • 4 (1) Subject to subsection (2), steam supply and exhaust pipes for steering gear, winches and similar equipment shall not pass through the crew accommodation.

    • (2) Where it is unreasonable or impracticable to comply with subsection (1), insulated steam pipes complying with the requirements of the Steamship Machinery Construction Regulations may pass through passageways forming part of the crew accommodation.

    • 5 (1) All steam pipes, hot water pipes and calorifiers in the crew accommodation shall be efficiently lagged wherever lagging is necessary to protect the crew against injury or discomfort.

    • (2) All cold water pipes in the crew accommodation shall be efficiently lagged wherever lagging is necessary to prevent condensation.

    • 6 (1) Where exhaust pipes from internal combustion engines pass through the crew accommodation, they shall be enclosed in a gastight metal casing.

    • (2) The gastight metal casing referred to in subsection (1) shall be adequately insulated where insulation is necessary to protect the crew against injury or discomfort.

  • 7 Storage batteries that emit dangerous or explosive gases or vapour shall not be placed in the crew accommodation.

    • 8 (1) Insect screening of rustproof wire or other suitable material shall be fitted to all side scuttles, natural ventilators, skylights and doorways leading from the crew accommodation to the open deck.

    • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply where, due to the service or area of operation of the ship, the fitting of screens would be unreasonable or impracticable.

    • 9 (1) Every ship that may be engaged on voyages in tropical waters shall be provided with awnings that can cover

      • (a) all exposed decks and deckhouse tops situated immediately above any crew accommodation;

      • (b) all exposed sides of galleys situated on an open deck; and

      • (c) such portions of the deck spaces provided for the recreation of the crew as will provide an adequate shaded area having regard to the number of persons in the crew and to any shade provided for such spaces by overhanging decks.

    • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a ship that

      • (a) has air conditioning throughout the crew accommodation; or

      • (b) has the underside of all exposed decks and deckhouse tops of spaces that are not air-conditioned adequately insulated for tropical conditions.

    • (3) Awnings shall be supported by stanchions or by other equally efficient means.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 20

SCHEDULE II(s. 4)Heating

    • 1 (1) Subject to subsection (2), in every sleeping room, dining area, recreation space and toilet space there shall be installed a permanent heating arrangement that, in conjunction with any insulation provided, is capable of maintaining the temperature in those areas at not less than 18°C, having regard to the normal area of operation of the ship.

    • (2) If the temperature in a toilet space is capable of being maintained at not less than 18°C by heat derived from an adjoining compartment, a heating arrangement is not required in that toilet space.

    • 2 (1) The permanent heating arrangements in the crew accommodation shall be of a type that uses steam, hot water, electricity or warm air.

    • (2) No space shall be heated

      • (a) by a flow of air from the galley or from any galley equipment; or

      • (b) directly from the exhaust system or waste gases of machinery or other equipment.

    • 3 (1) The heating equipment shall be so constructed that its operation is not affected by the use or non-use of any steering gear, deck machinery, calorifiers or cooking appliances in the ship.

    • (2) The heat emitted by the permanent heating arrangements fitted in any space shall be capable of being regulated at any setting from full on to off by means of a permanently attached control.

    • 4 (1) Subject to subsection (2), the permanent heating arrangements in the crew accommodation shall be in operation at all times when circumstances require its use and members of the crew are occupying the crew accommodation or working on board the ship.

    • (2) While the ship is in port, the permanent heating arrangements are not required to be in operation if efficient temporary means of heating are provided for such parts of the crew accommodation as are in use.

    • (3) The temporary means of heating referred to in subsection (2) shall not be of a type that uses coal, coke, paraffin, gasoline or liquefied petroleum gas as fuel.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 21

SCHEDULE III(s. 13)Deck Coverings

    • 1 (1) Material for deck coverings shall comply with the following requirements:

      • (a) the surface, whether wet or dry, shall provide a durable non-skid surface;

      • (b) it shall be such that, after being immersed in water for a period of 48 hours, the moisture content of the material will not exceed seven per cent of its dry weight;

      • (c) it shall be so laid as to adhere to the deck under all conditions of service to which it may be subjected;

      • (d) it shall not contain any substance that may cause corrosion of the deck on which it is laid unless the deck is effectively protected from that corrosive substance;

      • (e) it shall be sufficiently durable to withstand the normal conditions of service and shall be sufficiently flexible to prevent cracking under those conditions; and

      • (f) it shall be of a type that will not readily ignite.

    • (2) Deck covering material laid on the crown of an oil fuel tank shall be such that if the material is immersed in fuel oil for a period of 24 hours at a temperature of 65°C

      • (a) the weight of the material will not increase by more than one per cent; and

      • (b) the material will not be penetrated by the oil.

  • SOR/78-144, s. 22

SCHEDULE IV(s. 40)Lighting

  • 1 In this Schedule, general measurement point, in respect of any accommodation space, means

    • (a) a point midway between two adjacent lamps;

    • (b) a point midway between a lamp and any position on the boundary of the space; and

    • (c) the central point of part of a space that is available for free movement where that part is shaded from the direct rays of a lamp by a re-entrant angle formed in the boundary of the space.

    • 2 (1) The illumination in any part of the crew accommodation is deemed to comply with the requirements of section 3 of this Schedule if the illumination in the horizontal plane, when measured at the points described in section 3 of this Schedule and in the manner described in this section, is maintained at not less than 90 per cent of the values specified in section 3 of this Schedule.

    • (2) Subject to subsection (3), the illumination at every general measurement point shall be measured at a height of 840 mm above the floor.

    • (3) The illumination at a general measurement point in a passageway or companionway may be measured at the floor surface if the reflection factor of the floor surface is not less than 40 per cent.

    • (4) The illumination of every dry provision storage room shall be measured when the room is empty.

    • 3 (1) Every sleeping room shall be provided with illumination of at least the following values:

      • (a) 215 lx

        • (i) immediately in front of every drawer and clothes closet, and

        • (ii) at every washbasin; and

      • (b) 320 lx

        • (i) immediately in front of every mirror, and

        • (ii) at the top surface of every table and desk.

    • (2) Every dining area and recreation room shall be provided with illumination of at least the following values:

      • (a) 160 lx at every general measurement point; and

      • (b) 320 lx at the top surface of every table and desk.

    • (3) Every toilet space shall be provided with illumination of at least the following values:

      • (a) 108 lx

        • (i) at the seat of every water-closet,

        • (ii) in the centre of every shower space, and

        • (iii) at every washbasin;

      • (b) 215 lx at every general measurement point; and

      • (c) 320 lx immediately in front of every mirror.

    • (4) Every drying room shall be provided with at least 108 lx of illumination in the centre of that room.

    • (5) Every galley shall be provided with at least 540 lx of illumination at the working positions.

    • (6) Every dry provision storage space shall be provided with at least 108 lx of illumination

      • (a) at every general measurement point; and

      • (b) immediately in front of shelving and every cupboard.

    • (7) Every passageway and companionway shall be provided with illumination of at least the following values:

      • (a) 108 lx at every general measurement point; and

      • (b) 215 lx at the head of every stairway, ladder and hatchway.

    • 4 (1) In every sleeping room above the head of each bed there shall be fitted one reading light that

      • (a) is capable of being switched on and off from the bed; and

      • (b) provides at least 430 lx of illumination.

    • (2) Every reading light referred to in subsection (1) shall be turned off while the illumination values required by subsection 3(1) are being measured.

  • SOR/78-144, ss. 23 to 25

SCHEDULE V(s. 42)Mechanical Ventilation Systems

  • 1 Every mechanical ventilation system fitted on a new ship shall, in respect of the type of crew accommodation described in Column I of an item of the table to this Schedule, be capable of the standard set out in Column II of that item or the standard set out in Column III of that item, whichever standard is the higher one.

  • 2 Louvres, capable of controlling the volume and direction of the air, shall be fitted to every air supply inlet in every sleeping room, dining area and recreation area on a new ship.

    TABLE

    Column IColumn IIColumn III
    ItemType of Crew AccommodationFresh Air Changes per hourVolume of Fresh Air, in cubic metres per minute, for every person for whom the room is designed to be used at any one time
    1Outboard rooms in deck houses above the main deck, other than dining areas, recreation spaces and rooms adjoining machinery casings.121.4
    2Rooms in deck houses above the main deck that are inboard rooms and rooms adjoining machinery casings, other than dining areas and recreation spaces.151.4
    3Dining areas or recreation spaces above the main deck that are not adjoining machinery casings.150.7 or a volume equivalent to 20 fresh air changes per hour, whichever is the lesser volume.
    4Dining areas or recreation spaces above the main deck that are adjoining machinery casings.180.7 or a volume equivalent to 20 fresh air changes per hour, whichever is the lesser volume.
    5Passageways adjoining machinery casings.4
    6Rooms below the main deck that are not adjoining machinery casings.121.4
    7Rooms below the main deck, other than dining areas and recreation spaces, and that are adjoining machinery casings.151.7
    8Dining areas and recreation spaces below the main deck that are adjoining machinery casings.180.7
    9Galleys.20
    10Toilet spaces, drying rooms and laundries.10
    11Dry provision store rooms.10
  • SOR/78-144, s. 26
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