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Class II Nuclear Facilities and Prescribed Equipment Regulations (SOR/2000-205)

Regulations are current to 2022-06-20 and last amended on 2022-02-03. Previous Versions

Class II Nuclear Facilities and Prescribed Equipment Regulations

SOR/2000-205

NUCLEAR SAFETY AND CONTROL ACT

Registration 2000-05-31

CLASS II NUCLEAR FACILITIES AND PRESCRIBED EQUIPMENT REGULATIONS

P.C. 2000-785  2000-05-31

Her Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Natural Resources, pursuant to section 44 of the Nuclear Safety and Control Acta, hereby approves the annexed Class II Nuclear Facilities and Prescribed Equipment Regulations made by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission on May 31, 2000.

  • aS.C. 1997, c. 9

Interpretation and Application

Interpretation

 The definitions in this section apply in these Regulations.

Act

Act means the Nuclear Safety and Control Act. (Loi)

brachytherapy machine

brachytherapy machine[Repealed, SOR/2008-119, s. 5]

brachytherapy remote afterloader

brachytherapy remote afterloader means a device that is designed to place, by remote control, a sealed source inside or in contact with a person for therapeutic purposes and to remove, by remote control, the sealed source once a preset dose of radiation has been delivered or after a preset time has elapsed. (appareil de curiethérapie à projecteur de source télécommandé)

certificate

certificate means a document issued by the Commission or by a designated officer authorized under paragraph 37(2)(a) of the Act, indicating that a model of Class II prescribed equipment is certified, or authorized under paragraph 37(2)(b) of the Act, indicating that a person is certified. (homologation et accréditation)

certified

certified means certified by the Commission under paragraph 21(1)(h) or (i) of the Act or by a designated officer authorized under paragraph 37(2)(a) or (b) of the Act. (homologué et accrédité)

Class II nuclear facility

Class II nuclear facility means a facility that includes Class II prescribed equipment. (installation nucléaire de catégorie II)

Class II prescribed equipment

Class II prescribed equipment means

  • (a) an irradiator that uses more than 1015 Bq of a nuclear substance;

  • (b) an irradiator that requires shielding which is not part of the irradiator and that is designed to deliver a dose of radiation at a rate exceeding 1 cGy/min at a distance of 1 m;

  • (c) a radioactive source teletherapy machine;

  • (d) a particle accelerator that is capable of producing nuclear energy and has a beam energy of less than 50 MeV for beams of particles with a mass equal to or less than 4 atomic mass units;

  • (e) a particle accelerator that is capable of producing nuclear energy and has a beam energy of no more than 15 MeV per atomic mass unit for beams of particles with a mass greater than 4 atomic mass units; or

  • (f) a brachytherapy remote afterloader. (équipement réglementé de catégorie II)

hazardous substance

hazardous substance means a substance, other than a nuclear substance, that is used or produced in the course of carrying on a licensed activity and that may pose a risk to the environment or the health and safety of persons. (substance dangereuse)

irradiator

irradiator means a device that is designed to contain a nuclear substance and to deliver controlled doses of radiation from that substance to any target except persons. (irradiateur)

licensed activity

licensed activity means an activity described in paragraph 26(a), (c) or (e) of the Act that a licence authorizes the licensee to carry on in relation to a Class II nuclear facility or Class II prescribed equipment. (activité autorisée)

licensee

licensee means a person who is licensed to carry on an activity described in any of paragraphs 26(a), (c) or (e) of the Act in relation to a Class II nuclear facility or Class II prescribed equipment. (titulaire de permis)

radiation survey meter

radiation survey meter means an instrument that is capable of measuring radiation dose rates. (radiamètre)

radioactive source teletherapy machine

radioactive source teletherapy machine means a teletherapy machine that is designed to deliver doses of radiation produced by a nuclear substance. (appareil de téléthérapie à source radioactive)

sealed source

sealed source means a radioactive nuclear substance in a sealed capsule or in a cover to which the substance is bonded, where the capsule or cover is strong enough to prevent contact with or the dispersion of the substance under the conditions for which the capsule or cover is designed. (source scellée)

servicing

servicing, in respect of Class II prescribed equipment, means any maintenance of the equipment, including installation, repair or dismantling, other than any installation, repair or dismantling that constitutes routine operating procedures

  • (a) as indicated in the manufacturer’s operating manual for the equipment; or

  • (b) as authorized in the licence issued in respect of the possession or use of the equipment. (entretien)

teletherapy machine

teletherapy machine means a device that is designed to deliver controlled doses of radiation in a collimated beam for therapeutic purposes. (appareil de téléthérapie)

worker

worker means a person who performs work that is referred to in a licence. (travailleur)

  • SOR/2008-119, s. 5
  • SOR/2010-107, s. 1

Application

 These Regulations apply in respect of Class II nuclear facilities and Class II prescribed equipment.

Licence Applications

Class II Nuclear Facilities

Licence to Construct

 An application for a licence to construct a Class II nuclear facility shall contain the following information in addition to the information required by section 3 of the General Nuclear Safety and Control Regulations:

  • (a) the proposed name and location of the nuclear facility;

  • (b) evidence that the applicant is the owner of the proposed site or has authority from the owner of the site to construct the nuclear facility;

  • (c) a description of the Class II prescribed equipment that is proposed to be used, including its design operating conditions;

  • (d) the proposed measures to control access within the nuclear facility and any other safety-related features, including the schematics of the devices involved and their wiring;

  • (e) the proposed plans, elevations and drawings of the nuclear facility, showing its layout, location, the location of its components and the location of adjacent areas that may be occupied by persons;

  • (f) the proposed purpose of the adjacent areas, including a description of their uses and the estimated levels of occupancy;

  • (g) the proposed location, type, composition, thickness and density of shielding material, including the method that will be used to verify the composition and density and the calculations that will be used to determine the adequacy of the shielding;

  • (h) the proposed location and dimensions of voids in the shielding, including access ways and service ducts;

  • (i) a description of the proposed ventilation system, including the ventilation flow rate, air circulation and location of intake and discharge points in respect of any irradiator or particle accelerator;

  • (j) the proposed quality assurance program for the design and construction of the nuclear facility;

  • (k) the type and energy of radiation produced by any particle accelerator to be encompassed by the licence;

  • (l) the anticipated maximum dose of radiation that may be received by any person as a result of the commissioning of and during the operation of the nuclear facility;

  • (m) the direction of the direct beam of any teletherapy machine to be encompassed by the licence and a description of the physical means that may be used to limit the direction of that beam;

  • (n) the expected and maximum radiological workloads during the commissioning and operation of the nuclear facility, per week in grays at 1 m, for any teletherapy machine to be encompassed by the licence;

  • (o) the anticipated number of hours per week that the Class II prescribed equipment in the nuclear facility will be operated for the purpose of treatment, dosimetry, servicing or research;

  • (p) the effects on the environment and the health and safety of persons that may result from the activity to be licensed;

  • (q) the proposed responsibilities of and qualification requirements and training program for workers during the operation of the nuclear facility;

  • (r) the program to inform persons living in the vicinity of the site of the general nature and characteristics of the anticipated effects on the environment and the health and safety of persons that may result from the nuclear facility; and

  • (s) the proposed plan for the decommissioning of the nuclear facility.

  • SOR/2008-119, s. 6

Licence to Operate

 An application for a licence to operate a Class II nuclear facility shall contain the following information in addition to the information required by section 3 of the General Nuclear Safety and Control Regulations:

  • (a) the name and location of the nuclear facility;

  • (b) the proposed commissioning plan;

  • (c) a description of the results of any commissioning work;

  • (d) evidence that the applicant is the owner of the site or has authority from the owner of the site to operate the nuclear facility;

  • (e) a description of the components, systems and equipment proposed to be used, including their design operating conditions;

  • (f) the proposed measures, policies, methods and procedures for operating and maintaining the nuclear facility;

  • (g) a description of the proposed procedures for handling, storing, loading and transporting nuclear substances and hazardous substances;

  • (h) the proposed quality assurance program;

  • (i) the type and energy of radiation produced by any particle accelerator to be encompassed by the licence;

  • (j) the proposed measures to ensure that the type of beam producible by, and the maximum output energy, limits to the beam orientation and maximum radiation dose rate of, the Class II prescribed equipment cannot be inadvertently altered;

  • (k) the proposed method for measuring the effectiveness of the shielding of the nuclear facility and any results of those measurements;

  • (l) a description of the proposed portable radiation detection equipment, including its type, sensitivity, range and accuracy and the methods and procedures for calibrating it;

  • (m) the proposed methods, procedures and equipment for conducting the leak tests required by these Regulations;

  • (n) a description of any proposed area radiation monitoring system;

  • (o) the anticipated maximum dose of radiation that may be received by any person as a result of the commissioning of the nuclear facility;

  • (p) the expected and maximum radiological workloads, per week in grays at 1 m, for any teletherapy machine to be encompassed by the licence;

  • (q) the anticipated number of hours per week that the Class II prescribed equipment in the nuclear facility will be operated for the purpose of treatment, dosimetry, servicing or research;

  • (r) the proposed methods, procedures and equipment for conducting radiation surveys, including the frequency of the surveys and the location of radiation survey points;

  • (s) the proposed responsibilities of and qualification requirements and training program for workers; and

  • (t) the proposed plan for the decommissioning of the nuclear facility.

Licence to Decommission

 An application for a licence to decommission a Class II nuclear facility shall contain the following information in addition to the information required by section 3 of the General Nuclear Safety and Control Regulations:

  • (a) the name and location of the nuclear facility;

  • (b) the proposed nature of and schedule for the decommissioning;

  • (c) the land, buildings, structures, components, systems, equipment, nuclear substances and hazardous substances that will be affected by the decommissioning;

  • (d) the nature, quantity and activity of any radioactive nuclear substances at the nuclear facility;

  • (e) the nature and extent of any radioactive contamination at the nuclear facility, including radiation dose rates;

  • (f) the proposed measures to control releases of radioactive nuclear substances and hazardous substances into the environment;

  • (g) the anticipated maximum dose of radiation that may be received by any person as a result of the decommissioning;

  • (h) the maximum quantities and concentrations of nuclear substances and hazardous substances that may be released into the environment;

  • (i) the effects on the environment and the health and safety of persons that may result from the decommissioning, and the measures that will be taken to prevent or mitigate those effects;

  • (j) the proposed responsibilities of and qualification requirements for workers; and

  • (k) a description of the planned state of the site upon completion of the decommissioning.

Class II Prescribed Equipment

General Requirement

 An application for a licence in respect of Class II prescribed equipment, other than a licence to service, shall contain a copy of or the number of any certificate relating to the equipment in addition to the information required by section 3 and, where applicable, section 4 of the General Nuclear Safety and Control Regulations.

Licence to Service

 An application for a licence to service Class II prescribed equipment shall contain the following information in addition to the information required by section 3 of the General Nuclear Safety and Control Regulations:

  • (a) the name, model number and characteristics of the equipment or the number of the certificate relating to the equipment;

  • (b) a description of the nature of the servicing proposed to be carried on;

  • (c) the proposed methods, procedures and equipment for carrying on the servicing;

  • (d) the proposed qualification requirements and training program for workers; and

  • (e) the proposed procedures to be followed after completion of the servicing to confirm that the equipment is safe to use.

Exemptions from Licence Requirement

Activities in Relation to Class II Nuclear Facilities

 A person may carry on any of the following activities without a licence:

  • (a) prepare a site for a Class II nuclear facility;

  • (b) construct, operate, modify, decommission or abandon a Class II nuclear facility that includes a geophysical logging particle accelerator; or

  • (c) decommission a Class II nuclear facility that includes a brachytherapy remote afterloader.

  • SOR/2008-119, s. 7

Activities in Relation to Class II Prescribed Equipment

 A person may, without a licence to carry on an activity in relation to Class II prescribed equipment, possess, transfer or produce Class II prescribed equipment that does not contain a nuclear substance.

  • SOR/2008-119, s. 7

Certification of Class II Prescribed Equipment

Certification Requirement

 No person shall use Class II prescribed equipment unless

  • (a) it is a certified model; or

  • (b) it is used in accordance with a licence that authorizes its use for development purposes or for scientific research that is not conducted on humans.

  • SOR/2008-119, s. 8

Application for Certification

  •  (1) The Commission or a designated officer authorized under paragraph 37(2)(a) of the Act may certify a model of Class II prescribed equipment after receiving an application that includes the following information:

    • (a) the applicant's name and business address;

    • (b) the name and business address of the manufacturer of the equipment;

    • (c) the brand name and model number of the equipment;

    • (d) the design of the equipment and its components, including any standards used in the design;

    • (e) the intended use of the equipment;

    • (f) the name, quantity in becquerels and form of the nuclear substance to be incorporated into the equipment;

    • (g) the method of incorporating the nuclear substance into the equipment;

    • (h) the expected radiation dose rates around the equipment in all modes of operation, including the method, calculations and measurements used to establish them;

    • (i) the maximum radiation dose rate that the equipment can deliver;

    • (j) instructions for the use, transportation and storage of the equipment;

    • (k) instructions for conducting leak tests on the equipment;

    • (l) instructions for dealing with accidents involving the equipment;

    • (m) a description of the labelling of the equipment;

    • (n) the quality assurance program that was followed during the design of the equipment and that will be followed during the production of the equipment;

    • (o) the type of package for and the procedures for packaging and transporting any equipment that may contain a nuclear substance, including the emergency response plan to be followed in case of a transportation accident involving the equipment;

    • (p) the recommended inspection and servicing program for the equipment;

    • (q) the type of beam producible by, and the maximum output energy and limits to the beam orientation of, any particle accelerator or radioactive source teletherapy machine;

    • (r) the estimated maximum photon and neutron leakage during the use of any teletherapy machine; and

    • (s) the half-lives of activated components of any particle accelerator and the radiation dose rate at 30 cm from those components.

    • (t) [Repealed, SOR/2008-119, s. 9]

  • (2) The Commission or the designated officer may request any other information that is necessary to enable the Commission or the designated officer to determine whether the equipment model in question poses an unreasonable risk to the environment, the health and safety of persons or national security and whether certification of the equipment model would be in conformity with measures of control and international obligations to which Canada has agreed.

  • SOR/2008-119, s. 9
 
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