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Consumer Chemicals and Containers Regulations, 2001 (SOR/2001-269)

Regulations are current to 2022-09-11 and last amended on 2020-07-01. Previous Versions

PART 1Toxic Products (continued)

Child-resistant Containers

Marginal note:Sub-category “toxic”

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2) and section 14, a chemical product that is classified under section 33 in the sub-category “toxic” must be in a child-resistant container that complies with sections 9 to 13.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions — spray container and single-drop dispenser

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a chemical product classified under section 33 in the sub-category “toxic” that is in

    • (a) a spray container that cannot be opened and that disperses the product as a mist; or

    • (b) a container that

      • (i) dispenses only one drop of the product at a time, and

      • (ii) displays the following primary hazard statement in the manner set out in sections 17 to 20, subsections 24(1) and (3) and sections 25 and 26:

        “THIS CONTAINER IS NOT CHILD-RESISTANT. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.”

        « CE CONTENANT N’EST PAS UN CONTENANT PROTÈGE-ENFANTS. TENIR HORS DE LA PORTÉE DES ENFANTS. »

PART 2Corrosive Products

Classification of Corrosive Products

Marginal note:Data sources

  •  (1) The responsible person for a corrosive product must determine the appropriate sub-category for the product from one or more of the following data sources in the following order of precedence:

    • (a) subject to subsection (2), human experience data for the corrosive product;

    • (b) the table to subsection 42(1), in the case of a corrosive product that contains a substance of special concern;

    • (c) one or more of the following sources in the following order of precedence, in the case of a corrosive product that contains one or more acids or one or more bases:

      • (i) the data sources set out in paragraph 6(1)(b), (c) or (e), or

      • (ii) the pH and, if applicable, the acid reserve or the alkali reserve of the corrosive product as set out in the tables to subsections 42(2) and (3), determined using the test methods set out in section 44;

    • (d) the table to subsection 42(4), in the case of a corrosive product that contains a substance, other than an acid or a base, that is capable of inducing necrosis or ulceration of epithelial tissue at the site of application determined using the data sources set out in subsection 43(1); or

    • (e) subsection 42(5), in the case of a corrosive product that contains a substance, other than an acid or a base, that is capable, when tested using the appropriate test methods set out in subsection 43(2), of causing any of the following at the site of application:

      • (i) an erythema or edema of the skin graded at 2 or more,

      • (ii) corneal damage graded at 2 or more,

      • (iii) iris damage graded at 1 or more, or

      • (iv) conjunctival swelling or redness graded at 2.5 or more.

  • Marginal note:Classification using human experience data

    (2) If the human experience data for a corrosive product demonstrates that the product is capable of causing an effect described in

    • (a) paragraph (1)(d), the product must be classified in the sub-category “corrosive”; or

    • (b) any of subparagraphs (1)(e)(i) to (iv), the product must be classified in the sub-category “irritant”.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 13(E)
  • SOR/2016-170, s. 8(E)

Marginal note:Sub-categories — substance of special concern

  •  (1) A chemical product that contains one or more of the substances of special concern set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection in a concentration set out in column 2 must be classified in the sub-category set out in column 3.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 42(1)

    Sub-Categories — Substance of Special Concern

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemSubstance of special concernConcentrationSub-category
    1Ethyl bromoacetateany concentrationVery Corrosive
    2Fluoride0.5% or more of available fluoride ionsVery Corrosive
  • Marginal note:Sub-categories — one or more acids

    (2) A chemical product that contains one or more acids, is in the state set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection and has the properties set out in column 2, as determined under section 44, must be classified in the sub-category set out in column 3.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 42(2)

    Sub-Categories — One or More Acids

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemStatePropertiesSub-category
    1Liquid
    • (a) a pH of not more than 1.0

    Corrosive
    • (b) a pH of more than 1.0 but not more than 3.0, and an acid reserve of 5.0 or more

    Corrosive
    • (c) a pH of more than 1.0 but not more than 3.0, and an acid reserve of 3.0 or more but less than 5.0

    Irritant
    2Solid, paste or gel
    • (a) a pH of not more than 1.0

    Corrosive
    • (b) a pH of more than 1.0 but not more than 3.0, and an acid reserve of 10.0 or more

    Corrosive
    • (c) a pH of more than 1.0 but not more than 3.0, and an acid reserve of 5.0 or more but less than 10.0

    Irritant
  • Marginal note:Sub-categories — one or more bases

    (3) A chemical product that contains one or more bases, is in the state set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection and has the properties set out in column 2, as determined under section 44, must be classified in the sub-category set out in column 3.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 42(3)

    Sub-Categories — One or More Bases

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemStatePropertiesSub-category
    1Liquid
    • (a) a pH of 13.0 or more

    Corrosive
    • (b) a pH of less than 13.0 but not less than 11.0, and an alkali reserve of 5.0 or more

    Corrosive
    • (c) a pH of less than 13.0 but not less than 12.0, and an alkali reserve of less than 5.0

    Irritant
    • (d) a pH of less than 12.0 but not less than 11.0, and an alkali reserve of less than 5.0 but not less than 3.0

    Irritant
    2Solid, paste or gel
    • (a) a pH of 13.0 or more

    Corrosive
    • (b) a pH of less than 13.0 but not less than 11.0, and an alkali reserve of 10.0 or more

    Corrosive
    • (c) a pH of less than 13.0 but not less than 12.0, and an alkali reserve of less than 10.0

    Irritant
    • (d) a pH of less than 12.0 but not less than 11.0, and an alkali reserve of less than 10.0 but not less than 5.0

    Irritant
  • Marginal note:Sub-categories — substances causing necrosis or ulceration

    (4) A chemical product that contains substances described in paragraph 41(1)(d) that are capable of causing necrosis or ulceration, in a total concentration set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection, must be classified in the sub-category set out in column 2.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 42(4)

    Sub-Categories — Substances Causing Necrosis or Ulceration

    Column 1Column 2
    ItemTotal concentration of the substancesSub-category
    15% or moreCorrosive
    21% or more but less than 5%Irritant
  • Marginal note:Sub-category — substances causing other effects

    (5) A chemical product that contains substances that are capable of causing an effect described in paragraph 41(1)(e) in a total concentration of 5% or more must be classified in the sub-category “irritant”.

Test Methods

Marginal note:Determination — necrosis and ulceration

  •  (1) The capability of a substance in a corrosive product to induce necrosis or ulceration of epithelial tissue at the site of application must be determined from an applicable data source set out in paragraphs 6(1)(a) to (c) or (e).

  • Marginal note:Determination — other effects

    (2) The capability of a substance in a corrosive product to cause an erythema or edema of the skin, corneal or iris damage or conjunctive swelling or redness at the site of application, to the grade specified in paragraph 41(1)(e), must be determined from the applicable data source set out in paragraphs 6(1)(a) to (c) or (e), including

    • (a) the Draize Test;

    • (b) in the case of an erythema or an edema, OECD No. 404; and

    • (c) in the case of corneal or iris damage or conjunctive swelling or redness, OECD No. 405.

Marginal note:Determination of the pH

  •  (1) The responsible person for a corrosive product must determine the pH of the product by using good scientific practices that are in accordance with a procedure similar to that described in ASTM D 1293, from

    • (a) in the case of a product in the form of a liquid, the product as it is dispensed from its container; and

    • (b) in the case of a product in the form of a solid, paste or gel, or in a form otherwise unsuitable for direct measurement of the pH, a 10% aqueous solution of the product.

  • Marginal note:Determination of acid reserve or alkali reserve

    (2) The responsible person for a corrosive product must determine, where applicable, the acid reserve or the alkali reserve of the product by

    • (a) titrating, in accordance with the OECD Principles of Good Laboratory Practice,

      • (i) in the case of a product in the form of a liquid, a suitable aliquot of the product as it is dispensed from its container, and

      • (ii) in the case of a product in the form of a solid, paste or gel, or in a form otherwise unsuitable for direct measurement of the pH, a suitable aliquot of a 10% aqueous solution of the product; and

    • (b) calculating

      • (i) in the case of an acidic product, the amount of an alkali, expressed in grams of sodium hydroxide, that is required to bring 100 mL of the product in the form of a liquid, or 100 g of the product in the form of a solid, paste or gel, to a pH of 4.00 ± 0.05, and

      • (ii) in the case of a basic product, the amount of an alkali, expressed in grams of sodium hydroxide, that is neutralized when 100 mL of the product in the form of a liquid, or 100 g of the product in the form of a solid, paste or gel, is brought to a pH of 10.00 ± 0.05 by the addition of hydrochloric acid.

  • Marginal note:Unstable end point

    (3) If the end point of the titration referred to in subsection (2) is unstable and exhibits drifting, the pH end point reached within 30 seconds after the last addition of titrant is to be used as the effective end point for classification purposes.

  • SOR/2016-170, s. 8(E)

Very Corrosive Products

Marginal note:Conditions

 The manufacturing, importation, advertising or sale of a corrosive product that is classified in the sub-category “very corrosive” under section 41 is prohibited unless the product is set out in column 1 of the table to this section and meets the conditions set out in column 2.

TABLE TO SECTION 45

Conditions for Manufacturing, Importing, Advertising or Selling Very Corrosive Products

Column 1Column 2
ItemChemical ProductConditions
1A product that contains a concentration of 0.5% or more of available fluoride ions

Product is in the form of a paste or a gel, is used for etching glass and its container

  • (a) displays the information set out in the table to subsection 46(1); and

  • (b) is child-resistant as required by section 47.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 14
  • SOR/2011-24, s. 5
  • SOR/2016-170, s. 6

Required Information

Marginal note:Required information — sub-category “very corrosive”

  •  (1) When a corrosive product classified in the sub-category “very corrosive” under section 41 has an information requirement under the table to section 45, the container of the product must display, for each type of information set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection and for each applicable route of exposure set out in column 2, the information set out in columns 3 and 4, other than the instructions set out in italics.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 46(1)

    Required Information — Sub-Category “Very Corrosive”

    Column 1Column 2Column 3Column 4
    ItemType of informationApplicable route of exposureEnglish informationFrench information
    1Hazard symbolAll
    A symbol for a very corrosive substance, described by an octagonal border encompassing the bones of a hand.
    Un symbole pour une substance corrosive, décrit par un contour octogonal contenant des os d’une main.
    2Signal wordAllEXTREME DANGERDANGER EXTRÊME
    3Primary hazard statementAllVERY CORROSIVETRÈS CORROSIF
    4Specific hazard statement
    • (a) All

    CAUSES SEVERE BURNSPROVOQUE DE GRAVES BRÛLURES
    • (b) Dermal and contains a concentration of 0.5% or more of available fluoride ions

    SYMPTOMS MAY NOT APPEAR IMMEDIATELYLES SYMPTOMES PEUVENT NE PAS SE MANIFESTER IMMÉDIATEMENT
    • (c) Inhalation

    When appropriate: DANGEROUS FUMES FORM WHEN MIXED WITH OTHER PRODUCTSWhen appropriate: DÉGAGE DES ÉMANATIONS DANGEREUSES LORSQUE MÉLANGÉ AVEC D’AUTRES PRODUITS
    5Negative instructions
    • (a) All

    When appropriate and before the other negative instructions:

    Do not mix with [Insert description of other products that react with the chemical product, such as toilet bowl or drain cleaners, bleach or ammonia.].

    When appropriate and before the other negative instructions:

    Ne pas mélanger avec [Insert description of other products that react with the chemical product, such as des nettoyants pour cuvettes de toilette ou tuyaux d’évacuation, des agents de blanchiment ou de l’ammoniaque.].

    • (b) Oral

    Do not swallow.Ne pas avaler.
    • (c) Eyes

    Do not get in eyes.Éviter tout contact avec les yeux.
    • (d) Dermal

    Do not get on skin or clothing.Éviter tout contact avec la peau ou les vêtements.
    • (e) Inhalation

    Do not breathe fumes.Ne pas respirer les émanations.
    6Positive instructions
    • (a) All

    Handle with extreme care.

    Keep out of reach of children.

    Manipuler avec grand soin.

    Tenir hors de la portée des enfants.

    • (b) Oral

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque.].
    • (c) Dermal

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., rubber gloves, safety glasses.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., des gants de caoutchouc, des lunettes de sécurité.].
    • (d) Inhalation

    Use only in a well-ventilated area.

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask, a respirator].

    N’utiliser que dans un endroit bien aéré.

    Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque, un respirateur.].

    7First aid statement
    • (a) All

    FIRST AID TREATMENT

    Contains [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    If swallowed, call a Poison Control Centre or doctor immediately. Do not induce vomiting.

    PREMIERS SOINS

    Contient [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    En cas d’ingestion, appeler immédiatement un centre antipoison ou un médecin. Ne pas provoquer le vomissement.

    • (b) Eyes

    If in eyes, rinse with water for [Insert appropriate period of time.].En cas de contact avec les yeux, rincer avec de l’eau pendant [Insert appropriate period of time.].
    • (c) Dermal

    If on skin, rinse well with water.

    If on clothes, remove clothes.

    En cas de contact avec la peau, bien rincer avec de l’eau

    En cas de contact avec les vêtements, enlever ceux-ci.

    • (d) Inhalation

    If breathed in, move person to fresh air.En cas d’inhalation, transporter à l’air frais la personne exposée.
  • Marginal note:Required information — sub-category “corrosive”

    (2) The container of a corrosive product that is classified in the sub-category “corrosive” under section 41 must display, for each type of information specified in column 1 of the table to this subsection and for each applicable route of exposure set out in column 2, the information set out in columns 3 and 4, other than the instructions set out in italics.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 46(2)

    Required Information — Sub-Category “Corrosive”

    Column 1Column 2Column 3Column 4
    ItemType of informationApplicable route of exposureEnglish informationFrench information
    1Hazard symbolAll
    A symbol for a very corrosive substance, described by an octagonal border encompassing the bones of a hand.
    Un symbole pour une substance corrosive, décrit par un contour octogonal contenant des os d’une main.
    2Signal wordAllDANGERDANGER
    3Primary hazard statementAllCORROSIVECORROSIF
    4Specific hazard statement
    • (a) All

    CAUSES BURNSPROVOQUE DES BRÛLURES
    • (b) Inhalation

    When appropriate: DANGEROUS FUMES FORM WHEN MIXED WITH OTHER PRODUCTSWhen appropriate: DÉGAGE DES ÉMANATIONS DANGEREUSES LORSQUE MÉLANGÉ AVEC D’AUTRES PRODUITS
    5Negative instructions
    • (a) All

    When appropriate and before the other negative instructions:

    Do not mix with [Insert description of other products that react with the chemical product, such as toilet bowl or drain cleaners, bleach or ammonia.].

    When appropriate and before the other negative instructions:

    Ne pas mélanger avec [Insert description of other products that react with the chemical product, such as des nettoyants pour cuvettes de toilette ou tuyaux d’évacuation, des agents de blanchiment ou de l’ammoniaque.].

    • (b) Oral

    Do not swallow.Ne pas avaler.
    • (c) Eyes

    Do not get in eyes.Éviter tout contact avec les yeux.
    • (d) Dermal

    Do not get on skin or clothing.Éviter tout contact avec la peau ou les vêtements.
    • (e) Inhalation

    Do not breathe fumes.Ne pas respirer les émanations.
    6Positive instructions
    • (a) All

    Handle with care.

    Keep out of reach of children.

    Manipuler avec soin.

    Tenir hors de la portée des enfants.

    • (b) Oral

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque.].
    • (c) Dermal

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., rubber gloves, safety glasses.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., des gants de caoutchouc, des lunettes de sécurité.].
    • (d) Inhalation

    Use only in a well-ventilated area.

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask, a respirator.].

    N’utiliser que dans un endroit bien aéré.

    Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque, un respirateur.].

    7First aid statement
    • (a) All

    FIRST AID TREATMENT

    Contains [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    If swallowed, call a Poison Control Centre or doctor immediately. Do not induce vomiting.

    PREMIERS SOINS

    Contient [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    En cas d’ingestion, appeler immédiatement un centre antipoison ou un médecin. Ne pas provoquer le vomissement.

    • (b) Eyes

    If in eyes, rinse with water for [Insert appropriate period of time.].En cas de contact avec les yeux, rincer avec de l’eau pendant [Insert appropriate period of time.].
    • (c) Dermal

    If on skin, rinse well with water.

    If on clothes, remove clothes.

    En cas de contact avec la peau, bien rincer avec de l’eau.

    En cas de contact avec les vêtements, enlever ceux-ci.

    • (d) Inhalation

    If breathed in, move person to fresh air.En cas d’inhalation, transporter à l’air frais la personne exposée.
  • Marginal note:Required information — sub-category “irritant”

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), the container of a corrosive product that is classified in the sub-category “irritant” under section 41 must display, for each type of information specified in column 1 of the table to this subsection and for each applicable route of exposure set out in column 2, the information set out in columns 3 and 4, other than the instructions set out in italics.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 46(3)

    Required Information — Sub-Category “Irritant”

    Column 1Column 2Column 3Column 4
    ItemType of informationApplicable route of exposureEnglish informationFrench information
    1Signal wordDermalCAUTIONATTENTION
    2Primary hazard statementDermalIRRITANTIRRITANT
    3Specific hazard statement
    • (a) Eye

    MAY IRRITATE EYESPEUT IRRITER LES YEUX
    • (b) Dermal

    MAY IRRITATE SKINPEUT IRRITER LA PEAU
    • (c) Inhalation

    When appropriate: DANGEROUS FUMES FORM WHEN MIXED WITH OTHER PRODUCTSWhen appropriate: DÉGAGE DES ÉMANATIONS DANGEREUSES LORSQUE MÉLANGÉ AVEC D’AUTRES PRODUITS
    4Negative instructions
    • (a) All

    When appropriate and before the other negative instructions:

    Do not mix with [Insert description of other products that react with the chemical product, such as toilet bowl or drain cleaners, bleach or ammonia.].

    When appropriate and before the other negative instructions:

    Ne pas mélanger avec [Insert description of other products that react with the chemical product, such as des nettoyants pour cuvettes de toilette ou tuyaux d’évacuation, des agents de blanchiment ou de l’ammoniaque.].

    • (b) Eyes

    Do not get in eyes.Éviter tout contact avec les yeux.
    • (c) Dermal

    Do not get on skin or clothing.Éviter tout contact avec la peau ou les vêtements.
    • (d) Inhalation

    Do not breathe fumes.Ne pas respirer les émanations.
    5Positive instructionsAllKeep out of reach of children.Tenir hors de la portée des enfants.
    6First aid statement
    • (a) All

    FIRST AID TREATMENT

    Contains [name of hazardous ingredients in order of decreasing proportion].

    If swallowed, call a Poison Control Centre or doctor immediately. Do not induce vomiting.

    PREMIERS SOINS

    Contient [name of hazardous ingredients in order of decreasing proportion].

    En cas d’ingestion, appeler immédiatement un centre antipoison ou un médecin. Ne pas provoquer le vomissement.

    • (b) Eyes

    If in eyes, rinse with water for [Insert appropriate period of time.].En cas de contact avec les yeux, rincer avec de l’eau pendant [Insert appropriate period of time.].
    • (c) Dermal

    If on skin, rinse well with water.En cas de contact avec la peau, bien rincer avec de l’eau.
  • Marginal note:Exception — another primary hazard statement

    (4) The primary hazard statement set out in columns 3 and 4 of item 2 of the table to subsection (3) may be omitted when other provisions in these Regulations require another primary hazard statement to be displayed on the container.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 15
 
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