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Antarctic Environmental Protection Regulations (SOR/2003-363)

Regulations are current to 2020-02-11 and last amended on 2010-09-23. Previous Versions

Waste Management (continued)

Waste Management Plan (continued)

Marginal note:Classification of wastes

 In the waste management plan, wastes produced must be classified as

  • (a) sewage and domestic liquid wastes (Group 1);

  • (b) other liquid wastes and chemicals, including fuel and lubricants (Group 2);

  • (c) solids to be combusted (Group 3);

  • (d) other solid wastes (Group 4); and

  • (e) radioactive material (Group 5).

Marginal note:Annual review

 Within 30 days after each anniversary of the date of issuance of a permit, the permit holder must review and update his or her waste management plan and provide a copy of the updated plan to the Minister.

Removal of Wastes

Marginal note:Wastes to be removed

 Before the expiry of a permit, the permit holder must remove from the Antarctic the following wastes if they are generated by the permit holder:

  • (a) radioactive materials;

  • (b) used or spent electrical batteries;

  • (c) fuel, both solid and liquid;

  • (d) wastes containing heavy metals or toxic persistent organic compounds;

  • (e) polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyurethane foam, polystyrene foam, rubber, electronic scrap, lubricating oils, treated wood or wood products and other products that contain additives that could produce harmful emissions if incinerated;

  • (f) all other plastic wastes, except low density polyethylene containers (such as bags for storing wastes) if those containers are incinerated in accordance with section 40;

  • (g) fuel drums, except if their removal would result in a greater adverse environmental impact than leaving them in their existing locations;

  • (h) other solid, non-combustible wastes, except if their removal would result in a greater adverse environmental impact than leaving them in their existing locations; and

  • (i) the solid residue of combustible wastes burned in an incinerator referred to in section 40.

Marginal note:Liquid wastes

 Before the expiry of a permit, the permit holder must also remove from the Antarctic all liquid wastes to which section 37 does not apply, including sewage and domestic liquid wastes.

Marginal note:Other wastes

 Before the expiry of a permit, the permit holder must also remove the following wastes from the Antarctic, unless they are incinerated, autoclaved or otherwise treated to be made sterile:

  • (a) residues of carcasses of imported animals;

  • (b) laboratory cultures of micro-organisms and plant pathogens; and

  • (c) introduced avian products.


Marginal note:Combustible wastes

 Before the expiry of a permit, the permit holder must burn all combustible wastes, other than those that must be removed from the Antarctic, in incinerators that meet any emission standards and equipment guidelines that may be recommended by the Committee for Environmental Protection established in accordance with Article 11 of the Protocol and the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research.

  • SOR/2010-196, s. 6(E)

Other Waste Disposal on Land

Marginal note:Prohibited disposal

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a permit holder must not dispose of any liquid wastes to which section 38 applies onto sea ice, iceshelves or the grounded ice sheet.

  • Marginal note:Disposal in ice pits

    (2) The permit holder may dispose of wastes referred to in subsection (1) in deep ice pits if the wastes are generated by stations located inland on iceshelves or on the grounded ice sheet and that disposal is the only practicable option.

  • Marginal note:Location of pits

    (3) The deep ice pits must not be located on known ice-flow lines that terminate at ice-free areas or in areas of high ablation.

Disposal of Waste into the Sea

Marginal note:Disposal from vessel

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a permit holder may not dispose of wastes into the sea from a vessel.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to

    • (a) the disposal of wastes in cases permitted under Annex V to MARPOL 73/78, the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as amended by the Protocol of 1978 relating to it and by any more recent amendment that is in force; or

    • (b) the disposal of wastes under a permit issued under Division 3 of Part 7 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999.

Marginal note:Sewage and domestic liquid waste

 Sewage or domestic liquid waste, other than sewage or domestic liquid waste from a vessel, may be disposed of directly into the sea if

  • (a) the sewage or waste is generated at a station with an average weekly occupancy over the austral summer of at least 30 individuals;

  • (b) the sewage or waste is macerated before it is disposed of; and

  • (c) all reasonable steps are taken to discharge the sewage or waste into the sea at a place where conditions exist for dilution and dispersal of the sewage or waste.

Marginal note:Treated sewage

 The by-product of sewage, other than sewage from a vessel, treated by the Rotary Biological Contactor process or a similar process may be disposed of into the sea if the disposal

  • (a) does not adversely affect the local environment; and

  • (b) is in accordance with Annex IV to the Protocol.


Marginal note:List of locations

 Within 30 days after each anniversary of the date of issuance of a permit for a term of more than one year (including the term of any renewal of the permit), and within 30 days after the day on which a permit expires, the permit holder must provide the Minister with a list of all locations where wastes have been incinerated or otherwise disposed of in the Antarctic.

Marginal note:Records

 A permit holder must record each disposal of wastes, including sewage discharges from vessels, and retain the record for five years.


Marginal note:Reporting

 The permit holder must, without delay, advise the Minister about all measures undertaken in response to an emergency.

Marginal note:Emergency plan

 Each emergency plan must

  • (a) identify the potential emergencies, including the potential impact on human health and the environment, that could result from the activities to which the permit is to relate;

  • (b) include an assessment of the relative risk of occurrence of the potential emergencies;

  • (c) set out the names and telephone numbers of personnel and describe their roles and responsibilities during an environmental emergency;

  • (d) identify the training required for emergency response personnel;

  • (e) list the equipment that will be available to deal with potential emergencies and indicate where it is located;

  • (f) identify the procedures by which emergency resources, including personnel, equipment, facilities and financial resources, can be obtained; and

  • (g) describe the procedures for implementing, reviewing and updating the plan.

Coming into Force

Marginal note:Coming into force

 These Regulations come into force on December 1, 2003.

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