Judgments on Admissions or Certain Documentary Evidence
21 A party may, at any stage of a proceeding, apply for judgment in respect of any matter
(a) on any admission in the pleadings or other documents filed in the Court, or in the examination of another party, or
(b) in respect of which the only evidence consists of documents and such affidavits as are necessary to prove the execution or identity of such documents,
without waiting for the determination of any other question between the parties.
22 (1) A party who requires the attendance of a person as a witness at a hearing may serve the person with a subpoena requiring the person to attend the hearing at the time and place stated in the subpoena, and the subpoena may also require the person to produce at the hearing the documents or other things in the person’s possession, control or power relating to the matters in question in the appeal that are specified in the subpoena.
(2) On the request of a party or of counsel, the Registrar or some other person authorized by the Chief Justice, shall sign, seal and issue a blank subpoena, and the party or counsel may complete the subpoena and insert the names of any number of witnesses.
(3) A subpoena shall be served on a witness personally and, at the same time, witness fees and expenses in accordance with section 13 shall be paid or tendered to the witness.
23 Subject to any order that the Court, in special circumstances, may make restricting access to a particular file by persons other than the parties to a matter before the Court, any person may, subject to appropriate supervision, and when the facilities of the Court permit without interfering with the ordinary work of the Court,
(a) inspect any Court file relating to a matter before the Court; and
(b) on payment of $0.40 per page, obtain a photocopy of any document on a Court file.
24 (1) Failure to comply with these Rules shall not render any proceedings void unless the Court so directs, but such proceedings may be set aside either in whole or in part as irregular and may be amended or otherwise dealt with in such manner and upon such terms as, in the opinion of the Court, the circumstances of the case require.
(2) Where a person makes an application to set aside a proceeding for irregularity, the objections intended to be put forward shall be stated clearly in the application.
(3) The Court may, where and as necessary in the interests of justice, dispense with compliance with any rule at any time.
(4) Where matters are not provided for in these rules, the practice shall be determined by the Court, either on a motion for directions or after the event if no such motion has been made.
Contempt of Court
25 (1) A person is guilty of contempt of court who
(a) at a hearing of the Court fails to maintain a respectful attitude, remain silent or refrain from showing approval or disapproval of the proceeding;
(b) wilfully disobeys a process or order of the Court;
(c) acts in such a way as to interfere with the orderly administration of justice or to impair the authority or dignity of the Court;
(d) is an officer of the Court and fails to perform his or her duties;
(e) is a sheriff or bailiff and does not execute a writ forthwith or does not make a return thereof; or
(f) contrary to these rules and without lawful excuse,
(i) refuses or neglects to obey a subpoena or to attend at the time and place appointed for his or her examination for discovery,
(ii) refuses to be sworn or to affirm or to answer any question put to him or her,
(iii) refuses or neglects to produce or permit to be inspected any document or other property, or
(iv) refuses or neglects to answer interrogatories or to make discovery of documents.
(2) Subject to subsection (6), before a person may be found in contempt of court, the person alleged to be in contempt shall be served with an order, made on the motion of a person who has an interest in the proceeding or at the Court’s own initiative, requiring the person alleged to be in contempt
(a) to appear before a judge at a time and place stipulated in the order;
(b) to be prepared to hear proof of the act with which the person is charged, which shall be described in the order with sufficient particularity to enable the person to know the nature of the case against the person; and
(c) to be prepared to present any defence that the person may have.
(3) A motion for an order under subsection (2) may be made ex parte.
(4) An order may be made under subsection (2) if the Court is satisfied that there is a prima facie case that contempt has been committed.
(5) An order under subsection (2) shall be personally served, together with any supporting documents, unless otherwise ordered by the Court.
(6) In a case of urgency, a person may be found in contempt of court for an act committed in the presence of a judge in the exercise of his or her functions and condemned at once, provided that the person has first been called on to justify his or her behaviour.
(7) A finding of contempt shall be based on proof beyond a reasonable doubt.
(8) A person alleged to be in contempt may not be compelled to testify.
(9) Where the Court considers it necessary, it may request the assistance of the Attorney General of Canada or any other person in relation to any proceedings for contempt.
(10) Where a person is found to be in contempt, a judge may order, in addition to any other order made in respect of the proceedings, any or all of the following:
(a) that the person be imprisoned for a period of less than two years;
(b) that the person pay a fine;
(c) that the person do or refrain from doing any act;
(d) that the person’s property be sequestered; and
(e) that the person pay costs.
- Date modified: