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Marine Transportation Security Regulations (SOR/2004-144)

Regulations are current to 2020-11-17 and last amended on 2014-06-19. Previous Versions

PART 3Marine Facilities (continued)

Marine Facility Security Assessments

Requirements for Persons Providing Security Assessment Information

 The persons who provide security assessment information shall have, collectively, the competence to evaluate the security of the marine facility, including knowledge in the following areas:

  • (a) current security threats and patterns;

  • (b) the detection and recognition of weapons, explosives and incendiaries and other dangerous substances and devices;

  • (c) the recognition of the characteristics and behavioural patterns of persons who are likely to threaten security;

  • (d) techniques that might be used to violate security procedures or to circumvent security procedures, equipment or systems;

  • (e) methods used to cause a security incident;

  • (f) the effects of dangerous substances and devices on structures and essential services;

  • (g) marine facility and vessel interface business practices;

  • (h) emergency preparedness and response and contingency planning;

  • (i) physical security requirements;

  • (j) radio and telecommunications systems, including computer systems and networks;

  • (k) marine or civil engineering; and

  • (l) marine facility and vessel operations.

Security Assessment Information

  •  (1) Security assessment information in respect of a marine facility

    • (a) shall be in English or French;

    • (b) shall be based on background information, the completion of an on-site survey and an analysis of that information and survey;

    • (c) shall identify and evaluate

      • (i) the physical aspects of the marine facility that are the most important to protect and the means for protecting the personnel,

      • (ii) possible threats to the marine facility and the likelihood of their occurrence, in order to establish and prioritize security procedures and countermeasures, and

      • (iii) the vulnerabilities, including human factors, in the security of the marine facility; and

    • (d) may cover more than one marine facility.

  • (2) Security assessment information shall consist of the following:

    • (a) the general layout of the marine facility, including the location of

      • (i) active and inactive access points to the marine facility,

      • (ii) security doors, barriers, and lighting,

      • (iii) restricted areas,

      • (iv) emergency and stand-by equipment available to maintain essential services,

      • (v) storage areas for maintenance equipment, ships’ stores, cargo and unaccompanied baggage,

      • (vi) escape and evacuation routes and assembly stations, and

      • (vii) existing security and safety equipment for the protection of personnel and visitors;

    • (b) changes in the tide that might have an impact on the vulnerability or security of the marine facility;

    • (c) a list of the emergency and stand-by equipment available to maintain essential services;

    • (d) the number of marine facility personnel, the security tasks of persons with security responsibilities and the training requirements and procedures of the marine facility;

    • (e) a list of existing security and safety equipment for the protection of marine facility personnel and visitors;

    • (f) escape and evacuation routes and assembly stations that have to be maintained to ensure the orderly and safe emergency evacuation of the marine facility;

    • (g) the results of security audits; and

    • (h) security procedures in effect, including inspection and control procedures, identification systems, surveillance and monitoring equipment, personnel identification documents and communication, alarm, lighting, access control and other appropriate systems.

Elements of Security Assessments

 The Minister shall conduct the marine facility security assessment, which addresses the following elements in respect of the marine facility, as applicable:

  • (a) the physical security;

  • (b) the structural integrity;

  • (c) personnel protection systems;

  • (d) operational procedures that might impact on security;

  • (e) its radio and telecommunications systems, including computer systems and networks;

  • (f) relevant transportation support infrastructure;

  • (g) utilities; and

  • (h) other elements that might, if damaged or used illicitly, pose a risk to people, property or operations at the marine facility.

Matters to be Taken into Account in Security Assessments

 A marine facility security assessment shall take into account potential threats and the following types of security incidents:

  • (a) damage to, or destruction of, the marine facility or a vessel by explosive devices, arson, sabotage or vandalism;

  • (b) tampering with essential equipment or systems, ships’ stores or cargo of the marine facility;

  • (c) unauthorized access to the marine facility;

  • (d) the smuggling onto the marine facility of weapons or equipment, including weapons of mass destruction;

  • (e) use of the marine facility itself as a weapon or as a means to cause damage or destruction;

  • (f) nuclear, biological, radiological, explosive or chemical attacks on the shoreside support system of the marine facility or on a vessel interfacing with the marine facility;

  • (g) the seizure of the marine facility or the seizure or hijacking of an interfacing vessel or persons on board; and

  • (h) use of the marine facility or its equipment by persons intending to cause a security incident.

On-site Survey and Vulnerability Assessments

 The operator of a marine facility shall ensure that an on-site survey of the marine facility is conducted. The survey shall examine and evaluate current protective procedures and operations to verify or collect security assessment information.

  •  (1) A marine facility security assessment shall include a vulnerability assessment undertaken in consultation with the operator of the marine facility to determine the following so as to produce an overall assessment of the level of risk for which security procedures have to be developed:

    • (a) any particular aspect of the marine facility, including vessel traffic in the vicinity, that might make it a target of an attack;

    • (b) the potential consequences of an attack on or at the marine facility in terms of loss of life, damage to property and economic disruption, including the disruption of marine transport systems;

    • (c) the capability and intent of those likely to mount an attack; and

    • (d) the potential types of attack.

  • (2) The vulnerability assessment shall include a consideration of the following:

    • (a) current security procedures, including identification systems;

    • (b) methods and points of access to the marine facility;

    • (c) the procedures to protect radio and telecommunications equipment, including computer systems and networks;

    • (d) any conflicting policies between safety and security procedures;

    • (e) any enforcement or personnel constraints;

    • (f) methods of monitoring restricted areas and other areas that have restricted access to ensure that only authorized persons have access;

    • (g) areas adjacent to the marine facility that might be exploited during or for an attack;

    • (h) current security procedures relating to utilities and other services;

    • (i) any deficiencies identified during training or drills;

    • (j) any deficiencies identified during daily operations or following incidents or alerts, reports of security concerns, the application of control measures or audits; and

    • (k) the structural integrity of the marine facility.

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