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Small Vessel Regulations (SOR/2010-91)

Regulations are current to 2020-03-05 and last amended on 2018-05-16. Previous Versions

PART 7Construction Requirements (continued)

Major Modifications

  •  (1) The owner of a vessel and every person who is responsible for making a major modification to the vessel shall ensure that the major modification is in accordance with the construction requirements as they read on the day on which the modification was started.

  • (2) If a major modification is made to a vessel other than a pleasure craft, the owner of the vessel shall inform the Minister of the modification and, if requested by the Minister, shall provide the Minister with the technical data necessary to determine the vessel’s compliance with the construction requirements.

  • (3) In this section, major modification means a modification or repair or a series of modifications or repairs that substantially changes the capacity or size of a vessel or the nature of a system on board a vessel, that affects its watertight integrity or its stability, or, except in the case of the restoration of an antique wooden pleasure craft, that substantially increases its service life.

Plans

  •  (1) If it is necessary, because of the type or design of a vessel other than a pleasure craft, to obtain information in order to establish the vessel’s compliance with the construction requirements, the builder, manufacturer, rebuilder, importer or owner of the vessel shall submit to the Minister, on request, the following documents:

    • (a) the general arrangement of the vessel;

    • (b) a diagram of the propulsion system;

    • (c) the general arrangement and identification of the machinery, including a description of the bilge pumping systems, fuel systems and firefighting systems;

    • (d) a one-line electrical diagram.

  • (2) If a vessel, other than a pleasure craft, was constructed, manufactured or rebuilt before the day on which these Regulations came into force, the owner of the vessel may submit photographs and technical data instead of the documents referred to in subsection (1).

Protection from Falling

  •  (1) A vessel, other than a pleasure craft, that is more than 6 m in length shall, in accordance with the construction standards, have means of protecting persons from falls or from falling overboard.

  • (2) A vessel, other than a pleasure craft, that is not more than 6 m in length and every pleasure craft shall be equipped with handhold devices and guard rails in accordance with sections H41.5 and H41.6 of American Boat and Yacht Council Standard H41, Reboarding Means, Ladders, Handholds, Rails, and Lifelines.

Structural Strength and Seaworthiness

  •  (1) A vessel’s structural strength shall conform to the construction standards.

  • (2) A vessel’s structural strength and watertight integrity shall be adequate for its intended use, taking into account the maximum anticipated loads. The vessel’s strength and integrity are adequate if

    • (a) the vessel is constructed, manufactured or rebuilt in accordance with the recommended practices and standards for the type of vessel;

    • (b) the vessel’s design has been used for a vessel of the same type that was operated for at least five years without a marine occurrence or other event related to a deficiency in its construction or maintenance in an area where the wind and wave conditions are no less severe than those likely to be encountered in the vessel’s intended area of operation;

    • (c) the vessel’s design is supported by calculations or test documents proving that the design achieves the required structural strength; or

    • (d) in the case of an open vessel, the structural strength and watertight integrity are achieved by following traditional construction methods that have proven to be effective and reliable over time.

  • (3) The materials and equipment used in the construction, manufacture or rebuilding of a vessel shall be suited to the operating and environmental conditions that the vessel may encounter.

  • (4) The owner of a vessel shall ensure that the structural strength and watertight integrity of the vessel continue to be adequate for its intended use.

  • (5) The hull of a vessel other than a pleasure craft shall be strengthened if the vessel is intended for operation in waters where the presence of ice requires the vessel to make extraordinary manoeuvres in order to avoid hull damage.

  • (6) On the request of the Minister, the builder, manufacturer, rebuilder, importer or owner of a vessel shall demonstrate that the vessel meets the requirements of this section.

Watertight Integrity

 The design of a vessel’s superstructure, hull and fittings shall provide, in accordance with the construction standards, for the maintenance of watertight integrity and the prevention of downflooding.

Hull Design

 The design of the hull of a pleasure craft that is not more than 6 m in length shall conform to the construction standards for buoyancy, flotation and stability.

  •  (1) The stability of a vessel other than a pleasure craft shall be adequate to safely carry out its intended operations.

  • (2) The owner of a vessel shall demonstrate, on the request of the Minister, that the vessel has adequate stability to safely carry out its intended operations.

  •  (1) This section applies in respect of a vessel, other than a pleasure craft,

    • (a) whose date of construction, manufacture, rebuilding, importation or change of use, whichever occurs later, is on or after April 1, 2005; and

    • (b) whose date of construction, manufacture, rebuilding, importation or change of use, whichever occurs later, was before April 1, 2005, if the type of operation or the area of operation of the vessel changed on or after April 1, 2005.

  • (2) The buoyancy, flotation and stability of a vessel that is not more than 6 m in length shall conform to the construction standards.

  • (3) The stability of a vessel that is more than 6 m in length shall conform to

    • (a) the construction standards; or

    • (b) the recommended practices and standards for the type of vessel, other than a monohull vessel.

  • (4) The builder, manufacturer, rebuilder or importer of the vessel shall provide the end user or reseller with a document setting out the design limitations of the vessel, if any, including capacity, power and environmental limitations.

Ventilation

  •  (1) On a vessel, an enclosed space that contains a source of gasoline vapour shall have, in accordance with the construction standards, a natural ventilation system designed to remove any accumulation of combustible vapours.

  • (2) A compartment that, in accordance with the construction standards, has the characteristics of an open space is not required to have a natural ventilation system.

  • (3) On a vessel that is propelled by an outboard engine, any space that is under an engine well or that does not have the characteristics of an open space, and that is capable of accommodating a 23 L portable gasoline tank but is not designed to do so, shall display a safety notice to indicate that the space is not to be used for gasoline tank storage.

  • (4) No supply or exhaust ducting that forms part of the ventilation system shall open into any accommodation space.

 On a vessel other than a personal watercraft, an enclosed space that contains a gasoline engine shall meet the following conditions:

  • (a) its ventilation system shall be supplemented by powered ventilation in accordance with the construction standards; and

  • (b) at each engine ignition switch, a safety notice shall be displayed indicating that the blower is to be operated for four minutes before the engine is started and containing the information set out in the construction standards.

 On a vessel, a space that contains a combustion engine shall be ventilated to ensure a sufficient supply of air for combustion and cooling.

Fuel Systems

  •  (1) No person shall install a fuel-burning appliance or system on a vessel unless the appliance or system and its installation conform to the recommended practices and standards.

  • (2) No person shall install on a passenger-carrying vessel a fuel-burning appliance or system that uses gaseous fuel, liquefied petroleum gas, compressed natural gas or naphtha.

  • (3) No person shall install a fuel-burning appliance or system that uses gaseous fuel, liquefied petroleum gas, compressed natural gas or naphtha on a vessel in a manner that permits or is likely to permit ingress or trapping of the fuel or vapours below deck.

 No person shall install below deck or enclose by boxing, on a vessel, an inboard engine that uses gasoline as a fuel unless the design of the carburetor or throttle body fuel injector, if any, is in accordance with the construction standards and the carburetor is fitted with a flame arrestor that meets those standards.

 No person shall install or maintain a fuel tank or a fuel system on a vessel in a manner that permits or is likely to permit leakage of fuel or spillage of fuel.

  •  (1) A fuel system on a vessel shall be installed, tested and maintained in accordance with the construction standards.

  • (2) A fitting, joint or connection on a fuel system shall be accessible.

  • (3) A component of a fuel system shall be liquid-tight and vapour-tight to the hull interior in accordance with the construction standards.

  • (4) On a vessel other than a personal watercraft, a fuel tank, fuel filter or fuel-line fitting shall not be installed over a source of ignition.

 
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