Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Search

Small Vessel Regulations (SOR/2010-91)

Regulations are current to 2020-09-09 and last amended on 2018-05-16. Previous Versions

Application

  •  (1) These Regulations apply in respect of

    • (a) a pleasure craft;

    • (b) a passenger-carrying vessel of not more than 15 gross tonnage that carries not more than 12 passengers and is not a human-powered vessel;

    • (c) a workboat of not more than 15 gross tonnage; and

    • (d) a human-powered vessel other than a pleasure craft.

  • (2) These Regulations do not apply in respect of

    • (a) a fishing vessel;

    • (b) a rescue boat or lifeboat that is carried on board a vessel exclusively to meet a requirement for life-saving appliances set out in other regulations made under the Act;

    • (c) a vessel in respect of which the Special-purpose Vessels Regulations apply; or

    • (d) an air cushion vehicle of more than 4 500 kg all up weight.

Prohibition

 No person shall operate or permit another person to operate a vessel unless the safety equipment required by these Regulations is carried on board the vessel and the equipment meets the requirements of these Regulations.

Substitute Safety Equipment

  •  (1) If the Minister determines that there are circumstances in which equipment other than the safety equipment required by these Regulations provides a level of safety at least equivalent to that provided by the required safety equipment, the other equipment may be substituted for the required safety equipment in those circumstances.

  • (2) To determine the level of safety provided by the substituted equipment in the circumstances, the Minister shall assess the following factors:

    • (a) the nature of the activity;

    • (b) the environmental conditions;

    • (c) the nature of the risks to which persons on board are exposed;

    • (d) the specific characteristics of the equipment;

    • (e) the recommended practices and standards to which the equipment conforms;

    • (f) the manner in which the equipment will be used; and

    • (g) the ability of the equipment to protect a person from injury.

  • (3) The substitute equipment shall bear a mark or label indicating that it conforms to the recommended practices and standards applicable to that type of equipment.

Safety Equipment — Accessibility and Maintenance

  •  (1) The safety equipment required by these Regulations shall be

    • (a) in good working order;

    • (b) readily accessible and available for immediate use; and

    • (c) except for a life raft, maintained and replaced in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions or recommendations.

  • (2) Portable fire extinguishers and fixed fire extinguishing systems required by these Regulations shall be kept fully charged.

Standards for Safety Equipment

  •  (1) A personal flotation device, lifejacket, lifebuoy, self-igniting light, pyrotechnic distress signal or life raft required by these Regulations shall meet the applicable standards and tests set out in the schedule.

  • (2) A mark or label on the safety equipment required by these Regulations, and any manufacturer’s instructions or recommendations, shall be in English and French.

Approval of Life-Saving Appliances

  •  (1) A personal flotation device, lifejacket, lifebuoy, self-igniting light, pyrotechnic distress signal or life raft required by these Regulations shall be of a type that is approved by the Minister and shall bear a mark or label indicating the approval.

  • (2) The Minister shall approve a type of personal flotation device, lifejacket, lifebuoy, self-igniting light, pyrotechnic distress signal or life raft if it is shown to meet the applicable standards and tests referred to in subsection 6(1).

  • (3) Subsection (1) does not apply to a personal flotation device required by these Regulations if it was approved by the Director of Ship Safety of the Department of Transport or by the Department of Fisheries and Oceans and bears a mark or label indicating that it was approved by one of those departments or by the Canadian Coast Guard.

First Aid Kit

  •  (1) A first aid kit required by these Regulations shall be packed in a waterproof case capable of being tightly closed after use and shall be

    • (a) a marine emergency first aid kit that contains the following:

      • (i) an up-to-date first aid manual or up-to-date first aid instructions, in English and French,

      • (ii) 48 doses of analgesic medication of a non-narcotic type,

      • (iii) six safety pins or one roll of adhesive first aid tape,

      • (iv) one pair of bandage scissors or safety scissors,

      • (v) one resuscitation face shield,

      • (vi) two pairs of examination gloves,

      • (vii) 10 applications of antiseptic preparations,

      • (viii) 12 applications of burn preparations,

      • (ix) 20 adhesive plasters in assorted sizes,

      • (x) 10 sterile compression bandages in assorted sizes,

      • (xi) 4 m of elastic bandage,

      • (xii) two sterile gauze compresses,

      • (xiii) two triangular bandages, and

      • (xiv) a waterproof list of the contents, in English and French; or

    • (b) a first aid kit that meets the requirements of the Maritime Occupational Health and Safety Regulations or of provincial regulations governing workers’ compensation, with the addition of a resuscitation face shield and two pairs of examination gloves if the kit is not required to contain them.

  • (2) Instead of a first aid kit referred to in subsection (1), a first aid kit that meets the requirements of the Small Vessel Regulations as they read immediately before the day on which these Regulations came into force may be carried on board a vessel for a period of three years after that day unless the kit is replaced before the end of that period.

  • SOR/2016-163, s. 42

Personal Life-Saving Appliances

 A personal flotation device or lifejacket required by these Regulations shall not be altered in a way that compromises its original structural integrity or diminishes the integrity or readability of a marking set out in a standard related to it.

  •  (1) A personal flotation device or lifejacket that is required by these Regulations, if it is of an inflatable type, shall be worn by a person in an open vessel or, if the vessel is not open, shall be worn when the person is on deck or in the cockpit.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a sealed-hull rowing shell engaged in training that is governed by safety guidelines and procedures established by the governing body.

  • (3) A personal flotation device or lifejacket that is required by these Regulations to be carried on board a personal watercraft shall be inherently buoyant.

 A personal flotation device or lifejacket required by these Regulations does not have to be an appropriate size for an infant who weighs less than 9 kg or a person whose chest size is more than 140 cm.

Portable Fire Extinguishers

  •  (1) Every portable fire extinguisher that is required by these Regulations to be carried on board a pleasure craft shall

    • (a) bear a mark indicating that it is certified by a product certification body; or

    • (b) be of a type that is approved by the United States Coast Guard.

  • (2) Every portable fire extinguisher that is required by these Regulations to be carried on board a vessel other than a pleasure craft shall

    • (a) bear a mark indicating that it is certified for marine use by a product certification body; or

    • (b) be of a type that is approved by the United States Coast Guard.

  • (3) A portable fire extinguisher that is carried on board a vessel imported into Canada and that does not meet the requirements of subsection (1) or (2) shall be certified for marine use by a product certification body or a classification society.

 
Date modified: