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Marine Spark-Ignition Engine, Vessel and Off-road Recreational Vehicle Emission Regulations (SOR/2011-10)

Regulations are current to 2020-09-09 and last amended on 2018-03-22. Previous Versions

Fleet Averaging (continued)

Fleet Average Emission Values for Vehicles (continued)

Marginal note:Calculation of fleet average emission values

  •  (1) The fleet average emission value for a fleet of vehicles is determined, in respect of each emission type, in accordance with the following formula, expressed to one decimal place and in the same units as the applicable standard set out in any of sections 20 to 22, as the case may be:

    The formula for the determination of the fleet average emission value for a fleet of vehicles is the quotient of the following two sums: the sum of the products resulting from the multiplication of Wi, Yi and Zi for each emission family, “i”, in the fleet and the sum of the products resulting from the multiplication of Yi and Zi for each emission family, “i”, in the fleet.

    where

    TOT
    is the total number of emission families in the fleet;
    “i”
    is the ith emission family in the fleet, where “i” goes from 1 to TOT;
    Wi
    is the family emission limit applicable to the emission family “i”, expressed in the same units and to the same number of decimal places as the emission standard it replaces;
    Yi
    is, in the case of exhaust emissions, the number of vehicles in the fleet that are in the emission family “i” and, in the case of evaporative emissions, the number of vehicles in the fleet that are in the emission family “i” multiplied by the average internal surface area of the vehicles’ fuel tanks expressed in metres squared; and
    Zi
    is determined as follows:
    • (a) for a fleet of snowmobiles,

      • (i) in the case of exhaust emissions, the useful life for the emission family “i” expressed in kilometres — as established under section 103(c) of subpart B of CFR 1051 — multiplied by the maximum power output observed during the emissions test expressed in kilowatts divided by 30 km/h, and

      • (ii) in the case of evaporative emissions, the useful life for the emission family “i” expressed in years — as established under section 103(c) of subpart B of CFR 1051 — multiplied by 365.24 days/year;

    • (b) for a fleet of off-road motorcycles,

      • (i) in the case of exhaust emissions, the useful life for the emission family “i” expressed in kilometres, as established under section 105(c) of subpart B of CFR 1051, and

      • (ii) in the case of evaporative emissions, the useful life for the emission family “i”, referred to in subparagraph (i), expressed in years multiplied by 365.24 days/year; and

    • (c) for a fleet of all-terrain vehicles or utility vehicles,

      • (i) in the case of exhaust emissions, for those vehicles that must conform to a family emission limit expressed in g/km, the useful life for the emission family “i” expressed in kilometres — as established under section 107(c) of subpart B of CFR 1051 — and for those vehicles that must conform to a family emission limit expressed in g/kW-h, Z is that useful life for the emission family “i” expressed in kilometres multiplied by the maximum power output observed during the emissions test expressed in kilowatts and divided by 30 km/h, and

      • (ii) in the case of evaporative emissions, the useful life for the emission family “i”, referred to in subparagraph (i), expressed in years multiplied by 365.24 days/year.

  • Marginal note:Emission limits expressed in g/kW-h

    (2) In the case of vehicles of a fleet that must conform to a family emission limit expressed in g/kW-h set out in section 145(b) of subpart B of CFR 1051 or section 615(a) or (b) of subpart G of CFR 1051, the company must determine a separate fleet average emission value for those vehicles in respect of each emission type, as if those vehicles were a fleet.

  • Marginal note:Vehicles — before the coming into force date

    (3) For the purposes of determining the fleet average emission value under subsection (1) for a fleet for the 2012 model year, the company may include all vehicles for that model year, including those whose main assembly is completed before this section comes into force.

Fleet Average Emission Credits and Deficits for Vehicles

Marginal note:Obtaining credits

  •  (1) For the purposes of subparagraph 162(1)(b)(i) of the Act, a company obtains fleet average emission credits in relation to a given emission type in respect of a fleet of vehicles referred to in subparagraph 11(1)(d)(ii) for a given model year when

    • (a) the fleet average emission value for the fleet for that emission type, determined under section 29, is less than the applicable standard in respect of the fleet for that emission type; and

    • (b) the company reports those credits in its end of model year report under section 33.

  • Marginal note:Result of excluding EPA certified vehicles

    (2) A company that excludes vehicles in accordance with subsection 24(4) from a fleet of vehicles for a given model year

    • (a) is ineligible to obtain fleet average emission credits in respect of that fleet; and

    • (b) forfeits all fleet average emission credits, obtained in respect of previous model years, in respect of that fleet.

  • Marginal note:Determination of fleet average emission credits

    (3) The fleet average emission credits in respect of a fleet of vehicles in relation to a given emission type for a given model year, expressed in grams, are determined in accordance with the following formula:

    The formula for the determination of the fleet average emission credits in respect of a fleet of vehicles in relation to a given emission type for a given model year is the difference between A and B multiplied by the sum of the products resulting from the multiplication of Yi and Zi for each emission family, “i”, in the fleet.

    where

    A
    is the applicable standard for the fleet in relation to the given emission type for the given model year;
    B
    is the fleet average emission value in relation to the given emission type, determined in accordance with section 29, for the given model year;
    TOT
    is the total number of emission families in the fleet;
    “i”
    is the ith emission family in the fleet, where “i” goes from 1 to TOT;
    Yi
    is, in the case of exhaust emissions, the number of vehicles in the fleet that are in the emission family “i” and, in the case of evaporative emissions, the number of vehicles in the fleet that are in the emission family “i” multiplied by the average internal surface area of the vehicles’ fuel tanks expressed in square metres; and
    Zi
    is the useful life applicable to the emission family “i” as described for Zi in the formula set out in subsection 29(1).
  • Marginal note:Rounding

    (4) If the fleet average emission credits determined in accordance with subsection (3) results in a fraction, the fraction is to be expressed in decimal form and rounded to one decimal place, the digit at that first decimal place being increased by one if the digit at the second decimal place is 5 or more.

Marginal note:Deficit

  •  (1) If a company’s fleet average emission value in respect of an emission type for a fleet of vehicles exceeds the applicable standard in respect of the fleet for that emission type, the company’s fleet average emission deficits is the negative number determined in accordance with the formula set out in subsection 30(3).

  • Marginal note:Offsetting of the deficit

    (2) Any fleet average emission deficits must be offset with an equivalent number of fleet average emission credits obtained by the company or transferred to it by another company. The deficits and credits must be in respect of the same type of fleet, the same emission type and the same standard, expressed in the same units.

  • Marginal note:Remaining credits

    (3) A company may bank any remaining credits to offset future deficits in accordance with subsection (2) or transfer them to another company.

  • Marginal note:Period for offsetting

    (4) A company must offset any fleet average emission deficit for a fleet for a given model year

    • (a) in the case of a fleet for the 2012 model year and in relation to exhaust emissions, no later than the day on which the company submits the end of model year report in respect of that fleet for the 2014 model year;

    • (b) in the case of a fleet for the 2012 model year and in relation to fuel tank permeation emissions, no later than the day on which the company submits the end of model year report in respect of that fleet for the 2014 model year;

    • (c) in the case of a fleet for the 2013 and subsequent model years and in relation to exhaust emissions, no later than the day on which the company submits the end of model year report in respect of that fleet for that model year; and

    • (d) in the case of a fleet for the 2013 and subsequent model years and in relation to fuel tank permeation emissions, no later than the day on which the company submits the end of model year report in respect of that fleet for that model year.

Corporate Changes

Marginal note:Acquisition or merger

  •  (1) A company that acquires another company or that results from the merger of companies is responsible for offsetting any outstanding deficits of the acquired or merged companies.

  • Marginal note:Ceasing activities

    (2) If a company ceases to manufacture, import or sell engines or vehicles, it must, before submitting its last end of model year report, offset any outstanding deficits for its fleets.

 
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