Blood Regulations (SOR/2013-178)

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Regulations are current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2015-04-23. Previous Versions

Blood Regulations

SOR/2013-178

FOOD AND DRUGS ACT

Registration 2013-10-09

Blood Regulations

P.C. 2013-1065 2013-10-09

His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Health, pursuant to section 30Footnote a of the Food and Drugs ActFootnote b, makes the annexed Blood Regulations.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in these Regulations.

accident

accident means an unexpected event that is not attributable to a deviation from the operating procedures or applicable laws and that could compromise human safety or the safety of blood. (accident)

Act

Act means the Food and Drugs Act. (Loi)

adverse reaction

adverse reaction means an undesirable response that is associated with

  • (a) in the case of a donor, the collection of blood; and

  • (b) in the case of a recipient, the safety of the transfused blood. (effet indésirable)

allogeneic

allogeneic, in respect of blood or a blood donation, means that the blood is collected from an individual either for transfusion into another individual or for use in the manufacture of a drug for human use. (allogénique)

authorization

authorization, in respect of any blood or process, means an authorization that is issued under section 7. (homologation)

autologous

autologous, in respect of blood or a blood donation, means that the blood is collected from an individual for transfusion into the same individual at a later time. (autologue)

blood

blood means human blood that is collected either for transfusion or for use in the manufacture of a drug for human use, and for greater certainty, it includes whole blood and blood components. (sang)

circular of information

circular of information means a document that describes all of the following in relation to blood:

  • (a) the composition and properties of the blood;

  • (b) directions for storage and for use; and

  • (c) indications for use, contraindications, warnings and a list of possible adverse reactions. (document d’information)

critical

critical, in respect of equipment, supplies and services, means that the equipment, supply or service could, if it does not meet its specifications, compromise human safety or the safety of blood. (essentiel)

designated donation

designated donation means a blood donation that is made by a donor who is selected for medical reasons to make the donation for a specific recipient. (don désigné)

directed donation

directed donation means a blood donation that is made by a donor who is known by the recipient and selected for medical reasons by the recipient’s physician. (don dirigé)

distribute

distribute does not include to transfuse. (distribution)

donation code

donation code means the unique group of numbers, letters or symbols, or combination of any of them, that an establishment assigns to a unit of blood at the time of collection. (code d’identification du don)

donor identification code

donor identification code means the unique group of numbers, letters or symbols, or combination of any of them, that an establishment assigns to a donor. (code d’identification du donneur)

donor suitability assessment

donor suitability assessment means an evaluation of a donor that is based on all of the following criteria:

  • (a) the donor’s medical history;

  • (b) the results of any donor tests and physical examination; and

  • (c) the donor’s social history, to the extent that it is relevant in determining the presence of risk factors for diseases transmissible by blood. (évaluation de l’admissibilité du donneur)

error

error means a deviation from the operating procedures or applicable laws that could compromise human safety or the safety of blood. (manquement)

establishment

establishment means a person that conducts any of the following activities in respect of blood:

  • (a) importation;

  • (b) processing;

  • (c) distribution;

  • (d) transformation; or

  • (e) transfusion. (établissement)

human safety

human safety means the safety of donors and recipients of blood, in so far as it relates to the safety of the blood. (sécurité humaine)

medical director

medical director, in respect of an establishment, means a physician who is entitled under the laws of a province to practise the profession of medicine and who is responsible for all medical procedures carried out by the establishment and for the application of the operating procedures that relate to them. (directeur médical)

operating procedures

operating procedures, in respect of an establishment, means the component of the establishment’s quality management system that is composed of instructions that set out the processes to follow in conducting its activities. (procédures opérationnelles)

pre-assessed donor

pre-assessed donor means a donor who has been accepted into a pre-assessed donor program described in sections 86 to 91 from whom blood is taken in an emergency to be transfused before completion of the testing. (donneur pré-évalué)

processing

processing means any of the following activities:

  • (a) donor suitability assessment;

  • (b) collection;

  • (c) testing; or

  • (d) blood component preparation. (traitement)

safety

safety, in respect of blood, means that the blood has been determined safe for distribution or for autologous transfusion, as the case may be, in accordance with section 73, and includes

  • (a) in the case of blood for transfusion, its quality and efficacy; and

  • (b) in the case of blood for use in the manufacture of a drug for human use, its quality. (sécurité)

serious adverse reaction

serious adverse reaction means an adverse reaction that results in any of the following consequences for the donor or recipient:

  • (a) their in-patient hospitalization or its prolongation;

  • (b) persistent or significant disability or incapacity;

  • (c) medical or surgical intervention to preclude a persistent or significant disability or incapacity;

  • (d) a life-threatening condition; or

  • (e) death. (effet indésirable grave)

standard

standard means National Standard of Canada CAN/CSA-Z902 published by the Canadian Standards Association and entitled Blood and blood components, as amended from time to time. (norme)

transformation

transformation, in respect of blood components, means washing, pooling and irradiation that are performed after blood has been determined safe for transfusion. (transformation)

unexpected adverse reaction

unexpected adverse reaction means an adverse reaction that is not identified among the possible adverse reactions either in the circular of information or in any other information provided to the recipient. (effet indésirable imprévu)

Application

Marginal note:Scope of Regulations

 These Regulations apply to blood that is collected for transfusion or for use in the manufacture of a drug for human use.

Marginal note:Non-application — various therapeutic products

  •  (1) These Regulations do not apply to any of the following therapeutic products:

  • Marginal note:Non-application — regulations

    (2) Except for section A.01.045 of the Food and Drug Regulations, no other regulation made under the Act applies to blood that is the subject of these Regulations.

  • Marginal note:Non-application — imported rare phenotypes

    (3) Sections 4 to 124 do not apply to blood that is of a rare phenotype if it is imported pursuant to a prescription.

 
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