Explosives Regulations, 2013
P.C. 2013-1283 2013-11-26
His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Natural Resources, pursuant to section 5Footnote a of the Explosives ActFootnote b, makes the annexed Explosives Regulations, 2013.
1 This Part sets out the scheme and application of these Regulations and exempts some explosives from provisions of the Explosives Act. It also defines certain terms that are used in the Regulations, including “explosives”. Finally, it explains the function of the notes that are used in the Regulations.
2 The notes that appear beneath some provisions do not form part of these Regulations but are included for convenience only.
3 [Repealed, SOR/2022-121, s. 2]
Marginal note:Scheme of Regulations
4 (1) These Regulations are divided into 20 Parts. Some Parts apply to all explosives and some apply only to specific types of explosive. The final Part applies to restricted components.
Marginal note:General requirements, prohibitions and safety precautions
(2) Part 2 sets out the general requirements, prohibitions and safety precautions that apply to every person who is carrying out an activity involving an explosive or is in the vicinity of an explosive.
Marginal note:Authorization and classification of explosives
(3) Part 3 indicates how to obtain an authorization of an explosive, how an authorized explosive is classified, how to obtain permission to change an authorized explosive, when an authorization may be cancelled and when an authorized explosive must be recalled.
Marginal note:Importing and exporting explosives and transporting explosives in transit
(4) Part 4 indicates how to obtain a permit to import or export explosives or to transport them in transit and sets out the requirements for carrying out those activities.
Marginal note:Manufacturing explosives
(5) Part 5 indicates how to obtain a factory licence or manufacturing certificate and sets out the circumstances in which explosives may be manufactured without a licence or certificate. It also sets out the requirements for manufacturing explosives.
Marginal note:Magazine licences and storage in licensed magazine
(6) Part 6 indicates how to obtain a magazine licence and sets out the requirements for storing explosives in a licensed magazine.
Marginal note:Provisions of general application
(7) Part 7 sets out the terms and conditions that apply to all holders of licences, permits and certificates, indicates how to obtain an amendment or renewal and sets out the circumstances in which a licence, permit or certificate may be suspended or cancelled.
(8) Part 8 sets out the screening and supervision requirements that apply to people who have, or could have, access to high risk explosives.
Marginal note:Transporting explosives
(9) Part 9 sets out the requirements for transporting explosives, including transporting them in transit.
Marginal note:Particular types of explosives
(10) Parts 10 to 15 set out the requirements for the acquisition, storage and sale of the following types of explosives:
(a) military explosives and law enforcement explosives – Part 10;
(b) industrial explosives – Part 11;
(c) blank cartridges for tools – Part 12;
(d) special purpose explosives – Part 13;
(e) small arms cartridges, propellant powder and percussion caps – Part 14; and
(f) model and high power rocket motors – Part 15.
Part 14 also authorizes, and sets out requirements for, the manufacture of small arms cartridges and black powder cartouches.
Marginal note:Types of pyrotechnics
(11) Parts 16 to 18 set out the requirements for the acquisition, storage, sale and use of the following types of fireworks:
(a) consumer fireworks – Part 16;
(b) special effect pyrotechnics – Part 17; and
(c) display fireworks, including firecrackers – Part 18.
Parts 17 and 18 also indicate how to obtain a fireworks operator certificate.
(12) Part 19 sets out the fees to be paid for obtaining an authorization, permit, licence or certificate.
Marginal note:Restricted components
(13) Part 20 restricts the sale and acquisition of certain components of explosives and sets out requirements for their sale and storage.
- SOR/2016-75, s. 37
- SOR/2022-121, s. 4
Marginal note:Application of Regulations
5 (1) These Regulations apply to all explosives except the following, to which only Part 5 applies:
(a) safety and strike-anywhere matches;
(b) life-saving devices (for example, signals, flares and parachute release devices) that are being carried in an aircraft, train, vessel or vehicle as equipment that is necessary for its safe operation or for the safety of its occupants;
(c) explosives classified as UN 3268 by the competent authority of their country of origin under the Model Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, published by the United Nations;
(d) explosives diluted to less than 1% by weight, including diluted explosives used as reagents (for example, 1H-tetrazole), training kits for sniffer dogs and kits to test the functioning of machines that detect trace levels of explosives; and
(e) Christmas crackers containing less than 2 mg of explosive substance.
Marginal note:Exemption from Explosives Act
(2) Paragraphs 6(b) to (d) and subsections 9(2) and (3) of the Explosives Act do not apply to the explosives set out in subsection (1).
Marginal note:Exemption from Act
(3) Paragraph 6(e) and section 20 of the Explosives Act do not apply to the explosives set out in paragraphs (1)(a), (b), (d) and (e).
Marginal note:Exemption from Act
(4) Section 21 of the Explosives Act applies to the explosives set out in subsection (1) only in respect of the activities referred to in paragraph 6(a) of that Act, and to the explosives set out in paragraph 1(c) only in respect of the activities referred to in paragraph 6(e) of that Act.
Marginal note:Explosives under control of allied armed forces
(5) Explosives that are under the control of any armed forces that are cooperating with the Canadian Forces are deemed to be under the direction or control of the Minister of National Defence.
- SOR/2018-231, s. 1
- SOR/2022-121, s. 4
Definition of explosive
(a) an explosive substance or explosive article that is not manufactured or used to produce an explosion, detonation or pyrotechnic effect but is included in Class 1 of Schedule 1 to the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations;
(b) any substance numbered UN 1442, AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE as set out in columns 1 and 2 of Schedule 1 to the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations; and
(c) a multi-ingredient kit that is used to manufacture an explosive.
Note: The term explosive is defined in section 2 of the Explosives Act as “any thing that is made, manufactured or used to produce an explosion or a detonation or pyrotechnic effect, and includes any thing prescribed to be an explosive by the regulations, but does not include gases, organic peroxides or any thing prescribed not to be an explosive by the regulations”.
Definition of military device
(2) For the purposes of section 2 of the Explosives Act, military device means a shell, bomb, projectile, mine, missile, rocket, shaped charge, grenade, perforator and any other explosive article that is manufactured exclusively for military or law enforcement purposes.
(3) The following definitions apply in these Regulations.
- activity involving an explosive
activity involving an explosive means acquiring, possessing, selling, offering for sale, storing, manufacturing, transporting, transporting in transit, importing, exporting or delivering an explosive or using fireworks. (activité visant un explosif)
attended means to be constantly monitored by a person and, unless these Regulations provide otherwise, includes monitoring by a person using electronic means. (surveillé)
compatible means, in relation to a material, that the material
(a) will not react chemically with an explosive or raw material so as to affect the functioning of the explosive or raw material or to increase the likelihood of an ignition of the explosive or raw material; and
(b) will not be degraded by an explosive or raw material so as to affect its function or increase the likelihood of an ignition of the explosive or raw material. (compatible)
decontaminate means to completely remove, clean or purge an explosive substance from a building, room, area, vehicle, equipment or container. (décontamination)
- explosive article
explosive article means an article that contains one or more explosive substances. (objet explosif)
- explosive substance
explosive substance means a solid or liquid substance — or a mixture of solid and liquid substances — that is capable, by chemical reaction, of producing a gas at a temperature, pressure and speed that is capable of causing damage to surrounding structures or infrastructure. It includes a substance — or a mixture of substances — that is designed to produce an effect of heat, light, sound, gas or smoke, or a combination of such effects, by means of a non-detonative self-sustaining exothermic chemical reaction, even if the substance or mixture does not produce a gas. (matière explosive)
- industrial explosive
industrial explosive has the same meaning as in section 213. (explosif industriel)
- local authority
local authority means, in relation to special effect pyrotechnics or display fireworks, the municipal, provincial or territorial organization or office that has authority to authorize their use in a locality. (autorité locale)
manufacturing has the same meaning as in section 53. (fabriquer)
- product name
product name means the trade name or part number of an explosive, or both in the case of an explosive that has both a trade name and a part number. (nom de produit)
- pyrotechnic event
pyrotechnic event has the same meaning as in section 361. (activité pyrotechnique)
- small arms cartridge
small arms cartridge has the same meaning as in subsection 268(1). (cartouches pour armes de petit calibre)
- special effect pyrotechnics
special effect pyrotechnics has the same meaning as in section 361. (pièces pyrotechnique à effets spéciaux)
- storage unit
storage unit means a building, structure, place or container in which explosives are stored and that is not licensed. However, it does not include a dwelling or any structure, place or container in a dwelling. (unité de stockage)
- vendor magazine licence
vendor magazine licence has the same meaning as in section 144. (licence de poudrière (vendeur))
- vulnerable place
vulnerable place refers to
(a) any building in which people live, work or assemble;
(b) public roads, railways and other transportation infrastructure;
(c) pipelines and energy transmission lines; and
(d) any place where a substance that increases the likelihood of a fire or explosion is likely to be stored. (lieu vulnérable)
(4) The definition manufacturing in subsection (3) does not apply in Part 20.
- SOR/2013-211, s. 499
- SOR/2016-75, s. 1
- SOR/2022-121, s. 4
Marginal note:Inspectors’ duties
Marginal note:Electronic notice
8 Any document, other than a document referred to in subsection 173(3) or (4) or 183(3) or section 426 or subsection 498(1), and any information that is required by these Regulations to be in writing, may be delivered in hard copy or by electronic means.
PART 2General Requirements, Prohibitions and Safety Precautions
9 This Part sets out requirements, prohibitions and safety precautions that apply to every person who is carrying out an activity involving an explosive or who is in the vicinity of explosives.
Marginal note:Age restriction
10 A person must be at least 18 years old to carry out an activity involving an explosive. However, this requirement does not apply to a person who acquires small arms cartridges for their own personal use. It also does not apply when these Regulations provide for an exception.
Marginal note:Requirement that explosives be authorized
11 A person may carry out an activity involving an explosive only if the explosive is authorized under Part 3.
Marginal note:Prohibited explosives
12 The following explosives are, in the opinion of the Minister, intrinsically unsafe and must not be acquired, possessed, used or sold:
(a) trick fireworks (for example, cigarette loads, dancing crackers and exploding golf balls); and
(b) explosives containing chemicals that are not compatible with one another.
- SOR/2016-75, s. 38
- SOR/2022-121, s. 4
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