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PART 11Confined Spaces (continued)

General (continued)

 If the conditions set out in paragraphs 160(1)(a), (c), (e) and (f) in the confined space or the nature of the work to be performed in the confined space are such that those paragraphs cannot be complied with, the following procedures apply:

  • (a) a qualified person trained in the procedures referred to in subsection 160(2) must be

    • (i) in attendance outside the confined space,

    • (ii) in communication with the person inside the confined space, and

    • (iii) provided with a suitable alarm device for summoning assistance;

  • (b) every person granted access to the confined space must be provided with and trained in the use of the protection equipment referred to in subsection 160(2);

  • (c) every employee entering into, exiting from and occupying the confined space must wear a safety harness that is securely attached to a life line that is attached to a secure anchor outside the confined space and is controlled by the qualified person referred to in paragraph (a)

  • (d) two or more employees must be in the immediate vicinity of the confined space to assist in the event of an accident or other emergency; and

  • (e) one of the employees referred to in paragraph (d) must

    • (i) be trained in the emergency procedures referred to in subsection 160(2),

    • (ii) be a first aid attendant who has successfully completed a CPR course, and

    • (iii) be provided with the protection equipment and emergency equipment referred to in subsection 160(2).

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 23

 Before a confined space is sealed, the person in charge of the area surrounding the confined space must ascertain that no person is inside the confined space.

Hot Work Operations

  •  (1) Hot work must not be performed in a confined space when an explosive or flammable hazardous substance may be present unless a qualified person has determined that the work can be safely performed in the confined space.

  • (2) When hot work is to be performed in a confined space,

    • (a) a qualified person must patrol the area surrounding the confined space and maintain a fire protection watch there until all hazard of fire is passed; and

    • (b) fire extinguishers must be provided in the area referred to in paragraph (a).

Ventilation Equipment

  •  (1) If a hazardous substance may be produced by hot work in a confined space,

    • (a) the confined space must be ventilated in accordance with subsection (2); or

    • (b) every employee who enters into, exits from and occupies the confined space must use a respiratory protective device that meets the requirements of section 173.

  • (2) If an airborne hazardous substance or oxygen in the atmosphere in a confined space is maintained at the value, level or percentage prescribed in subsection 160(1) by the use of ventilation equipment, a person must not be granted access to the confined space unless

    • (a) the ventilation equipment is

      • (i) equipped with an alarm that will, if the equipment fails, be activated automatically and be audible or visible to any person in the confined space, or

      • (ii) monitored by an employee who is in constant attendance at the equipment; and

    • (b) in the event of failure of the ventilation equipment, sufficient time will be available for the person to escape from the confined space before

      • (i) the person’s exposure to or the concentration of a hazardous substance in the confined space exceeds the value, level or percentage prescribed in paragraph 160(1)(a) or (b), or

      • (ii) the percentage of oxygen in the atmosphere ceases to meet the requirements of paragraph 160(1)(c).

  • (3) The employee referred to in subparagraph (2)(a)(ii) must activate an alarm in the event of failure of the ventilation equipment.

Reports and Procedures

 The written report referred to in subsection 160(2) must be kept by the employer for one year after the date on which the qualified person signs the report.

 When the employer establishes procedures or emergency procedures referred to in paragraph 160(2)(b) or (e), the employer must keep a copy of them at the employer’s place of business nearest to the workplace in which the confined space is located.

PART 12Protection Equipment

General

 Every person granted access to the workplace who is exposed to that hazard must use the protection equipment prescribed by this Part if

  • (a) it is not reasonably practicable to eliminate or control the hazard in a workplace within safe limits; and

  • (b) the use of protection equipment may prevent or reduce injury from the hazard.

 All protection equipment

  • (a) must be designed to protect the person from the hazard for which it is provided; and

  • (b) must not in itself create a hazard.

 All protection equipment provided by the employer must

  • (a) be maintained, inspected and tested by a qualified person; and

  • (b) if necessary to prevent a health hazard, be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition by a qualified person.

Protective Headwear

 If there is a hazard of head injury in a workplace, the employer must provide to every person granted access protective headwear that meets the standards set out in CSA Standard Z94.1, Industrial Protective Headwear – Performance, Selection, Care and Use.

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 24

Protective Footwear

  •  (1) If there is a hazard of a foot injury or electric shock through footwear in a workplace, the employer must provide to every person granted access protective footwear that meets one of the following standards:

    • (a) CSA Standard Z195, Protective Footwear;

    • (b) ASTM International F2413, Standard Specification for Performance Requirements for Protective (Safety) Toe Cap Footwear;

    • (c) ANSI Standard Z41, Personal Protection – Protective Footwear; or

    • (d) ISO 20345, Personal protective equipment – Safety footwear.

  • (2) If there is a hazard of slipping in a workplace, non-slip footwear must be used.

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 25

Eye and Face Protection

 If there is a hazard of injury to the eyes, face, ears or front of the neck of an employee in a workplace, the employer must provide to every person granted access eye or face protectors that meet the standards set out in CSA Standard Z94.3, Eye and Face Protectors.

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 26

Respiratory Protection

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (4), if there is a hazard of an airborne hazardous substance or an oxygen-deficient atmosphere in a workplace, the employer must provide to every person granted access a respiratory protective device that is listed in the United States National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health’s NIOSH Certified Equipment List.

  • (2) A respiratory protective device referred to in subsection (1) must be selected, fitted, cared for, used and maintained in accordance with the standards set out in CSA Standard CAN/CSA Z94.4, Selection, Use and Care of Respirators.

  • (3) If air is provided for the purpose of a respiratory protective device, the air must meet the standards set out in CSA Standard Z180.1, Compressed Breathing Air and Systems and the system that supplies air must be constructed, tested, operated and maintained in accordance with that standard.

  • (4) If there is a likelihood of exposure to hydrogen sulphide or combustible gases at a drilling rig, drilling unit or production facility, the employer must provide, at a readily accessible location

    • (a) on the drill floor, at least one self-contained positive pressure breathing device for each employee normally employed on the drill floor or an air manifold equipped with a face mask for each such employee;

    • (b) at least two portable hydrogen sulphide detectors; and

    • (c) at least two portable combustible gas detectors.

  • (5) If employee sleeping quarters are located adjacent to a drilling rig or on a drilling unit or production facility, at least four self-contained positive pressure breathing devices must be located in a readily accessible location.

  • (6) A person who may be required to use a respiratory protective device must not have hair that interferes with the functioning of the breathing device.

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 27
 
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