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PART 12Protection Equipment (continued)

Respiratory Protection (continued)

 If a steel or aluminum self-contained breathing apparatus cylinder has a dent deeper than 1.5 mm and less than 50 mm in major diameter or shows evidence of deep isolated pitting, cracks or splits, the cylinder must be removed from service until it has been shown to be safe for use by means of a hydrostatic test at a pressure equal to one and one-half times the maximum allowable working pressure.

Skin Protection

 If there is a hazard of injury or disease to or through the skin in a workplace, the employer must provide to every person granted access to the workplace

  • (a) a shield or screen;

  • (b) a cream or barrier lotion to protect the skin; or

  • (c) an appropriate body covering.

Fall-Protection Systems

  •  (1) The employer must provide a fall-protection system if a person, other than an employee who is installing or removing such a system in accordance with the instructions referred to in subsection (5), works from

    • (a) an unguarded structure that is

      • (i) more than 2.4 m above the nearest permanent safe level,

      • (ii) above any moving parts of machinery or any other surface or thing that could cause injury to an employee on contact,

      • (iii) above an open hopper, vat or pit, or

      • (iv) above water more than 1 m deep; or

    • (b) a ladder at a height of more than 2.4 m above the nearest permanent safe level when, because of the nature of the work, that person can use only one hand to hold onto the ladder.

  • (2) The components of a fall-protection system must meet the following standards:

    • (a) CSA Standard Z259.1, Body Belts and Saddles For Work Positioning and Travel Restraint;

    • (b) CSA Standard CAN/CSA Z259.2.2, Self-Retracting Devices;

    • (c) CSA Standard CAN/CSA Z259.2.3, Descent Devices;

    • (d) CSA Standard Z259.2.4, Fall Arresters and Vertical Rigid Rails;

    • (e) CSA Standard CAN/CSA Z259.2.5, Fall Arresters and Vertical Lifelines;

    • (f) CSA Standard CAN/CSA Z259.10, Full Body Harnesses;

    • (g) CSA Standard Z259.11, Personal Energy Absorbers and Lanyards;

    • (h) CSA Standard Z259.12, Connecting Components for Personal Fall-Arrest Systems (PFAS);

    • (i) CSA Standard Z259.13, Manufactured Horizontal Lifeline Systems; and

    • (j) CSA Standard Z259.16, Design of Active Fall-protection Systems.

  • (3) The anchor of a fall-protection system must be capable of withstanding a force of 17.8 kN.

  • (4) A fall-protection system that is used to arrest the fall of a person must prevent that person

    • (a) from being subjected to a peak fall arrest force greater than 8 kN; and

    • (b) from falling freely for more than 1.2 m.

  • (5) Every employee required to install or remove a fall-protection system in a workplace must be instructed and trained by the employer in the procedures to be followed for the installation or removal of the system.

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 28

Emergency Escape Devices

  •  (1) If reasonably practicable, an emergency escape device that is equipped with a brake mechanism that controls the descent of persons using the device must be provided in the derrick of a drilling rig or an elevated part of a production facility.

  • (2) The employer must set out in writing working instructions for the use of the device referred to in subsection (1) and keep them in a conspicuous place on the drilling rig or production facility.

  • (3) An emergency escape device referred to in subsection (1) must be installed, inspected and maintained by a qualified person.

Protection Against Drowning

  •  (1) If, in a workplace, there is a hazard of drowning, the employer must provide every person granted access to the workplace with

    • (a) a life jacket or personal flotation device that meets

      • (i) the Canadian General Standards Board Standard CAN/CGSB 65.7, Life Jackets, or, if the workplace is a ship used for diving, for construction or for geotechnical or seismic work, the International Maritime Organization’s Resolution MSC.81(70), Revised Recommendation on Testing of Life-Saving Appliances, or

      • (ii) the Canadian General Standards Board Standard CAN/CGSB 65.11, Personal Flotation Devices; or

    • (b) a safety net or a fall-protection system.

  • (2) If, in a workplace, there is a hazard of drowning,

    • (a) emergency equipment must be provided and held in readiness;

    • (b) a qualified person to operate all the emergency equipment provided must be readily available;

    • (c) if appropriate, a powered rescue boat must be provided and held in readiness; and

    • (d) written emergency procedures must be prepared by the employer containing

      • (i) a full description of the procedures to be followed and the responsibilities of all persons granted access to the workplace, and

      • (ii) the location of any emergency equipment.

  • (3) If a workplace is a wharf, dock, pier, quay or other similar structure, a ladder that extends at least two rungs below water level must, if reasonably practicable, be installed on the face of the structure every 60 m along its length.

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 29

Loose-fitting Clothing

 Loose-fitting clothing, long hair, dangling accessories, jewellery or other similar items that are likely to be hazardous to the health or safety of an employee in a workplace must not be worn unless they are so tied, covered or otherwise secured as to prevent the hazard.

Protection from Extreme Temperatures

 If there is a likelihood that exposure of an employee to extreme temperatures could result in the employee suffering from hypothermia or hyperthermia, protection equipment suitable to protect the employee from the hazard must be used.

Protection Against Moving Vehicles

 If an employee is regularly exposed to a hazard resulting from contact with moving vehicles during their work, the employee must wear a high-visibility vest or other high-visibility clothing.

Firefighting Equipment

  •  (1) Every marine installation or structure must be equipped with the fire protection equipment that is appropriate for fighting any class of fire that may occur.

  • (2) Fire protection equipment must be installed, inspected and maintained in every workplace in accordance with the standards set out in Parts 6 and 7 of the National Fire Code of Canada, published by the Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes.

  • (3) However, if the marine installation or structure is a ship used for diving, construction, geotechnical or seismic work, fire protection equipment may instead be installed, inspected and maintained in accordance with the following standards:

    • (a) the standards set out in regulation 10, Fire fighting, of Chapter II-2 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974;

    • (b) the standards set out in the International Maritime Organization’s International Code for Fire Safety Systems; and

    • (c) the standards of the American Bureau of Shipping, Bureau Veritas, DNV GL or Lloyd’s Register.

  • (4) A person must not tamper with or activate without cause any fire protection equipment.

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 30

 All fire protection equipment must be inspected by a qualified person at least once a month and tested, maintained and repaired by a qualified person.


  •  (1) A record of all protection equipment provided by the employer and requiring maintenance must be kept for as long as the equipment is in use.

  • (2) The record referred to in subsection (1) must contain

    • (a) a description of the protection equipment and the date of its acquisition by the employer;

    • (b) the date and result of each inspection and test of the protection equipment;

    • (c) the date and nature of any maintenance work performed on the protection equipment since its acquisition by the employer; and

    • (d) the name of the qualified person who performed the inspection, test, maintenance or repair of the protection equipment.

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