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PART 12Protection Equipment (continued)

Instructions and Training

  •  (1) Every person granted access to the workplace who uses protection equipment must be instructed by the employer in the use of the equipment.

  • (2) Every employee who uses protection equipment must be instructed and trained in the use, operation and maintenance of the equipment.

  • (3) Every person granted access to a workplace must be instructed in respect of the written emergency procedures referred to in paragraph 178(2)(d).

  • (4) The employer must

    • (a) set out in writing, and keep readily available for examination by the employees referred to in subsection (2), the instructions referred to in that subsection; and

    • (b) keep readily available for examination by every person granted access to the workplace a copy of the emergency procedures referred to in paragraph 178(2)(d).

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 31(E)

Defective Protection Equipment

 If an employee finds any defect in protection equipment that may render it unsafe for use, the employee must report the defect to the employer as soon as reasonably practicable.

 An employer must mark or tag as unsafe and remove from service any protection equipment that has a defect that may render it unsafe for use.

PART 13Tools and Machinery

Interpretation

 In this Part, explosive actuated fastening tool means a tool that, by means of an explosive force, propels or discharges a fastener for the purpose of impinging it on, affixing it to or causing it to penetrate another object or material.

Design, Construction, Operation and Use of Tools

 The exterior surface of any tool used by an employee in a fire hazard area must be made of non-sparking material.

 All portable electric tools used by employees must meet the standards applicable to the particular tool that are set out in CSA Standard C22.2 No. 60745-2, ULC Standard 60745-2 and International Electrotechnical Commission Standard 60745-2.

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 32

 All portable electric tools used by employees must be grounded, except if they

  • (a) are powered by a self-contained battery;

  • (b) have a protective system of double insulation; or

  • (c) are used in a location where reliable grounding cannot be obtained if the tools are supplied from a double-insulated portable ground fault circuit interrupter of the class A type that meets the standards set out in CSA Standard CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 144, Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters.

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 33

 All portable electric tools used by employees in a fire hazard area must be marked as appropriate for use or designed for use in such a fire hazard area.

 If an air hose is connected to a portable air-powered tool used by an employee, a restraining device must be attached to all hose connections and if an employee may be injured by the tool falling, to the tool.

  •  (1) All explosive actuated fastening tools that are used by employees must meet the standards set out in ANSI Standard ANSI/ASSE A10.3, Safety Requirements for Powder-Actuated Fastening Systems.

  • (2) An employee must not operate an explosive actuated fastening tool unless authorized to do so by their employer.

  • (3) Every employee who operates an explosive actuated fastening tool must operate it in accordance with the CSA Standard referred to in subsection (1).

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 34

 All chainsaws that are used by employees must meet the standards set out in CSA Standard Z62.1, Chain Saws.

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 35

Defective Tools and Machines

 If an employee finds any defect in a tool or machine that may render it unsafe for use, the employee must report the defect to the employer as soon as reasonably practicable.

 An employer must mark or tag as unsafe and remove from service any tool or machine used by employees that has a defect that may render it unsafe for use.

Instructions and Training

 Every employee must be instructed and trained by a qualified person appointed by the employer in the safe and proper inspection, maintenance and use of all tools and machinery that the employee is required to use.

 Every employer must maintain a manual of operating instructions for each type of portable electric tool, portable air-powered tool, explosive actuated fastening tool and machine used by the employees and keep it readily available for examination by an employee who is required to use the tool or machine to which the manual applies.

General Requirements for Machine Guards

  •  (1) Every machine that has exposed moving, rotating, electrically charged or hot parts or that processes, transports or handles material that constitutes a hazard to an employee must be equipped with a machine guard that

    • (a) prevents the employee or any part of the employee’s body from coming into contact with the parts or material;

    • (b) prevents access by the employee to the area of exposure to the hazard during the operation of the machine; or

    • (c) renders the machine inoperative if the employee or any part of employee’s clothing is in or near a part of the machine that is likely to cause injury.

  • (2) To the extent that is reasonably practicable, a machine guard referred to in subsection (1) must not be removable.

  • (3) A machine guard must be so constructed, installed and maintained that it meets the requirements of subsection (1).

Use, Operation, Repair and Maintenance of Machine Guards

 Machine guards must be operated, maintained and repaired by a qualified person.

 If a machine guard is installed on a machine, a person must not use or operate the machine unless the machine guard is in its proper position, except to permit the removal of an injured person.

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), if it is necessary to remove a machine guard from a machine in order to perform repair or maintenance work on the machine, a person must not perform the repair or maintenance work unless the machine has been rendered inoperative.

  • (2) If it is not reasonably practicable to render a machine referred to in subsection (1) inoperative in order to perform repair or maintenance work on the machine, the work may be performed if the person performing the work is a qualified person.

Abrasive Wheels

[SOR/2017-116, s. 36(F)]
  •  (1) Abrasive wheels must be inspected by a qualified person for defects, cracks or other problems before their installation.

  • (2) Abrasive wheels must be used only on machines that are equipped with machine guards, mounted between flanges and operated and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications.

  • (3) A bench grinder must be equipped with a work rest or other device that prevents the work piece from jamming between the abrasive wheel and the wheel guard and that does not make contact with the abrasive wheel at any time.

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 37

Grinders

 A grinder may only be used with an abrasive wheel if the grinder is rated to provide a number of revolutions per minute that is no more than the rating of the abrasive wheel.

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 37

Mechanical Power Transmission Equipment

 All equipment that is used in the mechanical transmission of power must be guarded in accordance with one of the following standards:

  • (a) CSA Standard Z432, Safeguarding of Machinery;

  • (b) ANSI Standard B11 B15.1, Safety Standard for Mechanical Power Transmission Apparatus; or

  • (c) ISO Standard 14120, Safety of machinery – Guards – General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and movable guards.

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 37

Punch Presses

 Punch presses must meet the standards set out in CSA Standard Z142, Code for the Power Press Operation: Health, Safety and Safeguarding Requirements.

  • SOR/2017-116, s. 37

PART 14Materials Handling

Interpretation

 The following definitions apply in this Part.

materials handling area

materials handling area means an area within which materials handling equipment may create a hazard to any person. (aire de manutention des matériaux)

materials handling equipment

materials handling equipment means equipment used to transport, lift, move or position materials, goods or things and includes mobile equipment but does not include an elevating device. (appareil de manutention des matériaux)

operator

operator means an employee who operates materials handling equipment. (conducteur)

safe working load

safe working load means, with respect to materials handling equipment, the maximum load that the materials handling equipment is designed and constructed to handle or support safely. (charge de travail admissible)

signaller

signaller means a person instructed by an employer to direct, by means of visual or auditory signals, the safe movement and operation of materials handling equipment. (signaleur)

 
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