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Vessel Fire Safety Regulations (SOR/2017-14)

Regulations are current to 2020-11-17

Vessel Fire Safety Regulations

SOR/2017-14

CANADA SHIPPING ACT, 2001

Registration 2017-02-03

Vessel Fire Safety Regulations

P.C. 2017-84 2017-02-03

Whereas Part 1 of the proposed Regulations sets out standards that are additional or complementary to the standards set out in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 and the Protocol of 1988 relating to the Convention, and the Governor in Council is satisfied that those additional or complementary standards meet the objectives of the Convention and Protocol;

Therefore, His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Transport, pursuant to paragraph 35(1)(d) and subsection 120(1) of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001Footnote a, makes the annexed Vessel Fire Safety Regulations.

Interpretation

  •  (1) The following definitions apply in these Regulations.

    Act

    Act means the Canada Shipping Act, 2001. (Loi)

    cargo vessel

    cargo vessel means a vessel that is not a passenger vessel. (bâtiment de charge)

    dangerous goods

    dangerous goods means the substances, materials and articles to which the IMDG Code applies. (marchandises dangereuses)

    fire retardant coating

    fire retardant coating means a coating that

    • (a) a product certification body, testing laboratory or recognized organization has certified as having a flame spread rating or index of 25 or less and a smoke developed classification or index of 100 or less when tested in accordance with the standard CAN/ULC-S102, entitled Standard Method of Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials and Assemblies, published by the Standards Council of Canada, or the standard ASTM E84, entitled Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials; or

    • (b) meets the flame spread, smoke and toxicity requirements set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code. (revêtement retardant la propagation de la flamme)

    fire retardant resin

    fire retardant resin means a laminating resin that

    • (a) a product certification body, testing laboratory or recognized organization has certified as having a flame spread rating or index of 25 or less and a smoke developed classification or index of 100 or less when tested in accordance with the standard CAN/ULC-S102, Standard Method of Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials and Assemblies, published by the Standards Council of Canada, or the standard ASTM E84, entitled Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials; or

    • (b) meets the flame spread, smoke and toxicity requirements set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code. (résine retardant la propagation de la flamme)

    fishing vessel

    fishing vessel has the same meaning as in subsection 1(1) of the Marine Personnel Regulations. (bâtiment de pêche)

    FSS Code

    FSS Code means the International Code for Fire Safety Systems, published by the IMO. (Recueil FSS)

    FTP Code

    FTP Code means the International Code for Application of Fire Test Procedures, 2010, published by the IMO. (Code FTP)

    high-speed craft

    high-speed craft means a craft that has been certified in accordance with the HSC Code and that meets the requirements of that Code. (engin à grande vitesse)

    HSC Code

    HSC Code means

    • (a) in the case of high-speed craft referred to in sections 1.3.1 to 1.3.6 of the International Code of Safety for High Speed Craft, 2000, published by the IMO, that Code; and

    • (b) in the case of all other high-speed craft, the International Code of Safety for High-Speed Craft, 1994, published by the IMO. (Recueil HSC)

    IMDG Code

    IMDG Code means the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code, published by the IMO. (Code IMDG)

    IMO

    IMO means the International Maritime Organization. (OMI)

    length

    length has the same meaning as in paragraph (b) of the definition length in section 1 of the Vessel Registration and Tonnage Regulations. (longueur)

    Minister

    Minister means the Minister of Transport. (ministre)

    near coastal voyage, Class 2, limited

    near coastal voyage, Class 2, limited means a voyage

    • (a) that is not a sheltered waters voyage;

    • (b) during which the vessel engaged on the voyage is always within 5 nautical miles from shore in waters contiguous to Canada, the United States (except Hawaii) or Saint Pierre and Miquelon;

    • (c) during which the maximum distance from the port of call is not more than 7.5 nautical miles, if the voyage starts and ends at the same port of call; and

    • (d) during which the maximum distance between all ports of call is not more than 15 nautical miles, if the voyage starts and ends at different ports of call. (voyage limité à proximité du littoral, classe 2)

    passenger vessel

    passenger vessel means a vessel that carries more than 12 passengers. (bâtiment à passagers)

    product certification body

    product certification body means a body that is accredited by the Standards Council of Canada, or by any other national accreditation organization that is a member of the International Accreditation Forum Multilateral Recognition Arrangement (MLA), to give third-party written assurance that a product meets the specified requirements for the product, including initial certification and maintenance of that certification. (organisme de certification de produits)

    recognized organization

    recognized organization means an organization or a corporation with which the Minister has entered into an agreement or arrangement under paragraph 10(1)(c) of the Act. (organisme reconnu)

    sheltered waters voyage

    sheltered waters voyage has the same meaning as in section 1 of the Vessel Certificates Regulations. (voyage en eaux abritées)

    SOLAS

    SOLAS means the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, and the Protocol of 1988 relating to the Convention. (SOLAS)

    testing laboratory

    testing laboratory means a laboratory that is accredited by the Standards Council of Canada, or by any other national accreditation organization that is a member of the International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation, to produce accurate results for the specific tests or calibrations that are listed on its Scope of Accreditation. (laboratoire d’essai)

    type approval certificate

    type approval certificate means a type approval certificate referred to in the FTP Code. (certificat d’approbation par type)

  • (2) Except as provided in subsection (3), all words and expressions defined in Chapter II-2 of SOLAS and used in Part 1 or 2 have the same meaning as in that Chapter.

  • (3) For the purposes of Parts 1 and 2, the definition “A” class divisions includes the criterion that the insulation on the decks and bulkheads be held in place in accordance with the applicable requirements of the type approval certificate and with the manufacturer’s instructions.

  • (4) For the purposes of Parts 1 and 2, a vessel is constructed on

    • (a) the earliest of

      • (i) the day on which its keel is laid,

      • (ii) the day on which construction identifiable with a specific vessel begins, and

      • (iii) the day on which assembly of the vessel reaches the lesser of 50 tonnes and 1% of the estimated mass of all structural material; or

    • (b) in the case of a vessel converted to a passenger vessel, the day on which the conversion begins.

  • (5) Except as otherwise indicated in these Regulations, any reference in these Regulations to a document is a reference to the document as amended from time to time.

  • (6) For the purpose of interpreting a document incorporated by reference into these Regulations,

    • (a) “should” is to be read as “must”; and

    • (b) “Administration” is to be read as “Minister”.

  • (7) For the purposes of these Regulations, any guidelines, recommendations, requirements and similar matters set out in a document referred to in a footnote to a document that is incorporated by reference into these Regulations are to be considered mandatory.

  • (8) For the purposes of these Regulations, dangerous goods are in limited quantities if Chapter 3.4 of the IMDG Code applies to those goods and they meet the requirements of that Chapter.

FTP Code

  •  (1) For the purposes of these Regulations, if a material must meet requirements set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code,

    • (a) it must be approved by the Minister as meeting those requirements and in accordance with that Code;

    • (b) the Minister’s approval is not required when section 6 of the Code applies; and

    • (c) the Code is to be read without reference to the words “In general”.

  • (2) For the purposes of these Regulations,

    • (a) “may” is to be read as “must” in section 3.4 of Part 3 of Annex 1 to the FTP Code;

    • (b) section 3.5.2.1 of Part 3 of Annex 1 to the FTP Code is to be read as “Thermal radiation through windows must be tested and evaluated in accordance with appendix 3 to this part if escape routes pass near the windows”; and

    • (c) the hose-stream test procedure set out in section 5 of appendix 2 to Part 3 of Annex 1 to the FTP Code is mandatory if escape routes pass near the windows.

FSS Code

  •  (1) For the purposes of these Regulations, if a system or equipment must meet requirements of the FSS Code, the system or equipment must be approved by the Minister as meeting those requirements.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of the design of pressure containers referred to in section 124.

[4 to 99 reserved]

PART 1Chapter II-2 of SOLAS and Modifications

Interpretation

 The following definitions apply in this Part.

equipment

equipment includes appliances. (équipement)

near coastal voyage, Class 1

near coastal voyage, Class 1 has the same meaning as in section 1 of the Vessel Certificates Regulations. (voyage à proximité du littoral, classe 1)

near coastal voyage, Class 2

near coastal voyage, Class 2 has the same meaning as in section 1 of the Vessel Certificates Regulations. (voyage à proximité du littoral, classe 2)

unlimited voyage

unlimited voyage has the same meaning as in section 1 of the Vessel Certificates Regulations. (voyage illimité)

Application

  •  (1) This Part applies in respect of Canadian vessels everywhere that are

    • (a) passenger vessels that are Safety Convention vessels;

    • (b) passenger vessels that are not Safety Convention vessels and are

      • (i) 24 m or more in length, other than vessels referred to in paragraph (2)(a), or

      • (ii) more than 15 gross tonnage but of less than 24 m in length that are carrying more than 36 berthed passengers;

    • (c) cargo vessels of 500 gross tonnage or more; or

    • (d) vessels of more than 15 gross tonnage that carry dangerous goods, other than in limited quantities, and that are referred to in regulation 19.2.2 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS or have cargo spaces referred to in that regulation.

  • (2) This Part, other than the requirements with respect to structural fire protection, applies in respect of Canadian vessels everywhere that are

    • (a) passenger vessels of 24 m or more in length that

      • (i) are not Safety Convention vessels,

      • (ii) are carrying no berthed passengers and fewer than 100 unberthed passengers, and

      • (iii) are engaged on a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2, limited; or

    • (b) cargo vessels of 24 m or more in length but of less than 500 gross tonnage, other than vessels that carry dangerous goods, other than in limited quantities, and that are referred to in regulation 19.2.2 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS or have cargo spaces referred to in that regulation.

  • (3) This Part does not apply in respect of

    • (a) pleasure craft;

    • (b) fishing vessels;

    • (c) high-speed craft;

    • (d) vessels that do not have mechanical means of propulsion;

    • (e) wooden vessels of primitive build;

    • (f) vessels that are capable of engaging in the drilling for, or the production, conservation or processing of, oil or gas; or

    • (g) nuclear vessels.

Compliance

  •  (1) Except as otherwise provided in this Part, a vessel’s authorized representative must ensure that the requirements of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS — other than those of regulation 1 and Part E — and the requirements of sections 109 to 150 and 153 to 159 are met in respect of the vessel.

  • (2) Except as otherwise provided in this Part, a vessel’s master must ensure that the requirements of regulation 7.8.1 and Part E of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS and of sections 117, 118, 151 and 152 are met in respect of the vessel.

  • (3) For the purposes of subsection (1), in respect of vessels that are not Safety Convention vessels,

    • (a) the construction requirements set out in Chapter II-2 of SOLAS for vessels carrying more than 36 passengers apply in respect of vessels referred to in paragraph 101(1)(b) that

      • (i) are carrying more than 36 berthed passengers,

      • (ii) are carrying more than 50 passengers, of which more than 12 but not more than 36 are berthed passengers, or

      • (iii) are carrying more than 100 passengers and are engaged on a voyage that is not a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2, limited; and

    • (b) the construction requirements set out in Chapter II-2 of SOLAS for vessels carrying not more than 36 passengers apply in respect of vessels referred to in subparagraph 101(1)(b)(i) that

      • (i) are carrying not more than 50 passengers, of which not more than 36 are berthed passengers,

      • (ii) are carrying not more than 100 passengers, of which not more than 12 are berthed passengers, and are engaged on a voyage that is not a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2, limited, or

      • (iii) are carrying more than 100 passengers, of which not more than 12 are berthed passengers, and are engaged on a voyage that is a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2, limited.

  • (4) Despite subsections (1) and (2), the requirements for tankers that are set out in Chapter II-2 of SOLAS — other than those in regulation 1 — apply in respect of tankers subject to regulation 1.6 of that Chapter. The authorized representative of a tanker must ensure that any requirements of that regulation that are in addition to or different from the requirements referred to in those subsections are met. However, the requirement in regulation 1.6.7 of that Chapter that equipment be fitted not later than July 1, 2005 does not apply before

    • (a) if the tanker is a Safety Convention vessel, the day on which it is first registered as a Canadian vessel or the day on which this section comes into force, whichever is later;

    • (b) if the tanker is not a Safety Convention vessel, the day on which it is first registered as a Canadian vessel or the first anniversary of the day on which this section comes into force, whichever is later; and

    • (c) if the tanker is transferred from the register of another state to the Register for the first time on the day on which this section comes into force, the day on which it is transferred to the Register.

Grandfathered Vessels

 If a vessel that is not a Safety Convention vessel and that was constructed before the day on which this section comes into force held, at any time before that day, a certificate issued under the Vessel Certificates Regulations or under section 318 or 319 of the Canada Shipping Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. S-9, its authorized representative may ensure that the requirements with respect to structural fire protection and fire safety systems and equipment that would have been required under the Act to be met, on the day before that day, are met instead of the requirements referred to in section 102 of these Regulations with respect to structural fire protection and fire safety systems and equipment.

 If a Safety Convention vessel that was constructed before July 1, 2002 held, at any time before the day on which this section comes into force, a certificate issued under the Vessel Certificates Regulations or under section 318 or 319 of the Canada Shipping Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. S-9,

  • (a) its authorized representative may ensure that the requirements with respect to structural fire protection and fire safety systems and equipment that would have been required under the Act to be met, on the day before that day, are met instead of the requirements referred to in section 102 of these Regulations with respect to structural fire protection and fire safety systems and equipment; and

  • (b) its master may ensure that the requirements with respect to fire control plans that would have been required under the Act to be met, on the day before that day, are met instead of the requirements referred to in section 102 of these Regulations with respect to fire control plans.

 For the purposes of sections 103 and 104, the reference to section 318 or 319 of the Canada Shipping Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. S-9, includes any predecessor enactment relating to the same subject matter.

Limitations on Grandfathering

  •  (1) Except in respect of the requirements referred to in subsection (3), sections 103 and 104 do not apply in respect of

    • (a) parts of a vessel that, beginning on the day on which this section comes into force, undergo repairs, alterations or modifications that

      • (i) substantially alter the vessel’s dimensions or its passenger accommodation spaces, or

      • (ii) substantially increase the vessel’s service life or the life of the vessel’s outfitting;

    • (b) systems and equipment that are related to the parts of a vessel described in paragraph (a);

    • (c) parts of a vessel that, beginning on the day on which this section comes into force, are replaced; or

    • (d) systems and equipment that, beginning on the day on which this section comes into force, are replaced.

  • (2) Sections 103 and 104 do not apply if the vessel’s intended service changes in such a manner that any of the requirements with respect to structural fire protection and fire safety systems and equipment that would have been required under the Act to be met are no longer met.

  • (3) Sections 103 and 104 apply only until the first anniversary of the day on which this section comes into force in respect of the requirements of regulations 13.3.4.2 to 13.3.4.5 and 13.4.3 and part E — except regulations 16.3.2.2 and 16.3.2.3 — of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS.

  • (4) Sections 103 and 104 do not apply in respect of amendments to SOLAS that are adopted by the IMO on or after the day on which this section comes into force if SOLAS provides that the amendments apply regardless of the date of a vessel’s construction.

Exemptions and Equivalents

 For the purposes of this Part, the Marine Technical Review Board established under section 26 of the Act may exercise the Administration’s powers conferred by regulations 4 and 5 of Chapter I of SOLAS.

Carriage of Dangerous Goods

  •  (1) A vessel that carries dangerous goods must hold a Document of Compliance issued under subsection (2).

  • (2) On application by the authorized representative of a vessel, the Minister must issue a Document of Compliance to the vessel if its construction and equipment meet the requirements referred to in section 102 that apply if the vessel carries dangerous goods.

  • (3) For the purposes of this section, dangerous goods does not include

    • (a) dangerous goods in limited quantities; or

    • (b) dangerous goods specified as class 6.2 or 7 in the IMDG Code, except solid bulk cargoes.

Requirements

Regulation 4 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS — Probability of Ignition

Oil Fuel Tanks

 For the purposes of regulation 4.2.2.3.5.1, if sounding pipes are used, they must terminate on an open deck, if feasible.

Prevention of Overpressure

 For the purposes of regulation 4.2.2.4, the air pipes on any oil tank or part of the oil fuel system must be flame-screened and, if feasible, terminate on an open deck.

Ventilation Systems in Cargo Pump-rooms

 The mechanical ventilation system required by regulation 4.5.4.1 must

  • (a) permit the extraction of air from the cargo pump room bilges or from immediately above the transverse floor plates or bottom longitudinals;

  • (b) have an emergency intake that is

    • (i) situated in the ventilation ducts at a height of at least 2 m above the lower platform of the cargo pump room, and

    • (ii) fitted with a fire damper that is capable of being opened and closed from the weather deck or the lower platform of the cargo pump-room; and

  • (c) provide a means of ensuring a free flow of gases through the lower platform of the cargo pump-room to the ventilation duct intakes.

Regulation 5 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS — Fire Growth Potential

Closing Appliances and Stopping Devices of Ventilation
  •  (1) In addition to the requirements of regulation 5.2, a vessel must be fitted with means to automatically shut down the ventilation fans for a space when a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system for that space is activated.

  • (2) In addition to the requirements of regulation 5.2.2.3, a vessel must be fitted with a means of control if the vessel is provided with any other equipment than that referred to in that regulation, including hydraulic power systems, that could contribute to sustaining a fire or create any other unsafe condition in the case of fire, in the space in which that other equipment is fitted.

Insulating Materials
  •  (1) In addition to the restriction in regulation 5.3.1.1 on the use of combustible insulating materials, organic foam must not be used in the mail rooms or baggage rooms of a passenger vessel.

  • (2) If organic foam is used in a cargo space or a refrigerated compartment of a service space,

    • (a) the exposed surfaces of the foam must be

      • (i) sealed with an intumescent coating that meets the flame spread, smoke and toxicity requirements set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code, and

      • (ii) covered with a steel-sheet protective facing;

    • (b) in the case of organic foam used in a cargo space or a refrigerated compartment of a service space on a vessel of steel construction, the boundaries to the space must be of steel construction; and

    • (c) in the case of organic foam used in a refrigerated compartment of a service space on a vessel of aluminum construction, the boundaries to the space must be of steel or aluminum construction.

Regulation 6 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS — Smoke Generation Potential and Toxicity

 In addition to the requirements of regulation 6, plastic piping fitted on a vessel must meet the flame spread, smoke and toxicity requirements set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code and must be subject of a Minister’s type approval indicating that it meets the requirements set out in the IMO Resolution A.753(18), entitled Guidelines for the Application of Plastic Pipes on Ships.

Regulation 7 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS — Detection and Alarm

Smoke Detectors

 In addition to the requirements of regulation 7.5, a smoke detector must be installed in every cabin and every service space, regardless of the method of fire protection chosen.

Protection of Cargo Spaces in Passenger Vessels

 For the purposes of regulation 7.6, “where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Administration that the ship is engaged on voyages of such short duration that it would be unreasonable to apply this requirement” is to be read as “in the case of voyages of not more than 48 hours’ duration during which the cargo holds are opened to load or unload cargo”.

Fire Patrols in Passenger Vessels
  •  (1) Regulation 7.8.1 applies in respect of a vessel that is not a Safety Convention vessel only if it

    • (a) is carrying more than 50 passengers or more than 25 berthed passengers; or

    • (b) is carrying more than 100 unberthed passengers and is on a voyage during which it is more than 15 nautical miles from the point of departure or 5 nautical miles from shore.

  • (2) The fire patrols required by regulation 7.8.1 must be performed at least once every hour and must include a patrol of the entire vessel.

Passenger Vessels at Dock

 In addition to the requirements of regulation 7, every passenger vessel that is scheduled to be at a dock for more than one hour must, immediately on arrival at the dock, be connected to the shore fire-alarm system or to the local fire-station telephone system, if either system is fitted at the dock.

Regulation 9 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS — Containment of Fire

Protection of Stairways and Lift Trunks in Accommodation Spaces, Service Spaces and Control Stations

 The class division requirements of regulation 9.2.3.4 for stairways that penetrate more than a single deck apply to any area, such as a landing or corridor, between the stairways, if those stairways provide continuous fire shelter as described in subsection 147(6).

Openings in Decks and Bulkheads in Passenger Vessels
  •  (1) In addition to the requirements of regulation 9.4.1.1.2, every door in an “A” class division must meet the following requirements:

    • (a) the gap between the door leaf and its frame, as installed on board the vessel, must not exceed the gap measured when the door was tested in accordance with the FTP Code, but, in the case where the door was approved without a sill being part of the frame, the gap under the door, as installed on board the vessel, must not exceed the gap set out in regulation 9.4.1.1.2; and

    • (b) a grille or louvre must not be fitted in the door.

  • (2) The hose port requirements of regulation 9.4.1.1.8 apply in respect of every hose port fitted in a door in an “A” class division.

  • (3) If a ventilation duct passes through a main horizontal zone division on a passenger vessel, a fail-safe automatic-closing fire damper must be fitted in accordance with regulation 9.4.1.1.9, and the duct between the division and the damper must meet the requirements of that regulation.

  • (4) In addition to the requirements of regulations 9.4.1.1 and 9.4.1.2, every door in an “A” or “B” class division must be fitted with a thin metal identification plate that

    • (a) has clearly stamped on it the door manufacturer’s name, the “A” or “B” class rating, the type approval certificate number and the number of the drawing to which the door has been manufactured; and

    • (b) is screwed or riveted to either of the vertical edges of the door panel.

Doors in Fire-resisting Divisions in Cargo Vessels
  •  (1) In addition to the requirements of regulation 9.4.2.1, the following requirements must be met:

    • (a) the gap between every door leaf and its frame in an “A” class division, as installed on board the vessel, must not exceed the gap measured when the door was tested in accordance with the FTP Code, but, in the case where the door was approved without a sill being part of the frame, the gap under the door, as installed on board the vessel, must not exceed the gap set out in regulation 9.4.2.1 for an “A” class division;

    • (b) a grille or louvre must not be fitted in a door in an “A” class division; and

    • (c) every door in an “A” or “B” class division must be fitted with a thin metal identification plate that

      • (i) has clearly stamped on it the door manufacturer’s name, the “A” or “B” class rating, the type approval certificate number and the number of the drawing to which the door has been manufactured, and

      • (ii) is screwed or riveted to either of the vertical edges of the door panel.

  • (2) For the purposes of regulation 9.4.2.2, if hold-back arrangements fitted with remote-release devices of the fail-safe type are utilized,

    • (a) the arrangements must be capable of being operated at the door and from the wheelhouse; and

    • (b) a fire door open-close indicator panel must be provided in the wheelhouse.

Protection of Openings in Cargo Pump-rooms

 In addition to the requirements of regulation 9.5.2.6, a vessel that has cargo pump-rooms must not be fitted with windows in the boundaries of those rooms.

Ventilation Systems
  •  (1) Despite regulation 9.7.2.1, the galley ventilation systems must, on all cargo vessels and all passenger vessels, be separate from the ventilation systems serving other spaces.

  • (2) The requirements of regulation 9.7.4.3 apply in respect of every stairway enclosure serving more than one deck on all cargo vessels and all passenger vessels.

Regulation 10 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS — Firefighting

Fire-extinguishing Systems and Equipment

 Every pressure container for a fixed fire-extinguishing system required by Regulation 10 must bear a mark indicating that it

  • (a) meets the applicable requirements for transport by road or ship that are set out in section 5.10 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations;

  • (b) meets the applicable requirements for transport by road or ship that are set out in Title 49, subpart C of part 178 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States; or

  • (c) meets the applicable requirements for transportable pressure equipment that are set out in Directive 2010/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council and has undergone a conformity assessment procedure in accordance with that Directive by a notified body designated by a member state of the European Union.

Water Supply Systems

 The pipes, valves and fittings used with the equipment required by regulation 10.2

  • (a) must be made of corrosion-resistant metal or galvanized steel; and

  • (b) must not be readily rendered ineffective at an anticipated low ambient temperature or by heat from a fire.

Isolating Valves
  •  (1) If the fire main is an integral part of a fixed deck foam fire-extinguishing system with monitors, the isolating valves required by regulation 10.2.1.4.1 must be fitted immediately forward of each monitor.

  • (2) In addition to the isolating valves required by regulation 10.2.1.4.1, valves must be fitted to sections of the fire main that

    • (a) are subject to freezing;

    • (b) could be damaged because of a fire or explosion; or

    • (c) might not be required when any other part of the fire main is used.

  • (3) The valves required by subsection (2) must be

    • (a) operable from positions that are readily accessible

    • (b) protected from freezing, fire and explosions; and

    • (c) clearly marked.

  • (4) Every valve fitted to fire piping must be designed to open with a counter-clockwise rotation of the valve’s handle.

  • (5) The requirements of regulation 10.2.1.4.4 apply in respect of combination carriers.

Number and Position of Hydrants

 Despite regulation 10.2.1.5.1, on a cargo vessel of less than 500 gross tonnage or on a passenger vessel of less than 500 gross tonnage that is not a Safety Convention vessel, the number and position of hydrants must be such that one jet of water can reach any part of the vessel.

  •  (1) In addition to being provided with the hydrants required by regulation 10.2.1.5.1,

    • (a) a passenger vessel on a near coastal voyage, Class 1, or an unlimited voyage and a vessel of 500 gross tonnage or more must be provided, in each machinery space of category A, with one hydrant on the port side and one hydrant on the starboard side; and

    • (b) any other vessel of less than 500 gross tonnage must be provided with one hydrant in each machinery space of category A.

  • (2) A fire hose and nozzle must be fitted on each hydrant required by subsection (1).

  • (3) If the size or configuration of a machinery space of category A would render a hydrant required by subsection (1) ineffective, the hydrant must be located near the main access to the space.

  • (4) In addition to being provided with the hydrants required by regulation 10.2.1.5.1, a cargo vessel of 2 000 gross tonnage or more must

    • (a) be provided with a hydrant in the shaft tunnel, if any, adjacent to the engine room watertight door; and

    • (b) meet the requirements of regulation 10.2.1.5.2.2.

 Every fire hydrant must be installed so that

  • (a) a fire hose can be easily connected to it;

  • (b) it is limited to a position from the horizontal to the vertical pointing downward, so that the fire hose will lead horizontally or downward in order to minimize the possibility of kinking; and

  • (c) there is sufficient clearance below it to accommodate the radius of bend of the fire hose under pressure and to allow deployment of the hose in every direction.

International Shore Connection

 The international shore connection required by regulation 10.2.1.7 must be stored on the vessel so as to be readily accessible. A notice in English and French indicating the connection’s location and the maximum working pressure of the piping system must be posted on the vessel.

Fire Pumps

 In addition to the requirements of regulation 10.2.2, the following requirements must be met in respect of a vessel’s fire pumps:

  • (a) if the vessel is fitted with two or more power-driven fire pumps, a non-return valve must be fitted to the discharge line of each pump to prevent water from backing through the pump when it is not operating;

  • (b) a power-driven fire pump must be self-priming and fitted with pressure gauges on their suction and discharge sides;

  • (c) a manual fire pump must be operable without the need for manual priming and must be capable of delivering a jet of water of at least 12 m from the nozzle;

  • (d) a fire pump’s sea connection must have arrangements to prevent blockage of the connection’s inlet by ice, slush and debris; and

  • (e) a fire pump must not have an impeller that can be damaged by heat from the pump or by the pump running dry.

 If a bilge pump is used as a fire pump as permitted by regulation 10.2.2.1, the bilge pumping system and the fire pumping system must be capable of simultaneous operation.

  •  (1) One of the fire pumps required by regulation 10.2.2.2 may be manually operated if the vessel is not a Safety Convention vessel, is of less than 1 000 gross tonnage and, in the case of a passenger vessel, is engaged on a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2. If one of the fire pumps is manually operated and is located outside the space where the other fire pump required by that regulation and its source of power are located, the manually operated fire pump may also be used as an emergency fire pump if one is required by regulation 10.2.2.3.1.2.

  • (2) A power-driven fire pump that is required by regulation 10.2.2.2.2 to be on a vessel of less than 1 000 gross tonnage, but that is not required to be independently driven, must not be powered by a main engine unless the engine can be operated independently of the propeller shafting.

  • (3) Despite regulation 10.2.2.2.2 and subsection (1), if a cargo vessel to which that subsection applies is engaged on a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2,

    • (a) only one independently driven fire pump is required in order to meet the requirements of that regulation, and it must be power-driven; and

    • (b) regulation 10.2.2.3.1.2 does not apply.

  •  (1) For the purposes of regulation 10.2.2.4.2,

    • (a) “in any event be capable of delivering at least the two required jets of water” is to be read as “in normal operating conditions be capable of delivering at least the required jets of water”; and

    • (b) “at least the two jets of water required in paragraph 2.1.5.1” is to be read as “at least the required jets of water”.

  • (2) The fire pumps on vessels of less than 500 gross tonnage, other than passenger vessels that are Safety Convention vessels, are not required to meet the minimum capacity requirement of 25 m3/h set out in regulation 10.2.2.4.2.

Fire Hoses and Nozzles
  •  (1) In addition to the requirements of regulation 10.2.3.1.1, the fire hoses in a machinery space of category A or that serve a space that contains flammable materials must be connected to the fire hydrants at all times. If there is more than one fire hose in a machinery space of category A, one of the fire hoses in that space must also be connected to a portable foam applicator.

  • (2) In addition to the requirements of regulation 10.2.3.1.1, every fire hose must be

    • (a) stowed in a space designed to permit the deployment of the hose without it becoming entangled; and

    • (b) stored in a fire hose cabinet that protects the hose from the anticipated low ambient temperatures.

  • (3) The nozzles, couplings and fittings for the fire hoses on a tanker must be made of brass, bronze or other equivalent non-sparking material.

  • (4) For the purposes of regulation 10.2.3.2.1,

    • (a) the design of the piping system must be taken into consideration in determining the number of fire hoses;

    • (b) the minimum diameter of a fire hose must be 38 mm; and

    • (c) every fire hose must have the same diameter, but hoses in machinery spaces and other interior locations may have a smaller diameter than hoses in other locations if the smaller diameter is for the purpose of convenient handling.

  • (5) For the purposes of regulation 10.2.3.3.3, if section 127 applies and the number and position of hydrants on the vessel is such that only one jet of water may reach any part of the vessel, “from two jets” is to be read as “from one jet”.

Portable Fire Extinguishers
  •  (1) For the purposes of regulation 10.3.2.1, on a passenger vessel

    • (a) each main vertical zone below the bulkhead deck must be provided with the greater of

      • (i) two portable water fire extinguishers of at least 9 L capacity each or two portable fire extinguishers of equivalent fire-extinguishing capability, and

      • (ii) two portable fire extinguishers of a type described in subparagraph (i) for each 15 m, or fraction of 15 m, in length of the zone;

    • (b) each main vertical zone on or above the bulkhead deck must be provided, on each side of the vessel, with one portable fire extinguisher of a type described in subparagraph (a)(i); and

    • (c) despite paragraph (b), if the vessel is of less than 500 gross tonnage and is engaged on a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2, each main vertical zone on or above the bulkhead deck must be provided with one portable fire extinguisher of a type described in subparagraph (a)(i).

  • (2) For the purposes of regulation 10.3.2.1, on a cargo vessel

    • (a) the area within the outside boundary of each accommodation space below the bulkhead deck must be provided with the greater of

      • (i) two portable water fire extinguishers of at least 9 L capacity each or two portable fire extinguishers of equivalent fire-extinguishing capability, and

      • (ii) two portable fire extinguishers of a type described in subparagraph (i) for each 15 m, or fraction of 15 m, in length of the area; and

    • (b) the area within the outside boundary of each accommodation space on or above the bulkhead deck must be provided with one portable fire extinguisher of a type described in subparagraph (a)(i) for each 15 m, or fraction of 15 m, in length of the area.

  • (3) For the purposes of regulation 10.3.2.1, in addition to the portable fire extinguishers required by subsections (1) and (2),

    • (a) one portable water fire extinguisher of at least 9 L capacity or one portable fire extinguisher of equivalent fire-extinguishing capability must be provided next to the access to each storeroom for each 232 m2, or fraction of 232 m2, of surface area of the storeroom;

    • (b) each galley and each pantry that contains cooking facilities must be provided with one portable dry-chemical fire extinguisher of at least 4.5 kg capacity or one portable fire extinguisher of equivalent fire-extinguishing capability for each 232 m2, or fraction of 232 m2, of surface area of the galley or pantry; and

    • (c) each control station must be provided with one portable fire extinguisher of a type described in paragraph (b).

  •  (1) Every portable fire extinguisher must be fitted with a clamp bracket that

    • (a) is designed to withstand the roll, pitch and vibration of the vessel; and

    • (b) holds the fire extinguisher securely in place but provides quick and positive release of the fire extinguisher for immediate use.

  • (2) Every wheeled-type portable fire extinguisher must be fitted with a metal clip arrangement that

    • (a) is designed to withstand the roll, pitch and vibration of the vessel; and

    • (b) holds the fire extinguisher securely in place but provides quick and positive release of the fire extinguisher for immediate use.

 Regulation 10.3.3 does not apply in respect of a vessel that is not a Safety Convention vessel and is engaged on a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2.

Types of Fixed Fire-extinguishing Systems

 If a machinery space on a vessel that is constructed of wood, glass-reinforced plastic or aluminum alloy is provided with a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system, the system must, despite regulation 10.4.1.1.1, have a sufficient quantity of gas to provide two independent charges of gas.

Fire-extinguishing Arrangements in Machinery Spaces
  •  (1) Regulations 10.5.1.2.1, 10.5.2.2.1 and 10.5.3.2.1 do not apply in respect of a vessel that is not a Safety Convention vessel, is of less than 500 gross tonnage and is engaged on a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2.

  • (2) The requirement in regulation 10.5.2.2.2 with respect to foam fire extinguishers of at least 45 L capacity each or equivalent does not apply in respect of a vessel that is not a Safety Convention vessel, is of less than 500 gross tonnage and is engaged on a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2.

  • (3) Regulation 10.5.6 does not apply in respect of a vessel that is not a Safety Convention vessel and is engaged on a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2.

Spaces Containing Flammable Liquids

 For the purposes of regulation 10.6.3.2, the fire-extinguishing arrangements must include fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems, fixed foam fire-extinguishing systems and fixed pressure water-spraying fire-extinguishing systems that meet the applicable requirements of the FSS Code for the system.

Fixed Gas Fire-extinguishing Systems for General Cargo

 For the purposes of regulation 10.7.1.2, “it is shown to the satisfaction of the Administration that a passenger ship is engaged on voyages of such short duration that it would be unreasonable to apply the requirements of paragraph 7.1.1” is to be read as “a passenger ship is engaged on voyages of not more than 48 hours’ duration during which the cargo holds are opened to discharge or receive cargo”.

Firefighters’ Outfits
  •  (1) Regulations 10.10.2.1 and 10.10.2.2 do not apply in respect of a vessel that is not a Safety Convention vessel, is of less than 500 gross tonnage and, if the vessel is not a cargo vessel, is engaged on a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2.

  • (2) Regulation 10.10.2.3 applies only in respect of tankers of 500 gross tonnage or more.

Fire Axes
  •  (1) In addition to the requirements of regulation 10, a passenger vessel on a near coastal voyage, Class 1, or an unlimited voyage must be provided with the greater of

    • (a) three fire axes, and

    • (b) one fire axe for each 15 m, or fraction of 15 m, in length of the vessel.

  • (2) In addition to the requirements of regulation 10, a passenger vessel on a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2, must be provided with

    • (a) if the vessel is of less than 500 gross tonnage but of 24 m or more in length, two fire axes; and

    • (b) if the vessel is of 500 gross tonnage or more, one fire axe for each 15 m, or fraction of 15 m, in length of the vessel.

  • (3) In addition to the requirements of regulation 10, a cargo vessel must be provided with

    • (a) if the vessel is of less than 500 gross tonnage but of 24 m or more in length, two fire axes; and

    • (b) if the vessel is of 500 gross tonnage or more, three fire axes.

Regulation 12 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS — Notification of Crew and Passengers

Public Address Systems
  •  (1) The public address system or other means of communication required by regulation 12.3 must be available on all cargo vessels and all passenger vessels throughout the spaces referred to in that regulation, the muster stations, the embarkation stations and the machinery spaces.

  • (2) Regulation 12.3 and subsection (1) do not apply before the first anniversary of the day on which this section comes into force.

Regulation 13 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS — Means of Escape

Passenger Vessels
  •  (1) The crew accommodation areas of every passenger vessel must meet the requirements of regulation 13.3.2.5.1.

  • (2) Each escape hatch must be painted orange and be operable from both sides of the hatch.

Cargo Vessels
  •  (1) Every cargo vessel must meet the requirements of regulation 13.3.2.5.1, and the crew accommodation areas of the vessel must also meet those requirements.

  • (2) Each escape hatch must be painted orange and be operable from both sides of the hatch.

  • (3) Every cargo vessel must meet the requirements of regulation 13.3.2.6.2.

  • (4) The means of escape required by regulation 13.3.3.1 must be separated from one another so as to minimize the possibility of their being blocked at the same time as a result of an incident.

  • (5) Each means of escape required by regulation 13.3.3.2 must give direct access to another means of escape on the deck above.

  • (6) On a cargo vessel of 500 gross tonnage or more, if one of the means of escape required by regulation 13.3.3.2 or 13.3.3.3 from a restricted space or group of spaces connects more than two decks, one of those means must, if feasible, be a readily accessible stairway enclosure that provides continuous fire shelter from the space or group of spaces to the closest lifeboat and life-raft embarkation deck. If the stairway enclosure that provides continuous fire shelter is not feasible, an escape route from the restricted space or group of spaces to the embarkation deck must be provided. The entire length of the escape route must be protected from the fire by “A” class divisions.

  • (7) Despite regulation 13.3.3.2, if installing a stairway or trunk is not feasible, a vertical ladder may be used as the second means of escape from crew spaces that are entered only occasionally.

  • (8) Despite regulation 13.3.3.3, if installing a stairway is not feasible, a vertical ladder may be used as one of the means of escape from crew spaces that are entered only occasionally.

Emergency Escape Breathing Devices

 Regulation 13.4.3 does not apply in respect of a vessel that is not a Safety Convention vessel, is of less than 500 gross tonnage and is engaged on a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2.

Additional Requirements for Ro-Ro Passenger Vessels

 Any words included in the symbols required by regulation 13.7.1.1 to mark the escape routes must be printed in English and French.

Instruction for Safe Escape
  •  (1) All cargo vessels and all passenger vessels must display “mimic” plans in accordance with regulation 13.7.2.2 and must display those plans in every space occupied by the crew.

  • (2) Any words on the “mimic” plans must be printed in English and French.

Regulation 15 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS — Instructions, On-board Training and Drills

Training Manuals

 If a vessel is fitted with a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system, the instructions on firefighting activities and firefighting procedures required by regulation 15.2.3.4.2 must include instructions on the use of firefighters’ outfits, including breathing apparatus, and the protected space re-entry procedure recommended by the manufacturer of the system.

Fire Control Plans

 The fire control plans and booklets required by regulation 15.2.4 must be

  • (a) in the working language of the vessel; and

  • (b) in English or French, or in both languages, according to the needs of the shoreside firefighting personnel.

Fire Drills

 Despite section 102, regulations 15.2.1, 15.2.2 and 15.3.1 do not apply in respect of vessels to which the Fire and Boat Drills Regulations apply.

Regulation 17 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS — Alternative Design and Arrangements

 An engineering analysis submitted under regulation 17.3 must be written in English or French.

Regulation 18 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS — Helicopter Facilities

Helicopter Refuelling and Hangar Facilities

 The “NO SMOKING” signs required by regulation 18.7.10 must be in English and French as well as in the working language of the vessel.

Operations Manual

 The operations manual required by regulation 18.8.1 must be in the working language of the vessel.

Regulation 20 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS – Protection of Vehicle, Special Category and Ro-Ro Spaces

Structural Protection

 The requirements of regulation 20.5 apply in respect of all passenger vessels.

Fire Extinction
  •  (1) If a water curtain is part of a fixed fire-extinguishing system referred to in regulation 20.6.1, a strip that is 900 mm wide must be painted on the deck under the water curtain and be marked with the words “TO BE KEPT CLEAR OF VEHICLES AT ALL TIMES” and “LAISSER CET ESPACE LIBRE DE VÉHICULES EN TOUT TEMPS”.

  • (2) Each portable fire extinguisher required by regulation 20.6.2.1 must be a portable dry-chemical fire extinguisher of at least 4.5 kg capacity or a portable fire extinguisher of equivalent fire-extinguishing capability.

  • (3) In the case of a vessel that is not a Safety Convention vessel and that is engaged on a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2, the reference in regulation 20.6.2.2.1 to “three water-fog applicators” is to be read as a reference to “one water-fog applicator”.

Regulations 21, 22 and 23 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS

 Regulations 21, 22 and 23 do not apply in respect of a vessel that is not a Safety Convention vessel and is engaged on a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2.

[160 to 199 reserved]

PART 2Structural Fire Protection — Alternatives for Certain Vessels

Interpretation

 The following definitions apply in this Part.

A-60 class fire rating

A-60 class fire rating means the thermal and integrity requirements specified for “A-60” class divisions. (indice de résistance au feu de type A-60)

“F” class divisions

“F” class divisions means divisions that are formed by bulkheads, decks, ceilings or linings and that meet the fire-test requirements for “F” class divisions set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code. (cloisonnements du type « F »)

Application

  •  (1) This Part applies in respect of Canadian vessels everywhere that are

    • (a) passengers vessels of 24 m or more in length that

      • (i) are not Safety Convention vessels,

      • (ii) are carrying no berthed passengers and fewer than 100 unberthed passengers, and

      • (iii) are engaged on a sheltered waters voyage or a near coastal voyage, Class 2, limited; or

    • (b) cargo vessels of 24 m or more in length but of less than 500 gross tonnage.

  • (2) This Part does not apply in respect of

    • (a) vessels that carry dangerous goods, other than in limited quantities, and that are referred to in regulation 19.2.2 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS or have cargo spaces referred to in that regulation;

    • (b) pleasure craft;

    • (c) fishing vessels;

    • (d) high-speed craft;

    • (e) vessels that do not have mechanical means of propulsion;

    • (f) wooden vessels of primitive build;

    • (g) vessels that are capable of engaging in the drilling for, or the production, conservation or processing of, oil or gas; or

    • (h) nuclear vessels.

Compliance

 Except as otherwise provided in this Part, a vessel’s authorized representative must ensure that the requirements of sections 205 to 234 are met in respect of the vessel.

Grandfathered Vessels

  •  (1) If a vessel that was constructed before the day on which this section comes into force held, at any time before that day, a certificate issued under the Vessel Certificates Regulations or under section 318 or 319 of the Canada Shipping Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. S-9, its authorized representative may ensure that the requirements with respect to structural fire protection that would have been required under the Act to be met, on the day before that day, are met instead of the requirements of sections 205 to 234 of these Regulations.

  • (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the reference to section 318 or 319 of the Canada Shipping Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. S-9, includes any predecessor enactment relating to the same subject matter.

Limitations on Grandfathering

  •  (1) Section 203 does not apply in respect of

    • (a) parts of a vessel that, beginning on the day on which this section comes into force, undergo repairs, alterations or modifications that

      • (i) substantially alter the vessel’s dimensions or its passenger accommodation spaces, or

      • (ii) substantially increase the vessel’s service life or the life of the vessel’s outfitting; or

    • (b) parts of a vessel that, beginning on the day on which this section comes into force, are replaced.

  • (2) Section 203 does not apply if the vessel’s intended service changes in such a manner that any of the requirements with respect to structural fire protection that would have been required under the Act to be met are no longer met.

Requirements

Decks and Bulkheads — Accommodation Spaces, Service Spaces and Control Stations

  •  (1) On a vessel whose hull is constructed of non-combustible materials,

    • (a) a deck or bulkhead that separates a machinery space from an accommodation space, service space or control station must

      • (i) consist of “A-15” class divisions, if the vessel is a passenger vessel, or of “A-0” class divisions, if the vessel is a cargo vessel, or

      • (ii) consist of “A-60” class divisions, if the machinery space is of category A and is not fitted with a fixed fire-extinguishing system; and

    • (b) a deck or bulkhead that separates a control station from an accommodation space or service space must consist of “B-15” class divisions.

  • (2) On a vessel whose hull is constructed of non-combustible materials, if a deck or boundary bulkhead contains an emergency source of power or if a deck or bulkhead separates a galley, paint-room, lamp-room or storeroom that contains highly flammable materials from an accommodation space, service space or control station, the deck or bulkhead must consist of

    • (a) “A-15” class divisions; or

    • (b) “B-15” class divisions, in the case of a galley in which any ovens, hot water appliances or other appliances are heated only by electricity.

  •  (1) On a vessel whose hull is constructed of combustible materials,

    • (a) a deck or bulkhead that separates a machinery space from an accommodation space, service space or control station must consist of “F” class divisions or of “B-15” class divisions;

    • (b) a deck or bulkhead that separates a control station from an accommodation space or service space must consist of “F” class divisions; and

    • (c) the machinery space boundaries must, to the extent feasible, prevent the passage of smoke.

  • (2) On a vessel whose hull is constructed of combustible materials, if a deck or boundary bulkhead contains an emergency source of power or if a deck or bulkhead separates a galley, paint-room, lamp-room or storeroom that contains highly flammable materials from an accommodation space, service space or control station, the deck or bulkhead must consist of “F” class divisions or of “B-15” class divisions.

Bulkheads of Corridors

  •  (1) On a vessel whose hull is constructed of non-combustible materials, the bulkhead of a corridor that serves an accommodation space, service space or control station must consist of “B-0” class divisions.

  • (2) On a vessel whose hull is constructed of combustible materials, the bulkhead of a corridor that serves an accommodation space, service space or control station must consist of “F” class divisions or of “B-0” class divisions.

  • (3) The bulkhead of a corridor that serves an accommodation space, service space or central control station must extend from deck to deck unless a continuous ceiling of the same class division as the bulkhead is fitted on both sides of the bulkhead, in which case the bulkhead may terminate at the continuous ceiling.

Substitution of Class Divisions

 For the purposes of sections 205 to 207,

  • (a) “A” class divisions may be used instead of “B-15” class divisions or “F” class divisions;

  • (b) “A-15”, “A-30” or “A-60” class divisions may be used instead of “A-0” class divisions;

  • (c) “A-30” or “A-60” class divisions may be used instead of “A-15” class divisions; and

  • (d) “B-15” class divisions may be used instead of “B-0” class divisions.

Penetrations of Decks and Bulkheads

 The fire integrity of the divisions required by sections 205 to 207 must not be impaired by the passage of electrical cables, pipes, trunks, ducts or other transit devices through the divisions.

Interior Stairways

  •  (1) An interior stairway that serves an accommodation space, service space or control station must be constructed of steel or other equivalent material.

  • (2) On a vessel whose hull is constructed of non-combustible materials, an interior stairway that connects more than two decks must be within an enclosure constructed of “B-15” class divisions.

  • (3) On a vessel whose hull is constructed of combustible materials, an interior stairway that connects more than two decks must be within an enclosure constructed of “F” class divisions.

Lift Trunks

 A lift trunk that passes through an accommodation space or service space must be constructed of steel or other equivalent material and must be provided with a means of closing that permits control of drafts and smoke.

Doors and Other Closures of Openings

  •  (1) The following doors and other closures of openings must have fire-resistant properties equivalent to those of the class divisions of the structures in which they are fitted:

    • (a) doors in an engine or boiler casing;

    • (b) doors and other closures of openings in a deck or bulkhead referred to in sections 205 to 207; and

    • (c) doors in an enclosure referred to in subsection 210(2) or (3).

  • (2) The doors to machinery spaces of category A must be self-closing and reasonably gastight.

  • (3) A door required by subsection (1) that is in an “A” class division must be reasonably gastight.

  • (4) Every door in an “A” class division must overlap the door frame, and allow for a gap, between the edges of the door and the top, bottom and sides of the door frame, that is the minimum needed to open and close the door.

  • (5) A grille or louvre must not be fitted in a door required by subsection (1) that is in an “A” class division.

  • (6) A hose port that is fitted in a door required by subsection (1) that is in an “A” class division must

    • (a) be self-closing;

    • (b) be constructed of material that has fire-resistance that is at least equivalent to the door in which it is fitted;

    • (c) have a clear opening that has a width and length of 150 mm when the door is closed; and

    • (d) be inset into the lower edge of the door, either on the side opposite the door hinges or, in the case of a sliding door, on the side nearest the opening.

  • (7) Every door required by subsection (1) that is in an “A” or “B” class division must be fitted with a thin metal identification plate that

    • (a) has clearly stamped on it the door manufacturer’s name, the “A” or “B” class rating, the type approval certificate number and the number of the drawing to which the door has been manufactured; and

    • (b) is screwed or riveted to either of the vertical edges of the door panel.

Skylights and Other Windows

  •  (1) If a skylight in a machinery space can be opened, the skylight must be capable of being closed from outside the space.

  • (2) Glass, acrylic or any other similar material must not be fitted in machinery space boundaries. However, wire-reinforced glass may be fitted in skylights and fire-rated glass may be fitted in windows in control rooms within machinery spaces.

  • (3) A skylight that is in a machinery space and contains wire-reinforced glass must be fitted with permanently attached external shutters of steel or other equivalent material.

Air Spaces

 Air spaces enclosed behind ceilings, panelling or linings in accommodation spaces, service spaces or control stations must be divided by close-fitting draft stops spaced not more than 7 m apart.

Insulating Materials

  •  (1) Insulating materials must be non-combustible, except in a cargo space, mail room, baggage room, or refrigerated compartment of a service space. However, vapour barriers and adhesives used with insulating materials, as well as the insulating materials used for pipe fittings for cold service systems, need not be of non-combustible materials if the non-combustible materials are the minimum quantity feasible and their exposed surfaces have low flame spread characteristics.

  • (2) The exposed surface of insulating materials fitted on the internal boundaries of machinery spaces of category A must be impervious to oil and oil vapours.

 If organic foam is used in a cargo space or a refrigerated compartment of a service space,

  • (a) the exposed surfaces of the foam must be

    • (i) sealed with an intumescent coating that meets the flame spread, smoke and toxicity requirements set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code, and

    • (ii) covered with a steel-sheet protective facing;

  • (b) in the case of organic foam used in a cargo space or a refrigerated compartment of a service space on a vessel of steel construction, the boundaries to the space must be of steel construction; and

  • (c) in the case of organic foam used in a refrigerated compartment of a service space on a vessel of aluminum construction, the boundaries to the space must be of steel or aluminum construction.

Ventilation Systems

Stopping and Closing
  •  (1) Means must be provided for closing the main inlets and outlets of every ventilation system from a position outside the space served by the system. The means of closing must

    • (a) be readily accessible;

    • (b) be prominently and permanently marked as being the main inlet or outlet to the space; and

    • (c) indicate whether the inlets and outlets are open or closed.

  • (2) Power ventilation of accommodation spaces, service spaces, cargo spaces, control stations and machinery spaces must be capable of being stopped from a readily accessible position outside the space or station served. Access to this position must not be easily cut off in the event of a fire in the space served.

  • (3) Means of control must be provided for stopping ventilation fans. The means must

    • (a) if they are provided for stopping the ventilation serving machinery spaces, be grouped so as to be operable from two positions, one of which is outside those spaces; and

    • (b) if they are provided for stopping the ventilation of the machinery spaces, be entirely separate from the means provided for stopping the ventilation of other spaces.

  • (4) The means of control that are required by subsection (3) to be located outside the machinery spaces must be arranged so that a source of power to stop the fans and close the main openings is provided

    • (a) from each individual motor control circuit; or

    • (b) from a dedicated source of power feeding an individual motor, or a group of motors connected to a motor control centre for a particular space, without any shunt-trip arrangements.

  • (5) A stop circuit of the means of control referred to in subsection (4) that is activated manually must be manually reset.

  • (6) Means must be provided for closing, from a safe position, the annular spaces around funnels.

Ventilation Openings
  •  (1) A ventilation opening must not be installed in or under a stairway enclosure door.

  • (2) Any ventilation opening in a door in a corridor bulkhead must be in the lower half of the door and must be fitted with a grille made of non-combustible material.

  • (3) The total net area of a ventilation opening in or under a door in a corridor bulkhead must not be more than 0.05 m2.

Ventilation Ducts
  •  (1) A ventilation duct that serves a machinery space of category A or a galley must not pass through an accommodation space, service space or control station unless

    • (a) the ventilation duct is made of steel that is supported, stiffened and of one of the following thicknesses:

      • (i) 3 mm, if the width or diameter of the duct is not more than 300 mm,

      • (ii) 5 mm, if the width or diameter of the duct is 760 mm or more, or

      • (iii) the thickness obtained by linear interpolation between the thicknesses set out in subparagraphs (i) and (ii), if the width or diameter of the duct is more than 300 mm but less than 760 mm; and

    • (b) the ventilation duct

      • (i) is insulated to an A-60 class fire rating throughout the accommodation space, service space or control station, or

      • (ii) meets the following requirements:

        • (A) it is fitted, at each of the space’s or station’s divisions that is penetrated by the duct, with a fail-safe automatic-closing fire damper that can be operated from both sides of the division, and

        • (B) it is insulated to an A-60 class fire rating from the machinery space or galley to a point at least 5 m beyond each fire damper.

  • (2) A ventilation duct that serves an accommodation space, service space or control station must not pass through a machinery space of category A or a galley unless

    • (a) the ventilation duct meets the requirements of paragraph (1)(a); and

    • (b) the ventilation duct

      • (i) is insulated to an A-60 class fire rating throughout the machinery space or galley, or

      • (ii) meets the following requirements:

        • (A) it is fitted, at each of the space’s or station’s divisions that is penetrated by the duct, with a fail-safe automatic-closing fire damper that can be operated from both sides of the division, and

        • (B) it is insulated to an A-60 class fire rating from the accommodation space, service space or control station to a point at least 5 m beyond each fire damper.

Storerooms that Contain Highly Flammable Materials
  •  (1) A storeroom that contains highly flammable materials must be provided with a ventilation system that is separate from the ventilation systems serving other spaces.

  • (2) The ventilation system must ventilate high and low levels of the storeroom. Every inlet or outlet of the system must be positioned in an area free from flammable gases.

  • (3) A wire mesh guard that is corrosion-resistant and arrests sparks must be fitted over the opening of the inlet or outlet.

Independent Ventilation Systems

 A ventilation system that serves a machinery space, galley, stairway enclosure, cargo space or special category space must not serve another space and must be independent of every other ventilation system.

Non-combustible Materials — Trunks and Ducts
  •  (1) The trunks and ducts of ventilation systems must be constructed of non-combustible materials.

  • (2) If a trunk or duct serves spaces on both sides of an “A” class division, fire dampers must be fitted so as to prevent the spread of fire and smoke between compartments. Manual fire dampers must be operable from both sides of the division.

  • (3) If a trunk or duct has a free cross-sectional area of more than 0.02 m2 and passes through an “A” class division, the trunk or duct must be fitted with an automatic-closing fire damper.

  • (4) If a trunk or duct serves compartments situated on only one side of an “A” class division, the opening in the division must be lined with a steel sheet sleeve unless the trunk or duct passing through the division is of steel in the vicinity of the passage and unless the portion of the trunk or duct in that vicinity

    • (a) has sleeves that are at least 3 mm thick and 900 mm long and is insulated with fire insulation that has at least the same fire integrity as the division, if the trunk or duct has a free cross-sectional area of more than 0.02 m2; or

    • (b) is fitted with automatic fire dampers that can be operated manually, if the trunk or duct has a free cross-sectional area of more than 0.085 m2.

  • (5) A sleeve referred to in paragraph (4)(a) that passes through a bulkhead must be of the same length on either side of the bulkhead.

  • (6) Paragraph (4)(b) does not apply if the trunk or duct passes through a space surrounded by “A” class divisions without serving that space and the trunk or duct has the same fire integrity as the divisions through which it passes.

Electric Radiators

  •  (1) Every electric radiator must be fixed in position.

  • (2) An electric radiator must not be fitted with a heating element exposed to such an extent that clothing, curtains or other similar materials could be scorched or set on fire by heat from the element.

Exposed Surfaces

  •  (1) The exposed surfaces within accommodation spaces, service spaces, control stations or corridor or stairway enclosures, and the concealed surfaces behind bulkheads, ceilings, panelling or linings in accommodation spaces, service spaces or control stations, must meet the flame spread, smoke and toxicity requirements set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code.

  • (2) The exposed surfaces of glass-reinforced plastic within accommodation spaces, service spaces, control stations, machinery spaces of category A or other machinery spaces of similar fire risk to machinery spaces of category A must

    • (a) be coated with a final layer of fire retardant resin;

    • (b) be coated with a fire retardant coating; or

    • (c) be protected by non-combustible materials that meet the requirements for non-combustible materials set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code.

  • (3) The paints, varnishes and other finishes used on any exposed interior surface must be a fire retardant coating.

Primary Deck Coverings

 The primary deck coverings within accommodation spaces, service spaces or control stations must meet the flame spread, smoke, toxicity and non-ignitable requirements set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code.

Plastic Piping

 Plastic piping fitted on a vessel must meet the flame spread, smoke and toxicity requirements set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code and must be subject of a Minister’s type approval indicating that it meets the requirements set out in the IMO Resolution A.753(18), entitled Guidelines for the Application of Plastic Pipes on Ships.

Piping Penetrating Decks and Bulkheads

 The piping penetrating an “A” class division or “B” class division in an accommodation space, service space or control station must be able to withstand the temperature that the division is able to withstand.

Materials for Overboard Scuppers, Sanitary Discharges or Other Outlets

  •  (1) On a vessel whose hull is constructed of combustible materials, materials that are readily rendered ineffective by heat must not be used for overboard scuppers, sanitary discharges or other outlets that are close to the waterline if failure of the materials in the event of fire would give rise to danger of flooding.

  • (2) On a vessel whose hull is constructed of non-combustible materials, materials that are used for overboard scuppers, sanitary discharges or other outlets that are close to the waterline must be at least as fire-resistant as the hull.

Remote Means To Stop Pumps

  •  (1) Remote means must be provided to stop fuel oil transfer pumps, oil fuel unit pumps and other similar fuel pumps, and must be operable from outside the spaces served by those pumps. The main fire control station must be provided with a remote means to stop the pumps and with a visual indicator of whether the pumps are running.

  • (2) The remote means must be arranged so that a source of power to stop the pumps is provided

    • (a) from each individual motor control circuit; or

    • (b) from a dedicated source of power feeding an individual motor, or a group of motors connected to a motor control centre for a particular space, without any shunt-trip arrangements.

  • (3) A stop circuit of the remote means that is activated manually must be manually reset.

Highly Flammable Liquids or Liquefied Gases

  •  (1) If highly flammable liquids or liquefied gases are in a space, the space

    • (a) must be directly accessible from an open deck and must not be otherwise accessible; and

    • (b) must be provided with

      • (i) if the deck area of the space is 4 m2 or more, a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system, fixed foam fire-extinguishing system or fixed pressure water-spraying fire-extinguishing system that meets the applicable requirements of the FSS Code for the system, and

      • (ii) if the deck area of the space is less than 4 m2,

        • (A) an ABC-type dry-chemical fire extinguisher that has a capacity of at least 4.5 kg, or

        • (B) a fire extinguisher that has a fire-extinguishing capability at least equivalent to the fire extinguisher referred to in clause (A).

  • (2) The pressure-adjusting devices and relief valves on cylinders that contain highly flammable liquids or liquefied gases must exhaust within the space where the cylinders are located. The space must be gastight if it adjoins another enclosed space.

  •  (1) A space that is used to store highly flammable liquids or liquefied gases must

    • (a) be kept clear of sources of heat; and

    • (b) prominently display signs bearing the following clearly legible words:

      • (i) “NO NAKED LIGHTS” and “PAS DE FLAMMES NUES”, and

      • (ii) “NO SMOKING” and “DÉFENSE DE FUMER”.

  • (2) Electrical wiring and fittings must not be installed within a space that is used to store highly flammable liquids or liquefied gases unless

    • (a) the installation is necessary for service within the space;

    • (b) the wiring and fittings are certified or type approved as being intrinsically safe by a product certification body that certifies electrical equipment for marine use or by a recognized organization; and

    • (c) the temperature of the exposed surface of the wiring and fittings does not exceed the ignition temperature of the explosive atmosphere that may exist in the space.

Separate Storage Compartments for Compressed Gases

  •  (1) Each type of compressed gas must be stored in a separate compartment from other types of compressed gas.

  • (2) A compartment that is used for the storage of compressed gas must not be used for the storage of any other combustible material or for the storage of any object that is not part of the gas distribution system.

Means of Escape

  •  (1) In this section and section 234, means of escape does not include a lift.

  • (2) Stairways and ladders must be arranged to provide ready means of escape to the lifeboat and life-raft embarkation deck from accommodation spaces and from spaces in which the crew is normally employed, other than machinery spaces.

  • (3) Two means of escape that are separated as widely as possible must be provided from all accommodation levels. The means of escape may include normal means of access from each restricted space or group of spaces.

  • (4) Below the weather deck, the means of escape must be stairways. The most direct route to one of the stairways must be independent of any watertight doors.

  • (5) Above the weather deck, the means of escape must be stairways or doors, or a combination of stairways and doors, to an open deck.

  • (6) Despite subsections (4) and (5), if it is not feasible to install stairways or doors, one of the means of escape from below the weather deck and one of the means of escape from above the weather deck may be a porthole of at least 400 mm in diameter or a hatch of at least 560 mm x 560 mm that is protected, if necessary, against ice accretion.

  • (7) Despite subsections (4) and (5), if it is not feasible to install a stairway, a vertical ladder may be used as a second means of escape.

  • (8) The width, number and continuity of the means of escape must meet the applicable requirements of the FSS Code.

  • (9) A corridor, or part of a corridor, from which there is only one means of escape must not exceed 5 m in length.

  •  (1) Every machinery space of category A must have two means of escape that are separated as widely as possible. If a means of escape is vertical, it must consist of a steel stairway or a steel ladder.

  • (2) If a cabin door leads directly into a machinery space of category A, the cabin must have a means of escape that is separate from the means of escape from the space.

[235 to 299 reserved]

PART 3Vessels of Less than 24 m in Length

Interpretation

  •  (1) The following definitions apply in this Part.

    30-minute fire rated insulation

    30-minute fire rated insulation means

    • (a) mineral wool with a density of at least 96 kg/m3 and a thickness of at least 50 mm;

    • (b) calcium-magnesium-silicate wool with a density of at least 64 kg/m3 and a thickness of at least 50 mm; or

    • (c) a material that is non-combustible, has a minimum melting point of 1150°C and, when installed on the fire risk side of a structure, maintains structural integrity at least as well as the material referred to in paragraph (a) or (b). (isolant qui assure une protection contre l’incendie pendant 30 minutes)

    “A-0” class divisions

    “A-0” class divisions has the same meaning as in regulation 3.2 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS. (cloisonnements du type « A-0 »)

    “A-15” class divisions

    “A-15” class divisions has the same meaning as in regulation 3.2 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS. (cloisonnements du type « A-15 »)

    accommodation spaces

    accommodation spaces means the spaces that are used for public spaces, corridors, lavatories, cabins, offices, games or hobby rooms, or pantries that do not contain cooking appliances, and similar spaces. (locaux d’habitation)

    “B-15” class divisions

    “B-15” class divisions has the same meaning as in regulation 3.4 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS. (cloisonnements du type « B-15 »)

    “F” class divisions

    “F” class divisions means divisions that are formed by bulkheads, decks, ceilings or linings and that meet the fire-test requirements for “F” class divisions set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code. (cloisonnements du type « F »)

    length overall

    length overall has the same meaning as in paragraph (a) of the definition length in section 1 of the Vessel Registration and Tonnage Regulations. (longueur hors tout)

    machinery spaces

    machinery spaces means spaces containing propulsion machinery, boilers, oil fuel units, internal combustion engines, generators and major electrical machinery, or ventilation and air conditioning machinery, and similar spaces, as well as trunks to such spaces. (locaux de machines)

    non-combustible

    non-combustible, in respect of a material, means

    • (a) that the material does not burn or give off inflammable vapours in sufficient quantity for self-ignition when heated to 750°C;

    • (b) that a product certification body or a testing laboratory has certified that the material is non-combustible when tested in accordance with the standard CAN/ULC-S114, entitled Standard Method of Test for Determination of Non-Combustibility in Building Materials, published by the Standards Council of Canada; or

    • (c) that the material meets the non-combustibility test requirements set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code. (incombustible)

    passenger-carrying vessel

    passenger-carrying vessel means a vessel that is carrying one or more passengers. (bâtiment transportant des passagers)

    service spaces

    service spaces means the spaces that are used for galleys, pantries that contain cooking appliances, lockers, storerooms, or workshops other than those forming part of the machinery spaces, and similar spaces, as well as trunks to such spaces. (locaux de service)

  • (2) For the purposes of this Part, a vessel is constructed on the day on which

    • (a) its keel is laid;

    • (b) in the case of a composite vessel, its lay-up is started;

    • (c) in the case of a vessel converted to a passenger-carrying vessel, the conversion begins; or

    • (d) in all other cases, its actual construction begins.

Application

  •  (1) This Part applies in respect of Canadian vessels everywhere that are not Safety Convention vessels and that are

    • (a) vessels of more than 15 gross tonnage but of less than 24 m in length that are not passenger-carrying vessels;

    • (b) passenger-carrying vessels of more than 15 gross tonnage but of less than 24 m in length that, if applicable, are carrying not more than 36 berthed passengers; or

    • (c) passenger-carrying vessels of not more than 15 gross tonnage that are carrying more than 12 passengers.

  • (2) This Part does not apply in respect of

    • (a) vessels that carry dangerous goods, other than in limited quantities, and that are referred to in regulation 19.2.2 of Chapter II-2 of SOLAS or have cargo spaces referred to in that regulation;

    • (b) pleasure craft;

    • (c) fishing vessels;

    • (d) high-speed craft;

    • (e) vessels that do not have mechanical means of propulsion;

    • (f) wooden vessels of primitive build;

    • (g) vessels that are capable of engaging in the drilling for, or the production, conservation or processing of, oil or gas;

    • (h) nuclear vessels; or

    • (i) vessels to which the Special-purpose Vessels Regulations apply.

Compliance

 A vessel’s authorized representative must ensure that the requirements of sections 305 to 347 are met in respect of the vessel.

Grandfathered Vessels

  •  (1) If a vessel that was constructed before the day on which this section comes into force held, at any time before that day, a certificate issued under the Vessel Certificates Regulations or under section 318 or 319 of the Canada Shipping Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. S-9, its authorized representative may ensure that the requirements that were required to be met for the issuance of the certificate are met instead of the requirements of sections 313 to 347 of these Regulations.

  • (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the reference to section 318 or 319 of the Canada Shipping Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. S-9, includes any predecessor enactment relating to the same subject matter.

Limitations on Grandfathering

  •  (1) Section 303 does not apply in respect of

    • (a) parts of a vessel that, beginning on the day on which this section comes into force, undergo repairs, alterations or modifications that

      • (i) substantially alter the vessel’s dimensions or its passenger accommodation spaces, or

      • (ii) substantially increase the vessel’s service life or the life of the vessel’s outfitting;

    • (b) systems and equipment that are related to the parts of a vessel described in paragraph (a);

    • (c) parts of a vessel that, beginning on the day on which this section comes into force, are replaced; or

    • (d) systems and equipment that, beginning on the day on which this section comes into force, are replaced.

  • (2) Section 303 does not apply if the vessel’s intended service changes in such a manner that any of the requirements that were required to be met for the issuance of the certificate are no longer met.

Prohibition — Wooden Passenger-carrying Vessels

 A wooden passenger-carrying vessel must

  • (a) carry not more than 100 passengers or not more than 12 berthed passengers; and

  • (b) engage only on sheltered waters voyages and near coastal voyages, Class 2, limited.

Amount and Storage of Certain Flammable Liquids

 Flammable liquids — other than those that are currently being used on a vessel, being carried as cargo or being used as fuel or lubricant in a vessel’s system — must

  • (a) be kept to a minimum and in no case exceed 30 kg; and

  • (b) be stored in a locker that meets the requirements of subsection 319(3).

Maintenance and Accessibility of Equipment and Systems

  •  (1) The fire safety equipment and systems on a vessel must

    • (a) be in good working order and ready to use; and

    • (b) be maintained in accordance with the equipment manufacturer’s instructions or recommendations, if any.

  • (2) The fire safety equipment and systems that are required by this Part must be readily accessible for immediate use.

Fire Control Plans

  •  (1) A passenger-carrying vessel must have on board a fire control plan or booklet that is readily accessible to the vessel’s master and crew and that includes the following information:

    • (a) the type of structural fire protection and its location;

    • (b) the types of fire detection and firefighting equipment on board and their location;

    • (c) the location of the exits and escape routes;

    • (d) the details of the ventilation system, including the location of the fan controls and dampers;

    • (e) the type of shut-off means that meets the requirements of paragraph 341(2)(b) and its location; and

    • (f) the location of the fire control stations.

  • (2) The fire control plan or booklet must be

    • (a) in the working language of the vessel; and

    • (b) in English or French, or in both languages, according to the needs of the shoreside firefighting personnel.

Portable Firefighting Equipment

Quantity, Type and Location

  •  (1) A vessel of a length overall set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection must carry the firefighting equipment set out in column 2.

    Table of Equipment

    ItemColumn 1Column 2
    Length OverallFirefighting Equipment
    1Not more than 12 m
    • (a) one 2A:10B:C fire extinguisher;

    • (b) one 2A:10B:C fire extinguisher for every space fitted with a fuel-burning cooking, heating or refrigerating appliance;

    • (c) one 10B:C fire extinguisher for every machinery space;

    • (d) one fire axe; and

    • (e) one fire bucket

    2More than 12 m
    • (a) one 2A:20B:C fire extinguisher;

    • (b) one 2A:20B:C fire extinguisher for

      • (i) every space fitted with a fuel-burning cooking, heating or refrigerating appliance, and

      • (ii) every accommodation space;

    • (c) one additional 2A:20B:C fire extinguisher for every 70 m2 or fraction of 70 m2 of each accommodation space;

    • (d) one 20B:C fire extinguisher for every 746 kW or fraction of 746 kW of main or auxiliary engine power in each machinery space;

    • (e) one 2A:10B:C fire extinguisher for

      • (i) every area with an appliance used to cook or reheat food, and

      • (ii) every flammable material locker;

    • (f) one fire axe; and

    • (g) two fire buckets

  • (2) A vessel that is required to carry a portable fire extinguisher of a classification set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection may instead carry one that contains the extinguishing agent and is of the weight set out in column 2, 3 or 4.

    Table of Equivalents

    ItemColumn 1Column 2Column 3Column 4
    ClassificationMulti-purpose Dry Chemical (ammonium phosphate)Regular Dry Chemical (sodium bicarbonate)Carbon Dioxide
    (Class B and C fires only)(Class B and C fires only)
    Net WeightNet WeightNet Weight
    kglbs.kglbs.kglbs.
    12A:10B:C2.255
    22A:20B:C4.510
    310B:C2.2552.2554.510
    420B:C4.5104.510920
  • (3) The letters used in the classification of a fire extinguisher refer to the following classes of fires:

    • (a) Class A fires are fires in combustible materials such as wood, cloth, paper, rubber and plastic;

    • (b) Class B fires are fires in inflammable liquids, gases and greases;

    • (c) Class C fires are fires that involve energized electrical equipment where the electrical non-conductivity of the extinguishing media is of importance;

    • (d) Class K fires are fires in cooking appliances that involve combustible cooking media such as vegetable or animal oils or fats.

  • (4) Every portable fire extinguisher must contain an extinguishing agent that is capable of extinguishing any potential fires in the space for which the extinguisher is intended.

  • (5) A portable fire extinguisher may be rated for Class K fires instead of Class B fires if it is intended for use in an area with cooking appliances that involve combustible cooking media.

  • (6) One of the portable fire extinguishers that is required for a space must be stored near the entrance to the space.

  • (7) A portable fire extinguisher that contains a gas extinguishing agent must not be used in an accommodation space or stored in that space.

Certification or Approval of Portable Fire Extinguishers

  •  (1) A portable fire extinguisher that is required by this Part to be carried on a vessel must

    • (a) bear a mark indicating that it has been certified for marine use by a product certification body; or

    • (b) be of a type that has been approved for marine use by the U.S. Coast Guard.

  • (2) Despite subsection (1), a portable fire extinguisher may be of a type approved by a recognized organization if it was carried on a vessel when the vessel was imported into Canada.

Additional Requirements for Portable Fire Extinguishers

  •  (1) Every portable fire extinguisher must be kept fully charged, and must be replaced according to its manufacturer’s specifications, if applicable.

  • (2) A portable fire extinguisher that is required by this Part to be carried on a vessel must be mounted with a clamp bracket that holds the fire extinguisher securely in place but provides quick and positive release of the fire extinguisher for immediate use.

  • (3) If a portable fire extinguisher is intended to be carried and operated by hand, it must not weigh more than 23 kg.

  • (4) Every portable fire extinguisher must be stored where its operation will not be affected by icing or cold temperature.

  • (5) Every portable fire extinguisher must be marked with a number at least 13 mm high, and its storage location must be marked with a corresponding number at least 13 mm high. However, if only one type and size of portable fire extinguisher is carried, the numbering may be omitted.

Fire Buckets

 Every fire bucket must have a capacity of 10 L or more, be made of metal with a round bottom and a hole in the centre, be painted red and be fitted with a line of sufficient length to enable the bucket to be filled from the surrounding body of water from any deck.

Means of Escape

Exits

  •  (1) Every accommodation space, wheelhouse, machinery space, or other space accessible to passengers or where the crew is normally employed, must have a primary exit and an emergency exit. However, an emergency exit is not required if the space is too small to have both a primary exit and an emergency exit.

  • (2) The primary exit and the emergency exit must

    • (a) be unobstructed, be readily accessible and lead as directly as possible to an open deck;

    • (b) subject to paragraph 315(1)(e), have a clear opening that has a width and length of at least 560 mm or that provides a means of exit that is equivalent;

    • (c) be operable from both sides;

    • (d) be capable of being retained in an open position while being used as part of an escape route; and

    • (e) be so located that a single incident occurring inside or outside the space would be unlikely to prevent the use of the primary exit and the emergency exit at the same time.

  • (3) Despite paragraph (2)(e), the primary exit and the emergency exit from the wheelhouse must, if feasible, be located on opposite sides of the vessel.

  • (4) In each public space on a passenger-carrying vessel, the primary exit and the emergency exit must be identified by a photoluminescent or illuminated sign that contains a green pictogram and a white or lightly tinted graphical symbol and that has been certified by a product certification body as meeting the applicable specifications set out in standard ISO 3864-1, entitled Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 1: Design principles for safety signs and safety markings, and standard ISO 7010, entitled Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Registered safety signs, published by the International Organization for Standardization.

  • (5) If a sign required by subsection (4) is not visible from an area in the public space, a white, or lightly tinted, and green photoluminescent or illuminated sign with an arrow pointing the way to the exit to which the sign relates must be in a readily visible location in the space and must be certified by a product certification body as meeting the applicable specifications set out in the standards referred to in subsection (4).

Escape Routes

  •  (1) This section applies to the escape routes from an accommodation space, service space, wheelhouse or machinery space, or from any other space accessible to passengers or where the crew is normally employed.

  • (2) Every stairway, corridor, door and ladder must be arranged to provide a ready means of escape to the muster and embarkation stations. Every door must be constructed to open outwards and be hinged on the forward side.

  • (3) If the location of an exit in a space is such that egress from the space would be difficult without an aid such as a handhold or ladder, an appropriate aid must be permanently fitted.

  • (4) Every handhold or ladder that permits access to or from a deck must, if feasible, extend sufficiently above the level of the deck to allow safe and rapid access.

  • (5) Every ladder or stairway from a space other than a machinery space must be constructed of non-combustible material or be coated with a fire retardant coating, and must be equipped with anti-skid rungs or stairs.

  • (6) Every ladder or stairway from a machinery space must be constructed of non-combustible material and be equipped with anti-skid rungs or stairs.

  • (7) An intumescent coating must not be used on a stairway or ladder.

  • (8) Every stairway of more than 1 m in height must be equipped with handrails or handholds on both sides and must maintain a clear width of 760 mm.

  • (9) On a vessel that is not a passenger-carrying vessel, every portable ladder must be

    • (a) stowed in a readily accessible and clearly identified location that is as close as feasible to where it is meant to be used; and

    • (b) designed so that it can be securely fixed in place without the use of tools.

  • (10) On a passenger-carrying vessel,

    • (a) vertical ladders and deck scuttles must not be provided except

      • (i) in areas occupied only by crew members, and

      • (ii) in areas where it is not feasible to install a stairway; and

    • (b) portable ladders must not be provided except in areas occupied only by crew members.

Arrangement of Stairways and Inclined Ladders on Passenger-carrying Vessels

  •  (1) On a passenger-carrying vessel, the stairways and inclined ladders must be arranged so that

    • (a) the sum of the riser height and tread depth on each stair is not less than 430 mm and not more than 460 mm;

    • (b) except in the case of exterior stairways and inclined ladders without risers, a stair that has a tread depth of less than 260 mm must have a nosing of not less than 25 mm or other means of increasing the depth of the tread;

    • (c) handrails are fitted on both sides of every flight of stairs, and have a height measured vertically above the tread of not less than 840 mm and not more than 910 mm;

    • (d) at the top and bottom of every flight of stairs there is a clear landing with a surface area that is at least equal to the square of the actual tread width of the adjacent stair or, if that is not feasible, the largest surface area that is feasible;

    • (e) the clear width of every door opening to a stairway or inclined ladder is at least equal to the width of the stair closest to the opening;

    • (f) every stairway or inclined ladder has a minimum width of 760 mm or, if the stairway or inclined ladder is intended for use by more than 60 persons, of 760 mm plus 10 mm for each person in addition to the first 60; and

    • (g) the maximum angle of inclination from the horizontal of every stairway or inclined ladder is

      • (i) 45° or, in the case of a stairway or inclined ladder intended only for the use of the crew, 55°, or

      • (ii) the minimum angle that is feasible, if the maximum angle required by subparagraph (i) is not feasible.

  • (2) For the purposes of paragraphs (1)(e) and (f), if the distance between handrails is less than the width of the treads, the width of the stair and the width of the stairway or inclined ladder must be measured between the handrails.

Structural Fire Protection

Insulation, Fire Retardant Coatings and Fire Retardant Resins

  •  (1) The exposed surface of insulating materials fitted on the internal boundaries of machinery spaces must be impervious to oil and oil vapours.

  • (2) All thermal insulation and acoustic insulation, including pipe and ventilation lagging, must be non-combustible.

  • (3) Polyurethane foam or other organic foam insulation must not be used unless it is

    • (a) used to insulate a cargo space or a cold room or similar galley service space, sealed with a fire retardant coating of the intumescent type and covered with a steel-sheet protective facing; or

    • (b) used as a flotation material that is installed in a dedicated and enclosed space and protected from fire risks.

  •  (1) This section applies in respect of the insulation, fire retardant coating and fire retardant resin required by this Part.

  • (2) The insulation, fire retardant coating or fire retardant resin used on a deck or bulkhead must

    • (a) cover the entire surface of the deck or bulkhead;

    • (b) be carried past the penetration, intersection or terminal point of the deck or bulkhead for a distance of at least 380 mm;

    • (c) be installed on the side on which the fire risk is higher, unless it is not possible to do so; and

    • (d) if the insulation, coating or resin is vulnerable to damage, be protected to prevent any loss of its fire-resistant properties.

  • (3) The insulation installed on a deck or bulkhead must be held in place by closely spaced studs and clips or by another method that will

    • (a) hold the insulation in place for at least 60 minutes when it is exposed to fire; and

    • (b) hold the insulation in place despite the vibration and motion of the vessel and the normal wear.

  • (4) If insulation is installed on the stiffener side of a deck or bulkhead, at least 50% of the thickness of the insulation must be installed on top of the stiffener.

  • (5) Fire retardant coating and fire retardant resin must be applied, and the surfaces to which they are to be applied must be prepared, in accordance with the specifications of its manufacturer.

Cooking and Heating Appliances

  •  (1) On a passenger-carrying vessel, the boundaries of a galley that contains cooking appliances must consist of “F” class divisions or “B-15” class divisions, or be insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation, if

    • (a) the vessel has sleeping accommodations; or

    • (b) meals are cooked in the galley with an appliance, other than a microwave, that has a heating surface that can exceed 120°C.

  • (2) Every cooking or heating appliance must be installed in accordance with the appliance manufacturer’s recommendations, if any, with regard to clearances and with regard to materials, including insulation, installed in way of the appliance. If the space does not allow the minimum clearance, if any, recommended by the manufacturer,

    • (a) 30-minute fire rated insulation must be installed to the surfaces in way of the appliance;

    • (b) all surfaces around the appliance must be non-combustible; and

    • (c) the appliance must be installed so that the temperature of every surface adjacent to the appliance will not, when the appliance is operated, exceed 90°C or, if the surface is readily accessible, 60°C.

  • (3) If life saving equipment, a muster station or an embarkation station is located on the deck above a space that contains a cooking or heating appliance, or on the other side of a bulkhead delimiting that space,

    • (a) in the case of a steel or aluminum vessel, the deck or bulkhead must consist of “A-15” class divisions in way of the life saving equipment, muster station or embarkation station; and

    • (b) in the case of a wooden or composite vessel, the deck or bulkhead must be insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation in way of the life saving equipment, muster station or embarkation station.

Wheelhouses, Machinery Spaces and Lockers for Flammable or Combustible Materials

  •  (1) Subject to subsection 320(1), the decks and bulkheads separating a wheelhouse from any other space must

    • (a) consist of “F” class divisions or “B-15” class divisions;

    • (b) be insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation; or

    • (c) be coated with a fire retardant coating of the intumescent type.

  • (2) Machinery space boundaries must, to the extent feasible, prevent the passage of smoke.

  • (3) Every locker for storing flammable or combustible liquids

    • (a) must be of a construction that retards the propagation of flame on the inside of the locker by means of 30-minute fire rated insulation or fire retardant coating of the intumescent type;

    • (b) must not permit the escape of gas within an enclosed space; and

    • (c) must be vented outside independently of the ventilation from any other space.

Vessels Carrying More than 100 Passengers or More than 12 Berthed Passengers

  •  (1) On a vessel carrying more than 100 passengers or more than 12 berthed passengers, every deck that separates an accommodation space, service space or wheelhouse from an accommodation space, service space or wheelhouse, and every deck or bulkhead in way of life saving equipment, a muster station or an embarkation station, must

    • (a) in the case of a steel or aluminum vessel, consist of “A-15” class divisions; and

    • (b) in the case of a composite vessel, be insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation.

  • (2) On a vessel carrying more than 12 berthed passengers,

    • (a) the vessel must be divided into fire zones that include berths for a maximum of 12 persons;

    • (b) the decks delimiting the fire zones must consist of “A-15” class divisions or be insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation; and

    • (c) the bulkheads delimiting the fire zones must consist of “F” class divisions or “B-15” class divisions.

Wooden or Composite Vessels

Machinery Spaces

 On a wooden or composite vessel, the exposed surfaces within a machinery space, including supporting structures and engine seats, must be coated with a final layer of fire retardant coating or fire retardant resin.

  •  (1) On a wooden or composite vessel, every deck or bulkhead that separates a machinery space from an accommodation space, galley, wheelhouse, space containing a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system, or compartment to store gas containers must consist of “F” class divisions or “B-15” class divisions, or be insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation.

  • (2) On a vessel that is not more than 15 m in length overall, any area of a deck or bulkhead in which the available space or physical configuration makes it impossible to meet the requirements of subsection (1) may instead be coated with fire retardant coating of the intumescent type or with fire retardant resin.

Composite Passenger-carrying Vessels — Laminate for the Hull, Decks and Superstructures

 On a composite passenger-carrying vessel carrying more than 100 passengers or more than 12 berthed passengers or that engages on voyages that are not sheltered waters voyages or near coastal voyages, Class 2, limited,

  • (a) the laminate for the hull, decks and superstructures must not be a sandwich construction; and

  • (b) the resin in the laminate must be a resin that a product certification body or a testing laboratory has certified

    • (i) as having a flame spread rating of 25 or less when tested in accordance with the standard ASTM E84, entitled Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials, or

    • (ii) as meeting the requirements of Military Specification Resins, Polyester Low Pressure Laminating Fire-Retardant, MIL-R-21607, published by the Naval Sea Systems Command, United States Department of the Navy.

Steel or Aluminum Vessels

  •  (1) On a steel or aluminum vessel, every deck or bulkhead that separates a machinery space from an accommodation space, galley, wheelhouse, space containing fixed gas fire-extinguishing equipment, or compartment to store gas containers must

    • (a) if the vessel is a passenger-carrying vessel, consist of “A-15” class divisions or be insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation; and

    • (b) if the vessel is not a passenger-carrying vessel, consist of “A-0” class divisions.

  • (2) On a vessel that is not more than 15 m in length overall, any area of a deck or bulkhead in which the available space or physical configuration makes it impossible to meet the requirements of subsection (1) may instead be coated with fire retardant coating of the intumescent type.

Openings in Boundaries, Decks, Bulkheads and Lockers

  •  (1) The fire integrity of the boundaries, decks, bulkheads and lockers referred to in sections 318 to 320, 322 and 324 must not be impaired by the passage of electrical cables, pipes, trunks, ducts or other transit devices through the divisions.

  • (2) The doors and other closures of openings in the boundaries, decks, bulkheads and lockers referred to in sections 318 to 320, 322 and 324 must have fire-resistant properties equivalent to those of the class divisions of the structures in which they are fitted.

Interior Finish and Furniture

  •  (1) Subject to section 327, the exposed surfaces within an accommodation space, service space or wheelhouse must

    • (a) be made of a material that

      • (i) a product certification body, testing laboratory or recognized organization has certified as having a flame spread rating or index of 25 or less and a smoke developed classification or index of 100 or less when tested in accordance with the standard CAN/ULC-S102, entitled Standard Method of Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials and Assemblies, published by the Standards Council of Canada, or the standard ASTM E84, entitled Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials, or

      • (ii) meets the flame spread, smoke and toxicity requirements set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code; or

    • (b) be coated with fire retardant coating or fire retardant resin.

  • (2) Paint, varnish or similar preparation that contains a nitro-cellulose base must not be applied, and a fabric that contains nitro-cellulose must not be fitted, to any interior surface of the vessel or any furniture.

  •  (1) The primary deck coverings within an accommodation space, service space or wheelhouse must

    • (a) be certified by a product certification body, testing laboratory or recognized organization as

      • (i) having a radiant panel index that does not exceed 20 when tested in accordance with the standard ASTM E162, entitled Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source, and having a specific optical smoke density of 450 or less when tested in flaming mode in accordance with the standard ASTM E662, entitled Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials, or

      • (ii) having a critical radiant flux of at least 0.45 W/cm2 when tested in accordance with the standard ASTM E648, entitled Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor-Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source, and having a specific optical smoke density of 450 or less when tested in flaming mode in accordance with the standard ASMT E662, entitled Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials; or

    • (b) meet the flame spread, smoke, toxicity and non-ignitable requirements set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code.

  • (2) The surface finish material, other than soft floor coverings, within an accommodation space, service space or wheelhouse must

    • (a) be certified by a product certification body, testing laboratory or recognized organization as

      • (i) having a radiant panel index that does not exceed 20 when tested in accordance with the standard ASTM E162, entitled Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source, and having a specific optical smoke density of 450 or less when tested in flaming mode in accordance with the standard ASTM E662, entitled Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials, or

      • (ii) having a critical radiant flux of at least 0.45 W/cm2 when tested in accordance with the standard ASTM E648, entitled Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor-Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source, and having a specific optical smoke density of 450 or less when tested in flaming mode in accordance with the standard ASTM E662, entitled Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials; or

    • (b) meet the flame spread, smoke, and toxicity requirements set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code.

  • (3) Soft floor coverings within an accommodation space, service space or wheelhouse must

    • (a) be certified by a product certification body, testing laboratory or recognized organization as

      • (i) having a flame spread rating or index of 300 or less and a smoke developed classification or index of 300 or less, in the case of wool, or a flame spread rating or index of 300 or less and a smoke developed classification or index of 500 or less in the case of nylon or a nylon/wool blend, when tested in accordance with the standard CAN/ULC-S102.2, entitled Standard Method of Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Flooring, Floor Coverings, and Miscellaneous Materials and Assemblies, published by the Standards Council of Canada, or

      • (ii) having a critical radiant flux of at least 0.45 W/cm2 when tested in accordance with the standard ASTM E648, entitled Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor-Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source, and having a specific optical smoke density of 450 or less when tested in flaming mode in accordance with the standard ASTM E662, entitled Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials; or

    • (b) meet the flame spread, smoke, and toxicity requirements set out in Annex 1 to the FTP Code.

  •  (1) Curtains or other suspended textiles must not be installed within 600 mm of any cooking appliance, any heating or fuel-burning appliance or any similar appliance.

  • (2) On a vessel carrying more than 100 passengers or more than 12 berthed passengers,

    • (a) upholstered furniture and mattresses must be

      • (i) certified by a product certification body, testing laboratory or recognized organization as being fire-resistant when tested in accordance with the standard CAN/ULC-S137, entitled Standard Method of Test for Fire Growth of Mattresses (Open Flame Test), published by the Standards Council of Canada, or the IMO Resolution A.652(16), entitled Recommendation on Fire Test Procedures For Upholstered Furniture, or

      • (ii) covered with a flame-resistant fabric; and

    • (b) all permanently installed textiles, such as curtains, canvas and decorative accessories, must be made of flame-resistant fabric.

  • (3) In subsection (2), flame resistant fabric means a fabric that a product certification body or testing laboratory has certified as meeting the requirements of the standard CAN/ULC-S109, entitled Flame Tests of Flame-Resistant Fabrics and Films, published by the Standards Council of Canada, or the standard NFPA 701, entitled Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films.

Ventilation Systems — Passenger-carrying Vessels

  •  (1) This section applies in respect of passenger-carrying vessels.

  • (2) A ventilation duct that serves an accommodation space, service space or wheelhouse must not pass through a machinery space unless the duct is gastight, made of steel or aluminum alloy and insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation.

  • (3) Every exhaust ventilation duct from a galley range hood must have a grease trap and be made of steel.

  • (4) Means must be provided for closing the main inlets and outlets of every ventilation system from a position outside the space served by the system. The means of closing must

    • (a) be readily accessible;

    • (b) be prominently and permanently marked as being the main inlet or outlet to the space; and

    • (c) indicate whether the inlets and outlets are open or closed.

  • (5) Means of control must be provided for stopping the ventilation fans that serve an accommodation space, service space, cargo space, control station or machinery space. The means must be in a readily accessible position outside the space or the station but, in the case of a ventilation fan serving a machinery space, must be located as required by subsection 341(2).

  • (6) A ventilation duct that serves a machinery space or galley must not pass through an accommodation space, service space or wheelhouse unless the duct is gastight, made of steel or aluminum alloy and insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation.

  • (7) On a composite vessel, if a ventilation duct that serves a machinery space is an integral part of the structure, the internal surfaces of the duct must be coated with a fire retardant coating of the intumescent type or be insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation.

Fuel Tanks — Passenger-carrying Vessels

  •  (1) This section applies in respect of passenger-carrying vessels.

  • (2) A fuel tank must

    • (a) if feasible, be located outside the machinery spaces; and

    • (b) be made of steel or of another material of equivalent structural properties.

  • (3) If a fuel tank that is not made of steel is located in or adjacent to a machinery space, or is located in or adjacent to a space containing flammable material, the exposed surfaces of the tank must be insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation.

  • (4) On a composite vessel, a composite fuel tank that is an integral part of the hull must be coated with a final layer of fire retardant resin. The exposed surfaces of the tank must be insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation.

Fire Detection, Alarms and Communications

Automatic Fire Detection and Alarm Systems

  •  (1) An automatic fire detection and alarm system must be installed in order to detect the presence and location of a fire in an accommodation space, machinery space and service space.

  • (2) The system must indicate the presence of the fire by an audio signal given at one or more points on the vessel so as to come rapidly to the notice of the vessel’s master and crew. In an occupied machinery space with high ambient noise level, the system must also indicate the presence of the fire by flashing red lights or beacons of sufficient intensity and number to alert the occupants of the space.

  • (3) The system must be designed so that

    • (a) power supplies and electric circuits necessary for the operation of the system are monitored for losses of power and fault conditions;

    • (b) a loss of power or a fault condition initiates a visual and audible fault signal at the control panel that is distinct from a fire signal;

    • (c) there are at least two sources of power supply for the system, one of which is an emergency source;

    • (d) visual and audible alarm signals at the control panel indicate when the normal supply has failed and the system is operating on the emergency source of power;

    • (e) the power supply for the system is provided by separate feeders reserved solely for that purpose;

    • (f) the smoke and heat detectors for the system are grouped into sections and the activation of any detector initiates a visual and audible fire signal at the control panel;

    • (g) if the vessel has a public address system, the audio signal to indicate the presence of a fire is automatically interrupted during communication from the system; and

    • (h) the control panel is located at the main control position.

  • (4) The system must be installed so that

    • (a) there is at least one smoke detector in each cabin, corridor, escape route or stairway, and in each service space not containing cooking appliances;

    • (b) there is at least one heat detector in each public room or machinery space, and in each service space containing cooking appliances;

    • (c) the smoke detectors and heat detectors are located for optimum performance, and the surface coverage of each detector does not exceed its manufacturer’s specifications; and

    • (d) the wiring that forms part of the system does not enter any galley or machinery space, or any other enclosed space of high fire risk, except to the extent that the wiring is necessary to provide for fire detection or alarm in the space or to connect to the appropriate power supply in the space.

  • (5) The smoke and heat detectors must be certified by a product certification body or be of a type approved by a recognized organization.

  • (6) The heat detectors must be

    • (a) dual-action rate-of-rise and fixed-temperature; and

    • (b) set at a temperature appropriate for the protected space but in no case more than 78°C.

Public Address System

  •  (1) A public address system must be installed on a vessel whose layout restricts the use of direct oral communication from the control station or wheelhouse to any accommodation space, service space, machinery space, open deck or muster or embarkation station.

  • (2) The public address system must provide effective means of communication throughout the accommodation spaces, service spaces, open decks and muster and embarkation stations.

  • (3) The public address system must be designed and installed so that

    • (a) the controls are located in the wheelhouse or at the main fire control station;

    • (b) the wiring that forms part of the system does not enter any galley or machinery space, or any other enclosed space of high fire risk, except to the extent that the wiring is necessary to provide for fire detection or alarm in the space or to connect to the appropriate power supply in the space;

    • (c) a means is provided at the public address system station to interrupt all other audio systems; and

    • (d) the overall performance of the system is not affected by the failure of a single call station.

Water Firefighting Systems

General

 Every vessel must be fitted with a water firefighting system that meets the requirements of sections 334 to 338.

Fire Pumps

  •  (1) A vessel of a length overall set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection must be fitted with the number and type of fixed fire pumps set out in column 2 that have the water capacity set out in column 3 and the fire main diameter set out in column 4.

    Table

    ItemColumn 1Column 2Column 3Column 4
    Length OverallFixed Fire PumpsWater Capacity (L/s)Fire Main Diameter (mm)
    1Not more than 15 mOne manual or power-driven fire pump1.1425
    2More than 15 m but not more than 20 m
    • (a) One manual or power-driven fire pump; and

    1.1438
    • (b) one power-driven fire pump

    1.1438
    3Over 20 m
    • (a) One manual or power-driven fire pump; and

    1.8038
    • (b) one power-driven fire pump

    2.2838
  • (2) If a bilge, sanitary or general service pump is used as a fire pump, a non-return valve or swing check valve must be fitted between the sea connection and the bilge suction to positively prevent the discharge of water into the bilge compartments. The bilge pumping system and the fire pumping system must be capable of simultaneous operation.

  • (3) A power-driven fire pump must not be powered by a main engine unless the engine can be operated independently of the propeller shafting.

  • (4) Relief valves must be provided for every fire pump that is capable of developing a pressure exceeding the design pressure of the fire piping, the fire hydrants or the fire hoses. The valves must be placed and adjusted to prevent excessive pressure in any part of the firefighting system.

  • (5) If one fire pump is required, it must be located outside the machinery space and be provided with a sea connection outside the space. If the pump is power-driven, it must be provided with a source of power outside the space.

  • (6) If two fire pumps are required, they must be located in separate compartments and be provided with sea connections independent of one another. If both of those pumps are power-driven, they must be provided with sources of power independent of one another.

  • (7) On a vessel fitted with two or more fire pumps connected to a common piping system, a non-return valve must be fitted to the discharge line of each pump to prevent water from backing through the pump when it is not operating.

  • (8) Every fire pump must

    • (a) be self-priming; and

    • (b) be capable of delivering a jet of water of at least 12 m from the nozzle.

  • (9) Every fire pump must, unless it is on the open deck, be made of non-combustible materials.

  • (10) Every fire pump impeller must be of a type that will not be damaged by heat from the pump or by the pump running dry.

  • (11) Every sea connection of a fire pump must have arrangements to prevent blockage of the connection’s inlet by ice, slush or debris.

Fire Piping and Fire Hydrants

  •  (1) The number and position of fire hydrants on a vessel must be such that, when they are fitted with hoses of not more than 18 m in length, the jet of water required by paragraph 334(8)(b) can reach any part of the vessel.

  • (2) Every fire hydrant must be equipped with a hose and with a dual-purpose nozzle that

    • (a) has an internal diameter of at least 12 mm;

    • (b) is capable of spray action and jet action; and

    • (c) has a means to shut it off.

  • (3) The branch fire piping and fire hydrants on a vessel must be of a standard size and have a diameter that is not less than the minimum diameter required by subsection 334(1) for fire mains on the vessel.

  • (4) On a vessel that carries deck cargo, the fire piping and fire hydrants must be arranged to avoid risk of damage by deck cargo.

  • (5) The maximum pressure at a fire hydrant must not exceed the pressure at which a fire hose can be effectively controlled by one crew member.

  • (6) Every fire hydrant must be installed so that

    • (a) a fire hose can be easily connected to it;

    • (b) it is limited to a position from the horizontal to the vertical pointing downward, so that the fire hose will lead horizontally or downward in order to minimize the possibility of kinking; and

    • (c) there is sufficient clearance below it to accommodate the radius of bend of the fire hose under pressure and to allow deployment of the hose in every direction.

  • (7) The fire piping must be installed with a gradient that allows drainage under all normal operating conditions. Drain valves must be provided where necessary for effective drainage.

  • (8) The fire piping and fire hydrants must be installed so as to avoid the possibility of freezing.

  •  (1) The fire piping and the valves and fittings of the water firefighting system must be made of galvanized steel or another material of equivalent mechanical strength and equivalent corrosion and fire-resistance.

  • (2) The joints in the fire piping must be connected in a manner that prevents leakage and must meet the pressure requirements of the fire piping system. Flanged or screwed connections, or other connections that are at least as reliable as flanged or screwed connections, must be used.

  •  (1) Every fire hydrant must be fitted with a valve so that any fire hose attached to the hydrant can be detached while the fire pumps are in operation.

  • (2) Every valve fitted to fire piping must be designed to open with a counter-clockwise rotation of the valve’s handle.

  • (3) The tools and accessories that are necessary to use a fire hydrant or fire hose must be located in close proximity to the hydrant or hose.

  •  (1) A flexible hose must not be used as part of the fire piping unless the hose

    • (a) is necessary to reduce the effect of vibration;

    • (b) has a length that is not more than six times the diameter of the rigid pipe to which it is attached;

    • (c) is clearly visible at all times;

    • (d) is oil-resistant;

    • (e) is certified by a product certification body or a testing laboratory as meeting

      • (i) the requirements of standard SAE J1942, entitled Hose and Hose Assemblies for Marine Applications, for type VW, or

      • (ii) the requirements of another standard that are equivalent to the requirements referred to in subparagraph (i);

    • (f) can withstand collapsing due to suction; and

    • (g) is secured at each end with a corrosion-resistant and galvanically compatible fitting that consists of

      • (i) a swaged sleeve,

      • (ii) a sleeve and threaded insert, or

      • (iii) two metallic hose clamps of a type that is not dependent on spring tension for compressive force and that has a nominal bandwidth of at least 12 mm.

  • (2) A metallic hose clamp may be used only with a flexible hose that is designed for clamps. The hose clamp must be

    • (a) fastened over the flexible hose and over the hose fitting, the spud or the rigid pipe; and

    • (b) installed at least 12 mm from the end of the flexible hose.

Fixed Gas Fire-extinguishing Systems

General

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (6), every machinery space must be served by

    • (a) a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system; or

    • (b) a fixed aerosol fire-extinguishing system.

  • (2) The fixed fire-extinguishing system must

    • (a) be an engineered system certified for marine use by a product certification body or be of a type approved by a recognized organization, and be installed and maintained by the manufacturer, or a person authorized by the manufacturer, in accordance with the certification or type approval; or

    • (b) be a pre-engineered system certified for marine use by a product certification body or be of a type approved by a recognized organization, and be installed and maintained in accordance with its design limitations and the manufacturer’s instructions.

  • (3) Subsection (2) does not apply in respect of the design of pressure containers for a fixed fire-extinguishing system. Every pressure container for a fixed fire-extinguishing system must bear a mark indicating that it

    • (a) meets the applicable requirements for transport by road or ship that are set out in section 5.10 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations;

    • (b) meets the applicable requirements for transport by road or ship that are set out in Title 49, subpart C of part 178 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States; or

    • (c) meets the applicable requirements for transportable pressure equipment that are set out in Directive 2010/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council and has undergone a conformity assessment procedure in accordance with that Directive by a notified body designated by a member state of the European Union.

  • (4) When a fixed fire-extinguishing system is activated, a complete charge must be released simultaneously.

  • (5) On a wooden or composite vessel,

    • (a) a fixed gas or aerosol fire-extinguishing system must have two independent complete charges of gas or aerosol. The quantity of gas or aerosol for each charge must meet the requirements of subsection 345(2), 346(2) or 347(2), as the case may be, respecting the quantity of gas or aerosol for the system; and

    • (b) a fixed aerosol fire-extinguishing system must be certified by a product certification body or be of a type approved by a recognized organization for deep-seated fires in Class A materials.

  • (6) A machinery space is not required to be served by a fixed fire-extinguishing system if

    • (a) in addition to the portable fire extinguishers required by subsection 309(1), the space is provided with a portable gas fire extinguisher that

      • (i) does not weigh more than 23 kg, and

      • (ii) meets the requirements of subsections 345(2) and (3) or subsections 346(2) and (5), as the case may be;

    • (b) the space is provided with a readily accessible port that permits the additional portable gas fire extinguisher to be discharged directly into the space without the need to open the primary access to the space, and that is

      • (i) labelled to clearly indicate its firefighting purpose and how to use it,

      • (ii) capable of accommodating the discharge nozzle of the extinguisher, and

      • (iii) arranged so that the extinguisher may be discharged in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions; and

    • (c) the additional portable gas fire extinguisher is located outside the space and close to the port.

  • (7) The following definitions apply in this section.

    engineered system

    engineered system means, in respect of a fixed fire-extinguishing system, a system that requires calculations and a design that are specific to the vessel in which it is fitted and whose purpose is to determine the flow rates, nozzle pressures, pipe size, area or volume protected by each nozzle, the quantity of extinguishing agent and the number and types of nozzles and their placement. (système sur mesure)

    pre-engineered system

    pre-engineered system means, in respect of a fixed fire-extinguishing system, a system that

    • (a) does not require calculations, or a design, that are specific to the vessel in which it is fitted; and

    • (b) is specifically limited as to the type of space it can protect and the size of that space. (système précalculé)

Components

  •  (1) The piping, valves and fittings of a fixed fire-extinguishing system must be made of galvanized steel or another material of equivalent corrosion and fire-resistance, and must be securely connected to one another and securely supported.

  • (2) The components of the fixed fire-extinguishing system must be resistant to or protected from mechanical, chemical or other damage that could render them inoperative.

  • (3) The relief valves of the fixed fire-extinguishing system must be safely vented.

Controls and Alarms

  •  (1) Every fixed gas fire-extinguishing system that serves a machinery space must have a means of control that

    • (a) can be operated manually from a position that is outside the space and that is not likely to be cut off by a fire in the space;

    • (b) requires at least two steps to activate the system; and

    • (c) is readily accessible and simple to operate.

  • (2) Means must be provided in the wheelhouse, or in a location readily accessible from the position where the means of control is located, to

    • (a) stop the ventilation fans that serve the machinery space; and

    • (b) shut off the source of power or fuel for any machinery or equipment in the machinery space that could contribute to sustaining a fire or create any other unsafe condition in the case of fire.

  • (3) If the machinery space has a gross volume of more than 57 m3 or is normally occupied, the fixed fire-extinguishing system must not have an automatic means to release the extinguishing agent.

  • (4) Unless the machinery space is too small for a crew member to enter it, the fixed fire-extinguishing system must have an alarm to warn of any impending release of the extinguishing agent. The alarm must

    • (a) be separate from any other alarm;

    • (b) have a sound that is distinct from the sound of any other signal or alarm in the space;

    • (c) have a sound level of more than 85 dB;

    • (d) if the space has an ambient noise level that exceeds the sound level of the alarm, have flashing red lights or beacons of sufficient intensity and number to alert the occupants of the space; and

    • (e) be set off automatically when the system is activated, and stay on for at least 20 seconds, or any longer period that is necessary to allow the occupants of the space to escape, before the agent is released.

  • (5) If the fixed fire-extinguishing system has an automatic means to release the extinguishing agent,

    • (a) means must be provided in the wheelhouse to warn the occupants of the impending release of the extinguishing agent; and

    • (b) the means required by subsection (2) must be automatic.

Escape of Extinguishing Agent

  •  (1) Every machinery space must be capable of keeping the quantity of the extinguishing agent required by subsection 345(2), 346(2) or 347(2), as the case may be, within the space for at least 15 minutes.

  • (2) The openings that can admit air to, or allow the extinguishing agent to escape from, a machinery space must be capable of being closed from outside the space. The means of closing must meet the requirements of subsection 329(4).

  • (3) The openings that are used to vent a machinery space must be vented to outside the vessel and not to a location in the vicinity of a muster station.

  • (4) If the release of the extinguishing agent into a machinery space could cause over- or under-pressurization that would affect the integrity of the space, measures must be in place to protect the integrity of the space.

Information and Procedures

  •  (1) A placard containing the following warning must be posted near the means of control for a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system:

    WARNING

    Harmful Gas — Do not release the gas until all crew members have evacuated the machinery space — Do not re-enter the machinery space until all gas has been removed and the space declared safe

    AVERTISSEMENT

    Gaz nocif — Ne pas libérer le gaz avant que tous les membres d’équipage aient évacué le local de machines — Ne pas retourner dans le local avant que tout le gaz ait été éliminé et que le local soit déclaré sécuritaire

  • (2) A placard containing the following warning must be posted near the means of control for a fixed aerosol fire-extinguishing system:

    WARNING

    Harmful Aerosol — Do not release the aerosol until all crew members have evacuated the machinery space — Do not re-enter the machinery space until all aerosol has been removed and the space declared safe

    AVERTISSEMENT

    Aérosol nocif — Ne pas libérer l’aérosol avant que tous les membres d’équipage aient évacué le local de machines — Ne pas retourner dans le local avant que tout l’aérosol ait été éliminé et que le local soit déclaré sécuritaire

  • (3) A placard containing the following warning must be posted at the entrance to an occupied machinery space:

    DANGER

    Space protected by fire-extinguishing system — Vacate space immediately when alarm sounds

    DANGER

    Local protégé par un système d’extinction d’incendie — Quitter le local immédiatement lorsque l’alarme retentit

  • (4) Clear instructions for the safe operation of a fixed fire-extinguishing system must be kept near the means of control for the system.

  • (5) The procedure to follow in case of a fire in a machinery space must be posted at each fire control station and must include instructions for

    • (a) stopping the ventilation fans that serve the space;

    • (b) shutting off the source of power or fuel for any machinery or equipment in the space that could contribute to sustaining a fire or create any other unsafe condition in the case of fire;

    • (c) closing the openings to the space;

    • (d) ensuring that nobody is in the space; and

    • (e) venting the space after the release of the extinguishing agent into the space, using an opening vented to outside the vessel and not to a location in the vicinity of a muster station or to any location where passengers or crew are present.

Containers

  •  (1) A container that is used in a fixed fire-extinguishing system must be kept in a location where it is not exposed to severe weather conditions and where it is protected from mechanical, chemical or other damage.

  • (2) Means must be provided to indicate whether the container has been discharged.

  • (3) Means must be provided for the crew to safely check the quantity of extinguishing agent and the pressure in the container.

  • (4) If the fixed fire-extinguishing system serves a machinery space, the container must be kept in a location that is

    • (a) readily accessible from outside the machinery space and, if feasible, from an open deck;

    • (b) safely vented to outside the vessel; and

    • (c) outside the accommodation spaces and the machinery space.

  • (5) Despite paragraph (4)(c), unless the container contains carbon dioxide, the container may be kept in the machinery space if the space has a gross volume of not more than 57 m3 and is not normally occupied.

  • (6) If the container is connected to a common manifold, a non-return valve must be installed to allow the container to be disconnected

    • (a) without affecting the use of the other containers connected to the common manifold; and

    • (b) in a manner that prevents any discharge at the point of disconnection when the fixed fire-extinguishing system is activated.

Fixed Carbon Dioxide Fire-extinguishing Systems

  •  (1) For the purposes of subsection 339(2), in the case of a fixed carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing system, “certified for marine use by a product certification body” is to be read as “certified for marine use by a product certification body in accordance with the standard NFPA 12, entitled Standard on Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems,”.

  • (2) The quantity of carbon dioxide in a fixed carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing system that serves a machinery space must be sufficient to achieve, at a specific volume of 0.56 m3 per kilogram, a volume of free gas equal to

    • (a) 60% of the gross volume of the space, if that gross volume is not more than 14 m3;

    • (b) 40% of the gross volume of the space, if that gross volume is more than 136 m3; and

    • (c) the percentage obtained by linear interpolation between the percentages set out in paragraphs (a) and (b), if the gross volume of the space is more than 14 m3 but not more than 136 m3.

  • (3) The fixed fire-extinguishing system must release a sufficient quantity of carbon dioxide to allow 85% of the quantity required by subsection (2) to be reached in 120 seconds or less in the machinery space.

Other Fixed Gas Fire-extinguishing Systems

  •  (1) For the purposes of subsection 339(2), in the case of a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system that uses a gas other than carbon dioxide, “certified for marine use by a product certification body” is to be read as “certified for marine use by a product certification body in accordance with the standard NFPA 2001, entitled Standard on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems,”.

  • (2) The quantity of gas in a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system that uses a gas other than carbon dioxide and that serves a machinery space must be sufficient to protect the space. The required quantity of gas must be calculated using the minimum expected ambient temperature in the space, the minimum design concentration of the gas and the net volume of the space.

  • (3) The minimum design concentration of the gas is the greater of

    • (a) the concentration that is 30% above the minimum extinguishing concentration of the gas, when that concentration is determined by a cup burner test, and

    • (b) the extinguishing concentration of the gas, when that concentration is determined by full-scale testing.

  • (4) The net volume of the machinery space is its gross volume, including the volume of the bilge, the volume of the casing and the volume of free air contained in compressed air receivers that can be released into the space in the event of a fire, minus the volume of objects in the space.

  • (5) If the fixed fire-extinguishing system uses halocarbon as the extinguishing agent, the system must release a sufficient quantity of the agent to allow 95% of the minimum design concentration of the agent to be reached in 10 seconds or less in the machinery space. If the system uses an inert gas as the extinguishing agent, the system must release a sufficient quantity of the agent to allow 85% of the minimum design concentration of the agent to be reached in 120 seconds or less in the space.

Fixed Aerosol Fire-extinguishing Systems

  •  (1) For the purposes of subsection 339(2), in the case of a fixed aerosol fire-extinguishing system,

    • (a) “certified for marine use by a product certification body” is to be read as “certified for marine use by a product certification body in accordance with the standard NFPA 2010, entitled Standard for Fixed Aerosol Fire Extinguishing Systems,”; and

    • (b) for the purpose of maintenance of the generator, a machinery space is to be considered a severe environment.

  • (2) The quantity of aerosol in a fixed aerosol fire-extinguishing system that serves a machinery space must be sufficient to protect the space. The required quantity of aerosol must be calculated using the minimum expected ambient temperature in the space, the design application density of the aerosol, the net volume of the space and, if the system uses a condensed aerosol, the efficiency of the system’s generator.

  • (3) The design application density of the aerosol must be at least 30% above the extinguishing application density, when the extinguishing application density of the aerosol is determined by full-scale testing.

  • (4) The net volume of the machinery space is its gross volume, including the volume of the bilge, the volume of the casing, and the volume of free air contained in compressed air receivers that can be released into the space in the event of a fire, minus the volume of objects in the space.

  • (5) The fixed fire-extinguishing system must release a sufficient quantity of aerosol to allow the design application density of the aerosol to be reached in 120 seconds or less in the machinery space.

[348 to 399 reserved]

PART 4Consequential and Related Amendments, Repeal and Coming into Force

Consequential Amendments

Hull Construction Regulations

 [Amendments]

 [Amendments]

 [Amendment]

 [Amendment]

 [Amendment]

 [Amendment]

 [Amendment]

 [Amendment]

Large Fishing Vessel Inspection Regulations

 [Amendment]

 [Amendment]

Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations

 [Amendments]

Marine Machinery Regulations

 [Amendment]

Marine Personnel Regulations

 [Amendments]

Cargo, Fumigation and Tackle Regulations

 [Amendment]

Maritime Occupational Health and Safety Regulations

 [Amendment]

Related Amendment to the Marine Machinery Regulations

 [Amendment]

Repeal

 [Repeal]

Coming into Force

 These Regulations come into force on the day on which they are registered.

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