Regulations Respecting Navigation Safety on the Waters of the Great Lakes from Lake Huron to Lake Erie
P.C. 1984-1383 1984-04-18
His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Transport, pursuant to section 635 of the Canada Shipping Act, is pleased hereby to revoke the St. Clair and Detroit River Vessel Speed Regulations, C.R.C., c. 1469, and, pursuant to sections 635 and 730Footnote * of the said Act, to make the annexed Regulations respecting navigation safety on the waters of the Great Lakes from Lake Huron to Lake Erie, effective on April 30, 1984.
Return to footnote *R.S.C. (2nd Supp.), c. 27, s. 3
1 These Regulations may be cited as the St. Clair and Detroit River Navigation Safety Regulations.
2 In these Regulations,
- Captain of the Port
Captain of the Port means the Captain of the Port for the United States Coast Guard at Detroit, Michigan; (capitaine de port)
- District Commander
District Commander means the District Commander for the Ninth United States Coast Guard District; (commandant du district)
- floating plant
floating plant includes any type of manned barge, scow or similar watercraft that is used for river or harbour improvements, salvage, scientific work, cargo handling, exploration or exploitation of mineral resources, or other similar operations; (installation flottante)
- Harbour Master
Harbour Master means the harbour master appointed for the Windsor harbour; (maître de port)
knot means one nautical mile per hour over the ground; (noeud)
length, in respect of a ship, means the overall length of the ship; (longueur)
mile means the international nautical mile of 1 852 metres; (mille)
- Regional Director General
Regional Director General means the Regional Director General for the Central Region, Canadian Coast Guard, Department of Transport; (directeur général régional)
- SARNIA TRAFFIC
SARNIA TRAFFIC means the Canadian Coast Guard traffic centre at Sarnia, Ontario. (SARNIA TRAFFIC)
- SOR/94-130, s. 1
(a) all ships in the Canadian waters, and
(b) all Canadian ships in the United States’ waters of the lakes and rivers between buoys “1” of the East and West Outer Channels at the Lake Erie entrance to the Detroit River and Lake Huron Cut Lighted Buoy “11” and including the Rouge River and Short Cut Canal from Detroit Edison Cell Light “1” to the head of navigation.
(3) Section 12 applies to
(4) Sections 10, 11 and 12 do not apply to a ship that is
(a) owned by or in the service of the government of Canada or the United States and that is engaged in icebreaking, search and rescue or servicing aids to navigation; or
(b) engaged in river or harbour improvements, where other ships have been warned of those operations and where that ship is operated in a safe and prudent manner.
- SOR/94-130, s. 2
- SOR/2000-264, s. 3
4 In the event of any inconsistency between these Regulations and the laws of the United States, the laws of the United States prevail to the extent of the inconsistency in respect of a Canadian ship while it is in United States’ waters.
5 Every ship shall maintain a continuous listening watch on
(a) channel 11 between Lake Huron Cut Lighted Buoy “11” and Lake St. Clair Light; and
(b) channel 12 between Lake St. Clair Light and Detroit River Light.
6 Every ship shall, at the locations or the time specified in an item of Column I of the schedule when the ship is proceeding in any direction specified in Column II of that item, make a traffic report to SARNIA TRAFFIC on the channel on which it is required to maintain a continuous listening watch, indicating its
(c) intended course of action; and
(d) estimated time of arrival at the next location referred to in Column I of the schedule.
Additional Traffic Reports
(a) when departing from any dock, mooring or anchorage in waters referred to in subsection 3(1), unless the ship is moving within the Rouge River and Short Cut Canal or is a ferry making regular voyages;
(b) before manoeuvring to come about;
(c) when entering waters referred to in subsection 3(1) and shall give
(d) where the ship has an accident or a malfunction of its machinery or equipment that may impair its safe navigation;
(e) where there is an obstruction or other hazard in the channel; and
(f) in the case of a towing ship, where the towing ship is having difficulty controlling its tow.
(2) The reports required by paragraphs (1)(e) and (f) are not required if the information has been promulgated by a Notice to Shipping or by a Notice to Mariners.
- SOR/86-541, s. 1
8 The reports required by sections 6 and 7 are not required when a ship’s radiotelephone installation is not in working condition.
9 No person shall navigate or operate any ship in a manner that is dangerous to any person, that ship, or any other vessel, having regard to all the circumstances, including the nature and condition of the waters being navigated and the use that is or might reasonably be expected to be made of those waters.
10 In the Detroit River,
(a) the West Outer Channel is restricted to downbound ships;
(b) the Amherstburg Channel east of Bois Blanc Island is restricted to upbound ships except where the Regional Director General has authorized a ship to proceed downbound;
(c) the Livingstone Channel west of Bois Blanc Island is restricted to downbound ships; and
(d) between Bar Point Pier Light “D33” and Fighting Island South Light, no ship shall overtake another ship if those ships will meet another ship proceeding in the opposite direction while the overtaking is taking place.
- SOR/86-541, s. 2
- SOR/94-130, s. 3(F)
11 A ship shall not overtake another ship
(a) except a ship engaged in towing, in the
(b) in the Rouge River.
12 The waters between the St. Clair/Black River Junction Light and Lake Huron Cut Lighted Buoy “1” constitute an area of alternating one-way traffic and
(a) no ship may in that area
(b) no moored ship may get underway until it is able to proceed through those waters without passing or being passed by another ship; and
(c) a downbound ship that has reached Lake Huron Cut Light “7” has the right-of-way over an upbound ship that has not yet reached the St. Clair/Black River Junction Light, and an upbound ship awaiting the transit of a downbound ship shall wait its turn below the St. Clair/Black River Junction Light.
- SOR/86-541, s. 3
- SOR/88-102, s. 1
13 [Revoked, SOR/94-130, s. 4]
14 No ship shall embark, disembark or exchange a pilot between the St. Clair/Black River Junction Light and Lake Huron Cut Lighted Buoy “1” unless, because of the weather, it is unsafe to carry out that activity at the normal pilotage ground above Lake Huron Cut Lighted Buoy “1”.
- SOR/86-541, s. 4
- SOR/88-102, s. 2
15 Every ship shall, by using navigation safety calls, communicate its intentions to any other ship in the vicinity and ensure that the movements of the ships are coordinated and there is an agreement between the ships before proceeding to overtake or meet it.
16 In the St. Clair and Detroit Rivers, no ship shall anchor in such a manner that it may swing into the channel or across steering courses.
- SOR/86-541, s. 5(F)
- SOR/94-130, s. 5 (F)
- SOR/98-123, s. 7(F)
17 (1) A floating plant engaged in dredging, construction or wrecking may only be operated, anchored or moored if the person having conduct of the floating plant obtains authorization from the Regional Director General, the District Commander, the Captain of the Port or the Harbour Master having jurisdiction in waters in which the floating plant will operate, anchor or moor.
(2) The authorization referred to in subsection (1) shall be given if the floating plant conforms to such conditions as are necessary to ensure the safety of navigation.
- SOR/86-541, s. 6
- SOR/94-130, s. 6
18 Except when required for the safety of the ship or any other ship, no ship of 20 m or more in length may proceed at a speed greater than
(a) 10.4 knots between
(b) 3.5 knots in the Rouge River; or
(c) five knots in the navigable channel south of Peach Island.
(2) A towing ship engaged in arranging its tow shall not obstruct the navigation of other ships.
- SOR/86-965, s. 2(F)
Temporary Instructions and Prohibitions
20 (1) Notwithstanding anything in these Regulations, where, because of channel obstructions, a casualty, the weather, ice conditions, water levels or other unforeseen or temporary circumstances, compliance with these Regulations would be impossible, impracticable or unsafe or would cause a risk of pollution, the Regional Director General, in the case of Canadian waters, or the District Commander or the Captain of the Port, in the case of United States’ waters, may temporarily instruct ships to proceed in a certain manner or by a certain route, or to anchor in a certain place, or prohibit ships from proceeding or anchoring except as specified in lieu of or in addition to any provisions of these Regulations.
(2) A temporary instruction or prohibition issued by the Regional Director General pursuant to subsection (1) comes into force on its promulgation in a Notice to Shipping or a Notice to Mariners and shall remain in force until its modification or rescission is promulgated in a subsequent Notice to Shipping or Notice to Mariners or until the time specified in the original promulgation.
21 The Regional Director General and the Harbour Master shall exchange with the District Commander and Captain of the Port, forthwith, any information they receive or send that may affect the administration of these Regulations and the respective jurisdictions of those persons.
- SOR/86-965, s. 3(F)
Lake Huron, St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair and Detroit River
|Item||Column I||Column II|
|1||30 minutes north of Lake Huron Cut Lighted Horn Buoy “11”||downbound|
|2||Lake Huron Cut Light “7”||downbound|
|3||Lake Huron Cut Lighted Buoy “I”||upbound|
|4||St. Clair/Black River Junction Light||downbound and upbound|
|5||Stag Island Upper Light||upbound|
|6||Marine City Salt Dock Light||downbound and upbound|
|7||Grande Pointe Light “23”||downbound|
|8||St. Clair Flats Canal Light “2”||upbound|
|9||Lake St. Clair Light||downbound and upbound|
|10||Belle Isle Light||downbound|
|11||Grassy Island Light||downbound and upbound|
|12||Detroit River Light||downbound and upbound|
Rouge River and Short Cut Canal
|Item||Column I||Column II|
|1||20 minutes before entering or leaving the Rouge River or Short Cut Canal||downbound and upbound|
|2||Immediately before entering or leaving the Rouge River or Short Cut Canal||downbound and upbound|
- SOR/86-541, s. 7
- SOR/88-102, s. 3
- Date modified: