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Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (SOR/86-304)

Regulations are current to 2019-08-28 and last amended on 2019-06-25. Previous Versions

PART XIIProtection Equipment and Other Preventive Measures (continued)

Protection Equipment and Procedures (continued)

Protective Headwear

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), if there is a risk of head injury in a work place, the employer must ensure that protective headwear that meets the requirements set out in CSA Group Standard Z94.1, Industrial protective headwear — Performance, selection, care, and use, or in ANSI Standard Z89.1, American National Standard for Industrial Head Protection, is worn.

  • (2) If the employer, in consultation with the policy committee or, if there is no policy committee, the work place committee or the health and safety representative, determines that the protective headwear referred to in subsection (1) does not eliminate or reduce the risk of injury, the employer must ensure that appropriate protective headwear selected by the employer, in consultation with the policy committee or, if there is no policy committee, the work place committee or the health and safety representative, is worn.

  • SOR/94-263, s. 44(F)
  • SOR/95-533, s. 2(F)
  • SOR/2002-208, s. 39
  • SOR/2019-243, s. 4

Protective Footwear

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), if there is a risk of foot injury or electric shock in a work place, the employer must ensure that protective footwear that meets the requirements set out in CSA Group Standard Z195, Protective footwear is worn.

  • (2) If the employer, in consultation with the policy committee or, if there is no policy committee, the work place committee or the health and safety representative, determines that the protective footwear referred to in subsection (1) does not eliminate or reduce the risk of injury, the employer must ensure that appropriate protective footwear selected by them, in consultation with the policy committee or, if there is no policy committee, the work place committee or the health and safety representative, is worn.

  • (3) If there is a risk of injury due to slipping in a work place, the employer must ensure that slip-resistant footwear is worn.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 51(F)
  • SOR/2019-243, s. 4

Eye and Face Protection

  •  (1) If there is a risk of injury to the eyes or face in a work place, the employer must provide every person who is granted access to the work place with eye or face protection equipment that is selected by the employer in accordance with Annex A of CSA Group Standard Z94.3, Eye and face protectors, and that meets the requirements set out in that standard.

  • (2) If there is routine exposure to irritating airborne chemical agents, intense heat, liquid splashes, molten metals or similar agents in a work place, contact lenses must not be worn.

  • SOR/2002-208, s. 27
  • SOR/2019-243, s. 4

Respiratory Protection

  •  (1) If there is a risk of injury or disease due to exposure to an airborne hazardous substance, other than a CBRN agent, or an oxygen-deficient atmosphere in a work place, the employer must provide every person who is granted access to the work place with respiratory protection equipment that

    • (a) is listed in the United States National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health publication entitled Certified Equipment List, as amended from time to time;

    • (b) meets the requirements set out in CSA Group Standard Z94.4, Selection, use, and care of respirators; and

    • (c) protects the respiratory tract against the hazardous substance or oxygen deficiency, as the case may be.

  • (2) If air is provided by means of respiratory protection equipment referred to in subsection (1), the air and the system that supplies the air, including its cylinders, must meet the requirements set out in CSA Group Standard Z180.1, Compressed breathing air and systems.

  • (3) If there is a risk of injury or disease due to exposure to CBRN agents in a work place, the employer must provide every person who is granted access to the work place with respiratory protection equipment for protection against those CBRN agents that

    • (a) in the case of a first responder in respect of events that may involve CBRN agents, meets the requirements set out in CSA Group Standard Z1610, Protection of first responders from chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) events; and

    • (b) in any other case,

      • (i) is listed in the United States National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health publication entitled Certified Equipment List, as amended from time to time, and meets the requirements set out in CSA Group Standard Z94.4, Selection, use, and care of respirators, or

      • (ii) meets the requirements set out in CSA Group Standard Z1610, Protection of first responders from chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) events.

  • (4) The employer must ensure that respiratory protection equipment referred to in subsection (1) and subparagraph (3)(b)(i) is used and cared for in accordance with CSA Group Standard Z94.4, Selection, use, and care of respirators.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 52(F)
  • SOR/2019-243, s. 4

Skin Protection

  •  (1) If there is a risk of injury or disease to or transmitted through the skin in a work place, the employer must provide every person who is granted access to the work place with

    • (a) a shield or screen;

    • (b) a cream or other product to be applied to the skin; or

    • (c) appropriate protective clothing.

  • (2) If sunscreen is provided by the employer, the sunscreen must be broad-spectrum and have a minimum sun protection factor of 30.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 53(F)
  • SOR/2019-243, s. 4

Protection Against Drowning

  •  (1) If there is a risk of drowning in a work place, the employer must

    • (a) provide every person who is granted access to the work place with

      • (i) a life jacket that meets the requirements set out in the Canadian General Standards Board Standard 65.7, Life Jackets, in its 2007 version, as it existed before its withdrawal in November 2016, published on the Government of Canada website publications.gc.ca,

      • (ii) a personal flotation device or buoyancy aid that has a level 70 performance within the meaning of UL Standard 12402-5, Personal flotation devices — Part 5: Buoyancy aids (level 50) — Safety requirements, when tested in accordance with UL Standard 12402-9, Personal Flotation Devices — Part 9: Test Methods, or

      • (iii) a safety net or a personal fall-protection system;

    • (b) provide emergency equipment and ensure that it is in good operating condition and readily available;

    • (c) ensure that a qualified person is available on site to operate the emergency equipment;

    • (d) if appropriate, provide a power boat and ensure that it is in good operating condition and readily available; and

    • (e) prepare written emergency procedures that contain

      • (i) a full description of the procedures to be followed and the responsibilities of all persons who are granted access to the work place, and

      • (ii) the location of any emergency equipment.

  • (2) If the work place is a wharf, dock, pier, quay or similar structure, a ladder that extends at least two rungs below water level must be installed on the face of the structure every 60 m along its length.

  • SOR/2019-243, s. 4

Loose Clothing

 If there is a risk of injury in a work place that is due to loose clothing, long hair, jewellery or similar items, the employer must ensure that, if those items are worn, they are tied, covered or otherwise secured in order to eliminate or reduce the risk of injury.

  • SOR/2019-243, s. 4

Protection Against Moving Vehicles

 If there is a risk of injury in a work place that is due to moving vehicles, the employer must provide every person who is granted access to the work place with high-visibility safety apparel that meets the requirements set out in CSA Group Standard Z96, High-visibility safety apparel.

  • SOR/2019-243, s. 4

Defective Equipment

 If an employee finds a defect in protection equipment that may render it unsafe, they must report the defect to their employer as soon as feasible.

  • SOR/2019-243, s. 4
  •  (1) An employer must remove from service any protection equipment that has a defect that may render it unsafe and must mark or tag that equipment to indicate that it is unsafe for use.

  • (2) Protection equipment that has a defect that renders it unsafe may only be returned to service if it is restored to good operating condition by a qualified person in accordance with section 12.05.

  • SOR/2019-243, s. 4
 
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