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Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870)

Regulations are current to 2022-07-25 and last amended on 2022-07-21. Previous Versions

PART BFoods (continued)

DIVISION 8Dairy Products (continued)

Milk (continued)

 [S]. Evaporated Skim Milk or Concentrated Skim Milk

  • (a) shall be milk that has been concentrated to at least one-half of its original volume by the removal of water;

  • (b) shall contain

    • (i) not more than 0.3 per cent milk fat, and

    • (ii) not less than 17.0 per cent milk solids other than fat;

  • (c) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 and D.01.010, contain added vitamin A in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 1,200 International Units and not more than 2,500 International Units of vitamin A;

  • (d) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 to D.01.011, contain added vitamin C in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 60 milligrams and not more than 75 milligrams of vitamin C;

  • (e) shall contain 2 μg of vitamin D per 100 mL when reconstituted to its original volume; and

  • (f) may contain added disodium phosphate or sodium citrate, or both.

 [S]. Evaporated Partly Skimmed Milk or Concentrated Partly Skimmed Milk

  • (a) shall be milk from which part of the milk fat has been removed;

  • (b) shall be concentrated to at least one-half its original volume by the removal of water;

  • (c) shall contain not less than 17.0 per cent milk solids other than fat; and

  • (d) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 and D.01.010, contain added vitamin A in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 1,200 International Units and not more than 2,500 International Units of vitamin A;

  • (e) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 to D.01.011, contain added vitamin C in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 60 milligrams and not more than 75 milligrams of vitamin C;

  • (f) shall contain 2 μg of vitamin D per 100 mL when reconstituted to its original volume; and

  • (g) may contain

    • (i) an emulsifying agent, and

    • (ii) added disodium phosphate or sodium citrate, or both.

 [S]. Milk Powder, Whole Milk Powder, Dry Whole Milk, or Powdered Whole Milk

  • (a) shall be dried milk;

  • (b) shall contain not less than

    • (i) 95 per cent milk solids, and

    • (ii) 26 per cent milk fat;

  • (c) shall contain 2 μg of vitamin D per 100 mL when reconstituted according to directions for use; and

  • (d) may contain the emulsifying agent lecithin in an amount not exceeding 0.5 per cent.

 [S]. Skim Milk Powder or Dry Skim Milk

  • (a) shall be dried skim milk;

  • (b) shall contain not less than 95 per cent milk solids; and

  • (c) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 and D.01.010, contain added vitamin A in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 1,200 International Units and not more than 2,500 International Units of vitamin A;

  • (d) shall contain 2 μg of vitamin D per 100 mL when reconstituted according to directions for use; and

  • (e) may contain an anti-foaming agent.

 No person shall sell milk powder, whole milk powder, dry whole milk, powdered whole milk, skim milk powder or dry skim milk unless it is free from bacteria of the genus Salmonella, as determined by official method MFO-12, Microbiological Examination of Milk Powder, November 30, 1981.

  • SOR/78-656, s. 6
  • SOR/82-768, s. 15

 No person shall sell milk, skim milk, partly skimmed milk, (naming the flavour) milk, (naming the flavour) skim milk, (naming the flavour) partly skimmed milk, skim milk with added milk solids, partly skimmed milk with added milk solids, (naming the flavour) skim milk with added milk solids, (naming the flavour) partly skimmed milk with added milk solids, condensed milk, evaporated milk, evaporated skim milk, evaporated partly skimmed milk, milk powder or skim milk powder, in which the vitamin content has been increased by either irradiation or addition unless

  • (a) in the case of the addition of vitamin D, the menstruum containing the vitamin D contributes not more than 0.01 per cent fat foreign to milk; and

  • (b) in cases where the vitamin D content is increased by irradiation, the principal display panel of the label carries the statement “Vitamin D Increased” immediately preceding or following the name of the food, without intervening written, printed or graphic matter.

  • SOR/88-336, s. 3

 [S]. (naming the flavour) Milk

  • (a) shall be the product made from

    • (i) milk, milk powder, skim milk, skim milk powder, partly skimmed milk, evaporated milk, evaporated partly skimmed milk, evaporated skim milk or cream or any combination thereof,

    • (ii) a flavouring preparation, and

    • (iii) a sweetening agent;

  • (b) shall contain not less than three per cent milk fat;

  • (c) shall contain 2 μg of vitamin D per 100 mL;

  • (d) may contain salt, food colour, lactase, stabilizing agent and not more than 0.5 per cent starch; and

  • (e) may contain not more than 50,000 total aerobic bacteria per cubic centimetre, as determined by official method MFO-7, Microbiological Examination of Milk, November 30, 1981.

 [S]. (naming the flavour) Skim Milk

  • (a) shall be the product made from

    • (i) skim milk, skim milk powder or evaporated skim milk or any combination thereof,

    • (ii) a flavouring preparation, and

    • (iii) a sweetening agent;

  • (b) shall contain not more than 0.3 per cent milk fat;

  • (c) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 and D.01.010, contain added vitamin A in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 1,200 International Units and not more than 2,500 International Units of vitamin A;

  • (d) shall contain 2 μg of vitamin D per 100 mL; and

  • (e) may contain salt, food colour, lactase, stabilizing agent and not more than 0.5 per cent starch.

 [S]. (naming the flavour) Partly (Partially) Skimmed Milk

  • (a) shall be the product made from

    • (i) milk, milk powder, skim milk, skim milk powder, partly skimmed milk, evaporated milk, evaporated partly skimmed milk, evaporated skim milk or cream or any combination thereof,

    • (ii) a flavouring preparation, and

    • (iii) a sweetening agent;

  • (b) shall contain more than 0.3 per cent and less than 3.0 per cent milk fat;

  • (c) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 and D.01.010, contain added vitamin A in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 1,200 International Units and not more than 2,500 International Units of vitamin A;

  • (d) shall contain 2 μg of vitamin D per 100 mL;

  • (e) may contain salt, food colour, lactase, stabilizing agent and not more than 0.5 per cent starch; and

  • (f) may contain not more than 50,000 total aerobic bacteria per cubic centimetre, as determined by official method MFO-7, Microbiological Examination of Milk, November 30, 1981.

 [S]. Skim Milk with Added Milk Solids

  • (a) shall be skim milk to which has been added skim milk powder or evaporated skim milk or both;

  • (b) shall contain not less than 10 per cent milk solids;

  • (c) shall contain not more than 0.3 per cent milk fat;

  • (d) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 and D.01.010, contain added vitamin A in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the dairy product contains not less than 1,200 International Units and not more than 2,500 International Units of vitamin A; and

  • (e) shall contain 2 μg of vitamin D per 100 mL.

 [S]. Partly Skimmed Milk with Added Milk Solids or Partially Skimmed Milk with Added Milk Solids

  • (a) shall be partly skimmed milk to which has been added skim milk powder, milk powder, evaporated milk, evaporated partly skimmed milk or evaporated skim milk or any combination thereof;

  • (b) shall contain not less than 10 per cent milk solids not including fat; and

  • (c) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 and D.01.010, contain added vitamin A in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 1,200 International Units and not more than 2,500 International Units of vitamin A; and

  • (d) shall contain 2 μg of vitamin D per 100 mL.

 [S]. Malted Milk or Malted Milk Powder

  • (a) shall be the product made by combining milk with the liquid separated from a mash of ground barley malt and meal;

  • (b) may have added to it, in such manner as to secure the full enzyme action of the malt extract, salt and sodium bicarbonate or potassium bicarbonate;

  • (c) may have water removed from it; and

  • (d) shall contain

    • (i) not less than 7.5 per cent milk fat, and

    • (ii) not more than 3.5 per cent moisture.

 [S]. (naming the flavour) Malted Milk or (naming the flavour) Malted Milk Powder

  • (a) shall be malted milk or malted milk powder containing a flavouring preparation; and

  • (b) may contain lactase.

  • SOR/84-762, s. 4

 [S]. (naming the flavour) Skim Milk with Added Milk Solids

  • (a) shall be the product made from

    • (i) skim milk, skim milk powder, or evaporated skim milk or any combination thereof,

    • (ii) a flavouring preparation, and

    • (iii) a sweetening agent;

  • (b) shall contain not less than 10 per cent milk solids not including fat;

  • (c) shall contain not more than 0.3 per cent milk fat;

  • (d) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 and D.01.010, contain added vitamin A in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 1,200 International Units and not more than 2,500 International Units of vitamin A;

  • (e) shall contain 2 μg of vitamin D per 100 mL; and

  • (f) may contain salt, food colour, lactase, stabilizing agent and not more than 0.5 per cent starch.

 No person shall sell milk for manufacture into dairy products if it contains more than

  • (a) two million total aerobic bacteria per millilitre, as determined by official method MFO-7, Microbiological Examination of Milk, November 30, 1981; or

  • (b) two milligrams of sediment per 16 fluid ounces, as determined by official method MFO-8, Determination of Sediment in Milk, November 30, 1981.

  • SOR/82-768, s. 18

 No manufacturer shall purchase milk for manufacture or manufacture milk into other dairy products if he has reason to believe it does not meet the requirements of section B.08.024.

 [S]. (naming the flavour) Partly (Partially) Skimmed Milk with Added Milk Solids

  • (a) shall be the product made from

    • (i) milk, milk powder, skim milk, skim milk powder, partly skimmed milk, evaporated milk, evaporated partly skimmed milk, evaporated skim milk or cream or any combination thereof,

    • (ii) a flavouring preparation, and

    • (iii) a sweetening agent;

  • (b) shall contain not less than 10 per cent milk solids not including fat;

  • (c) shall contain more than 0.3 per cent and less than 3.0 per cent milk fat;

  • (d) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 and D.01.010, contain added vitamin A in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 1,200 International Units and not more than 2,500 International Units of vitamin A;

  • (e) shall contain 2 μg of vitamin D per 100 mL;

  • (f) may contain salt, food colour, lactase, stabilizing agent and not more than 0.5 per cent starch; and

  • (g) may contain not more than 50,000 total aerobic bacteria per cubic centimetre, as determined by official method MFO-7, Microbiological Examination of Milk, November 30, 1981.

 
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