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Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations (SOR/2013-24)

Regulations are current to 2024-02-06 and last amended on 2022-10-03. Previous Versions

Labelling (continued)

Marginal note:Trailers not certified by EPA

  •  (1) Every box van trailer and non-box trailer that is imported or manufactured in Canada — other than EPA-certified trailers that bear the U.S. emission control information label referred to in subparagraph 53(d)(i) — must bear a compliance label that sets out the following information:

    • (a) subject to subsection (2), the statement “THIS TRAILER CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE STANDARDS PRESCRIBED BY THE CANADIAN REGULATIONS ENTITLED Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations IN EFFECT FOR MODEL YEAR [insert model year] / CETTE REMORQUE EST CONFORME AUX NORMES QUI LUI SONT APPLICABLES PRÉVUES AU RÈGLEMENT CANADIEN INTITULÉ Règlement sur les émissions de gaz à effet de serre des véhicules lourds et de leurs moteurs EN VIGUEUR POUR L’ANNÉE DE MODÈLE [inscrire l’année de modèle]”;

    • (b) the name of the trailer’s manufacturer;

    • (c) the trailer’s model year if a national emissions mark is applied to it;

    • (d) subject to subsection (3), the trailer’s date of manufacture;

    • (e) the type of trailer, in both official languages;

    • (f) the trailer family’s identification code; and

    • (g) in the case of a trailer that is exempted under section 17.1 or 17.2, a statement in both official languages that the trailer is exempted under that section and, if not already indicated under paragraph (c), the trailer’s model year.

  • Marginal note:National emissions mark

    (2) Paragraph (1)(a) does not apply if a national emissions mark is applied to the trailer.

  • Marginal note:Date of manufacture

    (3) The trailer’s date of manufacture may, instead of being set out on the label, be permanently affixed, engraved or stamped on the trailer.

  • SOR/2018-98, s. 10

Marginal note:Requirements

 Any label that is required by these Regulations, other than a U.S. emission control information label or U.S. engine information label referred to in paragraph 53(d), must

  • (a) be applied to a conspicuous and readily accessible location;

  • (b) be permanently applied to the vehicle or the trailer and, in the case of an engine, be permanently applied to an engine part that is necessary for normal engine operation and does not normally require replacement during the engine’s useful life;

  • (c) be resistant to or protected against any weather condition;

  • (d) have lettering that is

    • (i) clear and indelible,

    • (ii) indented, embossed or in a colour that contrasts with the background colour of the label, and

    • (iii) in block capitals and numerals that are not less than 2 mm in height; and

  • (e) have units that are identified by the appropriate name or symbol.

  • SOR/2018-98, s. 11

Vehicles Manufactured in Stages

Marginal note:Requirements

  •  (1) If a company alters a heavy-duty vehicle or heavy-duty incomplete vehicle that was in conformity with these Regulations in such a manner that its stated type of vehicle referred to in paragraph 18(3)(a) is no longer accurate, or if the company alters the emission control system, alters an engine configuration in a way that might affect emissions or replaces any of the components of the vehicle that might alter the value of a parameter used in the GEM computer simulation model, the company must

    • (a) ensure that the U.S. emission control information label referred to in subparagraph 53(d)(i), the compliance label referred to in section 9 and the national emissions mark, as the case may be, remain applied to the altered vehicle;

    • (b) ensure that the vehicle, once altered, conforms to all applicable standards;

    • (c) apply to the altered vehicle an additional label that sets out the following information:

      • (i) the words “THIS VEHICLE WAS ALTERED BY / CE VÉHICULE A ÉTÉ MODIFIÉ PAR”, followed by the name of the company that altered the vehicle,

      • (ii) the month and year during which the alteration was made to the vehicle,

      • (iii) the national emissions mark, and

      • (iv) the type of vehicle referred to in paragraph 18(3)(a), if it differs from the type set out on the compliance label referred to in section 9 or if the regulatory subcategory that is set out on the U.S. emission control information label referred to in subparagraph 53(d)(i) is changed, as the case may be; and

    • (d) obtain and produce the evidence of conformity referred to in section 54 for the altered vehicle in a form and manner that is satisfactory to the Minister before the vehicle leaves its possession or control.

  • Marginal note:National emissions mark

    (2) The national emissions mark referred to in subparagraph (1)(c)(iii) must be displayed on a label applied to the vehicle immediately beside any previously applied label on which the national emissions mark appears or immediately beside the U.S. emission control information label referred to in subparagraph 53(d)(i).

  • Marginal note:Non-participation in credit system

    (3) A company that alters a vehicle in accordance with this section must not participate in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47 with respect to that altered vehicle.

  • SOR/2018-98, s. 12

Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards

General

Application

[
  • SOR/2018-98, s. 13
]

Marginal note:January 1, 2014

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), these Regulations apply to vehicles for which the main assembly is completed on or after January 1, 2014.

  • Marginal note:Election

    (2) A company may elect to comply with these Regulations with respect to its heavy-duty vehicles of the 2014 model year for which the main assembly is completed before January 1, 2014 for the purpose of participation in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47.

Marginal note:January 1, 2020

 These Regulations apply to trailers whose manufacture is completed on or after January 1, 2020.

  • SOR/2018-98, s. 14

Engine Installed in Heavy-duty Vehicle

Marginal note:Vocational vehicles or tractors

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (4), every vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor and incomplete tractor whose main assembly is completed after the coming into force of this section must be equipped with a heavy-duty engine that conforms to the following standards:

    • (a) the standards set out in the On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations that are applicable to heavy-duty engines as defined in subsection 1(1) of those Regulations that are of the following model year:

      • (i) in the case of a vehicle whose main assembly is completed before January 1, 2021, the model year of the engine with which the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor is equipped, and

      • (ii) in the case of a vehicle whose main assembly is completed on or after January 1, 2021, the model year that corresponds to

        • (A) the calendar year during which the main assembly of the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor in which the engine is installed is completed,

        • (B) the calendar year after the calendar year during which the main assembly of the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor in which the engine is installed is completed, or

        • (C) if the conditions set out in subparagraph 4(3)(b)(i) or clause 4(3)(b)(ii)(A) or (B) are met, the calendar year before the calendar year during which the main assembly of the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor in which the engine is installed is completed; and

    • (b) the standards set out in these Regulations that are applicable to engines that are of the following model year:

      • (i) in the case of a vehicle whose main assembly is completed before January 1, 2021, the model year of the engine with which the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor is equipped, and

      • (ii) in the case of a vehicle whose main assembly is completed on or after January 1, 2021, the model year that corresponds to

        • (A) the calendar year during which the main assembly of the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor in which the engine is installed is completed,

        • (B) the calendar year after the calendar year during which the main assembly of the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor in which the engine is installed is completed, or

        • (C) if the conditions set out in subparagraph 4(3)(b)(i) or clause 4(3)(b)(ii)(A) or (B) are met, the calendar year before the calendar year during which the main assembly of the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor in which the engine is installed is completed.

  • Marginal note:Election

    (2) A company may elect not to comply with subsection (1) for a vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor if the company reports this election in its end of model year report in accordance with section 48 and the vehicle’s engine has previously been sold to a first retail purchaser and

    • (a) has not reached the end of its useful life since its original date of manufacture;

    • (b) has accumulated less than 160 935 km (100,000 miles) of operation since its original date of manufacture;

    • (c) less than three years have passed since its original date of manufacture; or

    • (d) is of the 2010 model year or a subsequent model year.

  • Marginal note:Standards — engine installed in vehicle

    (3) The engine referred to in subsection (2) must conform to

    • (a) the standards set out in the On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations that are applicable to heavy-duty engines as defined in subsection 1(1) of those Regulations that are of the model year corresponding to the engine’s original date of manufacture; and

    • (b) the standards set out in these Regulations that are applicable to engines that are of the model year corresponding to the engine’s original date of manufacture.

  • Marginal note:Hybrid vehicles — alternate engine standards

    (4) In the case of vocational vehicles, incomplete vocational vehicles, tractors and incomplete tractors that are or are to become hybrid vehicles whose engine provides energy to the vehicle’s energy storage features, if there are no engines on the market that conform to the standards referred to in subsection (1) and that have the physical or performance characteristics necessary for the operation of the vehicle, a company may, for any given model year up to and including the 2027 model year, elect to equip up to 100 such vehicles with a heavy-duty engine that, instead of conforming to the standards referred to in that subsection, conforms to the alternative standards set out in section 10(g) or 11(g), as the case may be, of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart A, of the CFR.

Heavy-duty Vehicles, Heavy-duty Engines and Trailers Covered by EPA Certificate

Marginal note:Conforming to EPA certificate

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (4), (7.1) and (8), a heavy-duty vehicle, heavy-duty engine or trailer of a given model year that is covered by an EPA certificate and bears the U.S. emission control information label or U.S. engine information label referred to in paragraph 53(d) must conform to the certification and in-use standards referred to in the EPA certificate instead of to the following standards, whichever apply:

    • (a) sections 14 to 16 and subsection 20(1) for Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles, excluding those that are vocational vehicles or incomplete vocational vehicles;

    • (b) sections 14 to 16 and, as the case may be, subsection 26(1), (1.1), (1.2) or (1.3) for vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles;

    • (c) sections 14 to 16 and, as the case may be, subsection 27(1) or paragraph 27(1.1)(a) for tractors and incomplete tractors;

    • (d) sections 14 and 15 and subsection 29(1) and, as the case may be, section 30 or subsection 31(1), (2) or (5) for heavy-duty engines; and

    • (e) section 15 and, as the case may be, subsection 16.1(1) or 33.1(1) or (2) for trailers.

  • Marginal note:Exceeding N2O or CH4 emission standard — vehicles

    (2) Subsections 20(3) to (6) apply in respect of a company’s Class 2B or Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles or cab-complete vehicles — excluding those that are vocational vehicles or incomplete vocational vehicles — that are covered by an EPA certificate and, as the case may be, conform to a N2O or CH4 family emission limit that exceeds the N2O or CH4 emission standard applicable to their model year under these Regulations.

  • Marginal note:Comply with CO2 emission credit system

    (3) Despite subsection (1), when a company participates in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47 for its heavy-duty vehicles or heavy-duty engines that are covered by an EPA certificate, it must comply with the CO2 emission credit system provisions that relate to the emission standards referred to in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Fleets — vehicles

    (4) A company that manufactures or imports a vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor that is covered by an EPA certificate and conforms to a CO2 family emission limit that exceeds the CO2 emission standard applicable to the model year of that vehicle under these Regulations, must participate in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47 and must, in accordance with section 18, group into fleets

    • (a) at least 50% of its vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles and at least 50% of its tractors and incomplete tractors of the 2015 model year if the number of heavy-duty vehicles it sold in Canada is greater than 500;

    • (b) at least 75% of its vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles and at least 75% of its tractors and incomplete tractors of the 2016 model year if the number of heavy-duty vehicles it sold in Canada is greater than 500; and

    • (c) all its 2017 and subsequent model year heavy-duty vehicles.

  • Marginal note:Credits — heavy-duty vehicles of 2015 and 2016 model years

    (5) Unless a company elects to group all its vocational vehicles, incomplete vocational vehicles, tractors and incomplete tractors into fleets, credits obtained under paragraph (4)(a) or (b), as the case may be, for an averaging set of heavy-duty vehicles of the 2015 or 2016 model year may only be used to offset a deficit incurred for that averaging set of the same model year, after which the credits are no longer valid.

  • Marginal note:If all vehicles grouped into fleets

    (6) For the purposes of subsection (4),

    • (a) credits obtained for the 2014 model year may be used to offset a deficit for an averaging set of the 2015 model year if the company groups into fleets all its vehicles of the 2014 and 2015 model years;

    • (b) credits obtained for the 2014 and 2015 model years may be used to offset a deficit for an averaging set of the 2016 model year if the company groups into fleets all its vehicles of the 2014, 2015 and 2016 model years; and

    • (c) credits obtained for the 2014, 2015 and 2016 model years may be used to offset a deficit for an averaging set of the 2017 or subsequent model year if the company groups into fleets all its vehicles of the 2014, 2015 and 2016 model years.

  • Marginal note:Early action credits

    (7) For the purposes of subsection (4), for an averaging set of the 2014, 2015 or 2016 model year, a company may use early action credits obtained in accordance with section 47 if the company groups into fleets all its vocational vehicles, incomplete vocational vehicles, tractors and incomplete tractors of the averaging set for the model year in which the early action credits are used.

  • Marginal note:Exceeding N2O or CH4 emission standard — engines

    (7.1) Subsections 29(4) to (7) apply in respect of a company’s heavy-duty engines that are covered by an EPA certificate if

    • (a) the engines conform to a N2O or CH4 family emission limit that exceeds the N2O or CH4 emission standard applicable to engines of their model year under these Regulations; and

    • (b) the number of engines referred to in paragraph (a) that are sold in Canada by the company

      • (i) is greater than 100 but less than or equal to 1000 and is more than twice the number of engines sold in the United States that are of the same engine family, or

      • (ii) is greater than 1000 and exceeds the number of engines sold in the United States that are of the same engine family.

  • Marginal note:Fleets — engines

    (8) A company that manufactures or imports an engine that is covered by an EPA certificate must group all its engines into fleets in accordance with section 18 and must participate in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47 if the following conditions are met:

    • (a) the engine conforms to a CO2 family certification level that exceeds the CO2 emission standard applicable to that engine’s model year under these Regulations; and

    • (b) the number of engines referred to in paragraph (a) sold in Canada by the company

      • (i) is greater than 100 but less than or equal to 1000 and is more than twice the number of engines sold in the United States that are of the same engine family, or

      • (ii) is greater than 1000 and exceeds the number of engines sold in the United States that are of the same engine family.

  • Marginal note:Comply with CO2 emission credit system

    (8.1) Despite subsection (1), if a company participates in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 47.1 to 47.5 for its full-aero box van trailers that are covered by an EPA certificate, it must comply with the CO2 emission credit system provisions that relate to the emission standards referred to in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Fleets — trailers

    (8.2) A company that manufactures or imports a full-aero box van trailer of the 2027 model year or a subsequent model year that is covered by an EPA certificate and conforms to a CO2 family emission limit that exceeds the CO2 emission standard applicable to the model year of that trailer under these Regulations must group all of its full-aero box van trailers of that model year into fleets or subfleets, as the case may be, in accordance with section 18 and participate in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 47.1 to 47.5.

  • Marginal note:Subsection 153(3) of Act

    (9) For the purposes of subsection 153(3) of the Act, the provisions of the CFR that are applicable under an EPA certificate to a vehicle, engine or trailer referred to in subsection (1) correspond to the standards referred to in paragraphs (1)(a) to (e).

  • Marginal note:EPA

    (10) For the purposes of subsection 153(3) of the Act, the EPA is the prescribed agency.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 64
  • SOR/2018-98, ss. 15, 60
 

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