Canada Oil and Gas Geophysical Operations Regulations (SOR/96-117)

Regulations are current to 2019-06-20

Canada Oil and Gas Geophysical Operations Regulations

SOR/96-117

CANADA OIL AND GAS OPERATIONS ACT

Registration 1996-02-13

Regulations Respecting Geophysical Operations in Relation to Exploration for Oil and Gas in any Area to which the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act Applies

P.C. 1996-166  1996-02-13

Whereas, pursuant to subsection 15(1) of the Canada Oil and Gas Operations ActFootnote *, a copy of the proposed Regulations respecting geophysical operations in relation to exploration for oil and gas in any area to which the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act applies, substantially in the form set out in the annexed text, was published in the Canada Gazette Part I on June 11, 1994, and a reasonable opportunity was afforded to interested persons to make representations with respect thereto;

Therefore, His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Natural Resources and the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, pursuant to section 14Footnote ** of the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act, is pleased hereby to make the annexed Regulations respecting geophysical operations in relation to exploration for oil and gas in any area to which the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act applies.

Short Title

 These Regulations may be cited as the Canada Oil and Gas Geophysical Operations Regulations.

Interpretation

 In these Regulations,

Act

Act means the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act; (Loi)

complement

complement, in respect of a vessel or platform from which an offshore geophysical operation is conducted, means all persons on the vessel or platform whose primary duties relate to the operation of the vessel or platform; (équipage)

conservation officer

conservation officer means the person appointed as such pursuant to section 53 of the Act; (agent du contrôle de l’exploitation)

explosive

explosive has the same meaning as in section 2 of the Explosives Act; (explosif)

geophysical crew

geophysical crew means all persons engaged in a geophysical operation, but does not include any member of the complement; (équipe d’étude géophysique)

geophysical operation

geophysical operation means the measurement or investigation, by indirect methods, of the subsurface of the earth for the purpose of locating oil or gas or of determining the nature of the seabed and subsurface conditions at a proposed drilling site or of a proposed pipeline route, and includes a seismic survey, resistivity survey, gravimetric survey, magnetic survey, electrical survey and geochemical survey and any work preparatory to that measurement or investigation, such as field tests of energy sources, calibration of instruments and cable ballasting, but does not include a velocity survey or a vertical seismic survey that is not a walkaway vertical seismic survey; (étude géophysique)

geophysical operation authorization

geophysical operation authorization means an authorization issued pursuant to paragraph 5(1)(b) of the Act to conduct a geophysical operation; (autorisation d’étude géophysique)

gravimetric survey

gravimetric survey means a geophysical operation that measures the properties of the earth’s gravitational field; (étude gravimétrique)

interest

interest has the same meaning as in section 2 of the Canada Petroleum Resources Act; (titre)

magnetic survey

magnetic survey means a geophysical operation that measures the properties of the earth’s magnetic field; (étude magnétique)

non-exclusive survey

non-exclusive survey means a geophysical operation that is conducted to acquire data for the purpose of sale, in whole or in part, to the public; (étude non exclusive)

offshore geophysical operation

offshore geophysical operation means a geophysical operation that is not an onshore geophysical operation; (étude géophysique extracôtière)

onshore geophysical operation

onshore geophysical operation means a geophysical operation that is conducted on or over land not normally submerged or on or over ice; (étude géophysique sur terre)

operator

operator means a person who holds a geophysical operation authorization; (exploitant)

participant

participant means a person who is a party to an agreement pursuant to which a participation survey is conducted; (participant)

participation survey

participation survey means a geophysical operation that is conducted by an operator pursuant to an agreement between the operator and one or more participants to acquire data that are to be shared among the participants; (étude en participation)

seismic energy source

seismic energy source means an energy source that is used to generate acoustic waves in a seismic survey; (source d’énergie sismique)

seismic survey

seismic survey means a geophysical operation that uses a seismic energy source to generate acoustic waves that propagate through the earth, are reflected from or refracted along subsurface layers of the earth, and are subsequently recorded; (étude sismique)

shotpoint

shotpoint means the surface location of a seismic energy source. (point de tir)

PART IGeneral

Geophysical Operation Authorization

 Any person may apply for a geophysical operation authorization by submitting to the Chief Conservation Officer three copies of a completed application form.

  •  (1) Subject to section 5, an application in respect of an offshore geophysical operation shall be submitted not less than

    • (a) 30 days before the planned commencement date of the operation, if chemical explosives are not the proposed seismic energy source; and

    • (b) 90 days before the planned commencement date of the operation, if chemical explosives are the proposed seismic energy source.

  • (2) Subject to section 5, an application in respect of an onshore geophysical operation shall be submitted not less than 30 days before the planned commencement date of the operation.

  •  (1) An application to extend the duration for which a geophysical operation has been authorized shall be submitted at least 15 days before the end of the period being extended or, where the commencement date is being modified, the planned new commencement date.

  • (2) An application in respect of any modification of a geophysical operation that has been authorized, other than a modification of its duration, shall be submitted at least 15 days before the commencement of the geophysical operation or, where the geophysical operation has commenced, the start of the geophysical operation as modified.

 When a geophysical operation is commenced, terminated or cancelled by an operator, the operator shall forthwith notify the Chief Conservation Officer in writing of the date of commencement, termination or cancellation.

 Every operator shall post a copy of the geophysical operation authorization in a conspicuous location in the vessel, platform or aircraft from which the geophysical operation is conducted or, in the case of an onshore geophysical operation, at the field location of that operation.

Damage to Property

 Every operator shall take all reasonable safeguards against damage to property as a result of a geophysical operation.

Fire

 Where a fire occurs as a result of a geophysical operation, the operator shall take all safe and reasonable measures to control and extinguish the fire and to minimize any danger to persons, property or the environment that results or may reasonably be expected to result from the fire.

Refuse

 Subject to any other applicable law, every operator shall ensure that all refuse produced as a result of a geophysical operation is handled in the following manner:

  • (a) all fuel, oil, oily material or lubricants are collected in a closed system that is designed for that purpose;

  • (b) all oil or oily material that is not burned at the field location where the operation is conducted and all non-combustible material is transported in a suitable container to, and disposed of at, a suitable waste disposal facility on land; and

  • (c) where combustible material is burned on a vessel or platform, precautions are taken to ensure that the fire does not endanger any person or the safety of the vessel or platform.

PART IIOffshore Geophysical Operations

Air Gun System

 Where an operator who is conducting an offshore geophysical operation uses or intends to use an air gun as a seismic energy source, the operator shall ensure that

  • (a) all air gun components are maintained in good operating condition and are kept free from dirt, oil and excess grease;

  • (b) during the operation, the air vessels, air manifolds, air lines, electrical lines and the compressor of the air gun system are regularly inspected for signs of abrasion and wear, and that the compressor, where defective, and any defective air vessels are promptly repaired or replaced and any defective manifolds or lines are promptly replaced;

  • (c) all fittings, valves, hoses, electrical lines, pipes or other components used for an air gun comply with the manufacturer’s specifications for that air gun;

  • (d) where there is air pressure in the air gun, the pressure is maintained as low as is practicable but sufficiently high to ensure that the air gun remains seated and that there is no danger of accidental firing;

  • (e) no maintenance of the air gun is carried out until

    • (i) the air pressure in the air gun and the air line connected to the air gun has been completely bled off, and

    • (ii) the shuttle of the air gun can be moved freely by use of a wooden safety tool to confirm that the air gun has been completely depressurized; and

  • (f) where more than one air gun is used as a seismic energy source, a procedure is established and followed for the connection of each air gun to its air line and pressure control valve.

 
Date modified: