Corrections and Conditional Release Act (S.C. 1992, c. 20)

Act current to 2014-10-15 and last amended on 2014-09-19. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Application to persons subject to long-term supervision order

 A person who is required to be supervised by a long-term supervision order is deemed to be an offender for the purposes of this Part, and sections 3, 4, 23 to 27, 55 and 56, subsections 57(2) and 66(3), sections 68, 69, 76, 77 and 79 to 82, paragraph 87(b) and sections 90 and 91 apply, with such modifications as the circumstances require, to the person and to the long-term supervision of that person.

  • 1997, c. 17, s. 12.

Purpose and Principles

Marginal note:Purpose of correctional system

 The purpose of the federal correctional system is to contribute to the maintenance of a just, peaceful and safe society by

  • (a) carrying out sentences imposed by courts through the safe and humane custody and supervision of offenders; and

  • (b) assisting the rehabilitation of offenders and their reintegration into the community as law-abiding citizens through the provision of programs in penitentiaries and in the community.

Marginal note:Paramount consideration

 The protection of society is the paramount consideration for the Service in the corrections process.

  • 2012, c. 1, s. 54.
Marginal note:Principles that guide Service

 The principles that guide the Service in achieving the purpose referred to in section 3 are as follows:

  • (a) the sentence is carried out having regard to all relevant available information, including the stated reasons and recommendations of the sentencing judge, the nature and gravity of the offence, the degree of responsibility of the offender, information from the trial or sentencing process, the release policies of and comments from the Parole Board of Canada and information obtained from victims, offenders and other components of the criminal justice system;

  • (b) the Service enhances its effectiveness and openness through the timely exchange of relevant information with victims, offenders and other components of the criminal justice system and through communication about its correctional policies and programs to victims, offenders and the public;

  • (c) the Service uses measures that are consistent with the protection of society, staff members and offenders and that are limited to only what is necessary and proportionate to attain the purposes of this Act;

  • (d) offenders retain the rights of all members of society except those that are, as a consequence of the sentence, lawfully and necessarily removed or restricted;

  • (e) the Service facilitates the involvement of members of the public in matters relating to the operations of the Service;

  • (f) correctional decisions are made in a forthright and fair manner, with access by the offender to an effective grievance procedure;

  • (g) correctional policies, programs and practices respect gender, ethnic, cultural and linguistic differences and are responsive to the special needs of women, aboriginal peoples, persons requiring mental health care and other groups;

  • (h) offenders are expected to obey penitentiary rules and conditions governing temporary absences, work release, parole, statutory release and long-term supervision and to actively participate in meeting the objectives of their correctional plans, including by participating in programs designed to promote their rehabilitation and reintegration; and

  • (i) staff members are properly selected and trained and are given

    • (i) appropriate career development opportunities,

    • (ii) good working conditions, including a workplace environment that is free of practices that undermine a person’s sense of personal dignity, and

    • (iii) opportunities to participate in the development of correctional policies and programs.

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 4;
  • 1995, c. 42, s. 2(F);
  • 2012, c. 1, ss. 54, 160.