Corrections and Conditional Release Act (S.C. 1992, c. 20)

Act current to 2016-04-12 and last amended on 2015-07-23. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Copy of decision

 At the request of a victim, or a person referred to in subsection 142(3), the Board shall, despite section 144, provide the victim or person with a copy of any decision rendered by it under this Part or under paragraph 746.1(2)(c) or (3)(c) of the Criminal Code in relation to the offender and its reasons for that decision, unless doing so could reasonably be expected

  • (a) to jeopardize the safety of any person;

  • (b) to reveal a source of information obtained in confidence; or

  • (c) to prevent the successful reintegration of the offender into society.

  • 2015, c. 13, s. 51.

Review and Evidence

Marginal note:Documents admissible

 A decision, order, warrant or certificate purporting to be signed by a member of the Board or a person designated by the Chairperson of the Board is admissible in any court and is evidence of its contents without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed it.

Organization of the Board

Appeal Division

Marginal note:Constitution of Appeal Division
  •  (1) There shall be a division of the Board known as the Appeal Division, consisting of not more than six full-time members — one of whom shall be designated Vice-Chairperson, Appeal Division — and a number of part-time members designated in both cases by the Governor in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister, from among the members appointed under section 103.

  • Marginal note:Disqualification

    (2) A member of the Appeal Division may not sit on an appeal from a decision in which the member participated.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3) A member of a panel of the Appeal Division that orders a new review of a case pursuant to subsection 147(4) may not sit on the panel of the Board that reviews the case or on a panel of the Appeal Division that subsequently reviews the case on an appeal.

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 146;
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 100.

Appeal to Appeal Division

Marginal note:Right of appeal
  •  (1) An offender may appeal a decision of the Board to the Appeal Division on the ground that the Board, in making its decision,

    • (a) failed to observe a principle of fundamental justice;

    • (b) made an error of law;

    • (c) breached or failed to apply a policy adopted pursuant to subsection 151(2);

    • (d) based its decision on erroneous or incomplete information; or

    • (e) acted without jurisdiction or beyond its jurisdiction, or failed to exercise its jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Decision of Vice-Chairperson

    (2) The Vice-Chairperson, Appeal Division, may refuse to hear an appeal, without causing a full review of the case to be undertaken, where, in the opinion of the Vice-Chairperson,

    • (a) the appeal is frivolous or vexatious;

    • (b) the relief sought is beyond the jurisdiction of the Board;

    • (c) the appeal is based on information or on a new parole or statutory release plan that was not before the Board when it rendered the decision appealed from; or

    • (d) at the time the notice of appeal is received by the Appeal Division, the offender has ninety days or less to serve before being released from imprisonment.

  • Marginal note:Time and manner of appeal

    (3) The time within which and the manner in which a decision of the Board may be appealed shall be as prescribed by the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Decision on appeal

    (4) The Appeal Division, on the completion of a review of a decision appealed from, may

    • (a) affirm the decision;

    • (b) affirm the decision but order a further review of the case by the Board on a date earlier than the date otherwise provided for the next review;

    • (c) order a new review of the case by the Board and order the continuation of the decision pending the review; or

    • (d) reverse, cancel or vary the decision.

  • Marginal note:Conditions of immediate release

    (5) The Appeal Division shall not render a decision under subsection (4) that results in the immediate release of an offender from imprisonment unless it is satisfied that

    • (a) the decision appealed from cannot reasonably be supported in law, under the applicable policies of the Board, or on the basis of the information available to the Board in its review of the case; and

    • (b) a delay in releasing the offender from imprisonment would be unfair.

Head Office and Regions

Marginal note:Head office
  •  (1) The head office of the Board shall be located in the National Capital Region as described in the schedule to the National Capital Act, but meetings of the Board or of the Executive Committee of the Board may be held at such times and places as the Chairperson of the Board directs.

  • Marginal note:Regional offices

    (2) The Board shall maintain at least one regional office at a place determined by the Chairperson, after consultation with the Minister, in each of the following regions of Canada, namely, the Atlantic region, Quebec, Ontario, the Prairie region and the Pacific region.

Marginal note:Regional divisions
  •  (1) There shall be regional divisions of the Board consisting of the members assigned to them, who shall exercise such functions of the Board, under this or any other Act of Parliament, as are designated by the Chairperson of the Board for a region or, where there is more than one regional office in a region, for the portion of a region designated by the Chairperson.

  • Marginal note:Residence

    (2) Full-time members of the Board assigned to a regional division pursuant to subsection 105(3) shall reside within reasonable commuting distance of the office of that division.

  • Marginal note:Presumption

    (3) Any act or thing done or any decision rendered by a panel of the Board constituted pursuant to subsection 105(6) is, for the purposes of this Part, an act or thing done or a decision rendered by the Board.

Marginal note:Vice-Chairpersons
  •  (1) A full-time member shall be designated by the Governor in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister, to be Vice-Chairperson for each regional division of the Board.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) A Vice-Chairperson for a division is responsible to the Chairperson for the professional conduct, training, and quality of decision-making of Board members assigned to that division.

General

Marginal note:Executive Committee
  •  (1) There shall be an Executive Committee of the Board consisting of the Chairperson, the Executive Vice-Chairperson, the Vice-Chairperson, Appeal Division, the regional Vice-Chairpersons and two other members of the Board designated by the Chairperson after consultation with the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Functions

    (2) The Executive Committee

    • (a) shall, after such consultation with Board members as it considers appropriate, adopt policies relating to reviews under this Part;

    • (b) shall, where requested by the Chairperson, advise the Chairperson on any other matters concerning the functions of the Board or of the Chairperson under this or any other Act of Parliament; and

    • (c) may direct that the number of members required to constitute a panel for the review of any class of cases shall be greater than the number fixed by the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Respect for diversity

    (3) Policies adopted under paragraph (2)(a) must respect gender, ethnic, cultural and linguistic differences and be responsive to the special needs of women and aboriginal peoples, as well as to the needs of other groups of offenders with special requirements.

  • Marginal note:Chair

    (4) Meetings of the Executive Committee shall be chaired by the Chairperson.

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 151;
  • 1995, c. 42, s. 58(F).
Marginal note:Chief Executive Officer
  •  (1) The Chairperson of the Board is its chief executive officer and as such has supervision over and direction of the work and the staff of the Board, and the Chairperson shall chair general meetings of the Board.

  • Marginal note:Withdrawal of member

    (2) The Chairperson may direct that a member of the Board not participate in a review panel where, in the opinion of the Chairperson, the participation of the member in the review may result in a reasonable apprehension of bias.

  • Marginal note:Constitution of review panels

    (3) The Chairperson may direct that the number of members required to constitute a panel for the review of any particular case shall be greater than the number fixed by the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Investigations

    (4) The Chairperson may appoint a person or persons to investigate and report on any matter relating to the operations of the Board, and sections 7 to 13 of the Inquiries Act apply in respect of such investigations, with such modifications as the circumstances require, as if the references to “commissioners” in those sections were references to the person or persons so appointed.

  • Marginal note:Delegation

    (5) The Chairperson may authorize any full-time member of the Board to exercise any of the Chairperson’s functions under this Part, in accordance with any conditions specified by the Chairperson, and a function so exercised shall be deemed to have been exercised by the Chairperson.

  • Marginal note:Manner of exercising

    (6) Where the Chairperson is authorized by this Part to designate a person to exercise a power, the Chairperson may specify the conditions under which that person may exercise the power.

  • Marginal note:Absence, incapacity or vacancy

    (7) In the event of the absence or incapacity of the Chairperson or a vacancy in the office of Chairperson, the Executive Vice-Chairperson may exercise all the powers of the Chairperson.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (8) In the event of the absence or incapacity of, or a vacancy in the offices of, the Chairperson and the Executive Vice-Chairperson, a full-time member of the Board designated by the Minister may exercise all the powers of the Chairperson.

 
Date modified: