Canada Labour Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. L-2)

Act current to 2015-11-16 and last amended on 2015-09-14. Previous Versions

Canada Labour Code

R.S.C., 1985, c. L-2

An Act to consolidate certain statutes respecting labour


Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Canada Labour Code.

  • R.S., c. L-1, s. 1.


Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Act,

“federal work, undertaking or business”

« entreprises fédérales »

“federal work, undertaking or business” means any work, undertaking or business that is within the legislative authority of Parliament, including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing,

  • (a) a work, undertaking or business operated or carried on for or in connection with navigation and shipping, whether inland or maritime, including the operation of ships and transportation by ship anywhere in Canada,

  • (b) a railway, canal, telegraph or other work or undertaking connecting any province with any other province, or extending beyond the limits of a province,

  • (c) a line of ships connecting a province with any other province, or extending beyond the limits of a province,

  • (d) a ferry between any province and any other province or between any province and any country other than Canada,

  • (e) aerodromes, aircraft or a line of air transportation,

  • (f) a radio broadcasting station,

  • (g) a bank or an authorized foreign bank within the meaning of section 2 of the Bank Act,

  • (h) a work or undertaking that, although wholly situated within a province, is before or after its execution declared by Parliament to be for the general advantage of Canada or for the advantage of two or more of the provinces,

  • (i) a work, undertaking or business outside the exclusive legislative authority of the legislatures of the provinces, and

  • (j) a work, undertaking or activity in respect of which federal laws within the meaning of section 2 of the Oceans Act apply pursuant to section 20 of that Act and any regulations made pursuant to paragraph 26(1)(k) of that Act;


« ministre »

“Minister” means the Minister of Labour.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 2;
  • 1990, c. 44, s. 17;
  • 1996, c. 31, s. 89;
  • 1999, c. 28, s. 169.



 WHEREAS there is a long tradition in Canada of labour legislation and policy designed for the promotion of the common well-being through the encouragement of free collective bargaining and the constructive settlement of disputes;

AND WHEREAS Canadian workers, trade unions and employers recognize and support freedom of association and free collective bargaining as the bases of effective industrial relations for the determination of good working conditions and sound labour-management relations;

AND WHEREAS the Government of Canada has ratified Convention No. 87 of the International Labour Organization concerning Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize and has assumed international reporting responsibilities in this regard;

AND WHEREAS the Parliament of Canada desires to continue and extend its support to labour and management in their cooperative efforts to develop good relations and constructive collective bargaining practices, and deems the development of good industrial relations to be in the best interests of Canada in ensuring a just share of the fruits of progress to all;

NOW THEREFORE, Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

  • 1972, c. 18, Preamble.