Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2016-06-06 and last amended on 2015-07-23. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Offence — preservation or production order

 A person, financial institution or entity that contravenes an order made under any of sections 487.013 to 487.018 without lawful excuse is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable to a fine of not more than $250,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months, or to both.

  • 2014, c. 31, s. 20.
Marginal note:Offence — destruction of preserved data

 A person who contravenes section 487.0194 without lawful excuse is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • 2014, c. 31, s. 20.
Marginal note:Assistance order

 If an authorization is given under section 184.2, 184.3, 186 or 188 or a warrant is issued under this Act, the judge or justice who gives the authorization or issues the warrant may order a person to provide assistance, if the person’s assistance may reasonably be considered to be required to give effect to the authorization or warrant.

  • 1993, c. 40, s. 15;
  • 1997, c. 18, s. 43;
  • 2014, c. 31, s. 20.
Marginal note:Review
  •  (1) Within seven years after the coming into force of this section, a comprehensive review of the provisions and operation of sections 487.011 to 487.02 shall be undertaken by such committee of the House of Commons as may be designated or established by the House for that purpose.

  • Marginal note:Report

    (2) The committee referred to in subsection (1) shall, within a year after a review is undertaken pursuant to that subsection or within such further time as the House may authorize, submit a report on the review to the Speaker of the House, including a statement of any changes the committee recommends.

  • 2014, c. 31, s. 20.
Marginal note:Execution in another province
  •  (1) If a warrant is issued under section 487.01, 487.05 or 492.1 or subsection 492.2(1) in one province, a judge or justice, as the case may be, in another province may, on application, endorse the warrant if it may reasonably be expected that it is to be executed in the other province and that its execution would require entry into or on the property of any person, or would require that an order be made under section 487.02 with respect to any person, in that province.

  • Marginal note:Endorsement

    (1.1) The endorsement may be made on the original of the warrant or on a copy of the warrant that is transmitted by any means of telecommunication and, once endorsed, the warrant has the same force in the other province as though it had originally been issued there.

  • (2) [Repealed, 2007, c. 22, s. 7]

  • 1993, c. 40, s. 15;
  • 1995, c. 27, s. 1;
  • 2000, c. 10, s. 13;
  • 2007, c. 22, s. 7;
  • 2008, c. 18, s. 12.

Forensic DNA Analysis

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this section and in sections 487.05 to 487.0911,

adult

adulte

adult has the meaning assigned by subsection 2(1) of the Youth Criminal Justice Act; (adulte)

designated offence

infraction désignée

designated offence means a primary designated offence or a secondary designated offence; (infraction désignée)

DNA

ADN

DNA means deoxyribonucleic acid; (ADN)

forensic DNA analysis

analyse génétique

forensic DNA analysis

  • (a) in relation to a bodily substance that is taken from a person in execution of a warrant under section 487.05, means forensic DNA analysis of the bodily substance and the comparison of the results of that analysis with the results of the analysis of the DNA in the bodily substance referred to in paragraph 487.05(1)(b), and includes any incidental tests associated with that analysis, and

  • (b) in relation to a bodily substance that is provided voluntarily in the course of an investigation of a designated offence or is taken from a person under an order made under section 487.051 or an authorization granted under section 487.055 or 487.091, or to a bodily substance referred to in paragraph 487.05(1)(b), means forensic DNA analysis of the bodily substance; (analyse génétique)

primary designated offence

infraction primaire

primary designated offence means

  • (a) an offence under any of the following provisions, namely,

    • (i) subsection 7(4.1) (offence in relation to sexual offences against children),

    • (i.1) section 151 (sexual interference),

    • (i.2) section 152 (invitation to sexual touching),

    • (i.3) section 153 (sexual exploitation),

    • (i.4) section 153.1 (sexual exploitation of person with disability),

    • (i.5) section 155 (incest),

    • (i.6) subsection 160(2) (compelling the commission of bestiality),

    • (i.7) subsection 160(3) (bestiality in presence of or by a child),

    • (i.8) section 163.1 (child pornography),

    • (i.9) section 170 (parent or guardian procuring sexual activity),

    • (i.901) section 171.1 (making sexually explicit material available to child),

    • (i.91) section 172.1 (luring a child),

    • (i.911) section 172.2 (agreement or arrangement — sexual offence against child),

    • (i.92) subsection 173(2) (exposure),

    • (i.93) to (i.96) [Repealed, 2014, c. 25, s. 23]

    • (ii) section 235 (murder),

    • (iii) section 236 (manslaughter),

    • (iv) section 239 (attempt to commit murder),

    • (v) section 244 (discharging firearm with intent),

    • (vi) section 244.1 (causing bodily harm with intent — air gun or pistol),

    • (vi.1) section 244.2 (discharging firearm — recklessness),

    • (vii) paragraph 245(a) (administering noxious thing with intent to endanger life or cause bodily harm),

    • (viii) section 246 (overcoming resistance to commission of offence),

    • (ix) section 267 (assault with a weapon or causing bodily harm),

    • (x) section 268 (aggravated assault),

    • (xi) section 269 (unlawfully causing bodily harm),

    • (xi.1) section 270.01 (assaulting peace officer with weapon or causing bodily harm),

    • (xi.2) section 270.02 (aggravated assault of peace officer),

    • (xi.3) section 271 (sexual assault),

    • (xii) section 272 (sexual assault with a weapon, threats to a third party or causing bodily harm),

    • (xiii) section 273 (aggravated sexual assault),

    • (xiii.1) subsection 273.3(2) (removal of a child from Canada),

    • (xiv) section 279 (kidnapping),

    • (xiv.1) section 279.011 (trafficking  —  person under 18 years),

    • (xiv.2) subsection 279.02(2) (material benefit  —  trafficking of person under 18 years),

    • (xiv.3) subsection 279.03(2) (withholding or destroying documents  —  trafficking of person under 18 years),

    • (xiv.4) subsection 286.1(2) (obtaining sexual services for consideration from person under 18 years),

    • (xiv.5) subsection 286.2(2) (material benefit from sexual services provided by person under 18 years),

    • (xiv.6) subsection 286.3(2) (procuring  — person under 18 years),

    • (xv) section 344 (robbery), and

    • (xvi) section 346 (extortion),

  • (a.1) an offence under any of the following provisions, namely,

    • (i) section 75 (piratical acts),

    • (i.01) section 76 (hijacking),

    • (i.02) section 77 (endangering safety of aircraft or airport),

    • (i.03) section 78.1 (seizing control of ship or fixed platform),

    • (i.04) subsection 81(1) (using explosives),

    • (i.041) section 82.3 (possession, etc., of nuclear material, radioactive material or device),

    • (i.042) section 82.4 (use or alteration of nuclear material, radioactive material or device),

    • (i.043) section 82.5 (commission of indictable offence to obtain nuclear material, etc.),

    • (i.044) section 82.6 (threats),

    • (i.05) section 83.18 (participation in activity of terrorist group),

    • (i.051) section 83.181 (leaving Canada to participate in activity of terrorist group),

    • (i.06) section 83.19 (facilitating terrorist activity),

    • (i.061) section 83.191 (leaving Canada to facilitate terrorist activity),

    • (i.07) section 83.2 (commission of offence for terrorist group),

    • (i.071) section 83.201 (leaving Canada to commit offence for terrorist group,

    • (i.072) section 83.202 (leaving Canada to commit offence that is terrorist activity),

    • (i.08) section 83.21 (instructing to carry out activity for terrorist group),

    • (i.09) section 83.22 (instructing to carry out terrorist activity),

    • (i.091) subsection 83.221(1) (advocating or promoting commission of terrorism offences),

    • (i.1) section 83.23 (harbouring or concealing),

    • (i.11) to (iii.1) [Repealed, 2010, c. 17, s. 3]

    • (iv) [Repealed, 2014, c. 25, s. 23]

    • (iv.1) to (iv.5) [Repealed, 2010, c. 17, s. 3]

    • (v) [Repealed, 2014, c. 25, s. 23]

    • (v.1) and (v.2) [Repealed, 2010, c. 17, s. 3]

    • (vi) section 233 (infanticide),

    • (vii) [Repealed, 2010, c. 17, s. 3]

    • (vii.1) section 279.01 (trafficking in persons),

    • (vii.11) subsection 279.02(1) (material benefit  —  trafficking),

    • (vii.12) subsection 279.03(1) (withholding or destroying documents  —  trafficking),

    • (viii) section 279.1 (hostage taking),

    • (viii.1) subsection 286.2(1) (material benefit from sexual services),

    • (viii.2) subsection 286.3(1) (procuring),

    • (ix) paragraph 348(1)(d) (breaking and entering a dwelling-house),

    • (x) section 423.1 (intimidation of a justice system participant or journalist),

    • (xi) section 431 (attack on premises, residence or transport of internationally protected person),

    • (xii) section 431.1 (attack on premises, accommodation or transport of United Nations or associated personnel),

    • (xiii) subsection 431.2(2) (explosive or other lethal device),

    • (xiv) section 467.11 (participation in activities of criminal organization),

    • (xiv.1) section 467.111 (recruitment of members — criminal organization),

    • (xv) section 467.12 (commission of offence for criminal organization), and

    • (xvi) section 467.13 (instructing commission of offence for criminal organization),

    • (xvi.1) to (xx) [Repealed, 2005, c. 25, s. 1]

  • (b) an offence under any of the following provisions of the Criminal Code, chapter C-34 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1970, as they read from time to time before January 4, 1983, namely,

    • (i) section 144 (rape),

    • (i.1) section 145 (attempt to commit rape),

    • (ii) section 146 (sexual intercourse with female under fourteen and between fourteen and sixteen),

    • (iii) section 148 (sexual intercourse with feeble-minded, etc.),

    • (iv) section 149 (indecent assault on female),

    • (v) section 156 (indecent assault on male),

    • (vi) section 157 (acts of gross indecency), and

    • (vii) subsection 246(1) (assault with intent) if the intent is to commit an offence referred to in subparagraphs (i) to (vi),

  • (c) an offence under any of the following provisions of the Criminal Code, chapter C-34 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1970, as they read from time to time before January 1, 1988:

    • (i) subsection 146(1) (sexual intercourse with a female under age of 14),

    • (ii) subsection 146(2) (sexual intercourse with a female between ages of 14 and 16),

    • (iii) section 153 (sexual intercourse with step-daughter),

    • (iv) section 157 (gross indecency),

    • (v) section 166 (parent or guardian procuring defilement), and

    • (vi) section 167 (householder permitting defilement),

  • (c.01) an offence under any of the following provisions of the Criminal Code, chapter C-34 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1970, as enacted by section 19 of An Act to amend the Criminal Code in relation to sexual offences and other offences against the person and to amend certain other Acts in relation thereto or in consequence thereof, chapter 125 of the Statutes of Canada, 1980-81-82-83:

    • (i) section 246.1 (sexual assault),

    • (ii) section 246.2 (sexual assault with a weapon, threats to a third party or causing bodily harm), and

    • (iii) section 246.3 (aggravated sexual assault),

  • (c.02) an offence under any of the following provisions of this Act, as they read from time to time before the day on which this paragraph comes into force:

    • (i) paragraph 212(1)(i) (stupefying or overpowering for the purpose of sexual intercourse),

    • (ii) subsection 212(2) (living on the avails of prostitution of person under 18 years),

    • (iii) subsection 212(2.1) (aggravated offence in relation to living on the avails of prostitution of person under 18 years), and

    • (iv) subsection 212(4) (prostitution of person under 18 years),

  • (c.03) an offence under any of paragraphs 212(1)(a) to (h) (procuring) of this Act, as they read from time to time before the day on which this paragraph comes into force,

  • (c.1) an offence under any of the following provisions of the Security of Information Act, namely,

    • (i) section 6 (approaching, entering, etc., a prohibited place),

    • (ii) subsection 20(1) (threats or violence), and

    • (iii) subsection 21(1) (harbouring or concealing), and

  • (d) an attempt to commit or, other than for the purposes of subsection 487.05(1), a conspiracy to commit an offence referred to in any of paragraphs (a) to (c.03); (infraction primaire)

provincial court judge

juge de la cour provinciale

provincial court judge, in relation to a young person, includes a youth justice court judge within the meaning of subsection 2(1) of the Youth Criminal Justice Act; (juge de la cour provinciale)

secondary designated offence

infraction secondaire

secondary designated offence means an offence, other than a primary designated offence, that is

  • (a) an offence under this Act that may be prosecuted by indictment — or, for section 487.051 to apply, is prosecuted by indictment — for which the maximum punishment is imprisonment for five years or more,

  • (b) an offence under any of the following provisions of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act that may be prosecuted by indictment — or, for section 487.051 to apply, is prosecuted by indictment — for which the maximum punishment is imprisonment for five years or more:

    • (i) section 5 (trafficking in substance and possession for purpose of trafficking),

    • (ii) section 6 (importing and exporting), and

    • (iii) section 7 (production of substance),

  • (c) an offence under any of the following provisions of this Act:

    • (i) section 145 (escape and being at large without excuse),

    • (i.1) section 146 (permitting or assisting escape),

    • (i.2) section 147 (rescue or permitting escape),

    • (i.3) section 148 (assisting prisoner of war to escape),

    • (i.4) and (ii) [Repealed, 2010, c. 17, s. 3]

    • (iii) subsection 173(1) (indecent acts),

    • (iv) section 252 (failure to stop at scene of accident),

    • (v) section 264 (criminal harassment),

    • (vi) section 264.1 (uttering threats),

    • (vii) section 266 (assault),

    • (viii) section 270 (assaulting a peace officer),

    • (viii.1) subsection 286.1(1) (obtaining sexual services for consideration),

    • (ix) paragraph 348(1)(e) (breaking and entering a place other than a dwelling-house),

    • (x) section 349 (being unlawfully in dwelling-house), and

    • (xi) section 423 (intimidation),

  • (d) an offence under any of the following provisions of the Criminal Code, as they read from time to time before July 1, 1990:

    • (i) section 433 (arson), and

    • (ii) section 434 (setting fire to other substance), and

  • (e) an attempt to commit or, other than for the purposes of subsection 487.05(1), a conspiracy to commit

    • (i) an offence referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) — which, for section 487.051 to apply, is prosecuted by indictment, or

    • (ii) an offence referred to in paragraph (c) or (d); (infraction secondaire)

Young Offenders Act

Loi sur les jeunes contrevenants

Young Offenders Act means chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985; (Loi sur les jeunes contrevenants)

young person

adolescent

young person has the meaning assigned by subsection 2(1) of the Youth Criminal Justice Act or subsection 2(1) of the Young Offenders Act, as the case may be. (adolescent)

  • 1995, c. 27, s. 1;
  • 1998, c. 37, s. 15;
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 17;
  • 2002, c. 1, s. 175;
  • 2005, c. 25, s. 1, c. 43, ss. 5, 9;
  • 2007, c. 22, ss. 2, 8, 47;
  • 2008, c. 6, ss. 35, 63;
  • 2009, c. 22, s. 16;
  • 2010, c. 3, s. 6, c. 17, s. 3;
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 30;
  • 2013, c. 9, s. 16, c. 13, s. 8;
  • 2014, c. 17, s. 13, c. 25, s. 23;
  • 2015, c. 20, s. 23.
 
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