Guardrails and Toe Boards
16. (1) A raised structure or a deck opening that has a coaming height of less than 900 mm, from which there is a drop of more than 1.2 m, and to which an employee has access, must have a guardrail.
(2) Every guardrail must consist of
(a) a horizontal top rail or line not less than 900 mm and not more than 1100 mm above the base of the guardrail;
(b) a horizontal intermediate rail or line spaced midway between the top rail or line and the base of the guardrail; and
(c) supporting posts spaced not more than 3 m apart at their centres.
(3) Every guardrail must be designed to withstand the greater of
(a) the maximum load that is likely to be imposed on it, and
(b) a static load of not less than 890 N applied in any direction at any point on the top rail or line.
(4) If there is hazard that tools or other objects may fall from a scaffold, a stage or any other raised structure onto a person, the employer must install
(a) a toe board that extends from the floor of the platform or other raised structure to a height of not less than 125 mm; or
(b) a solid or mesh panel that extends from the floor of the platform or other raised structure to a height of not less than 450 mm, if the tools or other objects are piled to a height that a toe board will not prevent them from falling.
(5) If the installation of a toe board is not practical on a scaffold, a stage or any other raised structure, all tools or other objects that could fall on a person must be
(a) tied in a manner that will protect any persons beneath, if the tools or other objects fall; or
(b) placed in a way that they will be caught by a safety net positioned so as to protect from injury any persons on or below the raised area, if the tools or the other objects fall.
17. The design, construction and installation of a safety net referred to in subsection 12(9), paragraphs 16(5)(b) and 147(1)(b) must meet the standards set out in ANSI/ASSE Standard A10.11-1989 (R1998), Safety Requirements for Safety Nets.
Housekeeping and Maintenance
18. (1) As far as practicable, the working surface used by an employee must be kept free of grease, oil or any other slippery substance and of any material or object that may create a hazard to an employee.
(2) Every work area used by an employee must be kept free of accumulations of ice and snow while the area is in use.
19. (1) This Part applies to crew accommodation.
(2) The following provisions do not apply in respect of a day vessel:
(a) sections 20 to 40;
(b) sections 42 to 45; and
(c) sections 51 to 54.
(3) The following provisions do not apply in respect of a vessel of less than 200 gross tonnage, engaged in inland voyages or constructed before the day on which the MLC 2006 comes into force in Canada:
(a) sections 20 to 23;
(b) subsection 24(2);
(c) sections 26 to 29;
(d) subsections 30(2) to (4);
(e) section 31;
(f) sections 33 to 35;
(g) sections 38 to 40;
(h) sections 42 and 43;
(i) sections 48 to 55;
(j) subsection 56(2); and
(k) subsection 56(4).
(4) For the purpose of this section, a vessel is deemed constructed on the earlier of
(a) the day on which its keel is laid, and
(b) the day on which construction identifiable with a specific vessel begins.
(5) The authorized representative, as defined in section 2 of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, of a Canadian vessel that is carrying 15 or more crew members must ensure that there is separate hospital accommodation on board the vessel if it is engaged on one of the following types of voyage of more than three days duration:
(a) an unlimited voyage;
(b) a near coastal voyage, Class 1; or
(c) an international voyage, other than an inland voyage.
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