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Access to Information Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. A-1)

Act current to 2019-07-01 and last amended on 2019-06-21. Previous Versions

PART 1Access to Government Records (continued)

Orders and Reports

Marginal note:Power to make order

  •  (1) If, after investigating a complaint described in any of paragraphs 30(1)(a) to (e), the Commissioner finds that the complaint is well-founded, he or she may make any order in respect of a record to which this Part applies that he or she considers appropriate, including requiring the head of the government institution that has control of the record in respect of which the complaint is made

    • (a) to disclose the record or a part of the record; and

    • (b) to reconsider their decision to refuse access to the record or a part of the record.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) The Information Commissioner is not authorized to make an order after investigating a complaint that he or she initiates under subsection 30(3).

  • Marginal note:Condition

    (3) The order may include any condition that the Information Commissioner considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Effect

    (4) The order takes effect on

    • (a) the 31st business day after the day on which the head of the government institution receives a report under subsection 37(2), if only the complainant and the head of the institution are provided with the report; or

    • (b) the 41st business day after the day on which the head of the government institution receives a report under subsection 37(2), if a third party or the Privacy Commissioner is also provided with the report.

  • Marginal note:Deemed date of receipt

    (5) For the purposes of this section, the head of the government institution is deemed to have received the report on the fifth business day after the date of the report.

  • 2019, c. 18, s. 16

Marginal note:Consulting Privacy Commissioner

 If the Information Commissioner intends to make an order requiring the head of a government institution to disclose a record or a part of a record that the head of the institution refuses to disclose under subsection 19(1), the Information Commissioner shall consult the Privacy Commissioner and may, in the course of the consultation, disclose to him or her personal information.

  • 2019, c. 18, s. 16

Marginal note:Notice to third parties

  •  (1) If the Information Commissioner intends to make an order requiring the head of a government institution to disclose a record or a part of a record that the Commissioner has reason to believe might contain trade secrets of a third party, information described in paragraph 20(1)(b) or (b.1) that was supplied by a third party or information the disclosure of which the Commissioner can reasonably foresee might effect a result described in paragraph 20(1)(c) or (d) in respect of a third party, the Commissioner shall make every reasonable effort to give the third party written notice of the Commissioner’s intention.

  • Marginal note:Contents of notice

    (2) The notice must include

    • (a) a statement that the Information Commissioner intends to make an order requiring the head of a government institution to disclose a record or a part of a record that might contain material or information described in subsection (1);

    • (b) a description of the contents of the record or the part of the record that, as the case may be, belong to, were supplied by or relate to the third party to whom the notice is given; and

    • (c) a statement that the third party may, within 20 days after the notice is given, make representations to the Commissioner as to why the record or the part of the record should not be disclosed.

  • 2019, c. 18, s. 16

Marginal note:Information Commissioner’s initial report to government institution

  •  (1) If, on investigating a complaint under this Part, the Information Commissioner finds that the complaint is well-founded, the Commissioner shall provide the head of the government institution concerned with a report that sets out

    • (a) the findings of the investigation and any recommendations that the Commissioner considers appropriate;

    • (b) any order that the Commissioner intends to make; and

    • (c) the period within which the head of the government institution shall give notice to the Commissioner of the action taken or proposed to be taken to implement the order or recommendations set out in the report or reasons why no such action has been or is proposed to be taken.

  • Marginal note:Final report to complainant, government institution and other persons

    (2) The Information Commissioner shall, after investigating a complaint under this Part, provide a report that sets out the results of the investigation and any order or recommendations that he or she makes to

    • (a) the complainant;

    • (b) the head of the government institution;

    • (c) any third party that was entitled under paragraph 35(2)(c) to make and that made representations to the Commissioner in respect of the complaint; and

    • (d) the Privacy Commissioner, if he or she was entitled under paragraph 35(2)(d) to make representations and he or she made representations to the Commissioner in respect of the complaint. However, no report is to be made under this subsection and no order is to be made until the expiry of the time within which the notice referred to in paragraph (1)(c) is to be given to the Information Commissioner.

  • Marginal note:Contents of report

    (3) The Information Commissioner may include in the report referred to in subsection (2) any comments on the matter that he or she thinks fit and shall include in that report

    • (a) a summary of any notice that he or she receives under paragraph (1)(c);

    • (b) a statement that any person to whom the report is provided has the right to apply for a review under section 41, within the period specified for exercising that right, and that the person must comply with section 43 if they exercise that right;

    • (c) a statement that if no person applies for a review within the period specified for doing so, any order set out in the report takes effect in accordance with subsection 36.1(4); and

    • (d) a statement, if applicable, that the Information Commissioner will provide a third party or the Privacy Commissioner with the report.

  • Marginal note:Publication

    (3.1) The Information Commissioner may publish the report referred to in subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3.2) However, the Information Commissioner is not to publish the report until the expiry of the periods to apply to the Court for a review of a matter that are referred to in section 41.

  • Marginal note:Access to be given

    (4) If the head of a government institution gives notice to the Information Commissioner under paragraph (1)(c) that access to a record or a part of a record will be given to a complainant, the head of the institution shall give the complainant access to the record or the part of the record

    • (a) on receiving the report under subsection (2) or within any period specified in the Commissioner’s order, if only the complainant and the head of the institution are provided with the report; or

    • (b) on the expiry of the 40th business day after the day on which the head of the government institution receives the report under subsection (2) or within any period specified in the Commissioner’s order that begins on the expiry of that 40th business day, if a third party or the Privacy Commissioner are also provided with the report, unless a review is applied for under section 41.

  • Marginal note:Deemed date of receipt

    (5) For the purposes of this section, the head of the government institution is deemed to have received the report referred to in subsection (2) on the fifth business day after the date of the report.

  • R.S., 1985, c. A-1, s. 37
  • 2019, c. 18, s. 17

Reports to Parliament

Marginal note:Annual report

 The Information Commissioner shall, within three months after the termination of each financial year, submit an annual report to Parliament on the activities of the office during that financial year.

  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 111, Sch. I “38”

Marginal note:Special reports

  •  (1) The Information Commissioner may, at any time, make a special report to Parliament referring to and commenting on any matter within the scope of the powers, duties and functions of the Commissioner where, in the opinion of the Commissioner, the matter is of such urgency or importance that a report thereon should not be deferred until the time provided for transmission of the next annual report of the Commissioner under section 38.

  • Marginal note:Where investigation made

    (2) Any report made pursuant to subsection (1) that relates to an investigation under this Part shall be made only after the procedures set out in section 37 have been followed in respect of the investigation.

  • R.S., 1985, c. A-1, s. 39
  • 2019, c. 18, s. 41(E)
 
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