Cannabis Act (S.C. 2018, c. 16)

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Act current to 2019-04-25 and last amended on 2018-10-17. Previous Versions

PART 11General (continued)

Regulations and Exemptions (continued)

Marginal note:Exemption by Minister — persons

  •  (1) The Minister may, on any terms and conditions that the Minister considers necessary, by order, exempt any person, or any cannabis or any class of cannabis in relation to a person, from the application of all or any of the provisions of this Act or of the regulations if, in the opinion of the Minister, the exemption is necessary for a medical or scientific purpose or is otherwise in the public interest.

  • Marginal note:For greater certainty

    (1.1) For greater certainty, the Minister may, by order, amend or revoke an order made under subsection (1) or suspend its application in whole or in part.

  • Marginal note:Exemption by Minister — class of persons

    (2) The Minister may, on any terms and conditions that the Minister considers necessary, by order, exempt any class of persons, or any cannabis or any class of cannabis in relation to any class of persons, from the application of all or any of the provisions of this Act or of the regulations if, in the opinion of the Minister, the exemption is necessary for a medical or scientific purpose or is otherwise in the public interest.

  • Marginal note:Suspension

    (2.1) The Minister may, by order, suspend, in whole or in part, the application of an order made under subsection (2).

Marginal note:Statutory Instruments Act

 An order made under subsection 140(1) or (1.1) is not a statutory instrument within the meaning of subsection 2(1) of the Statutory Instruments Act.

Fees

Marginal note:Fees

  •  (1) The Minister may, by order, fix the following fees in relation to cannabis:

    • (a) fees to be paid for a service, or the use of a facility, provided under this Act;

    • (b) fees to be paid in respect of approvals, authorizations, exemptions or regulatory processes provided under this Act; and

    • (c) fees to be paid in respect of products, rights and privileges that are provided under this Act, including those provided in relation to the cannabis tracking system established under section 81.

  • Marginal note:Amount not to exceed cost

    (2) A fee fixed under paragraph (1)(a) must not exceed the cost to Her Majesty in right of Canada of providing the service or the use of the facility.

  • Marginal note:Aggregate amount not to exceed cost

    (3) Fees fixed under paragraph (1)(b) must not in the aggregate exceed the cost to Her Majesty in right of Canada in respect of providing the regulatory processes, approvals, authorizations or exemptions.

Marginal note:Consultation

 Before making an order under subsection 142(1), the Minister must consult with any persons that the Minister considers to be interested in the matter.

Marginal note:Remission of fees

  •  (1) The Minister may, by order, remit all or part of any fee fixed under subsection 142(1) or the interest on it.

  • Marginal note:Remission may be conditional

    (2) A remission granted under subsection (1) may be conditional.

  • Marginal note:Conditional remission

    (3) If a remission granted under subsection (1) is conditional and the condition is not fulfilled, then the remission is cancelled and is deemed never to have been granted.

Marginal note:Non-payment of fees

 The Minister may, by notice in writing and for a period that he or she specifies, withdraw or withhold a service, the use of a facility, a regulatory process, approval, authorization, exemption, product, right or privilege under this Act from any person who fails to pay the fee for it fixed under subsection 142(1).

Marginal note:Adjustment of amounts

  •  (1) An order made under subsection 142(1) may prescribe rules for the adjustment of the amount of the fee by any amounts or ratios that are referred to in the order, for the period that is specified in the order.

  • Marginal note:Notice of adjusted amount

    (2) The amount of a fee that is subject to an adjustment rule remains unadjusted for the specified period unless, before the beginning of that period, the Minister publishes a notice in the Canada Gazette that specifies the adjusted amount and the manner in which it was determined.

Marginal note:Service Fees Act

 The Service Fees Act does not apply to a fee fixed under subsection 142(1).

  • 2018, c. 16, ss. 147, 192

Costs

Marginal note:Debts to Her Majesty

  •  (1) Her Majesty in right of Canada may recover, as a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada, any costs incurred by Her Majesty in right of Canada in relation to anything required or authorized under this Act, including

    • (a) the inspection of a place or the analysis, examination, storage, movement, seizure, detention, forfeiture, disposal or return of anything; and

    • (b) the measures or the recall carried out under section 77.

  • Marginal note:Limitation period

    (2) No proceeding to recover a debt referred to in subsection (1) may be commenced after the expiry of five years after the day on which the debt became payable.

Marginal note:Certificate of default

  •  (1) Any debt that may be recovered under subsection 148(1) in respect of which there is a default of payment, or the part of any such debt that has not been paid, may be certified by the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Judgment

    (2) A certificate made under subsection (1) that is registered in the Federal Court has the same force and effect, and all proceedings may be taken on the certificate, as if it were a judgment obtained in that Court for a debt of the amount specified in it and all reasonable costs and charges associated with its registration.

Technical Assistance

Marginal note:Advice of experts

 The Minister may engage the services of persons having technical or specialized knowledge to advise the Minister in respect of his or her powers, duties or functions under this Act and, with the approval of the Treasury Board, fix their remuneration.

Amendments to Schedules

Marginal note:Schedules 1 and 2

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may, by order, amend Schedule 1 or 2 by adding or by deleting from it any item or portion of an item.

  • Marginal note:Schedule 3

    (2) The Governor in Council may, by order, amend Schedule 3 by adding or deleting, in column 1, the name of a class of cannabis or by adding or deleting, in column 2, in relation to a class of cannabis in column 1, a quantity that is equivalent to 1 g of dried cannabis.

  • Marginal note:Schedule 4

    (3) The Governor in Council may, by order, amend Schedule 4 by adding or deleting the name of any class of cannabis.

  • Marginal note:Schedule 5

    (4) The Minister may, by order, amend Schedule 5 by adding or deleting, in column 1, the name of any substance or by adding or deleting, in column 2, the name of any class of cannabis in respect of any substance referred to in column 1.

Review and Report

Marginal note:Review of Act

  •  (1) Three years after this section comes into force, the Minister must cause a review of this Act and its administration and operation to be conducted, including a review of the impact of this Act on public health and, in particular, on the health and consumption habits of young persons in respect of cannabis use, the impact of cannabis on Indigenous persons and communities, and the impact of the cultivation of cannabis plants in a dwelling-house.

  • Marginal note:Report to Parliament

    (2) No later than 18 months after the day on which the review begins, the Minister must cause a report on the review, including any findings or recommendations resulting from it, to be laid before each House of Parliament.

PART 12Transitional Provisions and Related, Consequential and Coordinating Amendments

Transitional Provisions

Marginal note:Definition of commencement day

 In sections 154 to 160, commencement day means the day on which subsection 204(1) comes into force.

Marginal note:Decisions

 Subject to regulations made under subsection 161(1), every decision made by the Minister under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act that relates to cannabis is deemed to be a decision made by the Minister under this Act.

Marginal note:Inspectors

 Subject to regulations made under subsection 161(1), every individual who is an inspector, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, immediately before the commencement day is deemed to also be an individual who has been designated as an inspector under section 84 of this Act.

 
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