Competition Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-34)

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Act current to 2019-03-27 and last amended on 2019-01-15. Previous Versions

PART IIAdministration (continued)

Marginal note:Communication to Minister of Finance

  •  (1) Notwithstanding subsection 29(1), the Commissioner may, if requested to do so by the Minister of Finance in accordance with subsection (3), communicate or allow to be communicated to the Minister of Finance any information referred to in subsection (2) that is specifically requested by the Minister of Finance.

  • Marginal note:Information

    (2) The information that may be communicated under this section is

    • (a) the identity of any person from whom information was obtained under this Act;

    • (b) any information obtained in the course of an inquiry under section 10;

    • (c) any information obtained under section 11, 15, 16 or 114;

    • (d) any information obtained from a person requesting a certificate under section 102;

    • (e) whether notice has been given or information supplied in respect of a particular proposed transaction under section 114; and

    • (f) any information collected, received or generated by or on behalf of the Commissioner, including compilations and analyses.

  • Marginal note:Contents of request

    (3) Requests under this section must be in writing and must

    • (a) specify the information referred to in any of paragraphs (2)(a) to (f) that is required;

    • (b) state that the Minister of Finance requires the information


    • (c) identify the merger or proposed merger.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (4) The information communicated under subsection (1) may be used only for the purpose of making a decision in respect of the merger or proposed merger.

  • Marginal note:Confidentiality

    (5) No person who performs or has performed duties or functions, in the administration or enforcement of the Bank Act, the Cooperative Credit Associations Act, the Insurance Companies Act or the Trust and Loan Companies Act shall communicate or allow to be communicated to any other person any information communicated under subsection (1), except to other persons who perform those duties or functions.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 578.

PART IIIMutual Legal Assistance


Marginal note:Definitions

 The definitions in this section apply in this Part.



agreement means a treaty, convention or other international agreement to which Canada is a party that provides for mutual legal assistance in competition matters, other than a matter in respect of which the Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Act applies. (accord)



conduct means conduct or matters within the meaning of the relevant agreement in respect of which mutual legal assistance may be requested in accordance with this Part. (comportement)


data[Repealed, 2014, c. 31, s. 32]

foreign state

État étranger

foreign state means a country other than Canada, and includes any international organization of states. (État étranger)



judge means

  • (a) in Ontario, a judge of the Superior Court of Justice;

  • (b) in Quebec, a judge of the Superior Court;

  • (c) in Nova Scotia, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island, Yukon and the Northwest Territories, a judge of the Supreme Court, and in Nunavut, a judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice;

  • (d) in New Brunswick, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, a judge of the Court of Queen’s Bench;

  • (e) in Newfoundland and Labrador, a judge of the Trial Division of the Supreme Court; and

  • (f) in any province or territory, a judge of the Federal Court. (juge)

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-34, s. 30;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 26;
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 276(E), c. 8, s. 198, c. 16, s. 3;
  • 2014, c. 31, s. 32;
  • 2015, c. 3, s. 38.

Functions of the Minister of Justice

Marginal note:Agreements respecting mutual legal assistance

 Before Canada enters into an agreement, the Minister of Justice must be satisfied that

  • (a) the laws of the foreign state that address conduct that is similar to conduct prohibited or reviewable under this Act are, in his or her opinion, substantially similar to the relevant provisions of this Act, regardless of whether the conduct is dealt with criminally or otherwise;

  • (b) any record or thing provided by Canada under the agreement will be protected by laws respecting confidentiality that are, in his or her opinion, substantially similar to Canadian laws;

  • (c) the agreement contains provisions in respect of

    • (i) the circumstances in which Canada may refuse, in whole or in part, to approve a request, and

    • (ii) the confidentiality protections that will be afforded to any record or thing provided by Canada;

  • (d) the agreement contains the following undertakings by the foreign state, namely,

    • (i) that it will provide assistance to Canada comparable in scope to that provided by Canada,

    • (ii) that any record or thing provided by Canada will be used only for the purpose for which it was requested,

    • (iii) that any record or thing provided by Canada will be used subject to any terms and conditions on which it was provided, including conditions respecting applicable rights or privileges under Canadian law,

    • (iv) that, at the conclusion of the investigation or proceedings in respect of which any record or thing was provided by Canada, the foreign state will return the record or thing and any copies to Canada or, with the consent of Canada, return the record or thing to Canada and destroy any copies,

    • (v) subject to subparagraph (ii), that it will, to the greatest extent possible consistent with its laws, keep confidential any record or thing obtained by it pursuant to its request, and oppose any application by a third party for disclosure of the record or thing, and

    • (vi) that it will promptly notify the Minister of Justice in the event that the confidentiality protections contained in the agreement have been breached; and

  • (e) the agreement contains a provision in respect of the manner in which it may be terminated.

  • 2002, c. 16, s. 3.

Publication of Agreements

Marginal note:Publication in Canada Gazette

  •  (1) An agreement must be published in the Canada Gazette no later than 60 days after the agreement comes into force, unless it has already been published under subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Publication in Canada Treaty Series

    (2) An agreement may be published in the Canada Treaty Series and, if so published, the publication must be no later than 60 days after the agreement comes into force.

  • Marginal note:Judicial notice

    (3) Agreements published in the Canada Gazette or the Canada Treaty Series are to be judicially noticed.

  • 2002, c. 16, s. 3.
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