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Competition Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-34)

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Act current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2019-06-17. Previous Versions

PART IIAdministration (continued)

Marginal note:Operation of computer system

  •  (1) A person who is authorized pursuant to subsection 15(1) to search premises for a record may use or cause to be used any computer system on the premises to search any data contained in or available to the computer system, may reproduce the record or cause it to be reproduced from the data in the form of a printout or other intelligible output and may seize the printout or other output for examination or copying.

  • Marginal note:Duty of person in control of computer system

    (2) Every person who is in possession or control of any premises in respect of which a warrant is issued under subsection 15(1) shall, on presentation of the warrant, permit any person named in the warrant to use or cause to be used any computer system or part thereof on the premises to search any data contained in or available to the computer system for data from which a record that that person is authorized to search for may be produced, to obtain a physical copy thereof and to seize it.

  • Marginal note:Order restricting operation of computer system

    (3) A judge who issued a warrant under subsection 15(1) or a judge of the same court may, on application by the Commissioner or any person who is in possession or control of a computer system or a part thereof on any premises in respect of which the warrant was issued, make an order

    • (a) specifying the individuals who may operate the computer system and fixing the times when they may do so; and

    • (b) setting out any other terms and conditions on which the computer system may be operated.

  • Marginal note:Notice by person in possession or control

    (4) No order may be made under subsection (3) on application by a person who is in possession or control of a computer system or part thereof unless that person has given the Commissioner twenty-four hours notice of the hearing of the application or such shorter notice as the judge considers reasonable.

  • Marginal note:Notice by Commissioner

    (5) No order may be made under subsection (3) on application by the Commissioner after a search has begun of the premises in respect of which the order is sought unless the Commissioner has given the person who is in possession or control of the premises twenty-four hours notice of the hearing of the application or such shorter notice as the judge considers reasonable.

  • (6) [Repealed, 2010, c. 23, s. 71]

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-34, s. 16
  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 24
  • 1999, c. 2, s. 37
  • 2010, c. 23, s. 71

Marginal note:Presentation of or report on record or thing seized

  •  (1) Where a record or other thing is seized pursuant to paragraph 15(1)(d), subsection 15(7) or section 16, the Commissioner or the authorized representative of the Commissioner shall, as soon as practicable,

    • (a) take the record or other thing before the judge who issued the warrant or a judge of the same court or, if no warrant was issued, before a judge of a superior or county court; or

    • (b) make a report in respect of the record or other thing to a judge determined in accordance with paragraph (a).

  • Marginal note:Report

    (2) A report to a judge under paragraph (1)(b) in respect of a record or other thing shall include

    • (a) a statement as to whether the record or other thing was seized pursuant to paragraph 15(1)(d), subsection 15(7) or section 16;

    • (b) a description of the premises searched;

    • (c) a description of the record or other thing seized; and

    • (d) the location in which it is detained.

  • Marginal note:Retention or return of thing seized

    (3) Where a record or other thing is seized pursuant to section 15 or 16, the judge before whom it is taken or to whom a report is made in respect of it pursuant to this section may, if he is satisfied that the record or other thing is required for an inquiry or any proceeding under this Act, authorize the Commissioner to retain it.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-34, s. 17
  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 24
  • 1999, c. 2, s. 37, c. 31, s. 46(F)
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 129

Marginal note:Commissioner to take reasonable care

  •  (1) Where any record or other thing is produced pursuant to section 11 or seized pursuant to section 15 or 16, the Commissioner shall take reasonable care to ensure that it is preserved until it is returned to the person by whom it was produced or from whom it was seized or until it is required to be produced in any proceeding under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Certified copies

    (1.1) The Commissioner need not return any copy of a record produced under section 11 or obtained under section 15 or 16.

  • Marginal note:Access to records or things

    (2) The person by whom a record or other thing is produced pursuant to section 11 or from whom a record or other thing is seized pursuant to section 15 or 16 is entitled, at any reasonable time and subject to such reasonable conditions as may be imposed by the Commissioner, to inspect the record or other thing.

  • Marginal note:Copy of record where returned

    (3) The Commissioner may, before returning any record produced pursuant to section 11 or seized pursuant to section 15 or 16, make or cause to be made, and may retain, a copy thereof.

  • Marginal note:Detention of things seized

    (4) Any record or other thing that is produced pursuant to section 11, or the retention of which is authorized under subsection 17(3), shall be returned to the person by whom it was produced or the person from whom it was seized not later than sixty days after it was produced or its retention was authorized, unless, before the expiration of that period,

    • (a) the person by whom it was produced or from whom it was seized agrees to its further detention for a specified period of time;

    • (b) the judge who authorized its production or retention or a judge of the same court is satisfied on application that, having regard to the circumstances, its further detention for a specified period of time is warranted and the judge so orders; or

    • (c) proceedings are instituted in which the record or thing may be required.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-34, s. 18
  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 24
  • 1999, c. 2, s. 37
  • 2002, c. 16, s. 2
  • 2017, c. 26, s. 12

Marginal note:Claim to solicitor-client privilege (section 11)

  •  (1) Where a person is ordered to produce a record pursuant to section 11 and that person claims that there exists a solicitor-client privilege in respect thereof, the person shall place it in a package and seal and identify the package and place it in the custody of a person referred to in subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Claim to solicitor-client privilege (section 15 or 16)

    (2) Where, pursuant to section 15 or 16, any person is about to examine, copy or seize or is in the course of examining, copying or seizing any record and a person appearing to be in authority claims that there exists a solicitor-client privilege in respect thereof, the first-mentioned person, unless the person claiming the privilege withdraws the claim or the first-mentioned person desists from examining and copying the record and from seizing it or a copy thereof, shall, without examining or further examining it or making a copy or further copy thereof, place it and any copies of it made by him, and any notes taken in respect of it, in a package, and seal and identify the package and place it in the custody of a person referred to in subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Custody of record

    (3) A record in respect of which a solicitor-client privilege is claimed under subsection (1) or (2) shall be placed in the custody of

    • (a) the registrar, prothonotary or other like officer of a superior or county court in the province in which the record was ordered to be produced or in which it was found, or of the Federal Court;

    • (b) a sheriff of the district or county in which the record was ordered to be produced or in which it was found; or

    • (c) some person agreed on between the Commissioner or the authorized representative of the Commissioner and the person who makes the claim of privilege.

  • Marginal note:Determination of claim to privilege

    (4) A judge of a superior or county court in the province in which a record placed in custody under this section was ordered to be produced or in which it was found, or of the Federal Court, sitting in camera, may decide the question of solicitor-client privilege in relation to the record on application made in accordance with the rules of the court by the Commissioner or the owner of the record or the person in whose possession it was found within thirty days after the day on which the record was placed in custody if notice of the application has been given by the applicant to all other persons entitled to make application.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (5) Where no application is made in accordance with subsection (4) within thirty days after the day on which a record is placed in custody under this section, any judge referred to in subsection (4) shall, on ex parte application by or on behalf of the Commissioner, order the record to be delivered to the Commissioner.

  • Marginal note:Authority of judge

    (6) A judge referred to in subsection (4) may give any directions that the judge deems necessary to give effect to this section, may order delivery up to the judge out of custody of any record in respect of which he is asked to decide a question of solicitor-client privilege and may inspect any such record.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition

    (7) Any person who is about to examine, copy or seize any record pursuant to section 15 or 16 shall not do so without affording a reasonable opportunity for a claim of solicitor-client privilege to be made under this section.

  • Marginal note:Access to record in custody

    (8) At any time while a record is in custody under this section, a judge of a superior or county court in the province in which the record is in custody, or of the Federal Court, may, on an ex parte application of a person claiming solicitor-client privilege under this section, authorize that person to examine the record or make a copy of it in the presence of the person who has custody of it or the judge, but any such authorization shall contain provisions to ensure that the record is repackaged and that the package is resealed without alteration or damage.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-34, s. 19
  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 24
  • 1999, c. 2, s. 37
 
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