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Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-36)

Act current to 2022-07-25 and last amended on 2019-11-01. Previous Versions

PART IIIGeneral (continued)

Monitors (continued)

Marginal note:Right of access

 For the purposes of monitoring the company’s business and financial affairs, the monitor shall have access to the company’s property, including the premises, books, records, data, including data in electronic form, and other financial documents of the company, to the extent that is necessary to adequately assess the company’s business and financial affairs.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Marginal note:Obligation to act honestly and in good faith

 In exercising any of his or her powers or in performing any of his or her duties and functions, the monitor must act honestly and in good faith and comply with the Code of Ethics referred to in section 13.5 of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Powers, Duties and Functions of Superintendent of Bankruptcy

Marginal note:Public records

  •  (1) The Superintendent of Bankruptcy must keep, or cause to be kept, in the form that he or she considers appropriate and for the prescribed period, a public record of prescribed information relating to proceedings under this Act. On request, and on payment of the prescribed fee, the Superintendent of Bankruptcy must provide, or cause to be provided, any information contained in that public record.

  • Marginal note:Other records

    (2) The Superintendent of Bankruptcy must keep, or cause to be kept, in the form that he or she considers appropriate and for the prescribed period, any other records relating to the administration of this Act that he or she considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Agreement to provide compilation

    (3) The Superintendent of Bankruptcy may enter into an agreement to provide a compilation of all or part of the information that is contained in the public record.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131
  • 2007, c. 36, s. 73

Marginal note:Applications to court and right to intervene

 The Superintendent of Bankruptcy may apply to the court to review the appointment or conduct of a monitor and may intervene, as though he or she were a party, in any matter or proceeding in court relating to the appointment or conduct of a monitor.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Marginal note:Complaints

 The Superintendent of Bankruptcy must receive and keep a record of all complaints regarding the conduct of monitors.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Marginal note:Investigations

  •  (1) The Superintendent of Bankruptcy may make, or cause to be made, any inquiry or investigation regarding the conduct of monitors that he or she considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Rights

    (2) For the purpose of the inquiry or investigation, the Superintendent of Bankruptcy or any person whom he or she appoints for the purpose

    • (a) shall have access to and the right to examine and make copies of the books, records, data, documents or papers — including those in electronic form — in the possession or under the control of a monitor under this Act; and

    • (b) may, with the leave of the court granted on an ex parte application, examine the books, records, data, documents or papers — including those in electronic form — relating to any compromise or arrangement in respect of which this Act applies that are in the possession or under the control of any other person designated in the order granting the leave, and for that purpose may under a warrant from the court enter and search any premises.

  • Marginal note:Staff

    (3) The Superintendent of Bankruptcy may engage the services of persons having technical or specialized knowledge, and persons to provide administrative services, to assist the Superintendent of Bankruptcy in conducting an inquiry or investigation, and may establish the terms and conditions of their engagement. The remuneration and expenses of those persons, when certified by the Superintendent of Bankruptcy, are payable out of the appropriation for the office of the Superintendent.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131
  • 2007, c. 36, s. 74

Marginal note:Powers in relation to licence

  •  (1) If, after making or causing to be made an inquiry or investigation into the conduct of a monitor, it appears to the Superintendent of Bankruptcy that the monitor has not fully complied with this Act and its regulations or that it is in the public interest to do so, the Superintendent of Bankruptcy may

    • (a) cancel or suspend the monitor’s licence as a trustee under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act; or

    • (b) place any condition or limitation on the licence that he or she considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Notice to trustee

    (2) Before deciding whether to exercise any of the powers referred to in subsection (1), the Superintendent of Bankruptcy shall send the monitor written notice of the powers that the Superintendent may exercise and the reasons why they may be exercised and afford the monitor a reasonable opportunity for a hearing.

  • Marginal note:Summons

    (3) The Superintendent of Bankruptcy may, for the purpose of the hearing, issue a summons requiring the person named in it

    • (a) to appear at the time and place mentioned in it;

    • (b) to testify to all matters within their knowledge relative to the subject matter of the inquiry or investigation into the conduct of the monitor; and

    • (c) to bring and produce any books, records, data, documents or papers — including those in electronic form — in their possession or under their control relative to the subject matter of the inquiry or investigation.

  • Marginal note:Effect throughout Canada

    (4) A person may be summoned from any part of Canada by virtue of a summons issued under subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Fees and allowances

    (5) Any person summoned under subsection (3) is entitled to receive the like fees and allowances for so doing as if summoned to attend before the Federal Court.

  • Marginal note:Procedure at hearing

    (6) At the hearing, the Superintendent of Bankruptcy

    • (a) has the power to administer oaths;

    • (b) is not bound by any legal or technical rules of evidence in conducting the hearing;

    • (c) shall deal with the matters set out in the notice of the hearing as informally and expeditiously as the circumstances and a consideration of fairness permit; and

    • (d) shall cause a summary of any oral evidence to be made in writing.

  • Marginal note:Record

    (7) The notice referred to in subsection (2) and, if applicable, the summary of oral evidence referred to in paragraph (6)(d), together with any documentary evidence that the Superintend­ent of Bankruptcy receives in evidence, form the record of the hearing, and that record and the hearing are public unless the Superintendent of Bankruptcy is satisfied that personal or other matters that may be disclosed are of such a nature that the desirability of avoiding public disclosure of those matters, in the interest of a third party or in the public interest, outweighs the desirability of the access by the public to information about those matters.

  • Marginal note:Decision

    (8) The decision of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy after the hearing, together with the reasons for the decision, must be given in writing to the monitor not later than three months after the conclusion of the hearing, and is public.

  • Marginal note:Review by Federal Court

    (9) A decision of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy given under subsection (8) is deemed to be a decision of a federal board, commission or other tribunal that may be reviewed and set aside under the Federal Courts Act.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131
  • 2007, c. 36, s. 75

Marginal note:Delegation

  •  (1) The Superintendent of Bankruptcy may, in writing, authorize any person to exercise or perform, subject to any terms and conditions that he or she may specify in the authorization, any of the powers, duties or functions of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy under sections 29 and 30.

  • Marginal note:Notification to monitor

    (2) If the Superintendent of Bankruptcy delegates in accordance with subsection (1), the Superintendent or the delegate must give notice of the delegation in the prescribed manner to any monitor who may be affected by the delegation.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Agreements

Marginal note:Disclaimer or resiliation of agreements

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a debtor company may — on notice given in the prescribed form and manner to the other parties to the agreement and the monitor — disclaim or resiliate any agreement to which the company is a party on the day on which proceedings commence under this Act. The company may not give notice unless the monitor approves the proposed disclaimer or resiliation.

  • Marginal note:Court may prohibit disclaimer or resiliation

    (2) Within 15 days after the day on which the company gives notice under subsection (1), a party to the agreement may, on notice to the other parties to the agreement and the monitor, apply to a court for an order that the agreement is not to be disclaimed or resiliated.

  • Marginal note:Court-ordered disclaimer or resiliation

    (3) If the monitor does not approve the proposed disclaimer or resiliation, the company may, on notice to the other parties to the agreement and the monitor, apply to a court for an order that the agreement be disclaimed or resiliated.

  • Marginal note:Factors to be considered

    (4) In deciding whether to make the order, the court is to consider, among other things,

    • (a) whether the monitor approved the proposed disclaimer or resiliation;

    • (b) whether the disclaimer or resiliation would enhance the prospects of a viable compromise or arrangement being made in respect of the company; and

    • (c) whether the disclaimer or resiliation would likely cause significant financial hardship to a party to the agreement.

  • Marginal note:Date of disclaimer or resiliation

    (5) An agreement is disclaimed or resiliated

    • (a) if no application is made under subsection (2), on the day that is 30 days after the day on which the company gives notice under subsection (1);

    • (b) if the court dismisses the application made under subsection (2), on the day that is 30 days after the day on which the company gives notice under subsection (1) or on any later day fixed by the court; or

    • (c) if the court orders that the agreement is disclaimed or resiliated under subsection (3), on the day that is 30 days after the day on which the company gives notice or on any later day fixed by the court.

  • Marginal note:Intellectual property

    (6) If the company has granted a right to use intellectual property to a party to an agreement, the disclaimer or resiliation does not affect the party’s right to use the intellectual property — including the party’s right to enforce an exclusive use — during the term of the agreement, including any period for which the party extends the agreement as of right, as long as the party continues to perform its obligations under the agreement in relation to the use of the intellectual property.

  • Marginal note:Loss related to disclaimer or resiliation

    (7) If an agreement is disclaimed or resiliated, a party to the agreement who suffers a loss in relation to the disclaimer or resiliation is considered to have a provable claim.

  • Marginal note:Reasons for disclaimer or resiliation

    (8) A company shall, on request by a party to the agreement, provide in writing the reasons for the proposed disclaimer or resiliation within five days after the day on which the party requests them.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions

    (9) This section does not apply in respect of

    • (a) an eligible financial contract;

    • (b) a collective agreement;

    • (c) a financing agreement if the company is the borrower; or

    • (d) a lease of real property or of an immovable if the company is the lessor.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131
  • 2007, c. 29, s. 108, c. 36, ss. 76, 112

Marginal note:Collective agreements

  •  (1) If proceedings under this Act have been commenced in respect of a debtor company, any collective agreement that the company has entered into as the employer remains in force, and may not be altered except as provided in this section or under the laws of the jurisdiction governing collective bargaining between the company and the bargaining agent.

  • Marginal note:Application for authorization to serve notice to bargain

    (2) A debtor company that is a party to a collective agreement and that is unable to reach a voluntary agreement with the bargaining agent to revise any of the provisions of the collective agreement may, on giving five days notice to the bargaining agent, apply to the court for an order authorizing the company to serve a notice to bargain under the laws of the jurisdiction governing collective bargaining between the company and the bargaining agent.

  • Marginal note:Conditions for issuance of order

    (3) The court may issue the order only if it is satisfied that

    • (a) a viable compromise or arrangement could not be made in respect of the company, taking into account the terms of the collective agreement;

    • (b) the company has made good faith efforts to renegotiate the provisions of the collective agreement; and

    • (c) a failure to issue the order is likely to result in irreparable damage to the company.

  • Marginal note:No delay on vote

    (4) The vote of the creditors in respect of a compromise or an arrangement may not be delayed solely because the period provided in the laws of the jurisdiction governing collective bargaining between the company and the bargaining agent has not expired.

  • Marginal note:Claims arising from termination or amendment

    (5) If the parties to the collective agreement agree to revise the collective agreement after proceedings have been commenced under this Act in respect of the company, the bargaining agent that is a party to the agreement is deemed to have a claim, as an unsecured creditor, for an amount equal to the value of concessions granted by the bargaining agent with respect to the remaining term of the collective agreement.

  • Marginal note:Order to disclose information

    (6) On the application of the bargaining agent and on notice to the person to whom the application relates, the court may, subject to any terms and conditions it specifies, make an order requiring the person to make available to the bargaining agent any information specified by the court in the person’s possession or control that relates to the company’s business or financial affairs and that is relevant to the collective bargaining between the company and the bargaining agent. The court may make the order only after the company has been authorized to serve a notice to bargain under subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Parties

    (7) For the purpose of this section, the parties to a collective agreement are the debtor company and the bargaining agent that are bound by the collective agreement.

  • Marginal note:Unrevised collective agreements remain in force

    (8) For greater certainty, any collective agreement that the company and the bargaining agent have not agreed to revise remains in force, and the court shall not alter its terms.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131

Marginal note:Certain rights limited

  •  (1) No person may terminate or amend, or claim an accelerated payment or forfeiture of the term under, any agreement, including a security agreement, with a debtor company by reason only that proceedings commenced under this Act or that the company is insolvent.

  • Marginal note:Lease

    (2) If the agreement referred to in subsection (1) is a lease, the lessor may not terminate or amend the lease by reason only that proceedings commenced under this Act, that the company is insolvent or that the company has not paid rent in respect of any period before the commencement of those proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Public utilities

    (3) No public utility may discontinue service to a company by reason only that proceedings commenced under this Act, that the company is insolvent or that the company has not paid for services rendered or goods provided before the commencement of those proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Certain acts not prevented

    (4) Nothing in this section is to be construed as

    • (a) prohibiting a person from requiring payments to be made in cash for goods, services, use of leased property or other valuable consideration provided after the commencement of proceedings under this Act;

    • (b) requiring the further advance of money or credit; or

    • (c) [Repealed, 2012, c. 31, s. 421]

  • Marginal note:Provisions of section override agreement

    (5) Any provision in an agreement that has the effect of providing for, or permitting, anything that, in substance, is contrary to this section is of no force or effect.

  • Marginal note:Powers of court

    (6) On application by a party to an agreement or by a public utility, the court may declare that this section does not apply — or applies only to the extent declared by the court — if the applicant satisfies the court that the operation of this section would likely cause the applicant significant financial hardship.

  • Marginal note:Eligible financial contracts

    (7) Subsection (1) does not apply

    • (a) in respect of an eligible financial contract; or

    • (b) to prevent a member of the Canadian Payments Association from ceasing to act as a clearing agent or group clearer for a company in accordance with the Canadian Payments Act and the by-laws and rules of that Association.

  • Marginal note:Permitted actions

    (8) The following actions are permitted in respect of an eligible financial contract that is entered into before proceedings under this Act are commenced in respect of the company and is terminated on or after that day, but only in accordance with the provisions of that contract:

    • (a) the netting or setting off or compensation of obligations between the company and the other parties to the eligible financial contract; and

    • (b) any dealing with financial collateral including

      • (i) the sale or foreclosure or, in the Province of Quebec, the surrender of financial collateral, and

      • (ii) the setting off or compensation of financial collateral or the application of the proceeds or value of financial collateral.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (9) No order may be made under this Act if the order would have the effect of staying or restraining the actions permitted under subsection (8).

  • Marginal note:Net termination values

    (10) If net termination values determined in accordance with an eligible financial contract referred to in subsection (8) are owed by the company to another party to the eligible financial contract, that other party is deemed to be a creditor of the company with a claim against the company in respect of those net termination values.

  • Marginal note:Priority

    (11) No order may be made under this Act if the order would have the effect of subordinating financial collateral.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 131
  • 2007, c. 29, s. 109, c. 36, ss. 77, 112
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 421
 
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