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Corrections and Conditional Release Act (S.C. 1992, c. 20)

Act current to 2021-10-07 and last amended on 2019-11-30. Previous Versions

PART IInstitutional and Community Corrections (continued)

Discipline (continued)

Marginal note:Informal resolution

  •  (1) Where a staff member believes on reasonable grounds that an inmate has committed or is committing a disciplinary offence, the staff member shall take all reasonable steps to resolve the matter informally, where possible.

  • Marginal note:Charge may be issued

    (2) Where an informal resolution is not achieved, the institutional head may, depending on the seriousness of the alleged conduct and any aggravating or mitigating factors, issue a charge of a minor disciplinary offence or a serious disciplinary offence.

Marginal note:Notice of charge

 An inmate charged with a disciplinary offence shall be given a written notice of the charge in accordance with the regulations, and the notice must state whether the charge is minor or serious.

Marginal note:Hearing

  •  (1) A charge of a disciplinary offence shall be dealt with in accordance with the prescribed procedure, including a hearing conducted in the prescribed manner.

  • Marginal note:Presence of inmate

    (2) A hearing mentioned in subsection (1) shall be conducted with the inmate present unless

    • (a) the inmate is voluntarily absent;

    • (b) the person conducting the hearing believes on reasonable grounds that the inmate’s presence would jeopardize the safety of any person present at the hearing; or

    • (c) the inmate seriously disrupts the hearing.

  • Marginal note:Decision

    (3) The person conducting the hearing shall not find the inmate guilty unless satisfied beyond a reasonable doubt, based on the evidence presented at the hearing, that the inmate committed the disciplinary offence in question.

Marginal note:Disciplinary sanctions

  •  (1) An inmate who is found guilty of a disciplinary offence is liable, in accordance with the regulations made under paragraphs 96(i) and (j), to one or more of the following:

    • (a) a warning or reprimand;

    • (b) a loss of privileges;

    • (c) an order to make restitution, including in respect of any property that is damaged or destroyed as a result of the offence;

    • (d) a fine; and

    • (e) performance of extra duties.

    • (f) [Repealed, 2019, c. 27, s. 11]

  • Marginal note:Collection of fine or restitution

    (2) A fine or restitution imposed pursuant to subsection (1) may be collected in the prescribed manner.

Summary Conviction Offences

Marginal note:Summary conviction offences

 Every person commits a summary conviction offence who

  • (a) is in possession of contraband beyond the visitor control point in a penitentiary;

  • (b) is in possession of anything referred to in paragraph (b) or (c) of the definition “contraband” in section 2 before the visitor control point at a penitentiary;

  • (c) delivers contraband to, or receives contraband from, an inmate;

  • (d) without prior authorization, delivers jewellery to, or receives jewellery from, an inmate; or

  • (e) trespasses at a penitentiary.

Search and Seizure


Marginal note:Definitions

 In sections 47 to 67,

body cavity

body cavity means the rectum or vagina; (cavité corporelle)

body cavity search

body cavity search means the physical probing of a body cavity, in the prescribed manner; (examen des cavités corporelles)

frisk search

frisk search means

  • (a) a manual search, or a search by technical means, of the clothed body, in the prescribed manner, and

  • (b) a search of

    • (i) personal possessions, including clothing, that the person may be carrying, and

    • (ii) any coat or jacket that the person has been requested to remove,

    in accordance with any applicable regulations made under paragraph 96(l); (fouille par palpation)

non-intrusive search

non-intrusive search means

  • (a) a search of a non-intrusive nature of the clothed body by technical means, in the prescribed manner, and

  • (b) a search of

    • (i) personal possessions, including clothing, that the person may be carrying, and

    • (ii) any coat or jacket that the person has been requested to remove,

    in accordance with any applicable regulations made under paragraph 96(l); (fouille discrète)

strip search

strip search means

  • (a) a visual inspection of the naked body, in the prescribed manner, and

  • (b) a search, in accordance with any applicable regulations made under paragraph 96(l), of all clothing, things in the clothing, and other personal possessions that the person may be carrying; (fouille à nu)


urinalysis means a prescribed procedure by which a person provides a urine sample, by the normal excretory process, for analysis. (prise d’échantillon d’urine)

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 46
  • 1995, c. 42, s. 13(F)

Searches of Inmates

Marginal note:Routine non-intrusive or frisk searches

  •  (1) A staff member may conduct routine non-intrusive searches or routine frisk searches of inmates, without individualized suspicion, in the prescribed circumstances, which circumstances must be limited to what is reasonably required for security purposes.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) A person providing services of a prescribed class to the Service under a contract has the power to search that a staff member is authorized to conduct under subsection (1) if

    • (a) the conducting of such searches is provided for in the contract but does not constitute the person’s principal services under the contract;

    • (b) the searches are reasonably related to the person’s principal services under the contract; and

    • (c) the person has received the prescribed training to conduct such searches.

Marginal note:Routine strip search of inmates

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a staff member of the same sex as the inmate may conduct a routine strip search of an inmate, without individualized suspicion,

    • (a) in the prescribed circumstances in situations in which the inmate has been in a place where there was a likelihood of access to contraband that is capable of being hidden on or in the body; or

    • (b) when the inmate is entering or leaving a structured intervention unit.

  • Marginal note:Choice of body scan search

    (2) A body scan search of the inmate shall be conducted instead of the strip search if

    • (a) the body scan search is authorized under section 48.1; and

    • (b) a prescribed body scanner in proper working order is in the area where the strip search would be conducted.

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