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An Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families (S.C. 2019, c. 24)

Act current to 2020-07-28 and last amended on 2020-01-01. Previous Versions

Laws of Indigenous Groups, Communities or Peoples (continued)

Coordination and Application (continued)

Marginal note:Force of law

  •  (1) A law, as amended from time to time, of an Indigenous group, community or people referred to in subsection 20(3) also has, during the period that the law is in force, the force of law as federal law.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (2) No federal law, other than this Act, affects the interpretation of a law referred to in subsection (1) by reason only that subsection (1) gives the law the force of law as federal law.

  • Marginal note:Application of federal laws

    (3) No federal law, other than this Act and the Canadian Human Rights Act, applies in relation to a law referred to in subsection (1) by reason only that subsection (1) gives the law the force of law as federal law.

Marginal note:Conflict — federal laws

  •  (1) If there is a conflict or inconsistency between a provision respecting child and family services that is in a law of an Indigenous group, community or people and a provision respecting child and family services — other than any of sections 10 to 15 of this Act and the provisions of the Canadian Human Rights Act — that is in a federal Act or regulation, the provision that is in the law of the Indigenous group, community or people prevails to the extent of the conflict or inconsistency.

  • Marginal note:Clarification

    (2) The reference to a “federal Act or regulation” in subsection (1) does not include a reference to a law that has the force of law under subsection 21(1).

  • Marginal note:Conflict — provincial laws

    (3) For greater certainty, if there is a conflict or inconsistency between a provision respecting child and family services that is in a law of an Indigenous group, community or people and a provision respecting child and family services that is in a provincial Act or regulation, the provision that is in the law of the Indigenous group, community or people prevails to the extent of the conflict or inconsistency.

Marginal note:Application to Indigenous children — exception

 A provision respecting child and family services that is in a law of an Indigenous group, community or people applies in relation to an Indigenous child except if the application of the provision would be contrary to the best interests of the child.

Marginal note:Conflict — stronger ties

  •  (1) If there is a conflict or inconsistency between a provision respecting child and family services that is in a law of an Indigenous group, community or people and a provision respecting child and family services that is in a law of another Indigenous group, community or people, the provision that is in the law of the Indigenous group, community or people with which the child has stronger ties — taking into consideration his or her habitual residence as well as his or her views and preferences, giving due weight to his or her age and maturity, unless they cannot be ascertained, and the views and preferences of his or her parent and the care provider — prevails to the extent of the conflict or inconsistency.

  • Marginal note:References to laws

    (2) Subsection (1) also applies in respect of the provisions of a law that has the force of law under subsection 21(1).

Publication and Accessibility

Marginal note:Publication

 The Minister must

  • (a) as soon as feasible after receiving a notice under subsection 20(1), or a request under subsection 20(2), post on a website the name of the Indigenous group, community or people on whose behalf an Indigenous governing body has given the notice or made the request, as the case may be, and the date on which the notice or request was received;

  • (b) as soon as feasible after a coordination agreement is entered into, post on a website the name of the Indigenous group, community or people on whose behalf an Indigenous governing body has entered into the coordination agreement and the date on which it was entered into; and

  • (c) as soon as feasible after receiving notice that a law made on behalf of an Indigenous group, community or people contains a provision respecting child and family services, post on a website the name of that Indigenous group, community or people and the date on which the law comes into force.

Marginal note:Accessibility

 After receiving a copy of a law that contains a provision respecting child and family services made on behalf of an Indigenous group, community or people referred to in subsection 20(3), the Minister is to ensure that the law is made accessible to the public in any manner that the Minister considers appropriate, and to that end may publish the law, as amended from time to time, in the Canada Gazette.

General

Marginal note:Role of Minister

 The Minister may gather information respecting the child and family services that are provided in relation to Indigenous children and information about individuals in relation to whom those services are provided and facilitate the disclosure of that information to affected families and communities.

Marginal note:Agreements — information

 The Minister may enter into agreements with a provincial government and any Indigenous governing body regarding the collection, retention, use and disclosure of information respecting the child and family services that are provided in relation to Indigenous children in order to, among other things,

  • (a) ensure that Indigenous children are identified as a First Nations person, an Inuk or a Métis person, as the case may be, and that their communities of origin and those of their parents are identified, when possible, when child and family services are provided in relation to them;

  • (b) support the improvement of those services; and

  • (c) facilitate the disclosure of that information to affected families and communities.

Marginal note:Powers of Minister

 For the purposes of section 27, the Minister may disclose information respecting the child and family services that are provided in relation to Indigenous children and information about individuals in relation to whom those services are provided.

Marginal note:Disclosure of information

 For the purposes of implementing an agreement referred to in section 28, a provincial government or a public body established under a provincial Act may collect and disclose information respecting the child and family services that are provided in relation to Indigenous children and information about individuals in relation to whom those services are provided.

Marginal note:Five-year review

  •  (1) Every five years after the day on which this section comes into force, the Minister must, in collaboration with Indigenous peoples, including representatives of First Nations, the Inuit and the Métis, undertake a review of the provisions and operation of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Provincial governments

    (2) For greater certainty, when undertaking the review, the Minister may also collaborate with provincial governments.

  • Marginal note:Report

    (3) The Minister must prepare a report on the review that sets out his or her conclusions and recommendations, including any improvements to the provisions of this Act that he or she recommends.

  • Marginal note:Tabling of report

    (4) The Minister must cause the report to be tabled in each House of Parliament on any of the first 30 days on which it is sitting after the day on which the report is completed.

Regulations

Marginal note:Regulations

  •  (1) If affected Indigenous governing bodies were afforded a meaningful opportunity to collaborate in the policy development leading to the making of the regulations, the Governor in Council may make regulations providing for any matter relating to the application of this Act or respecting the provision of child and family services in relation to Indigenous children.

  • Marginal note:Provincial governments

    (2) For greater certainty, subsection (1) does not prevent provincial governments from collaborating in the policy development referred to in that subsection.

Transitional Provisions

Marginal note:Representations and party status

 In the context of a proceeding referred to in section 13 that is pending on the day on which that section comes into force, the right referred to in that section may be exercised only if its exercise is consistent with the best interests of the child and is appropriate in the circumstances.

Marginal note:Regulations

  •  (1) If affected Indigenous governing bodies were afforded a meaningful opportunity to collaborate in the policy development leading to the making of the regulations, the Governor in Council may make any regulations that the Governor in Council considers necessary to provide for any other transitional matter arising from the coming into force of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Provincial governments

    (2) For greater certainty, subsection (1) does not prevent provincial governments from collaborating in the policy development referred to in that subsection.

Coming into Force

Marginal note:Order in council

Footnote * The provisions of this Act come into force on a day or days to be fixed by order of the Governor in Council.

 
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