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Trust and Loan Companies Act (S.C. 1991, c. 45)

Act current to 2019-12-03 and last amended on 2019-06-17. Previous Versions

PART IInterpretation and Application (continued)

Interpretation (continued)

Marginal note:Substantial investment in body corporate

  •  (1) A person has a substantial investment in a body corporate where

    • (a) the voting rights attached to the aggregate of any voting shares of the body corporate beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person exceed 10 per cent of the voting rights attached to all of the outstanding voting shares of the body corporate; or

    • (b) the aggregate of any shares of the body corporate beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person represents ownership of greater than 25 per cent of the shareholders’ equity of the body corporate.

  • Marginal note:Increasing substantial investment in body corporate

    (2) A person who has a substantial investment in a body corporate pursuant to paragraph (1)(a) increases that substantial investment when the person or any entity controlled by the person

    • (a) acquires beneficial ownership of additional voting shares of the body corporate in such number as to increase the percentage of voting rights attached to the aggregate of the voting shares of the body corporate beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person; or

    • (b) acquires control of any entity that beneficially owns any voting shares of the body corporate in such number as to increase the percentage of voting rights attached to the aggregate of the voting shares of the body corporate beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3) A person who has a substantial investment in a body corporate pursuant to paragraph (1)(b) increases that substantial investment when the person or any entity controlled by the person

    • (a) acquires beneficial ownership of additional shares of the body corporate in such number as to increase the percentage of the shareholders’ equity of the body corporate represented by the aggregate of the shares of the body corporate beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person; or

    • (b) acquires control of any entity that beneficially owns any shares of the body corporate in such number as to increase the percentage of the shareholders’ equity of the body corporate represented by the aggregate of the shares of the body corporate beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person.

  • Marginal note:New substantial investment

    (4) For greater certainty,

    • (a) where a person has a substantial investment in a body corporate pursuant to paragraph (1)(a) and the person, or any entity controlled by the person,

      • (i) purchases or otherwise acquires beneficial ownership of shares of the body corporate, or

      • (ii) acquires control of any entity that beneficially owns shares of the body corporate,

      in such number as to cause the shareholders’ equity of the body corporate represented by the aggregate of the shares of the body corporate beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person to exceed 25 per cent of the shareholders’ equity of the body corporate, or

    • (b) where a person has a substantial investment in a body corporate pursuant to paragraph (1)(b) and the person or any entity controlled by the person

      • (i) purchases or otherwise acquires beneficial ownership of voting shares of the body corporate, or

      • (ii) acquires control of any entity that beneficially owns voting shares of the body corporate,

      in such number as to cause the voting rights attached to the aggregate of the voting shares beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person to exceed 10 per cent of the voting rights attached to all of the outstanding voting shares of the body corporate,

    the acquisition is deemed to cause the person to increase a substantial investment in the body corporate.

  • Marginal note:Substantial investment in unincorporated entity

    (5) A person has a substantial investment in an unincorporated entity where the aggregate of any ownership interests, however designated, into which the entity is divided, beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person exceeds 25 per cent of all of the ownership interests into which the entity is divided.

  • Marginal note:Increasing substantial investment in unincorporated entities

    (6) A person who has a substantial investment in an unincorporated entity increases that substantial investment when the person or any entity controlled by the person

    • (a) acquires beneficial ownership of additional ownership interests in the unincorporated entity in such number as to increase the percentage of ownership interests in the unincorporated entity beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person; or

    • (b) acquires control of any entity that beneficially owns ownership interests in the unincorporated entity in such number as to increase the percentage of ownership interests beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person.

 [Repealed, 2005, c. 54, s. 370]

Marginal note:WTO Member resident

  •  (1) For the purposes of this Act, a WTO Member resident is

    • (a) a natural person who is ordinarily resident in a country or territory that is a WTO Member as defined in subsection 2(1) of the World Trade Organization Agreement Implementation Act, other than Canada;

    • (b) a body corporate, association, partnership or other organization that is incorporated, formed or otherwise organized in a country or territory that is a WTO Member, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the World Trade Organization Agreement Implementation Act, other than Canada, and that is controlled,

      • (i) directly or indirectly, by one or more persons referred to in paragraph (a), or

      • (ii) by a government of a WTO Member, whether federal, state or local, or an agency of one of those governments;

    • (c) a trust established by one or more persons referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) or a trust in which one or more of those persons have more than 50 per cent of the beneficial interest; or

    • (d) a body corporate, association, partnership or other organization that is controlled, directly or indirectly, by a trust referred to in paragraph (c).

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1),

    • (a) a body corporate is controlled by one or more persons if

      • (i) securities of the body corporate to which are attached more than 50 per cent of the votes that may be cast to elect directors of the body corporate are beneficially owned by the person or persons, and

      • (ii) the votes attached to those securities are sufficient to elect a majority of the directors of the body corporate;

    • (b) an association, partnership or other organization is controlled by one or more persons if

      • (i) more than 50 per cent of the ownership interests, however designated, into which the association, partnership or other organization is divided are beneficially owned by the person or persons, and

      • (ii) the person or persons are able to direct the business and affairs of the association, partnership or other organization;

    • (c) a body corporate, association, partnership or other organization is controlled by one or more persons if the person or persons have, directly or indirectly, control in fact of the body corporate, association, partnership or other organization; and

    • (d) a body corporate, association, partnership or other organization that controls another body corporate, association, partnership or other organization is deemed to control any body corporate, association, partnership or other organization that is controlled or deemed to be controlled by the other body corporate, association, partnership or other organization.

  • 1999, c. 28, s. 137

Application

Marginal note:Application of Act

 This Act applies to every body corporate

  • (a) that is incorporated or continued under this Act,

  • (b) to which the Trust Companies Act applied immediately before the coming into force of this section, or

  • (c) to which the Loan Companies Act applied immediately before the coming into force of this section,

and that is not discontinued under this Act.

Marginal note:Conflicting provisions

 Where there is a conflict or inconsistency between a provision of this Act and a provision of the incorporating instrument of a former-Act company, the provision of this Act prevails.

PART IIStatus and Powers

Marginal note:Corporate powers

  •  (1) A company has the capacity of a natural person and, subject to this Act, the rights, powers and privileges of a natural person.

  • Marginal note:Powers restricted

    (2) A company shall not carry on any business or exercise any power that it is restricted by this Act from carrying on or exercising, or exercise any of its powers in a manner contrary to this Act.

  • Marginal note:Business in Canada

    (3) A company may carry on business throughout Canada.

  • Marginal note:Powers outside Canada

    (4) Subject to this Act, a company has the capacity to carry on its business, conduct its affairs and exercise its powers in any jurisdiction outside Canada to the extent and in the manner that the laws of that jurisdiction permit.

 
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