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Canada Cooperatives Act (S.C. 1998, c. 1)

Act current to 2022-06-01 and last amended on 2018-05-01. Previous Versions

PART 8Capital Structure (continued)

Corporate Finance

Marginal note:Power to issue investment shares

 Subject to this Act, the articles, the by-laws and any unanimous agreement, membership shares may only be issued to members, and investment shares may be issued to any person, at any time and for money or in exchange for any thing or service that the directors may determine.

Marginal note:Payment for investment shares

  •  (1) A cooperative may not issue an investment share until it is fully paid in money, or past service or any other thing that is not less in value than the fair equivalent of the money that the cooperative would have received if the investment share had been issued for money, but neither a promissory note nor a promise to pay made by a person to whom the investment shares are issued or a person not dealing at arm’s length with that person is acceptable in payment of an investment share.

  • Marginal note:Payment for membership shares

    (2) Membership shares may be paid for in money, or past service or any other thing that is not less in value than the fair equivalent of the money that the cooperative would have received if the membership share had been issued for money.

Marginal note:Borrowing

 Unless the articles, the by-laws or a unanimous agreement provide otherwise, the directors may, subject to subsection 126(2), without the authorization of the members or shareholders,

  • (a) borrow money;

  • (b) give debt obligations;

  • (c) give guarantees;

  • (d) create security interests in its property; and

  • (e) despite paragraph 108(e) and subsection 109(3), delegate any power referred to in any of paragraphs (a) to (d).

  • 1998, c. 1, s. 137
  • 2001, c. 14, s. 180
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 83(F)

Marginal note:Stated capital account

  •  (1) A cooperative that is authorized to issue shares must maintain a stated capital account for each class and series of shares that it issues.

  • Marginal note:Amounts

    (2) A cooperative must add to the appropriate stated capital account the full amount of any money, or the value or any thing or service, that it receives for shares it issues.

  • Marginal note:Exception for non-arm’s length transactions

    (3) Despite subsection (2), a cooperative may, subject to subsection (4), add to the stated capital accounts maintained for the shares of classes or series the whole or any part of the amount of the money, or the value of the things and services, it receives in an exchange if the cooperative issues shares

    • (a) in exchange for

      • (i) property of a person who immediately before the exchange did not deal with the cooperative at arm’s length within the meaning of that expression in the Income Tax Act,

      • (ii) shares of, or another interest or right in, an entity that immediately before the exchange, or that because of the exchange, did not deal with the cooperative at arm’s length within the meaning of that expression in the Income Tax Act, or

      • (iii) property of a person who, immediately before the exchange, dealt with the cooperative at arm’s length within the meaning of that expression in the Income Tax Act, if the person, the cooperative and all the holders of shares in the class or series of shares so issued consent to the exchange; or

    • (b) under an amalgamation or arrangement, or to members or shareholders of an amalgamating body corporate who receive the shares in addition to or instead of securities of the amalgamated cooperative.

  • Marginal note:Limit on addition to a stated capital account

    (4) On the issue of a share, a cooperative may not add to a stated capital account in respect of the share it issues an amount greater than the amount of the money, or the value of the thing or service, it received for the share.

  • Marginal note:Constraint on addition to a stated capital account

    (5) The proposed addition of an amount to a stated capital account maintained by a cooperative in respect of a class or series of shares must be approved in advance by a special resolution of the members and, if the cooperative has issued investment shares, by a separate special resolution of the shareholders, the class of shareholders or the holders of the series of investment shares that is affected by the special resolution, if

    • (a) the amount to be added was not received by the cooperative as consideration for the issue of the shares; and

    • (b) the cooperative has issued shares of more than one class or series that are outstanding.

  • Marginal note:Membership share inclusion

    (6) For greater certainty, if a cooperative issues membership shares with a par value, the cooperative is deemed, for the purposes of subsection 147(2), sections 151 and 154 and paragraph 299(2)(d), to have a stated capital account for its membership shares that includes each amount that has been received by the cooperative for the membership shares.

  • 1998, c. 1, s. 138
  • 2001, c. 14, s. 181
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 84(E)

Marginal note:Other additions to stated capital account

  •  (1) When a body corporate is continued under this Act, it may add to a stated capital account any money, or the value of any thing or service, received by it for a share it issued.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (2) When a body corporate is continued under this Act, subsection 138(2) does not apply to the money, or the value of things or services, received by it before it was so continued unless the share in respect of which the money, thing or service received is issued after the body corporate is continued.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (3) When a body corporate is continued under this Act, any amount unpaid in respect of a share issued by the body corporate before it was so continued and paid after it was so continued is added to the stated capital account maintained for the shares of that class or series.

  • Marginal note:Continued cooperative

    (4) For the purposes of subsection 147(2), sections 151 and 154 and paragraph 299(2)(d), when a cooperative is continued under this Act, its stated capital account is deemed to include the amount that would have been included if the cooperative had been incorporated under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Membership shares with a par value

    (5) When a cooperative is continued under this Act, subsection 138(6) applies if the cooperative has membership shares with a par value.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (6) A cooperative must not reduce its stated capital or any stated capital account except in the manner provided in this Act.

  • 1998, c. 1, s. 139
  • 2001, c. 14, s. 182

Marginal note:Surplus accounts

 Subject to subsection 138(5), a cooperative continued under this Act may at any time add to a stated capital account any amount it has credited to a retained earnings or other surplus account.

Marginal note:Shares not assessable

 The shares of a cooperative are non-assessable and the members and shareholders are not liable to the cooperative or to its creditors in respect of them.

Marginal note:Options and rights

  •  (1) A cooperative may issue certificates, warrants or other evidence of conversion privileges, options or rights to acquire shares or securities of the cooperative.

  • Marginal note:Conversion for members only

    (2) A conversion privilege, option or right to acquire membership shares may be granted only to members, and is non-transferable.

  • Marginal note:Conditions

    (3) The conditions of the conversion privileges, options or rights must be set out in

    • (a) the certificate, warrant or other evidence; or

    • (b) the certificates evidencing the securities to which the conversion privileges, options or rights are attached.

  • Marginal note:Transferability

    (4) Subject to subsection (2), conversion privileges, options or rights to acquire securities of a cooperative may be made transferable or non-transferable, and options and rights to acquire securities of a cooperative may be made separable or inseparable from any securities to which they are attached.

Marginal note:Restriction regarding bearer investment shares

  •  (1) Despite section 142, a cooperative must not issue, in bearer form, a certificate, warrant or other evidence of a conversion privilege, option or right to acquire an investment share of the cooperative.

  • Marginal note:Replacement

    (2) A cooperative must, on the request of a holder of a certificate, warrant or other evidence of a conversion privilege, option or right to acquire an investment share of the cooperative that is in bearer form and that was issued before the coming into force of this section, issue in exchange to that holder, in registered form, a certificate, warrant or other evidence, as the case may be.

  • 2018, c. 8, s. 61

Marginal note:Reserves

 If the articles limit the number of authorized shares, the cooperative must reserve sufficient authorized shares to meet the exercise of any conversion privileges, or any options or rights issued or granted by the cooperative to acquire shares.

Marginal note:Holding own shares

  •  (1) Subject to sections 145 to 149, a cooperative may not

    • (a) hold any shares in itself or in its holding body corporate; or

    • (b) permit any of its subsidiaries to hold shares in the cooperative, other than the minimum number of membership shares required by the by-laws of the cooperative to qualify for membership in it.

  • Marginal note:Disposal of shares

    (2) A cooperative must cause any subsidiary that holds shares in the cooperative contrary to subsection (1) to dispose of those shares no later than five years after the date on which

    • (a) it became a subsidiary; or

    • (b) the cooperative was continued under this Act.

Marginal note:Exception for holding own shares

  •  (1) A cooperative may, and may permit its subsidiaries to, hold, in the capacity of a personal representative, shares in itself or in its holding body corporate only if the cooperative, holding body corporate or subsidiary does not have a beneficial interest in the shares.

  • Marginal note:Holding shares by way of security

    (2) A cooperative may hold shares in itself or its holding body corporate by way of security for the purposes of a transaction entered into by it in the ordinary course of a business that includes the lending of money.

  • 1998, c. 1, s. 145
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 85

Marginal note:Redemption of membership shares

 Subject to section 149, a cooperative may at any time redeem any of its membership shares, if issued on a par-value basis at par value and if issued on a no-par-value basis in accordance with the price or formula that is set out in its articles, or, if no such price or formula is set out in the articles, at a fair value.

Marginal note:Acquisition of investment shares

  •  (1) Subject to its articles and to subsection (2), a cooperative may at any time acquire any investment share issued by it.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) A cooperative may not make a payment to acquire investment shares if there are reasonable grounds to believe that

    • (a) the cooperative is, or would after the payment be, unable to pay its liabilities as they become due; or

    • (b) the realizable value of the cooperative’s assets after the payment would be less than the total of the stated capital of all its issued shares and its liabilities.

  • Marginal note:Redemption of investment shares

    (3) Subject to section 149, a cooperative may at any time redeem any of its investment shares that are redeemable, in accordance with any price or formula that may be set out in its articles or, if the articles do not so provide, at fair market value.

  • 1998, c. 1, s. 147
  • 2001, c. 14, s. 183(F)

Marginal note:Alternative share acquisition

 Despite section 146 and subsection 147(2), but subject to section 149 and to its articles, a cooperative may acquire shares issued by it

  • (a) to satisfy the claim of members or shareholders who dissent under section 302;

  • (b) to comply with an order under section 340;

  • (c) to settle or compromise a debt or claim asserted by the cooperative;

  • (d) to eliminate fractional shares; or

  • (e) to fulfil the terms of a non-assignable option or obligation to purchase shares owned by a director, officer or employee.

Marginal note:Limitation on acquisition or redemption

 A cooperative may not make a payment to acquire or redeem a share under section 146 or 148 if there are reasonable grounds to believe that

  • (a) the cooperative is, or would after the payment be, unable to pay its liabilities as they become due; or

  • (b) the realizable value of the cooperative’s assets after the payment would be less than the total of

    • (i) its liabilities, and

    • (ii) the amount that would be required to pay the holders of shares that have a right to be paid, on a redemption or liquidation, rateably with or in priority to the holders of the shares to be purchased or redeemed.

Marginal note:Cancellation or resurrection of shares

 Shares of a cooperative that are redeemed or otherwise acquired by it are cancelled or, if the articles limit the number of authorized shares, restored to the status of unissued shares.

Marginal note:Reduction of capital

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a cooperative may reduce its stated capital for any purpose, by special resolution of its members and, if an investment share is proposed to be affected by the reduction, by the holders of the investment shares.

  • Marginal note:Limitation on reductions

    (2) A cooperative may not reduce its stated capital if there are reasonable grounds to believe that

    • (a) the cooperative is, or would after the payment be, unable to pay its liabilities as they become due; or

    • (b) the realizable value of the cooperative’s assets after the reduction would be less than the total of its liabilities.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Subsection (2) does not apply to a reduction of stated capital that is not represented by realizable assets.

  • Marginal note:If several stated capital accounts

    (4) If a cooperative maintains more than one stated capital account, the special resolution to reduce stated capital required by subsection (1) must specify the stated capital account or accounts from which the reduction will be deducted.

  • Marginal note:Court order

    (5) A creditor of a cooperative may apply to a court for an order compelling a person

    • (a) to pay to the cooperative an amount equal to any liability of the person that was extinguished or reduced contrary to this section; or

    • (b) to pay or deliver to the cooperative any money or property that was paid or distributed to the person as a consequence of a reduction of stated capital made contrary to this section.

  • Marginal note:Limitation period

    (6) No action may be commenced to enforce a liability imposed by this section more than two years after the date of the act complained of.

 
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