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Motor Vehicle Safety Act (S.C. 1993, c. 16)

Act current to 2020-09-09 and last amended on 2020-02-04. Previous Versions

Motor Vehicle Safety Act

S.C. 1993, c. 16

Assented to 1993-05-06

An Act to regulate the manufacture and importation of motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment to reduce the risk of death, injury and damage to property and the environment

Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Motor Vehicle Safety Act.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Act,

company

company means a person

  • (a) who is engaged in the business of manufacturing vehicles or equipment in Canada,

  • (b) who is engaged in the business of selling to other persons, for the purpose of resale by those persons, vehicles or equipment obtained directly from a person described in paragraph (a) or the agent of such a person, or

  • (c) who imports a vehicle or article of equipment into Canada for the purpose of sale; (entreprise)

equipment

equipment means any equipment set out in Schedule I that is designed for use in or on a vehicle; (équipement)

inspector

inspector means a person designated as an automotive inspector pursuant to section 14; (inspecteur)

manufacture

manufacture, in relation to a vehicle, includes any process of assembling or altering the vehicle prior to its sale to the first retail purchaser; (fabrication ou construction)

Minister

Minister means the Minister of Transport; (ministre)

national safety mark

national safety mark means a prescribed expression, symbol or abbreviation or any combination of them; (marque nationale de sécurité)

prescribed

prescribed means prescribed by regulations made under section 11; (Version anglaise seulement)

sell

sell includes to offer for sale or lease, have in possession for sale or lease or deliver for sale or lease; (vente)

standard

standard means a standard that governs the design, manufacture, functioning or marking of vehicles or equipment for the purpose of reducing, directly or indirectly, the risk of death, injury or property damage from vehicle use, including a standard aimed at increasing the use of safety features by the public or facilitating the creation, recording or retrieval of information; (norme)

Tribunal

Tribunal means the Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada established by subsection 2(1) of the Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada Act; (Tribunal)

vehicle

vehicle means any vehicle that is designed to be, or is capable of being, driven or drawn on roads by any means other than muscular power exclusively, but does not include any vehicle that is designed to run exclusively on rails. (véhicule)

  • 1993, c. 16, s. 2
  • 1999, c. 33, s. 350
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 213
  • 2018, c. 2, s. 2

Exercise of Powers

Marginal note:Exercise of powers

 The Minister may, in writing, authorize any person designated by the Minister to exercise any of the Minister’s powers and duties under this Act, either generally or as otherwise provided in the instrument of authorization.

  • 2018, c. 2, s. 3

Administrative Agreements

Marginal note:Administrative agreements

 The Minister may enter into an agreement to further the purposes of this Act.

  • 2018, c. 2, s. 3

Contact Person

Marginal note:Contact person

 A company designated by the Minister that applies a national safety mark to any vehicle or equipment, sells any vehicle or equipment to which a national safety mark has been applied or imports into Canada any vehicle or equipment of a class for which standards are prescribed is required to provide the Minister, for a purpose related to verifying compliance with this Act, with the contact information for a person for the purpose of correspondence.

  • 2018, c. 2, s. 3

National Safety Marks

Marginal note:National trademarks

  •  (1) The national safety marks are hereby declared to be national trademarks and, except as provided in this Act, the exclusive property in and right to the use of those marks are vested in Her Majesty in right of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Use of marks

    (2) A company authorized by the Minister, as provided for in the regulations, may apply a national safety mark to a vehicle or equipment, as provided for in the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Provision of address

    (2.1) The company shall provide the Minister with the address of the premises at which the national safety mark is to be applied.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition

    (3) No person shall use a national safety mark except as authorized by this Act.

  • Marginal note:Confusing marks

    (4) No person shall use a mark other than a national safety mark in such a manner that it is likely to be mistaken for a national safety mark.

  • 1993, c. 16, s. 3
  • 2014, c. 20, ss. 214, 366(E)

Marginal note:Interprovincial shipments

 Except as otherwise provided by the regulations, no company shall ship from one province to another, or deliver to any person for the purpose of being so shipped, any vehicle or equipment of a prescribed class manufactured in Canada unless it has a national safety mark applied to it in accordance with section 3.

Vehicle and Equipment Requirements

Marginal note:Compliance by companies

  •  (1) No company shall apply a national safety mark to any vehicle or equipment, sell any vehicle or equipment to which a national safety mark has been applied, or import into Canada any vehicle or equipment of a prescribed class unless

    • (a) the vehicle or equipment conforms to the standards prescribed for vehicles or equipment of its class at the time the main assembly of the vehicle was completed or the equipment was manufactured;

    • (b) evidence of that conformity has been obtained and produced as provided for in the regulations or, if the regulations so provide, to the Minister’s satisfaction;

    • (c) [Repealed, 1999, c. 33, s. 351]

    • (d) prescribed information is marked on the vehicle or equipment as provided for in the regulations;

    • (e) prescribed documentation or prescribed accessories accompany the vehicle or equipment as provided for in the regulations;

    • (f) prescribed information relating to the operation of the vehicle or equipment is disseminated as provided for in the regulations;

    • (g) records are maintained and furnished, as provided for in the regulations, in relation to the design, manufacture, testing and field performance of the vehicle or equipment, for the purpose of

      • (i) enabling an inspector to determine whether the vehicle or equipment conforms to all requirements applicable to it, and

      • (ii) facilitating the identification and analysis of defects referred to in subsection 10(1); and

    • (h) in the case of equipment, the company maintains, as provided for in the regulations, a registration system by which any person who has purchased equipment manufactured, imported or sold by the company and who wishes to be identified may be so identified.

  • (2) [Repealed, 2014, c. 20, s. 216]

  • Marginal note:Time of compliance

    (3) Unless otherwise provided by the regulations, a company may apply a national safety mark to, or import into Canada, a vehicle that does not satisfy a requirement of subsection (1) if that requirement is satisfied before the vehicle leaves the possession or control of the company and before the vehicle is presented for registration under the laws of a province.

  • Marginal note:Certification by foreign agency

    (4) Where the regulations so provide in relation to a prescribed standard that corresponds to a prescribed enactment of a foreign government, a vehicle shall be deemed to conform to the standard if a prescribed agency of that government has certified that the vehicle conforms to the enactment as applied by the agency, unless the Minister determines that the vehicle does not conform to that enactment as so applied.

  • 1993, c. 16, s. 5
  • 1999, c. 33, s. 351
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 216

Marginal note:Compliance by all persons importing vehicles

 No person shall import into Canada a vehicle of a prescribed class unless the requirements of paragraphs 5(1)(a), (b), (d) and (e) are satisfied in respect of the vehicle.

 
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