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Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act (S.C. 2000, c. 17)

Act current to 2022-11-16 and last amended on 2021-06-29. Previous Versions

PART 2Reporting of Currency and Monetary Instruments (continued)

Review and Appeal (continued)

Marginal note:Notice of President

  •  (1) If a decision of the Minister is requested under section 25, the President shall without delay serve on the person who requested it written notice of the circumstances of the seizure in respect of which the decision is requested.

  • Marginal note:Evidence

    (2) The person on whom a notice is served under subsection (1) may, within 30 days after the notice is served, furnish any evidence in the matter that they desire to furnish.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 26
  • 2005, c. 38, s. 127

Marginal note:Decision of the Minister

  •  (1) Within 90 days after the expiry of the period referred to in subsection 26(2), the Minister shall decide whether subsection 12(1) was contravened.

  • Marginal note:Deferral of decision

    (2) If charges are laid with respect to a money laundering offence or a terrorist activity financing offence in respect of the currency or monetary instruments seized, the Minister may defer making a decision but shall make it in any case no later than 30 days after the conclusion of all court proceedings in respect of those charges.

  • Marginal note:Notice of decision

    (3) The Minister shall, without delay after making a decision, serve on the person who requested it a written notice of the decision together with the reasons for it.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 27
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 62

Marginal note:If there is no contravention

 If the Minister decides that subsection 12(1) was not contravened, the Minister of Public Works and Government Services shall, on being informed of the Minister’s decision, return the penalty that was paid, or the currency or monetary instruments or an amount of money equal to their value at the time of the seizure, as the case may be.

Marginal note:If there is a contravention

  •  (1) If the Minister decides that subsection 12(1) was contravened, the Minister may, subject to the terms and conditions that the Minister may determine,

    • (a) decide that the currency or monetary instruments or, subject to subsection (2), an amount of money equal to their value on the day the Minister of Public Works and Government Services is informed of the decision, be returned, on payment of a penalty in the prescribed amount or without penalty;

    • (b) decide that any penalty or portion of any penalty that was paid under subsection 18(2) be remitted; or

    • (c) subject to any order made under section 33 or 34, confirm that the currency or monetary instruments are forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada.

    The Minister of Public Works and Government Services shall give effect to a decision of the Minister under paragraph (a) or (b) on being informed of it.

  • Marginal note:Limit on amount paid

    (2) The total amount paid under paragraph (1)(a) shall, if the currency or monetary instruments were sold or otherwise disposed of under the Seized Property Management Act, not exceed the proceeds of the sale or disposition, if any, less any costs incurred by Her Majesty in respect of the currency or monetary instruments.

Marginal note:Appeal to Federal Court

  •  (1) A person who makes a request under section 25 for a decision of the Minister may, within 90 days after being notified of the decision, appeal the decision by way of an action in the Federal Court in which the person is the plaintiff and the Minister is the defendant.

  • Marginal note:Ordinary action

    (2) The Federal Courts Act and the rules made under that Act that apply to ordinary actions apply to actions instituted under subsection (1) except as varied by special rules made in respect of such actions.

  • Marginal note:Delivery after final order

    (3) The Minister of Public Works and Government Services shall give effect to the decision of the Court on being informed of it.

  • Marginal note:Limit on amount paid

    (4) If the currency or monetary instruments were sold or otherwise disposed of under the Seized Property Management Act, the total amount that can be paid under subsection (3) shall not exceed the proceeds of the sale or disposition, if any, less any costs incurred by Her Majesty in respect of the currency or monetary instruments.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 30
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 139
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 161
  • 2006, c. 12, s. 16
  • 2017, c. 20, s. 427
  • 2019, c. 29, s. 125(F)

Marginal note:Service of notices

 The service of the President’s notice under section 26 or the notice of the Minister’s decision under section 27 is sufficient if it is sent by registered mail addressed to the person on whom it is to be served at their latest known address.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 31
  • 2005, c. 38, s. 127

Third Party Claims

Marginal note:Interest as owner

  •  (1) If currency or monetary instruments have been seized as forfeit under this Part, any person or entity, other than the person or entity in whose possession the currency or monetary instruments were when seized, who claims in respect of the currency or monetary instruments an interest as owner or, in Quebec, a right as owner or trustee may, within 90 days after the seizure, apply by notice in writing to the court for an order under section 33.

  • Marginal note:Date of hearing

    (2) A judge of the court to which an application is made under this section shall fix a day, not less than 30 days after the date of the filing of the application, for the hearing.

  • Marginal note:Notice to President

    (3) The applicant shall serve notice of the application and of the hearing on the President, or an officer delegated by the President for the purpose of this section, not later than 15 days after a day is fixed under subsection (2) for the hearing of the application.

  • Marginal note:Service of notice

    (4) The service of a notice under subsection (3) is sufficient if it is sent by registered mail addressed to the President.

  • Definition of court

    (5) In this section and sections 33 and 34, court means

    • (a) in the Province of Ontario, the Superior Court of Justice;

    • (b) in the Province of Quebec, the Superior Court;

    • (c) in the Provinces of Nova Scotia, British Columbia and Prince Edward Island, Yukon and the Northwest Territories, the Supreme Court;

    • (d) in the Provinces of New Brunswick, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Court of Queen’s Bench;

    • (e) in the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, the Trial Division of the Supreme Court; and

    • (f) in Nunavut, the Nunavut Court of Justice.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 32
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 63
  • 2005, c. 38, s. 127
  • 2006, c. 12, s. 17
  • 2015, c. 3, s. 148

Marginal note:Order

 If, on the hearing of an application made under subsection 32(1), the court is satisfied

  • (a) that the applicant acquired the interest or right in good faith before the contravention in respect of which the seizure was made,

  • (b) that the applicant is innocent of any complicity in the contravention of subsection 12(1) that resulted in the seizure and of any collusion in relation to that contravention, and

  • (c) that the applicant exercised all reasonable care to ensure that any person permitted to obtain possession of the currency or monetary instruments seized would report them in accordance with subsection 12(1),

the applicant is entitled to an order declaring that their interest or right is not affected by the seizure and declaring the nature and extent of their interest or right at the time of the contravention.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 33
  • 2006, c. 12, s. 18

Marginal note:Appeal

  •  (1) A person or entity that makes an application under section 32 or Her Majesty in right of Canada may appeal to the court of appeal from an order made under section 33 and the appeal shall be asserted, heard and decided according to the ordinary procedure governing appeals to the court of appeal from orders or judgments of a court.

  • Definition of court of appeal

    (2) In this section, court of appeal means, in the province in which an order referred to in subsection (1) is made, the court of appeal for that province as defined in section 2 of the Criminal Code.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 34
  • 2006, c. 12, s. 19(E)

Marginal note:Delivery after final order

  •  (1) The Minister of Public Works and Government Services shall, after the forfeiture of currency or monetary instruments has become final and on being informed by the President that a person or entity has obtained a final order under section 33 or 34 in respect of the currency or monetary instruments, give to the person or entity

    • (a) the currency or monetary instruments; or

    • (b) an amount calculated on the basis of the interest of the applicant in the currency or monetary instruments at the time of the contravention in respect of which they were seized, as declared in the order.

  • Marginal note:Limit on amount paid

    (2) The total amount paid under paragraph (1)(b) shall, if the currency or monetary instruments were sold or otherwise disposed of under the Seized Property Management Act, not exceed the proceeds of the sale or disposition, if any, less any costs incurred by Her Majesty in respect of the currency or monetary instruments.

Disclosure and Use of Information

Marginal note:Prohibition

  •  (1) Subject to this section and subsection 12(1) of the Privacy Act, no official shall disclose the following:

    • (a) information set out in a report made under subsection 12(1), whether or not it is completed;

    • (b) any other information obtained for the purposes of this Part; or

    • (c) information prepared from information referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).

  • Marginal note:Use of information

    (1.1) An officer may use information referred to in subsection (1) if the officer has reasonable grounds to suspect that the information is relevant to determining whether a person is a person described in sections 34 to 42 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act or is relevant to an offence under any of sections 91, 117 to 119, 126 or 127 of that Act.

  • Marginal note:Disclosure of information to a police force

    (2) An officer who has reasonable grounds to suspect that information referred to in subsection (1) would be relevant to investigating or prosecuting a money laundering offence or a terrorist activity financing offence may disclose the information to the appropriate police force.

  • Marginal note:Disclosure of information to the Centre

    (3) An officer may disclose to the Centre information referred to in subsection (1) if the officer has reasonable grounds to suspect that it would be of assistance to the Centre in the detection, prevention or deterrence of money laundering or of the financing of terrorist activities.

  • Marginal note:Disclosure of information to Canada Revenue Agency

    (3.01) An officer may disclose to the Canada Revenue Agency information referred to in subsection (1) about the circumstances of a seizure under subsection 18(1) if the officer has reasonable grounds to suspect that the currency or monetary instruments seized

    • (a) are proceeds of crime as defined in subsection 462.3(1) of the Criminal Code or funds for use in the financing of terrorist activities; and

    • (b) relate to a registered charity as defined in subsection 248(1) of the Income Tax Act, to an entity that has applied for registration as such a registered charity, or to a person or any other entity that solicits charitable financial donations from the public.

  • Marginal note:Recording of reasons for decision

    (3.1) If an officer decides to disclose information under any of subsections (2) to (3.01), the officer shall record in writing the reasons for the decision.

  • Marginal note:Powers, duties and functions

    (4) An official may disclose information referred to in subsection (1) for the purpose of exercising powers or performing duties and functions under this Part.

  • Marginal note:Immunity from compulsory processes

    (5) Subject to section 36 of the Access to Information Act and sections 34 and 37 of the Privacy Act, an official is required to comply with a subpoena, an order for production of documents, a summons or any other compulsory process only if it is issued in the course of

    • (a) criminal proceedings under an Act of Parliament that have been commenced by the laying of an information or the preferring of an indictment; or

    • (b) any legal proceedings that relate to the administration or enforcement of this Part.

  • Definition of official

    (6) In this section and section 37, official means a person who obtained or who has or had access to information referred to in subsection (1) in the course of exercising powers or performing duties and functions under this Part.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 36
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 64
  • 2006, c. 12, s. 22
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 275

Marginal note:Use of information

 No official shall use information referred to in subsection 36(1) for any purpose other than exercising powers or performing duties and functions under this Part.

Agreements for Exchange of Information

Marginal note:Agreements with foreign states

  •  (1) The Minister, with the consent of the Minister designated for the purpose of section 42, may enter into an agreement or arrangement in writing with the government of a foreign state, or an institution or agency of that state, that has reporting requirements similar to those set out in this Part, whereby

    • (a) information set out in reports made under subsection 12(1) in respect of currency or monetary instruments imported into Canada from that state will be provided to a department, institution or agency of that state that has powers and duties similar to those of the Canada Border Services Agency in respect of the reporting of currency or monetary instruments; and

    • (b) information contained in reports in respect of currency or monetary instruments imported into that state from Canada will be provided to the Canada Border Services Agency.

  • Marginal note:Information sent under an agreement

    (2) When an agreement or arrangement referred to in subsection (1) is in effect with a foreign state or an institution or agency of that state and a person fulfils the reporting requirements of that state in respect of currency or monetary instruments that are imported into that state from Canada, the person is deemed to have fulfilled the requirements set out in section 12 in respect of the exportation of the currency or monetary instruments.

  • Marginal note:Information received by the Centre

    (3) The information received under an agreement or arrangement referred to in subsection (1) shall be sent to the Centre and, for the purposes of any provision of this Act dealing with the confidentiality of information or the collection or use of information by the Centre, is deemed to be information set out in a report made under section 12.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 38
  • 2005, c. 38, ss. 125, 139
 
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