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Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act (S.C. 2000, c. 17)

Act current to 2024-02-06 and last amended on 2024-01-22. Previous Versions

PART 3Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada (continued)

Disclosure and Use of Information (continued)

Marginal note:Disclosure — threats to security of Canada

  •  (1) If the Centre, on the basis of its analysis and assessment under paragraph 54(1)(c), has reasonable grounds to suspect that designated information would be relevant to threats to the security of Canada, the Centre shall disclose the information to

    • (a) the Canadian Security Intelligence Service;

    • (b) the appropriate police force, if the Centre also has reasonable grounds to suspect that the information is relevant to investigating or prosecuting an offence under Canadian law that the Centre has reasonable grounds to suspect arises out of conduct constituting such a threat;

    • (c) the Canada Border Services Agency, if the Centre also has reasonable grounds to suspect that the information is relevant to determining whether a person is a person described in sections 34 to 42 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act or is relevant to an offence under any of sections 91, 117 to 119, 126 or 127 of that Act;

    • (d) the Canada Border Services Agency, if the Centre also has reasonable grounds to suspect that the information is relevant to investigating or prosecuting an offence of smuggling or attempting to smuggle goods subject to duties or an offence related to the importation or exportation of goods that are prohibited, controlled or regulated under the Customs Act or under any other Act of Parliament;

    • (e) the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces, if the Centre also has reasonable grounds to suspect that the information is relevant to the conduct of the Department’s or the Canadian Forces’ investigative activities related to such a threat; and

    • (f) the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions, if the Centre also has reasonable grounds to suspect that the information is relevant to the exercise of the powers or the performance of the duties and functions of the Superintendent under the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions Act.

  • Marginal note:Recording of reasons for decision

    (2) The Centre shall record in writing the reasons for all decisions to disclose information made under subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Definition of designated information

    (3) For the purposes of subsection (1), designated information means, in respect of a financial transaction, an attempted financial transaction or an importation or exportation of currency or monetary instruments,

    • (a) the name of any person or entity that is involved in the transaction, attempted transaction, importation or exportation or of any person or entity acting on their behalf;

    • (a.1) the date of birth, gender, country of residence and nature of the occupation or business of a person referred to in paragraph (a), any alias that they use or have used and the name and business address of their employer;

    • (a.2) the nature of the principal business of an entity referred to in paragraph (a), the entity’s registration or incorporation number and the jurisdiction and country of issue of that number;

    • (a.3) the following information in respect of a person or entity referred to in paragraph (a):

      • (i) their address, telephone number and electronic mail address,

      • (ii) any identification number assigned to them by a person or entity who made a report referred to in subsection 55(1),

      • (iii) the Uniform Resource Locator of their website, and

      • (iv) the type of document or other information used to identify or verify their identity, the jurisdiction and country of issue of the document and the number of the document or the number associated with the information;

    • (b) the name and address of the place of business where the transaction or attempted transaction occurred or the address of the customs office where the importation or exportation occurred, and the date the transaction, attempted transaction, importation or exportation occurred;

    • (b.1) the purpose of the transaction, attempted transaction, importation or exportation;

    • (c) in the case of an importation or exportation, the amount and type of currency or monetary instruments;

    • (c.1) in the case of a transaction or attempted transaction,

      • (i) the amount and type of currency, monetary instruments or virtual currency involved, or

      • (ii) if no currency, monetary instruments or virtual currency is involved, the value of the transaction or attempted transaction or the type and value of the funds or other remittances that are the subject of the transaction or attempted transaction;

    • (c.2) the rate of exchange used in relation to the transaction, attempted transaction, importation or exportation;

    • (d) in the case of a transaction or attempted transaction,

      • (i) the manner in which the transaction was conducted or the attempted transaction was to be conducted,

      • (ii) any transaction number, account number, institution number, branch number or similar identifying number involved,

      • (iii) the date on which any account involved is opened or closed, as well as its status,

      • (iv) the posting date,

      • (v) any identification number assigned to a person or entity referred to in paragraph (a) as part of the transaction or attempted transaction, and

      • (vi) the bank identification code or business entity identifier of any person or entity referred to in paragraph (a) that is a member of the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication;

    • (d.1) in the case of a transaction or attempted transaction involving virtual currency or an electronic funds transfer as defined in the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Regulations, transaction identifiers, including sending and receiving addresses, and any user name of a person or entity referred to in paragraph (a);

    • (d.2) in the case of a transaction or attempted transaction, the source of funds or of virtual currency and other related information including the name of the person or entity that is the source of funds or virtual currency, as well as the person or entity’s account number, policy number or identifying number associated with the funds or virtual currency;

    • (d.3) in the case of a transaction or attempted transaction that, in whole or in part, is conducted online, the type of device used to conduct the transaction or attempted transaction, as well as the date and time of the transaction or attempted transaction;

    • (d.4) in the case of a transaction, whether it was completed or not;

    • (d.5) in the case of an incomplete transaction or an attempted transaction, the reason it was not completed;

    • (e) the name, address, electronic mail address and telephone number of each partner, director or officer of an entity referred to in paragraph (a), and the address and telephone number of its principal place of business;

    • (f) any other similar identifying information that may be prescribed for the purposes of this section;

    • (g) the details of the criminal record of a person or entity referred to in paragraph (a) and any criminal charges laid against them that the Centre considers relevant in the circumstances;

    • (h) the relationships suspected by the Centre on reasonable grounds to exist between any persons or entities referred to in paragraph (a) and any other persons or entities;

    • (h.1) in the case of a transaction or attempted transaction involving an electronic funds transfer as defined in the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Regulations, any information in respect of the relationships that exist between any persons or entities connected in any way to the transaction or attempted transaction, including any person or entity that initiates or may benefit from it;

    • (i) the financial interest that a person or entity referred to in paragraph (a) has in the entity on whose behalf the transaction was made or attempted, or on whose behalf the importation or exportation was made;

    • (j) the name of the person or entity referred to in paragraph (a) suspected by the Centre on reasonable grounds to direct, either directly or indirectly, the transaction, attempted transaction, importation or exportation;

    • (k) the grounds on which a person or entity made a report under section 7 about the transaction or attempted transaction and any action taken by the person or entity as a result of the suspicions that led them to make the report;

    • (l) the number and types of reports on which a disclosure is based;

    • (m) the number and categories of persons or entities that made those reports;

    • (n) indicators of a money laundering offence, a terrorist activity financing offence or a threat to the security of Canada related to the transaction, attempted transaction, importation or exportation;

    • (o) information about the importation or exportation sent to the Centre under Part 2;

    • (p) if the transaction is carried out by means of an electronic funds transfer as defined in the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Regulations, information about the transaction that is contained in a report made under section 9 and that is remittance information as defined by the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication;

    • (q) information about the transaction, attempted transaction, importation or exportation, received by the Centre from an institution or agency under an agreement or arrangement referred to in section 56, that constitutes the institution’s or agency’s reasonable grounds to suspect that the information would be relevant to investigating or prosecuting a money laundering offence or a terrorist activity financing offence, or an offence that is substantially similar to either offence;

    • (r) if an entity referred to in paragraph (a) is a trust, the name, address, electronic mail address and telephone number of every trustee and every known beneficiary and settlor of the trust;

    • (s) the name, address, electronic mail address and telephone number of each person who owns or controls, directly or indirectly, 25% or more of an entity referred to in paragraph (a), other than a trust, unless the trust is widely held or publicly traded; and

    • (t) information respecting the ownership, control and structure of an entity referred to in paragraph (a).

Marginal note:Agreements and arrangements

  •  (1) The Minister may enter into an agreement or arrangement, in writing, with the government of a foreign state or an international organization regarding the exchange, between the Centre and any institution or agency of that state or organization that has powers and duties similar to those of the Centre, of information that the Centre, institution or agency has reasonable grounds to suspect would be relevant to investigating or prosecuting a money laundering offence or a terrorist activity financing offence, or an offence that is substantially similar to either offence.

  • Marginal note:Agreements and arrangements — Centre

    (2) The Centre may, with the approval of the Minister, enter into an agreement or arrangement, in writing, with an institution or agency of a foreign state that has powers and duties similar to those of the Centre, regarding the exchange, between the Centre and the institution or agency, of information that the Centre, institution or agency has reasonable grounds to suspect would be relevant to investigating or prosecuting a money laundering offence or a terrorist activity financing offence, or an offence that is substantially similar to either offence.

  • Marginal note:Purposes

    (3) Agreements or arrangements entered into under subsection (1) or (2) must

    • (a) restrict the use of information to purposes relevant to investigating or prosecuting a money laundering offence or a terrorist activity financing offence, or an offence that is substantially similar to either offence; and

    • (b) stipulate that the information be treated in a confidential manner and not be further disclosed without the express consent of the Centre.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 56
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 68
  • 2017, c. 20, s. 431

Marginal note:Disclosure to foreign agencies

  •  (1) The Centre may disclose designated information to an institution or agency of a foreign state or of an international organization that has powers and duties similar to those of the Centre, if

    • (a) the Centre has reasonable grounds to suspect that the information would be relevant to the investigation or prosecution of a money laundering offence or a terrorist activity financing offence, or an offence that is substantially similar to either offence; and

    • (b) the Minister has, in accordance with subsection 56(1), entered into an agreement or arrangement with that foreign state or international organization regarding the exchange of such information.

  • Marginal note:Disclosure to foreign agencies

    (2) The Centre may disclose designated information to an institution or agency of a foreign state that has powers and duties similar to those of the Centre, if

    • (a) the Centre has reasonable grounds to suspect that the information would be relevant to the investigation or prosecution of a money laundering offence or a terrorist activity financing offence, or an offence that is substantially similar to either offence; and

    • (b) the Centre has, in accordance with subsection 56(2), entered into an agreement or arrangement with that institution or agency regarding the exchange of such information.

  • Marginal note:Request for information

    (2.1) For greater certainty, designated information may be disclosed to an institution or agency under subsection (1) or (2) in response to a request made by the institution or agency.

  • Marginal note:Other disclosure

    (3) In order to perform its functions under paragraph 54(1)(c), the Centre may direct queries to an institution or agency in respect of which an agreement or arrangement referred to in paragraph (1)(b) or (2)(b) has been entered into, and in doing so it may disclose designated information.

  • Marginal note:Recording of reasons for decision

    (4) The Centre shall record in writing the reasons for all decisions to disclose information made under paragraph (1)(a) or (2)(a).

  • Marginal note:Publication

    (4.1) After a person has been determined by a court to be guilty of a money laundering offence or a terrorist activity financing offence, or has been determined by a foreign court to be guilty of an offence that is substantially similar to either offence, whether on acceptance of a plea of guilty or on a finding of guilt, the Centre may, if it has disclosed designated information under subsection (1) or (2) with respect to the investigation or prosecution of the offence, make public the fact that it made such a disclosure.

  • Marginal note:Definition of designated information

    (5) For the purposes of this section, designated information means, in respect of a financial transaction, an attempted financial transaction or an importation or exportation of currency or monetary instruments,

    • (a) the name of any person or entity that is involved in the transaction, attempted transaction, importation or exportation or of any person or entity acting on their behalf;

    • (a.1) the date of birth, gender, country of residence and nature of the occupation or business of a person referred to in paragraph (a), any alias that they use or have used and the name and business address of their employer;

    • (a.2) the nature of the principal business of an entity referred to in paragraph (a), the entity’s registration or incorporation number and the jurisdiction and country of issue of that number;

    • (a.3) the following information in respect of a person or entity referred to in paragraph (a):

      • (i) their address, telephone number and electronic mail address,

      • (ii) any identification number assigned to them by a person or entity who made a report referred to in subsection 55(1),

      • (iii) the Uniform Resource Locator of their website, and

      • (iv) the type of document or other information used to identify or verify their identity, the jurisdiction and country of issue of the document and the number of the document or the number associated with the information;

    • (b) the name and address of the place of business where the transaction or attempted transaction occurred or the address of the customs office where the importation or exportation occurred, and the date the transaction, attempted transaction, importation or exportation occurred;

    • (b.1) the purpose of the transaction, attempted transaction, importation or exportation;

    • (c) in the case of an importation or exportation, the amount and type of currency or monetary instruments;

    • (c.1) in the case of a transaction or attempted transaction,

      • (i) the amount and type of currency, monetary instruments or virtual currency involved, or

      • (ii) if no currency, monetary instruments or virtual currency is involved, the value of the transaction or attempted transaction or the type and value of the funds or other remittances that are the subject of the transaction or attempted transaction;

    • (c.2) the rate of exchange used in relation to the transaction, attempted transaction, importation or exportation;

    • (d) in the case of a transaction or attempted transaction,

      • (i) the manner in which the transaction was conducted or the attempted transaction was to be conducted,

      • (ii) any transaction number, account number, institution number, branch number or similar identifying number involved,

      • (iii) the date on which any account involved is opened or closed, as well as its status,

      • (iv) the posting date,

      • (v) any identification number assigned to a person or entity referred to in paragraph (a) as part of the transaction or attempted transaction, and

      • (vi) the bank identification code or business entity identifier of any person or entity referred to in paragraph (a) that is a member of the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication;

    • (d.1) in the case of a transaction or attempted transaction involving virtual currency or an electronic funds transfer as defined in the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Regulations, transaction identifiers, including sending and receiving addresses, and any user name of a person or entity referred to in paragraph (a);

    • (d.2) in the case of a transaction or attempted transaction, the source of funds or of virtual currency and other related information including the name of the person or entity that is the source of funds or virtual currency, as well as the person or entity’s account number, policy number or identifying number associated with the funds or virtual currency;

    • (d.3) in the case of a transaction or attempted transaction that, in whole or in part, is conducted online, the type of device used to conduct the transaction or attempted transaction, as well as the date and time of the transaction or attempted transaction;

    • (d.4) in the case of a transaction, whether it was completed or not;

    • (d.5) in the case of an incomplete transaction or an attempted transaction, the reason it was not completed;

    • (e) the name, address, electronic mail address and telephone number of each partner, director or officer of an entity referred to in paragraph (a), and the address and telephone number of its principal place of business;

    • (f) any other similar identifying information that may be prescribed for the purposes of this section;

    • (g) the details of the criminal record of a person or entity referred to in paragraph (a) and any criminal charges laid against them that the Centre considers relevant in the circumstances;

    • (h) the relationships suspected by the Centre on reasonable grounds to exist between any persons or entities referred to in paragraph (a) and any other persons or entities;

    • (h.1) in the case of a transaction or attempted transaction involving an electronic funds transfer as defined in the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Regulations, any information in respect of the relationships that exist between any persons or entities connected in any way to the transaction or attempted transaction, including any person or entity that initiates or may benefit from it;

    • (i) the financial interest that a person or entity referred to in paragraph (a) has in the entity on whose behalf the transaction was made or attempted, or on whose behalf the importation or exportation was made;

    • (j) the name of the person or entity referred to in paragraph (a) suspected by the Centre on reasonable grounds to direct, either directly or indirectly, the transaction, attempted transaction, importation or exportation;

    • (k) the grounds on which a person or entity made a report under section 7 about the transaction or attempted transaction and any action taken by the person or entity as a result of the suspicions that led them to make the report;

    • (l) the number and types of reports on which a disclosure is based;

    • (m) the number and categories of persons or entities that made those reports;

    • (n) indicators of a money laundering offence or a terrorist activity financing offence related to the transaction, attempted transaction, importation or exportation;

    • (o) information about the importation or exportation sent to the Centre under Part 2;

    • (p) if the transaction is carried out by means of an electronic funds transfer as defined in the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Regulations, information about the transaction that is contained in a report made under section 9 and that is remittance information as defined by the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication;

    • (q) if an entity referred to in paragraph (a) is a trust, the name, address, electronic mail address and telephone number of every trustee and every known beneficiary and settlor of the trust;

    • (r) the name, address, electronic mail address and telephone number of each person who owns or controls, directly or indirectly, 25% or more of an entity referred to in paragraph (a), other than a trust, unless the trust is widely held or publicly traded; and

    • (s) information respecting the ownership, control and structure of an entity referred to in paragraph (a).

 

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