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Nunavut Waters and Nunavut Surface Rights Tribunal Act (S.C. 2002, c. 10)

Assented to 2002-04-30

Mackenzie Valley

Marginal note:Gwich’in Sahtu lands

 Where the Board has been notified under subsection 78(1) of the Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act, it may not issue a licence for a use of waters or deposit of waste referred to in that subsection unless the requirements of subsection 78(3) of that Act are satisfied.

Conditions of Licences

Marginal note:Powers of Board
  •  (1) Subject to this Act and the regulations, the Board may include in a licence any conditions that it considers appropriate, including conditions relating to

    • (a) the manner in which waters may be used;

    • (b) the quantity, concentration and types of waste that may be deposited and the manner of depositing waste;

    • (c) the studies to be undertaken, works to be constructed, plans, including contingency plans, to be submitted, and monitoring programs to be undertaken; and

    • (d) any future closing or abandonment of the appurtenant undertaking.

  • Marginal note:Monitoring programs

    (2) The monitoring programs referred to in paragraph (1)(c) may specify responsibilities of the applicant, the Nunavut Impact Review Board or Her Majesty in right of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Project certificate

    (3) The Board shall, to the extent that it is authorized under this Act to do so, include in a licence the terms and conditions of any project certificate, referred to in section 12.5.12 or 12.6.17 of the Agreement, that is issued in respect of the use of waters or deposit of waste or the appurtenant undertaking to which that use or deposit relates.

Marginal note:Purpose of conditions

 In fixing the conditions of a licence, the Board shall make all reasonable efforts to minimize

  • (a) any adverse effects of the licensed use of waters or deposit of waste on aquatic ecosystems and on the persons who are entitled to be paid compensation under section 58 or 60;

  • (b) any interference by any person referred to in section 62 with the existing use of waters by the Inuit, whether that use is or is not licensed; and

  • (c) any loss or damage described in section 63.

Marginal note:Conditions of waste deposit

 The conditions in a licence relating to the deposit of waste in waters shall

  • (a) be based on the water quality standards prescribed for those waters by the regulations, if any; and

  • (b) be at least as stringent as the effluent standards prescribed for those waters by the regulations, if any.

Marginal note:Regulations under Fisheries Act

 Where the Board issues a licence in respect of any waters to which regulations made under subsection 36(5) of the Fisheries Act apply, any conditions in the licence relating to the deposit of waste in those waters shall be at least as stringent as the conditions prescribed by those regulations.

Marginal note:Conditions relating to design of works

 A licence shall include conditions that are at least as stringent as any standards prescribed by the regulations for the design, construction, operation and maintenance of works used in relation to appurtenant undertakings.

Marginal note:Licence conditions deemed amended

 Where regulations referred to in sections 72 to 74 are made or amended after the issuance of a licence, the conditions of the licence are from that time deemed to be amended to the extent, if any, necessary in order to comply, or remain in compliance, with those sections.


Marginal note:Security
  •  (1) The Board may require an applicant, a licensee or a prospective assignee to furnish and maintain security with the Minister in the form, of the nature, subject to such terms and conditions and in an amount prescribed by, or determined in accordance with, the regulations or that is satisfactory to the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Application of security

    (2) The security provided by a licensee may be applied by the Minister

    • (a) to compensate, fully or partially, a person, including the designated Inuit organization, who is entitled to compensation under section 13 and who has been unsuccessful in recovering that compensation, if the Minister is satisfied that the person has taken all reasonable measures to recover it; and

    • (b) to reimburse Her Majesty in right of Canada, fully or partially, for reasonable costs incurred by Her Majesty in right of Canada under subsection 87(4) or, subject to subsection (3), under subsection 89(1).

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3) Paragraph (2)(b) applies in respect of costs incurred under subsection 89(1) only to the extent that the costs were incurred in relation to a contravention referred to in subparagraph 89(1)(b)(i).

  • Marginal note:Limitation of security

    (4) The amount of the security applied by the Minister under subsection (2) in respect of a particular incident or matter may not exceed the total amount of the security required to be furnished and maintained by the licensee under subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Refund of security

    (5) Where the Minister is satisfied that an appurtenant undertaking has been permanently closed or permanently abandoned or the licence has been assigned, any portion of the security that, in the Minister’s opinion, will not be applied under subsection (2) shall be returned to the licensee without delay.


Marginal note:Permission to expropriate
  •  (1) An applicant for a licence, or a licensee, may apply to the Board for permission from the Minister to expropriate, in accordance with the Expropriation Act, land or an interest in land in Nunavut, and the Minister may grant that permission where the Minister, on the recommendation of the Board, is satisfied that

    • (a) the land or interest is reasonably required in relation to an appurtenant undertaking by the applicant or licensee;

    • (b) the applicant or licensee has been unable to acquire the land or interest despite reasonable efforts to do so; and

    • (c) it is in the public interest that such permission be granted.

  • Marginal note:Notice to appropriate minister

    (2) Where the Minister grants permission under subsection (1), the applicant or licensee shall so advise the appropriate minister in relation to Part I of the Expropriation Act.

  • Marginal note:Expropriation Act

    (3) For the purposes of the Expropriation Act, land or an interest in land in respect of which the Minister has granted permission to expropriate is deemed to be an interest in land that, in the opinion of the appropriate minister in relation to Part I of the Expropriation Act, is required for a public work or other public purpose, and a reference to the Crown in that Act shall be read as a reference to the applicant or licensee.

  • Marginal note:Inuit-owned land

    (4) When Inuit-owned land is expropriated and the designated Inuit organization and the applicant or licensee do not agree on the compensation to be paid, notwithstanding subsection (1), subsections 30(3) to (6) of the Expropriation Act do not apply and

    • (a) if both parties make a request to the Arbitration Board established under Article 38 of the Agreement, the Arbitration Board shall

      • (i) appoint a person who is acceptable to both parties to act as a negotiator for the purposes of section 30 of the Expropriation Act, and

      • (ii) fix the remuneration and expenses, to be paid in equal shares by both parties to that person, for the period, not to exceed eight hours unless the parties agree to an extension of the number of hours, that the person performs the duties described in paragraphs (b) and (c);

    • (b) the negotiator shall, on reasonable notice to the parties, meet with them or their authorized representatives, make any inspection of the land that the negotiator believes necessary, receive and consider appraisals, valuations or other written or oral evidence on which the parties rely for their estimation of the amount of compensation payable, whether or not the evidence would be admissible in proceedings before a court, and endeavour to effect a settlement;

    • (c) the negotiator shall, within sixty days after the service of the notice to negotiate, report in writing to each of the parties and to the Arbitration Board concerning the success or failure in the matter of the negotiation;

    • (d) if the negotiation is not successful, or if there are no negotiations,

      • (i) sections 31 to 33 of the Expropriation Act do not apply, and compensation shall be determined by arbitration as set out in Article 38 of the Agreement,

      • (ii) in section 35 and subsection 36(1) of that Act, the term “adjudged” shall be read as “determined”,

      • (iii) in section 35 and in subsections 36(1) and (5) of that Act, the term “the Court” shall be read as “the arbitration panel”, and

      • (iv) in subsections 36(2) and (3) of that Act, the term “judgment” shall be read as “the arbitration determination”; and

    • (e) evidence of anything said or of any admission made in the course of a negotiation under this subsection is not admissible in any proceedings before a court for the recovery of the compensation payable to the designated Inuit organization, or before an arbitration panel established under Article 38 of the Agreement for the determination of the compensation.

  • Marginal note:Charges for services

    (5) The appropriate minister in relation to Part I of the Expropriation Act may make regulations prescribing fees or charges to be paid by an applicant or a licensee in respect of an expropriation referred to in subsection (1), and rates of interest payable in respect of those fees and charges.

  • Marginal note:Debt due to Her Majesty

    (6) The fees or charges referred to in subsection (5) are a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada by the applicant or licensee, and shall bear interest at the prescribed rate from the date they are payable.

  • Marginal note:Security

    (7) The appropriate minister in relation to Part I of the Expropriation Act may require the applicant or licensee to provide security, in an amount determined by that minister and subject to any terms and conditions that the minister may specify, for the payment of any fees or charges that are or may become payable under this section.

  • Marginal note:Mitigation of damages — enforcement of undertaking

    (8) Where the applicant or licensee, in mitigation of any injury or damage caused or likely to be caused to lands by an expropriation, undertakes

    • (a) to abandon or grant, to the owner of the lands or a person interested in the lands, any portion of its lands or of the land being taken or any easement, servitude or privilege over or in respect of the lands, and

    • (b) to construct and maintain any work for the benefit of the owner or interested person,

    and the owner or interested person accepts the undertaking, the undertaking is deemed to be an undertaking referred to in paragraph 28(1)(b) of the Expropriation Act and it may be enforced by the Board as if it were a condition of the licensee’s licence.

  • Marginal note:Registration

    (9) A copy of the document evidencing the permission granted by the Minister under subsection (1), certified as such by the Chairperson of the Board, shall be deposited with the registrar of land titles for the registration district in which the affected lands are situated.

  • Marginal note:Duties of registrars of deeds

    (10) The provisions of section 43 of the National Energy Board Act relating to plans, profiles and books of reference deposited with registrars of deeds under that Act and the duties of registrars of deeds with respect thereto, in so far as they are reasonably applicable and not inconsistent with this Part, apply in respect of copies of documents deposited under subsection (9).

  • Marginal note:Exceptions

    (11) This section does not apply in respect of lands in Nunavut that are vested in Her Majesty in right of Canada or of which the Government of Canada has power to dispose.

  • Marginal note:Expropriation subject to Agreement

    (12) The expropriation of Inuit-owned land under this section is subject to the terms of Part 9 of Article 21 of the Agreement.

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