Economic Action Plan 2014 Act, No. 1 (S.C. 2014, c. 20)

Assented to 2014-06-19

 Section 42 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (1):

  • Marginal note:Criterion  — guarantee

    (1.1) Any criterion established by a regulation made under subsection (1) that relates to a guarantee of payment referred to in subsection 14(1) of the National Housing Act may apply to an existing insured mortgage or hypothecary loan.

R.S., c. N-11National Housing Act

 Section 8.1 of the National Housing Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (1):

  • Marginal note:Criterion  — guarantee

    (1.1) Any criterion established by a regulation made under subsection (1) that relates to a guarantee of payment referred to in subsection 14(1) may apply to an existing insured loan.

Division 25R.S., c. T-13Amendments Relating to International Treaties on Trademarks

Amendments to the Trade-marks Act

 The long title of the English version of the Trade-marks Act is replaced by the following:

An Act relating to trademarks and unfair competition

 Section 1 of the English version of the Act is replaced by the following:

Marginal note:Short title

1. This Act may be cited as the Trademarks Act.

  •  (1) The definition “distinguishing guise” in section 2 of the Act is repealed.

  • (2) The definitions “proposed trade-mark” and “representative for service” in section 2 of the Act are repealed.

  • (3) The definition “wares” in section 2 of the Act is repealed.

  • (4) The definitions “certification mark” and “trade-mark” in section 2 of the Act are replaced by the following:

    “certification mark”

    « marque de certification »

    “certification mark” means a sign or combination of signs that is used or proposed to be used for the purpose of distinguishing or so as to distinguish goods or services that are of a defined standard from those that are not of that defined standard, with respect to

    • (a) the character or quality of the goods or services,

    • (b) the working conditions under which the goods are produced or the services performed,

    • (c) the class of persons by whom the goods are produced or the services performed, or

    • (d) the area within which the goods are produced or the services performed;

    “trademark”

    « marque de commerce »

    “trademark” means

    • (a) a sign or combination of signs that is used or proposed to be used by a person for the purpose of distinguishing or so as to distinguish their goods or services from those of others, or

    • (b) a certification mark;

  • (5) Section 2 of the Act is amended by adding the following in alphabetical order:

    “Nice Classification”

    « classification de Nice »

    “Nice Classification” means the classification established by the Nice Agreement Concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks, signed at Nice on June 15, 1957, including any amendments, modifications and revisions made from time to time to which Canada is a party;

    “sign”

    « signe »

    “sign” includes a word, a personal name, a design, a letter, a numeral, a colour, a figurative element, a three-dimensional shape, a hologram, a moving image, a mode of packaging goods, a sound, a scent, a taste, a texture and the positioning of a sign;

 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 2:

Marginal note:Reference to “person”

2.1 Unless the context requires otherwise, a reference to “person” in this Act, in relation to a trademark, includes two or more persons who, by agreement, do not have the right to use the trademark in Canada except on behalf of both or all of them.

  •  (1) Subsections 6(2) to (4) of the Act are replaced by the following:

    • Marginal note:Confusion  — trademark with other trademark

      (2) The use of a trademark causes confusion with another trademark if the use of both trademarks in the same area would be likely to lead to the inference that the goods or services associated with those trademarks are manufactured, sold, leased, hired or performed by the same person, whether or not the goods or services are of the same general class or appear in the same class of the Nice Classification.

    • Marginal note:Confusion  — trademark with trade name

      (3) The use of a trademark causes confusion with a trade name if the use of both the trademark and trade name in the same area would be likely to lead to the inference that the goods or services associated with the trademark and those associated with the business carried on under the trade name are manufactured, sold, leased, hired or performed by the same person, whether or not the goods or services are of the same general class or appear in the same class of the Nice Classification.

    • Marginal note:Confusion  — trade name with trademark

      (4) The use of a trade name causes confusion with a trademark if the use of both the trade name and trademark in the same area would be likely to lead to the inference that the goods or services associated with the business carried on under the trade name and those associated with the trademark are manufactured, sold, leased, hired or performed by the same person, whether or not the goods or services are of the same general class or appear in the same class of the Nice Classification.

  • (2) Paragraph 6(5)(e) of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • (e) the degree of resemblance between the trademarks or trade names, including in appearance or sound or in the ideas suggested by them.

 The heading before section 7 of the Act is replaced by the following:

UNFAIR COMPETITION AND PROHIBITED SIGNS

  •  (1) Paragraph 9(1)(d) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • d) un mot ou symbole susceptible de porter à croire que les produits ou services en liaison avec lesquels il est employé ont reçu l’approbation royale, vice-royale ou gouvernementale, ou que leur production, leur vente ou leur exécution a lieu sous le patronage ou sur l’autorité royale, vice-royale ou gouvernementale;

  • Marginal note:1994, c. 47, s. 191(2)

    (2) Paragraph 9(1)(i.3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • (i.3) any armorial bearing, flag or other emblem, or the name or any abbreviation of the name, of an international intergovernmental organization, if the armorial bearing, flag, emblem, name or abbreviation is on a list communicated under article 6ter of the Convention or pursuant to the obligations under the Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights set out in Annex 1C to the WTO Agreement stemming from that article, and the Registrar gives public notice of the communication;

  • Marginal note:1993, c. 15, s. 58(4)

    (3) Paragraph 9(2)(b)(ii) is replaced by the following:

    • (ii) an armorial bearing, flag, emblem, name or abbreviation mentioned in paragraph (1)(i.3), unless the use of the mark is likely to mislead the public as to a connection between the user and the organization.

 Section 10 of the Act is replaced by the following:

Marginal note:Further prohibitions

10. If any sign or combination of signs has by ordinary and bona fide commercial usage become recognized in Canada as designating the kind, quality, quantity, destination, value, place of origin or date of production of any goods or services, no person shall adopt it as a trademark in association with the goods or services or others of the same general class or use it in a way likely to mislead, nor shall any person so adopt or so use any sign or combination of signs so nearly resembling that sign or combination as to be likely to be mistaken for it.

 Section 11 of the Act is replaced by the following:

Marginal note:Further prohibitions

11. No person shall use in connection with a business, as a trademark or otherwise, any sign or combination of signs adopted contrary to section 9 or 10.

  •  (1) The portion of subsection 12(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

    Marginal note:When trademark registrable
    • 12. (1) Subject to subsection (2), a trademark is registrable if it is not

  • Marginal note:1993, c. 15, s. 59(F)

    (2) Paragraph 12(1)(b) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • b) qu’elle soit sous forme graphique, écrite ou sonore, elle donne une description claire ou donne une description fausse et trompeuse, en langue française ou anglaise, de la nature ou de la qualité des produits ou services en liaison avec lesquels elle est employée, ou en liaison avec lesquels on projette de l’employer, ou des conditions de leur production, ou des personnes qui les produisent, ou de leur lieu d’origine;

  • (3) Paragraph 12(1)(e) of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • (e) a sign or combination of signs whose adoption is prohibited by section 9 or 10;

  • (4) Subsection 12(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • Marginal note:Utilitarian function

      (2) A trademark is not registrable if, in relation to the goods or services in association with which it is used or proposed to be used, its features are dictated primarily by a utilitarian function.

    • Marginal note:Registrable if distinctive

      (3) A trademark that is not registrable by reason of paragraph (1)(a) or (b) is registrable if it is distinctive at the filing date of an application for its registration, having regard to all the circumstances of the case including the length of time during which it has been used.

 
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