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Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870)

Regulations are current to 2022-06-20 and last amended on 2022-03-02. Previous Versions

PART BFoods (continued)

DIVISION 1 (continued)

Nutrition Labelling (continued)

Foods for Infants Six Months of Age or Older but Less Than One Year of Age
[
  • SOR/2016-305, s. 20
]
  •  (1) This section applies to a prepackaged product that is intended solely for infants six months of age or older but less than one year of age.

  • (2) The nutrition facts table of the prepackaged product shall not contain the percentage of the daily value of fat, fibre, sugars, cholesterol or sodium or of the sum of saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids.

  • (3) The nutrition facts table of the product may omit the amount of saturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids and cholesterol.

  • (4) Despite subsection (3), if the amount of cholesterol is in the nutrition facts table, the amounts of saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids shall also be in the nutrition facts table.

  • (5) If the information in respect of five or more of the energy value and nutrients referred to in column 1 of items 2, 3 and 8 to 15 of the table to section B.01.401 may be expressed as “0” in the nutrition facts table of the prepackaged product in accordance with that section, the nutrition facts table need only include the following information:

    • (a) the serving of stated size;

    • (b) the energy value;

    • (c) the amount of fat;

    • (d) the amount of carbohydrate;

    • (e) the amount of protein;

    • (f) the amount of any nutrient that is the subject of a representation referred to in subparagraph B.01.401(3)(e)(ii);

    • (g) the amount of any sugar alcohol, vitamin or mineral nutrient added to the product, other than fluoride added to prepackaged water or ice;

    • (h) the amount of any vitamin or mineral nutrient that is declared as a component of one of the product’s ingredients other than flour;

    • (i) the amount of any nutrient referred to in column 1 of any of items 8, 10 or 11 and 13 to 15 of the table to section B.01.401 that may not be expressed as “0” in the nutrition facts table;

    • (j) except in the case described in paragraph (k), the statement “Not a significant source of (naming each nutrient that is omitted from the nutrition facts table in accordance with this subsection)”, but such a statement may be omitted in respect of saturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids and cholesterol; and

    • (k) if the product meets the condition specified in subsection B.01.462(3), the statement “Not a significant source of other nutrients” or the statement referred to in paragraph (j).

  • SOR/2003-11, s. 20
  • SOR/2016-305, ss. 21, 75(F)
Food for Use in Manufacturing Other Foods
  •  (1) This section applies to a prepackaged product that is intended solely for use as an ingredient in the manufacture of other prepackaged products intended for sale to a consumer at the retail level or as an ingredient in the preparation of food by a commercial or industrial enterprise or an institution.

  • (2) No person shall sell the product unless written nutrition information concerning the product accompanies the product when it is delivered to the purchaser.

  • (3) The nutrition information

    • (a) shall include the information that would, but for subsection B.01.401(7), be required by sections B.01.401 and B.01.402 to be included in a nutrition facts table for the product;

    • (b) may include other information that is permitted by section B.01.402 to be included in that nutrition facts table; and

    • (c) shall be expressed in accordance with sections B.01.401 and B.01.402, subject to the following modifications, namely,

      • (i) information for vitamins referred to in subsection D.01.002(1) shall be expressed in the applicable unit referred to in subsection D.01.003(1), and information for mineral nutrients referred to in paragraphs D.02.001(1)(a) to (j), (l) to (n) and (p) shall be expressed in milligrams for sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, chloride, copper and manganese and in micrograms for iodide, chromium, selenium and molybdenum,

        • (A) per gram or 100 grams of the food, if the net quantity of the food is declared on the label by weight or by count, or

        • (B) per millilitre or 100 millilitres of the food, if the net quantity of the food is declared on the label by volume,

      • (ii) information for other nutrients and the energy value set out in column 1 of the table to section B.01.401 or in column 1 of the table to section B.01.402 shall be expressed in the units referred to in column 3,

        • (A) per gram or 100 grams of the food, if the net quantity of the food is declared on the label by weight or by count, or

        • (B) per millilitre or 100 millilitres of the food, if the net quantity of the food is declared on the label by volume,

      • (iii) percentages of daily values and information on servings of stated size may be omitted, and

      • (iv) the nutrition information shall be stated with a degree of precision that corresponds to the accuracy of the analytical methodology used to produce the information.

  • SOR/2003-11, s. 20
  • SOR/2016-305, ss. 22, 73, 75(F)
Foods for Enterprise or Institution
  •  (1) This section applies to a prepackaged product that is a ready-to-serve multiple-serving prepackaged product intended solely to be served in a commercial or industrial enterprise or an institution.

  • (2) No person shall sell the product unless written nutrition information concerning the product accompanies the product when it is delivered to the purchaser.

  • (3) The nutrition information

    • (a) shall include the information that would, but for subsection B.01.401(7), be required by sections B.01.401 and B.01.402 to be included in a nutrition facts table for the product;

    • (b) may include other information that is permitted by section B.01.402 to be included in that nutrition facts table; and

    • (c) shall be expressed in accordance with sections B.01.401 and B.01.402.

  • SOR/2003-11, s. 20
  • SOR/2016-305, s. 23
Basis of Information
  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (8), the information in the nutrition facts table shall be set out only on the basis of the prepackaged product as offered for sale.

  • (2) If a prepackaged product contains separately packaged ingredients or foods that are intended to be consumed together, the information in the nutrition facts table shall be set out for each ingredient or food or for the entire product.

  • (3) If a prepackaged product contains an assortment of foods of the same type and the typical serving consists of only one of those foods, the information in the nutrition facts table shall be set out

    • (a) on the basis of each of the foods contained in the product, if the nutrition information set out in column 1 of the table to section B.01.401 for each of those foods is different; or

    • (b) on the basis of one of the foods contained in the product, if the nutrition information set out in column 1 of the table to section B.01.401 for each of those foods is the same.

  • (4) If a prepackaged product contains an assortment of foods of the same type and the typical serving consists of more than one of those foods, the information in the nutrition facts table shall be set out for each of the foods contained in the product or as a composite value.

  • (5) If a prepackaged product contains a food that is to be prepared in accordance with directions provided in or on the package or that is commonly combined with other ingredients or another food or cooked before being consumed, the nutrition facts table may also set out information for the food as prepared, in which case

    • (a) the nutrition facts table shall set out the following information for the food as prepared, namely,

      • (i) except in the case described in subparagraph (ii), the amount of the food expressed using the unit referred to in column 3 of subparagraph 1(b)(i) of the table to section B.01.401 as “about (naming the serving size)” or “about (naming the serving size) prepared” and, if applicable, in the manner specified in column 4 of subitems 1(1) and (2), and

      • (ii) if the food is commonly served combined with another food, the amount of the other food expressed using the unit referred to in column 3 of subparagraph 1(b)(i) of the table to section B.01.401,

      • (iii) the energy value, expressed using a description set out in column 2 of item 2 of the table to section B.01.401, in the unit set out in column 3 and in the manner set out in column 4, and

      • (iv) the information set out in column 1 of items 3, 6 to 8, 11 and 13 to 15 of the table to section B.01.401 and in column 1 of items 14 to 37 of the table to section B.01.402 that is declared as a percentage of the daily value in the nutrition facts table for the food as sold, expressed using a description set out in column 2, as a percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size and in the manner specified in column 4; and

      • (v) [Repealed, SOR/2016-305, s. 24]

    • (b) the nutrition facts table may also set out the following information for the added ingredients or the other food, if it is declared in the nutrition facts table for the food as sold, namely,

      • (i) the information set out in column 1 of items 3 to 5 and 7 to 12 of the table to section B.01.401, expressed using a description set out in column 2, in milligrams for the information set out in column 1 of items 7 and 8 and in grams for the information set out in column 1 of items 3 to 5 and 9 to 12 and in the manner specified in column 4,

      • (ii) the information set out in column 1 of items 5 to 8 and 10 to 13 of the table to section B.01.402, expressed using a description set out in column 2, in grams and in the manner specified in column 4; and

      • (iii) the information set out in column 1 of item 2 of the table to section B.01.401, expressed using a description set out in column 2, in the unit set out in column 3 per serving of stated size of the food as prepared, and in the manner specified in column 4.

  • (6) Subsection (5) does not apply in respect of a prepackaged product that is intended solely for infants six months of age or older but less than one year of age.

  • (7) Subject to subsection (8), the information in the nutrition facts table may also be set out on the basis of other amounts of a food that reflect different uses or different units of measurement of a food, in which case

    • (a) the nutrition facts table shall set out the following information for each of the other amounts of food, namely,

      • (i) the amount of the food expressed in a household measure and a metric measure and in the manner specified in column 4 of subitems 1(1) and (2) of the table to section B.01.401,

      • (ii) the energy value, expressed using a description set out in column 2 of item 2 of the table to section B.01.401, in the unit set out in column 3 and in the manner set out in column 4, and

      • (iii) the information set out in column 1 of items 3, 6 to 8, 11 and 13 to 15 of the table to section B.01.401 and in column 1 of items 14 to 37 of the table to section B.01.402 that is declared as a percentage of the daily value in the nutrition facts table for the first amount of food for which information is declared, expressed using a description set out in column 2, as a percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size and in the manner specified in column 4; and

      • (iv) [Repealed, SOR/2016-305, s. 24]

    • (b) [Repealed, SOR/2016-305, s. 24]

    • (c) if the nutrition facts table is set out in a version of the aggregate format specified in section B.01.459 or B.01.464, it shall also set out the following information for each of the other amounts of food, if that information is declared in the nutrition facts table for the first amount of food for which information is declared, namely,

      • (i) [Repealed, SOR/2016-305, s. 24]

      • (ii) the information set out in column 1 of items 3 to 5 and 7 to 12 of the table to section B.01.401, expressed using a description set out in column 2, in milligrams for the information set out in column 1 of items 7 and 8 and in grams for the information set out in column 1 of items 3 to 5 and 9 to 12 and in the manner specified in column 4, and

      • (iii) the information set out in column 1 of items 5 to 8 and 10 to 13 of the table to section B.01.402, expressed using a description set out in column 2, in grams and in the manner specified in column 4.

  • (8) If the nutrition facts table of a prepackaged product that is intended solely for infants six months of age or older but less than one year of age sets out information in accordance with subsection (7), it shall set out the information referred to in paragraphs (7)(a) and (c).

  • SOR/2003-11, s. 20
  • SOR/2016-305, s. 24

[B.01.407 to B.01.449 reserved]

Presentation of Nutrition Facts Table
  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (6), the nutrition facts table shall be presented in accordance with the format specified in the applicable figure in the Directory of NFT Formats, having regard to matters such as order of presentation, dimensions, spacing and the use of upper and lower case letters and bold type.

  • (2) The characters and rules in the nutrition facts table shall be displayed in a single colour that is a visual equivalent of 100% solid black type on a white background or on a uniform neutral background with a maximum 5% tint of colour.

  • (3) The characters in the nutrition facts table

    • (a) shall be displayed in a single standard sans serif font that is not decorative and in such a manner that the characters never touch each other or the rules; and

    • (b) may be displayed with larger dimensions than those specified in the applicable figure in the Directory of NFT Formats if all the characters in the table are enlarged in a uniform manner.

  • (3.1) The type size shown in parentheses for a version referred to in a table to sections B.01.454 to B.01.459 or sections B.01.461 to B.01.464 is the minimum type size that may be used in a nutrition facts table to show nutrients set out in the tables to sections B.01.401 and B.01.402 in accordance with that version.

  • (4) A rule that is specified in the applicable figure in the Directory of NFT Formats as being a 1 point rule or a 2 point rule may be displayed with larger dimensions in the nutrition facts table.

  • (5) The information in the nutrition facts table shall be in accordance with sections B.01.400 to B.01.403 and B.01.406.

  • (6) In a nutrition facts table consisting of a table in both English and French, the order of languages may be reversed from the order shown in the applicable figure in the Directory of NFT Formats.

  • SOR/2003-11, s. 20
  • SOR/2016-305, ss. 25, 74
Location of Nutrition Facts Table
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the nutrition facts table shall be displayed on the label of the prepackaged product

    • (a) in a table in English and a table in French on the same continuous surface of the available display surface;

    • (b) in a table in both English and French on a continuous surface of the available display surface; or

    • (c) in a table in English on a continuous surface of the available display surface and a table in French on another continuous surface of the available display surface that is of the same size and prominence as the first surface.

  • (2) If in accordance with subsection B.01.012(3) or (7) the information required by these Regulations may be shown on the label of a prepackaged product in English only or in French only and is shown in that language, the nutrition facts table may be displayed on the label of the prepackaged product in a table in that language only on a continuous surface of the available display surface.

  • SOR/2003-11, s. 20
Orientation of Nutrition Facts Table
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the nutrition facts table shall be oriented in the same manner as other information appearing on the label of the prepackaged product.

  • (2) If a version of a nutrition facts table cannot be oriented in the same manner as other information appearing on the label of the prepackaged product, it shall be oriented in another manner if there is sufficient space to do so and the food contained in the package does not leak out and is not damaged when the package is turned over.

  • (3) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of a nutrition facts table that is set out on the top or bottom of a prepackaged product.

  • SOR/2003-11, s. 20
Application
  •  (1) Sections B.01.454 to B.01.460 apply to prepackaged products other than those that are intended solely for infants six months of age or older but less than one year of age.

  • (2) Sections B.01.461 to B.01.465 apply to prepackaged products that are intended solely for infants six months of age or older but less than one year of age.

  • SOR/2003-11, s. 20
  • SOR/2016-305, s. 26
 
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