Towboat Crew Accommodation Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1498)
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Regulations are current to 2023-05-17 and last amended on 2007-07-01. Previous Versions
34 (1) On every new ship, except in the case of access from a cook’s room, access to a galley shall not be directly from a sleeping room and shall, wherever reasonable and practicable in the circumstances, be from a passageway.
(2) On every new ship the top plate of every cooking range shall be at a height of not less than 915 mm and not more than 1 065 mm above the floor of the galley.
(3) Every galley on a new ship shall be provided with a double sink.
- SOR/78-144, s. 16
Supply of Potable Water
35 (1) Every ship shall have on board a supply of potable water that is sufficient to meet the needs of the crew until that supply is likely to be replenished.
(2) If potable water service tanks are fitted they shall be directly connected with the ship’s main potable water storage tanks.
(3) Cold drinking water shall at all times be available for the use of the crew.
Supply of Water for Washing Accommodation
36 (1) Subject to subsection (2), every ship shall have on board a supply of fresh water that is available for all wash-basins, baths and showers, which supply shall be sufficient to provide at least 68 L of fresh water for each member of the crew for each day until that supply is likely to be replenished.
(2) In the case of a day ship, the supply of fresh water required by subsection (1) shall be sufficient to provide at least 22.7 L of fresh water for each member of the crew for each day until that supply is likely to be replenished.
(3) If service tanks are fitted on a ship for the purpose of supplying the water required by subsection (1) or (2), those tanks shall be directly connected with the ship’s main washing water tanks or potable water storage tanks.
(4) Adjustable thermostatically controlled calorifiers or other equally safe and efficient means shall be provided that are capable of heating fresh water to a temperature of not less than 49°C.
(5) Subject to subsection (6), on every ship, hot and cold fresh water through taps shall be supplied to all baths, showers, wash-basins and sinks.
(6) On a day ship, hot fresh water through taps need not be supplied to wash-basins and sinks.
- SOR/78-144, s. 17
Dry Provision Storage
37 (1) For the storage of dry provisions for the crew, every ship shall be provided with storage space that is fitted with sufficient shelves, cupboards and bins for the maximum amount of dry provisions that is likely to be used during the time likely to elapse between successive replenishments of dry provisions.
(2) In so far as it is reasonable and practicable in the circumstances, access to a dry provision storage room shall not be from a position on an open deck.
(3) Every dry provision storage room shall be so situated, constructed and ventilated as to avoid deterioration of the stores through heat, draught or condensation and infestation by vermin.
(4) A room that is used only for the storage of dry provisions shall not be situated over a machinery space and shall not adjoin a galley or a machinery casing unless the adjoining bulkheads and decks are adequately insulated.
(5) No part of a dry provision storage space shall be used for the storage of textiles or bedding.
38 (1) Every ship shall be provided with adequately ventilated and heated drying spaces in which the crew may hang oil skins and protective clothing.
(2) The drying spaces referred to in subsection (1) shall not be situated inside the sleeping rooms.
39 Wherever practicable, natural lighting shall be provided in all crew accommodation other than laundries, drying spaces and storage rooms.
40 The crew accommodation shall be provided with electric lighting in accordance with the requirements of Schedule IV.
41 (1) Emergency electric lighting shall be provided by means of permanent or portable lights for the illumination of the crew accommodation.
(2) Emergency electric lighting shall, in the event of the failure of the main electric lighting, provide sufficient illumination in order that the crew may safely exit from enclosed spaces and proceed through passageways and stairways to the open deck.
(3) Permanent light fixtures shall be supplied from a power source that is located outside the engine room and that is
(a) a self-contained generator set; or
(b) rechargeable or non-rechargeable batteries.
(4) The portable lights referred to in subsection (1) shall be self-contained battery operated hand lamps.
42 (1) The crew accommodation shall be ventilated so that the air therein will be maintained, relative to the atmospheric conditions, in a state of purity adequate for the health and comfort of the crew.
(2) Ventilation of the crew accommodation shall be capable of being so controlled as to ensure adequate air movement under all conditions of weather and climate to which the ship may be subjected during the voyages on which it is engaged, and such ventilation shall be additional to the ventilation that may be provided by any side scuttle, skylight, companionway, doorway or other aperture not intended solely for ventilation.
(3) Subject to subsection (4), there shall be natural ventilation, regardless of any mechanical ventilation fitted therein, in every space containing a water-closet.
(4) In a space containing only one water-closet, appropriated for the use of not more than four persons, there shall be fitted
(a) natural ventilation; or
(b) mechanical exhaust ventilation.
(5) The effective area of the inlet and exhaust openings in a natural ventilation system serving each space in the crew accommodation shall be capable of being adjusted from fully open to fully closed.
(6) Where a mechanical ventilation system is provided in the crew accommodation on a new ship, it shall comply with the requirements of Schedule V.
(7) No ventilator on a new ship shall be situated over a doorway, stairway or in any other position in such a manner that exhaust fumes will be recirculated.
(8) The sectional area of every part of an inlet and exhaust natural ventilation system on a new ship, other than a part serving only a drying space, shall be
(a) at least 39 cm2 for each person for whose use at any one time the space is appropriated; and
(b) not less than 123 cm2 at any point in the system.
- SOR/78-144, s. 18
43 (1) Every galley and drying space and every toilet space, other than a private toilet space, shall be provided with scuppers.
(2) There shall be no drainage into a toilet space from any other space.
(3) Scuppers from toilet spaces shall not drain into any other crew accommodation space.
(4) The scuppers on a new ship shall be at least 38 mm in diameter and shall be situated wherever water is likely to collect on the floor of every galley and drying space and every toilet space other than a private toilet space.
- SOR/78-144, s. 19
44 Every bath, shower, wash-basin and sink shall be fitted with an efficient and hygienic waste pipe that is
(a) connected to an overboard discharge or to an enclosed drainage tank; and
(b) fitted in a manner that will minimize the risk of obstruction and that will facilitate cleaning.
Maintenance and Inspection of Crew Accommodation
45 The owner of a ship shall ensure that all equipment and installations required for the ship by these Regulations are maintained in good condition.
46 (1) The owner of a ship shall require the master, or any officer appointed by the master for the purpose, to inspect every part of the crew accommodation at intervals not exceeding 30 days.
(2) Subject to subsection (3), the owner of a ship shall ensure that the master causes to be entered in the ship’s official log book a record of
(a) the time and date of every inspection made in accordance with subsection (1);
(b) the name of the person making the inspection; and
(c) particulars of any respect in which the crew accommodation or any part thereof was found not to comply with the requirements of these Regulations and the action taken to remedy such non-compliance.
(3) In the case of a ship for which an official log is not required by the Act, the owner of the ship shall ensure that the master signs a statement, each time the ship is inspected in accordance with subsection (1), to the effect that the ship has been inspected and the statement shall
(a) include the details required to be entered in a log book by subsection (2); and
(b) be retained with the ship’s official papers.
47 The crew accommodation shall be inspected by an inspector
(a) in the case of a new ship,
(i) when the ship is registered or licensed in Canada, or
(ii) before the ship is put into service;
(b) in the case of an existing ship that is required by Part VIII of the Act to be inspected at the time of the first such inspection, on or after August 24, 1972;
(c) in the case of an existing ship that is not required by Part VIII of the Act to be inspected, before August 24, 1976; and
(d) when substantial alterations or repairs are made to any part of the crew accommodation.
48 The Minister of Transport may designate as an inspector any person in the Public Service of Canada who, in his opinion, is qualified to be so designated.
49 (1) An inspector may at any reasonable time go on board and inspect any ship where he has reason to believe that any provision of these Regulations has been contravened.
(a) a member of the crew of a ship complains to an inspector that a contravention of these Regulations has taken place on that ship, or
(b) an officer of an organization that represents owners of or persons employed on ships complains to an inspector that a contravention of these Regulations has taken place on any ship,
an inspector shall investigate the circumstances giving rise to the complaint.
(3) Every complaint referred to in subsection (2) shall, where required by an inspector, be in writing and signed by the person making the complaint.
(4) Where an investigation is made pursuant to this section, any person in possession of a ship’s log book shall, when requested to do so by an inspector, produce that log book, furnish a true copy of any entry therein and produce any other document in his possession relating to the ship.
(5) No person shall obstruct or hinder an inspector in the carrying out of his duties or functions under these Regulations.
(6) The owner of any ship boarded pursuant to subsection (1) and every person found on board the ship shall give an inspector all reasonable assistance in his power to enable the inspector to carry out his duties and functions under these Regulations and shall furnish the inspector with such information as he may reasonably require.
Exemptions and Equivalents
50 (1) Notwithstanding anything in these Regulations, the Board may, due to the special circumstances related to the type of the ship or the nature or area of operations of the ship, exempt the owner of any ship from compliance with any of the provisions of these Regulations other than sections 45 to 49.
(2) Notwithstanding anything in these Regulations, where these Regulations require a particular fitting, material, appliance or apparatus to be fitted or carried in a ship or any particular provision to be made in a ship, the Board may allow any other fitting, material, appliance or apparatus to be fitted or carried or any other provision to be made if it is satisfied that that other fitting, material, appliance, apparatus or provision is at least equivalent to that required by these Regulations.
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