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On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations (SOR/2003-2)

Regulations are current to 2024-02-06 and last amended on 2022-10-03. Previous Versions

End of Model Year Reports

  •  (1) A company shall submit to the Minister an end of model year report, signed by a person who is authorized to act on behalf of the company, no later than May 1 after the end of each model year.

  • (2) The end of model year report shall contain the following information:

    • (a) for each of a company’s fleets described in sections 21 to 23

      • (i) the applicable fleet average NOX standard,

      • (ii) the average NOX value achieved under section 24 or 25,

      • (iii) for each model of vehicle, the values used in calculating the average NOX value achieved in respect of the fleet,

      • (iv) the total number of vehicles in the fleet,

      • (v) the NOX emission credits calculated in accordance with subsection 26(2) for the model year, if any,

      • (vi) the NOX emission deficits incurred for the model year, if any, and

      • (vii) the balance of credits or deficits at the end of the model year;

    • (b) for each of a company’s fleets described in sections 24.1 to 24.4

      • (i) the applicable fleet average NMOG + NOX standard,

      • (ii) the average NMOG + NOX value achieved under section 24.5 or 25.1,

      • (iii) for each model of vehicle, the values used in calculating the average NMOG + NOX value achieved in respect of the fleet, including any compliance credits taken into account by the company in choosing the full useful life emission bin applicable to the vehicles,

      • (iv) the total number of vehicles in the fleet,

      • (v) the NMOG + NOX emission credits calculated in accordance with subsection 26.1(2) for the model year, if any,

      • (vi) the NMOG + NOX emission deficits incurred for the model year, if any, and

      • (vii) the balance of credits or deficits at the end of the model year;

    • (c) for each of a company’s fleets described in sections 24.6 and 24.7

      • (i) the applicable fleet average cold NMHC standard,

      • (ii) the average cold NMHC value achieved under section 24.8 or 25.2,

      • (iii) for each model of vehicle, the values used in calculating the average cold NMHC value achieved in respect of the fleet,

      • (iv) the total number of vehicles in the fleet,

      • (v) the cold NMHC emission credits calculated in accordance with subsection 26.2(2) for the model year, if any,

      • (vi) the cold NMHC emission deficits incurred for the model year, if any, and

      • (vii) the balance of credits or deficits at the end of the model year;

    • (d) for each of a company’s fleets described in section 24.10

      • (i) the applicable fleet average evaporative emission standard,

      • (ii) the average evaporative emission value achieved under section 24.11 or 25.3 and either the percentage of vehicles in the fleet that conform to the applicable fleet average evaporative emission standard or a statement that every vehicle in the fleet meets the requirements of paragraph 24.10(2)(a) or (b), as applicable,

      • (iii) the allowances taken into account in the calculation of the percentage of vehicles in the fleet that conform to the applicable fleet average evaporative emission standard, if any,

      • (iv) for each model of vehicle, the values used in calculating the average evaporative emission value achieved in respect of the fleet,

      • (v) the total number of vehicles in the fleet,

      • (vi) the evaporative emission credits calculated in accordance with subsection 26.3(2) for the model year, if any,

      • (vii) the evaporative emission deficits incurred for the model year, if any, and

      • (viii) the balance of credits or deficits at the end of the model year; and

    • (e) for each of a company’s fleets described in sections 26.4 to 26.6, the early action credits obtained for the model year in question, if any.

  • (2.1) The end of model year report for the 2017 to 2021 model years shall also contain either the percentage of vehicles in a company’s groups of vehicles that conform to the applicable particulate matter exhaust emission standards referred to in subsection 17.2(1) or a statement that every vehicle in the group meets the requirements of paragraph 17.2(3)(a) or (b), as applicable.

  • (3) The end of model year report must also contain the following information on each credit transfer to or from the company since the submission of the previous end of model year report:

    • (a) the name, street address and, if different, the mailing address of the company that transferred the credits and the model year in which that company obtained those credits;

    • (b) the name, street address and, if different, the mailing address of the company that received the credits;

    • (c) the date of the transfer; and

    • (d) the quantity of credits transferred.

  • (4) The company shall include in the end of model year report, if applicable,

    • (a) for any of its fleets described in sections 21 to 23, a statement that

      • (i) it has made the election under section 25, or

      • (ii) it has made the election under subsection 31(1) and, if applicable, it has made an election under subsection 31(5) in respect of a group of vehicles described in paragraph 31(4)(a) or (b);

    • (b) for any of its fleets described in sections 24.1 to 24.4, a statement that

      • (i) it has made the election under section 25.1, or

      • (ii) it has made the election under subsection 31.1(1) and, if applicable, it has made an election under subsection 31.1(5) in respect of a group of vehicles described in paragraph 31.1(4)(a) or (b);

    • (c) for any of its fleets described in sections 24.6 and 24.7, a statement that

      • (i) it has made the election under section 25.2, or

      • (ii) it has made the election under subsection 31.1(1) and, if applicable, it has made an election under subsection 31.1(5) in respect of a group of vehicles described in paragraph 31.1(4)(a) or (b); and

    • (d) for any of its fleets described in section 24.10, a statement that

      • (i) it has made the election under section 25.3, or

      • (ii) it has made the election under subsection 31.1(1) and, if applicable, it has made an election under subsection 31.1(5) in respect of a group of vehicles described in paragraph 31.1(4)(a) or (b).

  • (5) A company that makes an election under subsection 31(1) or 31.1(1) in respect of a group of vehicles in a fleet shall include in the end of model year report

    • (a) the following average values:

      • (i) for the 2016 and earlier model years, the average NOX value, determined under subsection 31(4) or (6), as the case may be,

      • (ii) for the 2017 model year,

        • (A) in the case of a company’s heavy light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles, the average NOX value, determined under subsection 31(4) or (6), as the case may be, and the average cold NMHC or evaporative emission value, as the case may be, determined under subsection 31.1(4) or (6), or

        • (B) in the case of a company’s vehicles other than its heavy light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles, the average NMOG + NOX, cold NMHC or evaporative emission value, as the case may be, determined under subsection 31.1(4) or (6), as the case may be, or

      • (iii) for the 2018 and later model years, the average NMOG + NOX, cold NMHC or evaporative emission value, as the case may be, determined under subsection 31.1(4) or (6), as the case may be;

    • (b) the values used in calculating the average values referred to in subparagraph (a)(i), clause (a)(ii)(A) or (B) or subparagraph (a)(iii), as the case may be; and

    • (c) information demonstrating compliance with subsection 31(3) or 31.1(3), as the case may be.

  • (6) For the purpose of subsection (1), a company that acquires another company or that results from the merger of companies and that is the owner of record on May 1 is responsible for ensuring that the end of model year report is submitted.

  • SOR/2013-8, s. 13
  • SOR/2015-186, s. 38

Subfleet Averaging Requirements for Motorcycles

General

 The following definitions apply in this section and sections 32.2 to 32.7 and 37.1.

engine family

engine family[Repealed, SOR/2015-186, s. 39]

family emission limit

family emission limit[Repealed, SOR/2015-186, s. 39]

fuel tank permeation emissions

fuel tank permeation emissions means evaporative emissions resulting from permeation of fuel through the fuel tank materials. (émissions par perméation du réservoir de carburant)

subfleet

subfleet means motorcycles of a specific model year that have a family emission limit and that a company manufactures in Canada, or imports into Canada, for the purpose of sale to the first retail purchaser. Each of the following groupings of motorcycles constitutes a subfleet for the purpose of emissions averaging:

  • (a) in respect of the applicable HC+NOx emission standard for all Class I and Class II motorcycles;

  • (b) in respect of the applicable HC+NOx emission standard for all Class III motorcycles;

  • (c) in respect of the fuel tank permeation emission standard for all motorcycles with a non-metal fuel tank. (sous-parc)

  • SOR/2006-268, s. 9
  • SOR/2015-186, s. 39
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), any motorcycle that does not conform to the applicable HC+NOx emission standard or fuel tank permeation emission standard set out in the section of the CFR that is referred to in paragraph 17(a) shall conform, as the case may be, to:

    • (a) the applicable family emission limit for HC+NOx emissions; or

    • (b) the family emission limit for fuel tank permeation emissions.

  • (2) In any model year, the HC + NOX family emission limit applicable to an engine family shall not exceed the applicable family emission limit cap set out in section 449 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart E, of the CFR.

  • (3) In any model year, a company’s subfleet may include motorcycles that conform to a family emission limit that is greater than the applicable HC+NOx emission standard set out in the section of the CFR that is referred to in paragraph 17(a) or subsection 17.1(2) or the fuel tank permeation emission standard set out in that section if

    • (a) each motorcycle of a subfleet is covered by an EPA certificate, each motorcycle conforms to the family emission limit referred to in the EPA certificate and belongs to an engine family of which the total number of units sold in Canada does not exceed the total number of units sold in the United States; or

    • (b) in respect of a subfleet that contains motorcycles that do not meet all of the criteria set out in paragraph (a), the average HC+NOx value or the average fuel tank permeation value, as the case may be, does not exceed the applicable HC+NOx emission standard set out in the section of the CFR that is referred to in paragraph 17(a) or subsection 17.1(2) or the fuel tank permeation emission standard set out in that section, in respect of

      • (i) the subfleet, or

      • (ii) the group of motorcycles within the subfleet that do not meet all of the criteria set out in paragraph (a).

  • SOR/2006-268, s. 9
  • SOR/2015-186, ss. 40, 51(F)

Calculation of Subfleet Average Emission Values

  •  (1) If a company’s subfleet includes one or more motorcycles that conform to a family emission limit that is greater than the applicable HC+NOx emission standard set out in the section of the CFR that is referred to in paragraph 17(a) or subsection 17.1(2), the company shall calculate the average HC+NOx value for the subfleet using the following formula:

    [Σ (A x B x C)] / [Σ (B x C)]

    where

    A
    is the applicable family emission limit, expressed to the same number of decimal places as the emission standard it replaced;
    B
    is the useful life of the engine family expressed in years or kilometres; and
    C
    is the number of motorcycles in the engine family.
  • (2) If a company’s subfleet includes one or more motorcycles that conform to a family emission limit that is greater than the fuel tank permeation emission standard set out in the section of the CFR that is referred to in paragraph 17(a), the company shall calculate the average fuel tank permeation value for its subfleet in accordance with the following formula:

    [Σ (A x B x C x 365.24)] / [Σ (B x C x 365.24)]

    where

    A
    is the applicable family emission limit, expressed to the same number of decimal places as the emission standard it replaced;
    B
    is the useful life of the engine family expressed in years; and
    C
    is the number of motorcycles in the engine family multiplied by the average internal surface area of the motorcycles’ fuel tanks, where the average internal surface area is expressed in m2 to at least three decimal places.
  • (3) The average HC+NOx value and average fuel tank permeation value for a subfleet shall be expressed in g/km and g/m²/d, respectively, and be rounded to one decimal place.

  • (4) When calculating the average HC+NOx value for a subfleet of the 2006 model year, a company may include all of its motorcycles of that model year, including those whose main assembly was completed before November 2, 2006.

  • SOR/2006-268, s. 9
  • SOR/2013-8, s. 14
  • SOR/2015-186, s. 51(F)

Emission Credits for Class III Motorcycles

  •  (1) A company shall obtain HC+NOx emission credits in relation to a specific model year if

    • (a) the average HC+NOx value in respect of a subfleet of Class III motorcycles of that model year is lower than the applicable HC+NOx emission standard for that class and model year; and

    • (b) the company reports the credits in its end of model year report.

  • (2) The HC+NOx emission credits, expressed in units of vehicle-grams, shall be calculated using the following formula, rounded to the nearest whole number:

    (A - B) x C x D

    where

    A
    is the applicable HC+NOx emission standard for the subfleet;
    B
    is the average HC+NOx value for the subfleet;
    C
    is the total number of motorcycles in the subfleet; and
    D
    is the useful life expressed in kilometres.
  • (3) The HC+NOx emission credits for a specific model year are credited on the last day of that model year and may only be used by a company to offset an HC+NOx emission deficit that it incurred in the same model year as calculated in section 32.5.

  • SOR/2006-268, s. 9

Emission Deficits for Class I and Class II Motorcycles

  •  (1) If a company’s average HC+NOx value in respect of a subfleet of Class I and Class II motorcycles of a model year is higher than the applicable HC+NOx emission standard, the company shall calculate the value of the emission deficit it incurred in that model year.

  • (2) The HC+NOx emission deficit for a subfleet of Class I and Class II motorcycles of a model year is the sum of the credits or deficits that would be generated for each class of motorcycle within the subfleet calculated using the formula set out in subsection 32.4(2), with any necessary modifications.

  • SOR/2006-268, s. 9
 

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