Special Economic Measures (Burma) Regulations
P.C. 2007-1913 2007-12-13
Whereas the Governor in Council is of the opinion that the situation in Burma constitutes a grave breach of international peace and security that has resulted or is likely to result in a serious international crisis;
Therefore, Her Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, pursuant to subsections 4(1) to (3) of the Special Economic Measures ActFootnote a, hereby makes the annexed Special Economic Measures (Burma) Regulations.
Return to footnote aS.C. 1992, c. 17
1 The following definitions apply in these Regulations.
- arms and related material
arms and related material means any type of weapon, ammunition, military vehicle or military or paramilitary equipment, and includes their spare parts. (armes et matériel connexe)
Burma means Myanmar, and includes
(a) any political subdivision of Myanmar;
(b) the government, and any department of Myanmar or of a political subdivision of Myanmar; and
(c) any agency of Myanmar or of a political subdivision of Myanmar. (Birmanie)
- controlling interest
controlling interest[Repealed, SOR/2012-85, s. 1]
- designated person
designated person means a person whose name is listed on the schedule in accordance with section 2. (personne designée)
Minister means the Minister of Foreign Affairs. (ministre)
pension[Repealed, SOR/2022-8, s. 1]
- SOR/2012-85, s. 1
- SOR/2022-8, s. 1
Marginal note:Designated person
2 A person whose name is listed in the schedule is a person who is in Burma, or is or was a national of Burma who does not ordinarily reside in Canada, and in respect of whom the Governor in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister, is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds to believe is
(a) a current or former senior official of Burma;
(b) an associate or family member of a person referred to in paragraph (a);
(c) an entity owned, held or controlled, directly or indirectly, by a person referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) or acting on behalf of or at the direction of such a person;
(d) an entity owned, held or controlled, directly or indirectly, by Burma, or acting on behalf of or at the direction of Burma; or
(e) a senior official of an entity referred to in paragraph (c) or (d).
Marginal note:Asset freeze
3 Subject to section 18, it is prohibited for any person in Canada and any Canadian outside Canada to
(a) deal in any property, wherever situated, that is owned, held or controlled by or on behalf of a designated person;
(b) enter into or facilitate any transaction related to a dealing referred to in paragraph (a);
(c) provide any financial or related services in respect of a dealing referred to in paragraph (a);
(d) make available any goods, wherever situated, to a designated person or a person acting on behalf of a designated person; or
(e) provide any financial or related service to or for the benefit of a designated person.
- SOR/2012-85, s. 2
- SOR/2022-8, s. 3
Marginal note:Restricted or prohibited activities
4 Subject to section 19, it is prohibited for any person in Canada and any Canadian outside Canada to
(a) export, sell, supply, ship, transport or otherwise deal in arms and related material or aviation fuel, wherever situated, destined for Burma or any person in Burma;
(b) import, purchase, acquire, ship, transport or otherwise deal in arms and related material, wherever situated, that are exported from Burma after December 13, 2007;
(c) transfer, provide or communicate technical data related to military activities or to the provision, manufacture, maintenance or use of arms and related material to Burma or any person in Burma; or
(d) provide or acquire financial or other services related to military activities or to the provision, manufacture, maintenance or use of arms and related material to, from or for the benefit of or on the direction or order of Burma or any person in Burma.
- SOR/2012-85, s. 2
- SOR/2023-13, s. 1
Marginal note:Insurance — ships
5 (1) Subject to section 19, it is prohibited for any person in Canada and any Canadian outside Canada to provide insurance or reinsurance to or for the benefit of or on the direction of Burma or any person in Burma in relation to ships transporting aviation fuel to Burma.
Marginal note:Existing insurance
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of existing insurance or reinsurance until 30 days after the day on which this section comes into force.
6 [Repealed, SOR/2012-85, s. 2]
7 [Repealed, SOR/2012-85, s. 2]
8 [Repealed, SOR/2012-85, s. 2]
9 [Repealed, SOR/2012-85, s. 2]
10 [Repealed, SOR/2012-85, s. 2]
11 [Repealed, SOR/2012-85, s. 2]
12 [Repealed, SOR/2012-85, s. 2]
Marginal note:Assisting in a prohibited activity
13 It is prohibited for any person in Canada or any Canadian outside Canada to knowingly do anything that causes, facilitates or assists in, or is intended to cause, facilitate or assist in, any activity prohibited by any of sections 3 to 5.
Duty to Determine
14 Each of the following entities must determine on a continuing basis whether it is in possession or control of property owned or controlled by or on behalf of a designated person:
(a) authorized foreign banks, as defined in section 2 of the Bank Act, in respect of their business in Canada or banks to which that Act applies;
(b) cooperative credit societies, savings and credit unions and caisses populaires regulated by a provincial Act and associations regulated by the Cooperative Credit Associations Act;
(c) foreign companies, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Insurance Companies Act, in respect of their insurance business in Canada;
(d) companies, provincial companies and societies, as those terms are defined in subsection 2(1) of the Insurance Companies Act;
(e) fraternal benefit societies regulated by a provincial Act in respect of their insurance activities and insurance companies and other entities engaged in the business of insuring risks that are regulated by a provincial Act;
(f) companies to which the Trust and Loan Companies Act applies;
(g) trust companies regulated by a provincial Act;
(h) loan companies regulated by a provincial Act;
(i) entities authorized under provincial legislation to engage in the business of dealing in securities, or to provide portfolio management or investment counselling services; and
(j) entities that engage in any activity described in paragraph 5(h) of the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act if the activity involves the opening of an account for a client.
- SOR/2012-85, s. 4
15 (1) Every person in Canada and every Canadian outside Canada shall disclose without delay to the Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
(a) the existence of property in their possession or control that they have reason to believe is owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by a designated person or by an entity owned or controlled by a designated person; and
(b) information about a transaction or proposed transaction in respect of property referred to in paragraph (a).
(2) No proceedings under the Special Economic Measures Act and no civil proceedings lie against a person for a disclosure made in good faith under subsection (1).
Application to No Longer Be a Designated Person
16 (1) A designated person may apply to the Minister in writing to have their name removed from the schedule.
(2) On receipt of an application, the Minister shall decide whether there are reasonable grounds to recommend to the Governor in Council that the applicant’s name be removed from the schedule.
(3) [Repealed, SOR/2022-8, s. 4]
(4) [Repealed, SOR/2022-8, s. 4]
Marginal note:New application
(5) If there has been a material change in circumstances since the last petition was submitted, a person may submit another application under subsection (1).
- SOR/2012-85, s. 5
- SOR/2022-8, s. 4
Application for a Certificate
Marginal note:Mistaken identity
17 (1) A person whose name is the same as or similar to the name of a designated person and who claims not to be that person may apply to the Minister in writing for a certificate stating that they are not that designated person.
Marginal note:Determination by Minister
(2) Within 30 days after receiving the application, the Minister must,
(a) if it is established that the applicant is not the designated person, issue the certificate; or
(b) if it is not so established, provide notice to the applicant of the determination.
Marginal note:Exceptions to section 3
18 Section 3 does not apply in respect of
(a) any activity engaged in under an agreement or arrangement between Canada and Burma;
(b) any payment made by or on behalf of a designated person that is due under a contract that the designated person entered into before they became a designated person, provided that the payment is not made to a designated person or to a person acting on behalf of a designated person;
(c) any goods made available, or services provided, to or by any of the following entities for the purpose of safeguarding human life, disaster relief, democratization, stabilization or providing food, medicine, medical supplies or equipment or development assistance:
(i) an international organization with diplomatic status,
(ii) a United Nations agency,
(iii) the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, or
(iv) a non-governmental organization that has entered into a grant or contribution agreement with the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade or the Canadian International Development Agency; and
(d) any transaction necessary for a Canadian to transfer any existing accounts, funds or investments of a Canadian held with a designated person to a person other than a designated person.
- SOR/2012-85, s. 6
- SOR/2021-237, s. 1
Marginal note:Exceptions to section 4 and subsection 5(1)
19 Section 4 and subsection 5(1) do not apply in respect of
(a) protective clothing and equipment, including flak jackets and military helmets, for the personal use of United Nations personnel, human rights monitors, representatives of the media and humanitarian and development workers and associated personnel;
(b) non-lethal military equipment intended solely for humanitarian, human rights monitoring or protective use, and related technical assistance and training; and
(c) members of the Canadian Forces who are in or travel to Burma in the performance of official duties, including providing security to Canadian diplomatic staff, providing humanitarian assistance, or engaging in other activities authorized by the Chief of the Defence Staff.
- SOR/2012-85, s. 6
- SOR/2023-228, s. 3
Application Prior to Publication
Coming into Force
21 These Regulations come into force on the day on which they are registered.
- Date modified: