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Aviation Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (SOR/2011-87)

Regulations are current to 2022-08-08 and last amended on 2021-07-01. Previous Versions

PART 6Safety Materials, Equipment, Devices and Clothing (continued)

General (continued)

 All protection equipment shall be designed to protect the person from the hazard for which it is provided and shall not in itself create a hazard.

 All protection equipment provided by the employer shall be maintained, inspected and tested by a qualified person and, if necessary to prevent a health hazard, be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition by a qualified person.

Protective Headwear

 If there is a risk of head injury, protective headwear shall be used.

Protective Footwear

  •  (1) If there is a risk of foot injury, protective footwear that is certified, by a certification body accredited by the Standards Council of Canada to grant such certification, as meeting the standards set out in CSA Standard CAN/CSA-Z195-09, Protective Footwear, shall be used.

  • (2) If there is a risk of slipping, non-slip footwear shall be used.

Eye and Face Protection

  •  (1) If, in a workplace, there is a risk of injury to the eyes or face, the employer shall provide every person who is granted access to the work place with eye or face protection equipment that is selected by the employer in accordance with Annex A of CSA Group Standard CSA Z94.3, Eye and face protectors, as amended from time to time, and that meets the requirements set out in that standard.

  • (2) If there is routine exposure to irritating airborne chemical agents, intense heat, liquid splashes, molten metals or similar agents in a work place, contact lenses shall not be worn.

Respiratory Protection

 If there is a risk of exposure to an airborne hazardous substance or an oxygen-deficient atmosphere, the employer shall provide a respiratory protective device that is selected, fitted, used and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and that, in the case of an oxygen-deficient atmosphere, has a minimum capacity of 15 minutes.

 If a steel or aluminum self-contained breathing apparatus cylinder has a dent deeper than 1.5 mm and less than 50 mm in major diameter or shows evidence of deep isolated pitting, cracks or splits, the cylinder shall be removed from service until it has been shown to be safe for use by means of a hydrostatic test at a pressure equal to one and one half times the maximum allowable working pressure.

Skin Protection

 If there is a risk of injury or disease to or through the skin, the employer shall provide

  • (a) a shield or screen;

  • (b) a cream to protect the skin; or

  • (c) an appropriate body covering.

Safety Restraining Devices

  •  (1) If a person, other than a person who is exiting from an aircraft, is near an open aircraft door or hatch, the employer shall provide the person with a safety restraining device.

  • (2) Every safety restraining device shall be secured to the primary structure of the aircraft in a manner that prevents the person using the device from falling out of the aircraft.

Clothing

 Loose clothing, long hair, dangling accessories, jewellery or other similar items that may be hazardous to the health or safety of an employee in a work place shall not be worn unless they are tied, covered or otherwise secured so as to prevent the hazard.

 If it is not feasible to maintain temperatures within the limits referred to in Part 7, the employees shall dress in appropriate clothing.

 If an employer requires that an employee wear a uniform, the employer shall, in consultation with the policy committee or, if there is no policy committee, the workplace committee or the health and safety representative, select the uniform components and fabric and ensure that they protect the health and safety of the employee.

Records

  •  (1) A record of all protection equipment provided by the employer, other than earplugs and other non-reusable equipment, shall be kept by the employer for a period of two years after the day on which it ceases to be used.

  • (2) The record shall contain

    • (a) a description of the equipment and the date of its acquisition by the employer;

    • (b) the date and result of each inspection and test of the equipment;

    • (c) the date and nature of any maintenance work performed on the equipment since its acquisition by the employer; and

    • (d) the name of the person who performed the inspection, test or maintenance of the equipment.

Instruction and Training

[
  • SOR/2019-246, s. 398(F)
]
  •  (1) Every person who uses protection equipment shall be instructed in the use of the equipment.

  • (2) Every employee who uses protection equipment shall be instructed and trained in the use, operation and maintenance of the equipment.

  • (3) The training referred to in subsection (2) shall be set out in writing and kept readily available by the employer for examination by the employee.

Defective Protection Equipment

 If an employee finds any defect in protection equipment that may render it unsafe for use, the employee shall, as soon as feasible, mark or tag the equipment as unsafe for use and report the defect to the person in charge of the aircraft.

PART 7Temperature and Lighting

 If feasible, the temperature on board an aircraft shall, if feasible, be maintained at a level of not less than 18°C and not more than 29°C.

 Every aircraft shall be provided with sufficient lighting to enable an employee to carry out their duties safely.

PART 8Materials Handling

Interpretation

 The following definitions apply in this Part.

materials handling equipment

materials handling equipment means equipment used to transport, lift, move or position persons, materials, goods or things including auxiliary equipment and rigging devices and includes mobile equipment used to lift, hoist or position persons, but does not include equipment that is affixed to the exterior of an aircraft. (appareil de manutention des matériaux)

operator

operator means an employee who controls the operation of materials handling equipment and who has received training in the procedures referred to in subsection 8.5(1). (opérateur)

safe working load

safe working load means the maximum load that materials handling equipment is designed and constructed to handle or support safely under particular operating conditions. (charge de travail admissible)

General

  •  (1) If feasible, materials handling equipment used on board an aircraft shall be designed and constructed so that failure of any of its parts will not result in loss of control of the equipment or create a hazardous condition.

  • (2) All glass and other transparent materials used in doors, windows and other parts of materials handling equipment used on board an aircraft shall be of a type that does not shatter into sharp or dangerous pieces on impact.

Inspection, Testing and Maintenance

  •  (1) Before materials handling equipment is used for the first time on board an aircraft, the employer shall set out, in writing, instructions on the inspection, testing and maintenance of that equipment.

  • (2) The instructions shall specify the nature and frequency of inspections, testing and maintenance.

  • (3) The inspection, testing and maintenance shall be performed by a qualified person who shall

    • (a) comply with the instructions referred to in subsection (1);

    • (b) make and sign a report regarding each inspection, test or maintenance work performed by them.

  • (4) A report shall

    • (a) include the date of inspection, testing or maintenance performed by the qualified person;

    • (b) identify the materials handling equipment that was inspected, tested or maintained; and

    • (c) set out the safety observations of the qualified person.

  • (5) The employer shall keep a copy of

    • (a) the instructions referred to in subsection (1) for as long as the materials handling equipment is in use; and

    • (b) the report for a period of one year after the day on which the report is signed.

Repairs

  •  (1) Any repair, modification or replacement of a part of any materials handling equipment shall at least maintain the safety factor of the equipment or part.

  • (2) If a part of less strength or quality than the original part is used in the repair, modification or replacement of a part of any materials handling equipment, the employer shall restrict the use of the equipment to loading and uses that will retain the original safety factor of the equipment or part.

Instruction and Training

[
  • SOR/2019-246, s. 404(F)
]
  •  (1) Every employer shall ensure that every operator of materials handling equipment on board an aircraft has been instructed and trained in the procedures to be followed for its

    • (a) inspection; and

    • (b) safe and proper use, in accordance with any instructions provided by the manufacturer and taking into account the conditions of the work place and the operator’s physical capabilities.

  • (2) Every employer shall keep a record of the instructions and training for a period of three years from the day on which the instructions and training are provided.

Operation

 No employer shall require an employee to operate materials handling equipment unless the employee is an operator.

Service Cart Control Systems

 Every service cart used on board an aircraft shall be fitted with braking and other control systems that

  • (a) are capable of safely controlling and stopping its movement; and

  • (b) respond reliably and quickly to minimal effort by the operator under normal flight conditions.

Safe Working Loads

 No materials handling equipment shall be used or operated with a load that exceeds its safe working load.

Manual Handling of Materials

  •  (1) If, because of the weight, size, shape, toxicity or other characteristic of materials, goods or things, the manual handling of them may be hazardous to the health or safety of an employee, the employer shall issue instructions that the materials, goods or things shall, if feasible, not be handled manually.

  • (2) In determining whether the manual handling of the materials, goods or things may be hazardous to the health or safety of an employee, the employer shall take into account the frequency and duration of manual handling and the distance, gradient and environmental conditions over which an object is to be manually handled.

  •  (1) If an employee is required to manually lift or carry loads weighing in excess of 10 kg, the employer shall instruct and train the employee

    • (a) in a safe method of lifting and carrying the loads that will minimize the strain on the body; and

    • (b) in a work procedure appropriate to the conditions of the work place and the employee’s physical capabilities.

  • (2) The employer shall make the written instructions and training materials readily available for examination by employees.

Transporting, Positioning and Hoisting Employees

  •  (1) No materials handling equipment shall be used for transporting an employee on board an aircraft unless the equipment is specifically designed for that purpose.

  • (2) No materials handling equipment shall be used for positioning or hoisting an employee on board an aircraft unless the equipment is equipped with a platform, bucket or basket designed for that purpose.

Defective Materials Handling Equipment

 If an employee finds any defect in materials handling equipment that may render it unsafe for use, the employee shall, as soon as feasible, mark or tag the equipment as unsafe for use and report the defect to the person in charge of the aircraft.

Storage of Materials

 All materials, goods or things shall be stored and placed in such a manner that

  • (a) employees are not subject to excessive strain on the body while handling them; and

  • (b) the risk to the health or safety of employees is minimized.

PART 9First Aid

Interpretation

 The following definitions apply in this Part.

first aid attendant

first aid attendant means a holder of a valid basic or standard first aid certificate or valid first aid certifications for flight attendants. (secouriste)

health unit

health unit means a facility that is under the charge of a physician or a person who is registered or licensed as a nurse under the laws of a province and that, if it is under the control of the employer, meets the minimum requirements of a first aid room described in Part XVI of the Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations. (service de santé)

incapacitated

incapacitated means unable to perform assigned duties in the course of employment due to illness or injury. (incapacité)

medical treatment facility

medical treatment facility means a hospital, medical clinic or physician’s office, at which emergency medical treatment can be dispensed. (installation de traitement médical)

 
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